U-995 - 8th War Patrol

Translation by Jerry Mason

Departed
Date
Arrived
Date
Days at Sea
Narvik
3 February 1945
Narvik
6 March 1945
32

 

Click the icon to download a KMZ file displaying the U-boat track, significant events and locations for this patrol.  You must have Google Earth loaded on your computer to view this file.  Download Google Earth here

Ships Hit
Date
KTB Time
Position
Ship
Tons
Nationality
Convoy
2 Mar 45
13.16
69°19'N, 33°34'E
BO-224
105
Soviet
 
     
 Total = 105
   
Note:  The position in the table above and in the Google Earth patrol summary are derived from the KTB and in many cases do not match those set forth in authoritative references such as Jürgen Rohwer, Axis Submarine Successes of World War Two or the Uboat.net website.  The goal here is to present the picture relative to the U-boat and not the absolute position that the ship was attacked or sank.


 
 
           
           
           
                   
                             
           
                         K  r  i  e  g  s  t  a  g  e  b  u  c  h  
                         =.=.=.=.=.=.=.=.=.=.=.=.=.=.=.=  
   
       
                              "  U  9  9  5  "              
 
                 6th Patrol.
 
                 Kommandant:  Oberleutnant z.See  H  e  ß
 
 
 
                           Beginning:    7.1.45.  
                           Ending    :    6.3.45.  
           
           
           
     
Distribution:  
Oberkommando der Kriegsmarine Copy No. 1
   
Oberkommando der Kriegsmarine Copy No. 2
   
Oberkommando der Kriegsmarine 2.Skl.B.d.U.-Op- Copy No. 3
   
Kommandierenden Admiral der Unterseeboote Copy No. 4
   
Führer der Unterseeboote Nordmeer Copy No. 5
   
Führer der Unterseeboote Ausbildung Copy No. 6
   
Kommando der 27. Unterseebootsflottille Copy No. 7
   
Kommando der 13. Unterseebootsflottille Copy No. 8
 
           
           
     
Enclosures: To Copy No. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
1 Track chart  
2 Combat sketches  "      "        "    3, 5, 8.
4 Torpedo firing reports  "      "        "    3, 4, 8.
 
           
           
             
        © U-boat Archive 2014  - all rights reserved  
Click the flag to view the above page from the original German KTB
 
- 3 -
 
           
           
           
           
    07.01. - 02.02.45   Idle time Narvik.  
         
    03.02.45      
    00.02 SE 2, Sea 1, cloudy, Vis. 6000-7000 meters, 1007 mb Departed Harstad (BLACK WATCH).  
    05.41   Passed Schwarz 25.  Headed for AC 80 in accordance with Outbound Orders.  
      Norwegian Sea    
    06.56 AB 9838 Drifting antenna mine.  
    07.00   Dived to depth A -50 meters to proceed submerged by day.  
    08.00 AB 9838    
    12.00 AB 9835 Day's run:  Surfaced        70.0 nm  
                         Submerged      8.4 nm  
                                              78.4 nm  
    16.00 AB 9598    
    18.06   Surfaced to proceed on the surface.  
    20.00 AB 9566    
      WSW 3-5, Sea 3-4, overcast, squalls, (snow, fog), Vis. 200-300 meters, 999 mb    
           
    04.02.45      
    00.00 AB 9397    
    04.00 AC 7153    
      SW 5-6, Sea 5, 9/10, Vis, 200-800 meters, 990 mb    
    07.10   Dived to proceed submerged at depth A -40 meters. (Periscope all around sweep minimum every hour).  
    08.00 AC 4879    
    12.00 AC 4884 Day's run:  Surfaced       182.0 nm  
                         Submerged     23.6 nm  
                                              205.6 nm  
    16.00 AC 4885    
    18.05   Surfaced to proceed on the surface.  
    20.00 AC 4971 Outer exhaust gas valve starboard cannot be closed.  Inner exhaust gas valve leaks heavily.  
           
    05.02.45      
    00.00 AC 4992    
      NNW 4-5, Sea 4, overcast, Vis. 3000 meters, 1005 mb    
    04.00 AC 5782    
    04.15   Dived to de-ice the 3.7 cm.  
    04.35   Surfaced.  
    07.10   Dived to proceed submerged by day.  
    08.00 AC 5796    
    12.00 AC 5799 Day's run:  Surfaced         135.0 nm  
                         Submerged       27.0 nm  
                                               162.0 nm  
    16.00 AC 8133 Surfaced to proceed on the surface.  Starboard exhaust gas valve repaired from the over deck.  
    20.00 AC 8196    
      NNE 2-3, Sea 2, 6/10, Vis. 4000-5000 meters, Northern Lights    
           
    06.02.45      
    00.00 AC 8462 Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix:  277°T, 2.5 nm.  
    04.00 AC 8496    
           
Sun and Moon Data 03.02.45
Sun and Moon Data 04.02.45
Sun and Moon Data 05.02.45
Sun and Moon Data 06.02.45
 
- 4 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    06.02.45      
    05.42   Dived, back and forth off the NW tip of the Rybachy Peninsula by day.  
    08.00 AC 8577    
    11.27 AC 8577 3-engined aircraft on training flight over Rybachy.  
    12.00 AC 8577 Day's run:  Surfaced         126.0 nm  
                         Submerged      25.7 nm  
                                               151.7 nm  
    16.00 AC 8574    
    18.05   Surfaced to charge.  
    20.00 AC 8499    
      NW 2, Sea 2, 4/10, Vis. 4000-5000 meters, 1022 mb    
    21.30 AC 8499 Call from Signal or Command Center on Cape Njemetzki (apparently the diesels were heard due to the onshore wind) ran off to the north, afterwards will go to the entrance of the Kirkenes, to determine the traffic there (the enemy will, if any defense deploys, search off Rybachy).  
           
    07.02.45      
    00.00 AC 8494 Back and forth in position on the coastal route Kirkenes-Petsamo [Pechenga].  
    04.00 AC 8723    
      SW 2, Sea 1, 4/10, Vis. 5-6 nm, 1024 mb, -10°C, Northern Lights, Sea smoke    
    05.26 AC 8731 Dived and put the boat on the bottom west of the barrier off the entrance at Liinakhamari.  
      Varangerfjord    
    08.00 AC 8731    
    12.00 AC 8731 Day's run:  Surfaced         110.0 nm  
                         Submerged       11.3 nm  
                                               121.3 nm  
    16.00 AC 8731    
    19.05   Surfaced on the coastal route proceeded to the Kirkenes entrance.  
    20.00 AC 8722 Because nothing is observed on the route and early recall and positioning off Murmansk must be expected, I intend to explore the ship assembly area off the Kirkenes Roadstead.  Proceeded in Bökfjord with flooded over deck and E-motors.  
           
    08.02.45      
    00.00 AC 8721    
    00.10   Dived to depth A -60 meters to listen and proceed submerged temporarily.  
    01.25   Surfaced to continue as before.  
    03.00 AC 8721 Dived to put the boat on the bottom 3 nm off Kirkenes depth A -20 meters, directly off the SW corner of Renöy Island.  
    04.00 AC 8721    
    06.15   Passing faint sound bearing (suspect patrol vessel) to the north.  
    08.00 AC 8721    
    09.00   Sound bearing, heavy piston engine bearing 200°T coming closer.  
    09.25   Went to periscope depth.  On Renöy Island at minimum 100 meter range command or signal station.  Vessel is probably the fishery protection ship "FRITJOF  
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 06.02.45
Sun and Moon Data 07.02.45
Sun and Moon Data 08.02.45
 
- 5 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    08.02.45   NANSEN", in sight under Norwegian flag and with marking KL 97 on the bow, northerly course, speed 9 knots. Decline to shoot because it seems to me that potential steamers in the Roadstead are more important.  At the same time a patrol vessel runs in (fishing trawler type) and a fishing cutter passes at 500 meters.  
    09.45 - 11.30   Fishery protection ship inexplicably circles on various courses and speed settings near the boat south of Renöy Island.  
    10.05   2 depth charge detonations at medium range, also explosions thankfully on land, 2 similar explosions already observed around 08.00 hours.  Because detection must be expected with the nearly mirror flat sea (small ice floes), continued blind at depth A -40 meters by plotting.  
    11.00   Scraping on the hull (suspect the anchor chain of a channel buoy), afterwards ran aground.  As was later recognized, the boat had been forced by the current to the west side of the fjord.  Because the boat lies heavily stern down on the steep coast, and the depth is not known on all sides, and we can not allow ourselves the possibly of breaking the water surface, waited there (1.5 nm north of Kirkenes) at depth A -50 meters.  
        Mainly Asdic-like sounds from fishery protection ship and small patrol vessels which are heard in the G.H.G. between 11.00 and 16.00 hours moving back and forth at constantly changing speed settings between 150 and 170°T.  Apparently patrol vessels are positioned directly before the harbor.   
    11.00 and 11.43   One each sounding closer, otherwise the same detonations as described above.  
    12.00 AC 8724 Day's run:  Surfaced         40.0 nm  
                         Submerged      11.4 nm  
                                               51.4 nm  
    16.00 AC 8724 At twilight the boat is positioned 2500 meters north of Kirkenes at periscope depth.  Large steamer at about target angle 90°, bow left, probably at the coal pier is distinguished.  No further vessels in sight.  Intend to shoot a fan, to account for the set of the current.  
    16.15   2-fan (T IIIa Fat II) from tubes I and II depth 5 meters, torpedo speed = 30 knots, target speed = 0, bow left target angle 90°, range = 2200 meters, enemy length 100 meters, spread angle 3°.  
   

16.17

 

16.35

AC 8724 After 2 minutes 23 seconds an enormous, very powerful detonation followed quickly by undulating gurgling like water inrush.  Suspect hit in the foreship the second torpedo probably ran on the shallow beach, no detonation.  Turned away.  However, because the steamer still floats, new approach to shoot (Fat I) from tube IV.  Depth 2 meters, torpedo speed = 40 meters, target speed = 0, bow left 90°, range 2000 meters  
           
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 08.02.45
 
- 6 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    08.02.45      
    16.37 AC 8724 After 2 minutes 5 seconds detonation, softer sounds than the previous one giving the impression as if the torpedo hit in an area already flooded with water, small very high dark explosion column.  The foreship settles somewhat deeper.  Lights still burning on the steamer extinguish.  Further visual observations are not possible due to the onset of darkness.  
        Suspect that the steamer settled to the bottom at the pier.  Size primarily determined by filling 1/2 to 2/3 of the periscope field of view at large magnification and 2300 meters.  
        Ran off at GF submerged.  Star shells over the harbor, later searchlights.  
    17.23   Surfaced abeam Renöy and moved off pre-flooded with E-motors without further hindrance.  
        A vessel comes up from astern, turns into Korsfjord just at range for a reversal shot from tube 5 - no shooting possibility.  
      Verangerfjord    
    19.20 AC 8722 Aircraft detection bearing 100°T, Volume 2, probably an error (turning on of the main drain pump).  
    20.00 AC 8722 Dived to depth A -30 meters.  
    21.11   Surfaced and moved off before the Fischer Peninsula. [Rybachy Peninsula]  
    21.39   Outgoing Radio Message 1637/724:  
        Because there is no traffic at Rybachy, Kirkenes:  2 hits on 6000-tonner at the pier.  Believe settled.  Norwegian patrol boats.  
                                                                     Hess.  
    23.00   Presented Radio Message 2224/26:  
        Hess:  Well done.  
                                                                     F.d.U.  
           
    09.02.45      
    00.00 AC 8496    
    00.17   Dived to listen.  
    04.00 AC 8499 Surfaced to ventilate the boat.  
      SE 3-4, overcast, Vis. 4000-5000 meters, 1020 mb    
    05.39   Dived to remain submerged by day.  
    08.00 AC 8575    
    12.00 AC 8566 Day's run:  Surfaced        62.0 nm  
                         Submerged    27.0 nm  
                                               89.0 nm  
    16.00 AC 8812    
      Murmansk coast    
    17.49   Surfaced for a futile hunt for a sound bearing (diesel) coming from the SE, disappeared for Petsamo.  In the very bad visibility diving was necessary several times.  Thereafter the enemy was followed to the narrows between Heinäsaari - Pummanki, was not caught. Additionally, with the passing of the vessel the beacon at Cape Njemtzki was illuminated.  
           
    10.02.45      
    00.00 AC 8499    
    02.08   Dived to listen.  
    02.34      
    04.00 AC 8574    
           
Sun and Moon Data 08.02.45
Sun and Moon Data 09.02.45
Sun and Moon Data 10.02.45
 
- 7 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    10.02.45      
    05.44   Dived to remain submerged by day.  
    06.27   Presented Radio Message 0013/745:  
        1.  Murmansk boats join Group Rasmus.  
        2.  As focal point occupy as possible by 11 February before lightness:  Hess AC 8495.  South of AC 82 remain undetected in any case.  
                                                                     F.d.U.  
    08.00 AC 8499    
    09.30 AC 8735 2 sound bearings (diesel).  In the periscope despite good visibility up to the coast nothing seen.  Presume close under the coast between Rybachy and Heinäsaari exercise or stationary small motor- or Schnellboote out of Pummanki (S-boat base).  Because sound bearing from yesterday evening in the G.H.G. was the same sound, the futile search is explained by this bearing.  
    12.00 AC 8735 Day's run:  Surfaced        119.6 nm  
                         Submerged      14.7 nm  
                                               134.3 nm  
    16.00 AC 8733    
    19.00   Surfaced to charge.  
    20.00 AC 8499    
      E 2-3, Sea 2-3, cloudy, 2000-4000 meters, 1013 mb    
    23.00   Dived to listen and repair Tunis.  
    23.12   Presented Radio Message 2033/758:  Rasmus:  
        1.  PQ-convoy was not expected before  . . .  
        2.  Boats, at worthwhile events send first letter of the Kommandant, Control disseminates further, boats operate on it accordingly.  
                                                                     F.d.U.  
           
    11.02.45      
    00.00 AC 8489    
    00.55   Surfaced to charge.  
    02.45   Dived to eliminate the possibility of being detected.  
    04.00 AC 8577    
    05.00   Surfaced to ventilate the boat.  
    05.15   Aircraft carrier telegraphy bearing 65°T Volume 4-5.  
    05.59   Sent Radio Message, this information is important for Control, however was not understood.  
        Surfaced at dawn.  
    08.00 AC 8577 2-engined aircraft in periscope on easterly course, altitude 100 meters, over the coast.  
    08.10 AC 8499 2 S- or motor boat bearings as several times in the last days, bearing 290°T.  Not distinguished visually.  
    09.00   In between comes a piston engine, now bearing 310°T, that drowns out the motor bearings.  
    09.15   In the periscope a steamer of about 3000 GRT, at the limit of visual range.  Range = 3000 meters, bow right, target angle 120°, heard speed 10 knots.  Escort not recognized.  Because I must assume that the loud escort vessels (apparently small motor boats) would distract a T V, and by RPM the enemy must get off Cape Njemetzki at a short range and sharp target angle,  
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 22.02.45
Sun and Moon Data 23.02.45
Sun and Moon Data 24.02.45
 
- 8 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    11.02.45   did not shoot immediately.  However contrary to earlier observations the steamer remains further from land and passes out of sight in a snow squall.  Additionally at high speed setting on attack course the enemy did not come in sight any more.  
    10.15   Headed for AC 8495  
    12.00 AC 8499 Day's run:  Surfaced          73.0 nm  
                         Submerged      31.4 nm  
                                               104.4 nm  
    16.00 AC 8495    
    16.15 AC 8495 Sound bearing, very faint piston engine and a diesel bearing 320°T.  
    16.42   Surfaced after shift to 0°T was determined and pursued.  
    17.02   Dived to listen.  No sound bearing.  Pursuit broken off because the sounds probably originated from stone fish.  Later in the same area perfect stone fish sounds were observed in the G.H.G.  
    19.15   Surfaced, back and forth in position between the Norwegian coast and Rybachy.  
    20.00 AC 8491    
    20.47   Dived to listen.  
    21.06   Surfaced.  
    21.14 AC 8491 Dived for aircraft detection bearing 220°T, Volume 1-2, 3 short dull tones.  
    21.49   Surfaced to charge.  
    23.20 AC 8495 Convoy voice traffic inexact bearing 60-70°T, Volume 4.  
    23.32 AC 8495 Dived for aircraft detection bearing 320°T, Volume 2-3, short whistle tone.  
    20.20   Presented Radio Message 1336/772:  
        1.  Yesterday air attack . . . . swing to the east is possible, 8-9 knots.  2.  . . . . from possible break through period, monitor U 1 or VLF  
                                                                     F.d.U.  
           
    12.02.45      
    00.00 AC 8495    
      ESE 2, Sea 2, overcast, Vis. 4 nm    
    01.54   Dived to observe convoy voice traffic.  Nothing.  
    02.41   Dived.  
    04.00 AC 8491    
    05.25   Surfaced to ventilate the boat.  
    08.00 AC 8491    
    10.00 AC 8495 Aircraft (probably MBR 2) in periscope course east, altitude 200 meters, range = 2000 meters.  Morning various individual detonations.  
    11.15   Faint sound bearing (circular saw) bearing 60°T very slowly shifting to 90°T.  Suspect, a very far off search group.  
    12.00 AC 8495 Day's run:  Surfaced          62.6 nm  
                         Submerged      30.5 nm  
                                                93.1 nm  
    16.00 AC 8496    
    19.00   Surfaced to charge.  
    20.00 AC 8499    
      ESE 3, Sea 2, overcast (snow), 1000 mb, 1015 mb    
           
Sun and Moon Data 11.02.45
Sun and Moon Data 12.02.45
 
- 9 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    12.12.45      
    21.00   Presented Radio Message 2004/782:  Rasmus:  Indications for convoy running in tonight. . . Highest readiness.  Do not be fooled.  
                                                                     F.d.U.  
    21.45 AC 8497 Dived for aircraft detection bearing 330°T, Volume 2, 6 short tones.  
    22.18   Surfaced because by plotting the passage of the convoy can no longer be expected here (and no sound bearings) which was still confirmed by the last Radio Message.  Moved off at higher transit speed to the Kola Bay, to detect the convoy running in there in time.  
    22.35 AC 8497 Aircraft detection bearing 0°T, Volume 2, short tone.  Remained on the surface and launched Aphrodite (wind from land) in order to get away from the now unimportant area far removed from the actual disposition and to try and not lose time diving.  
           
    13.12.45      
    00.00 AC 8577    
      SE 1-2, Sea 2, overcast, Vis. 1000 meters, 1015 mb 3 presented Radio Messages 783-785:  
      Award of the Knights Cross of the Iron Cross.  
    01.35 AC 8824 Convoy voice traffic inexact bearing 170°T, by which convoy or at least a part has already run in (direction Kola Bay), was later confirmed by Radio Message 1147/15/725 from Falke.  
    00.35   Assistance calls on 2412 kHz see above Radio Message.  Tsyp-Navolok Light and Radio Beacon in operation.  
    02.41   Dived to listen.  Waited submerged, because there were no sound bearings and position is favorable for any stragglers.  
    03.05   8 aircraft bombs in medium range.  
    04.00 AC 8828    
    04.45 AC 8828 Faint sound bearing (circular saw) bearing 170-180°T, back and forth in position, scare depth charges, suspect patrol vessel.  Nothing seen in the periscope.  
    08.00 AC 8828    
    12.00 AC 8824 Day's run:  Surfaced          88.0 nm  
                         Submerged      29.0 nm  
                                                117.0 nm  
    15.00   Presented Radio Message 1002/795:  Rasmus:  
        Convoy . . . suspected still at sea . . . running in from the east possible.  
                                                                     F.d.U.  
    16.00 AC 8821    
    18.30   Surfaced to charge along the coast of Rybachy outside the disposition.  If Lange gets contact, I will occupy Krügers vacant position and the area south therefrom based on prisoner statements that convoys to Murmansk pass north of Kildin.  
    20.00 AC 8812    
    21.15 AC 8499 Dived aircraft detection bearing 0°T, Volume 2, long tone.  
           
    14.02.45      
    00.00 AC 8574    
      SE 3-4, Sea 2-3, overcast, Vis. 1500 meters, 1021 mb    
           
Sun and Moon Data 12.02.45
Sun and Moon Data 13.02.45
Sun and Moon Data 14.02.45
 
- 10 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    14.02.45      
    01.00   Presented Radio Message 2215/701:  
        Strong patrol activity indicated convoy approach from the east.  
                                                                     F.d.U.  
        Therefore proceeded again to Kola Bay.  
    04.00 AC 8828 Tysp-Navolok is not illuminated tonight (speaks for convoy passage yesterday).  
    04.35   Dived positioned as yesterday.  
    08.00 AC 8852    
    10.30 AC 8828 Sound bearing, piston engine bearing 105°T, Volume  xx.  Pursued at LF and HF.  
    12.00 AC 8828 Day's run:  Surfaced          80.0 nm  
                         Submerged       29.4 nm  
                                                109.4 nm  
    12.45   Sound bearing shifts out to 150°T, Volume 3-4.  Always nothing seen in the periscope despite good visibility (land clearly recognized).  Good listening conditions.  
    13.03 AC 8828 MBR 2 bearing 160°T, range = 4000 meters, southerly course, altitude 100 meters, later observed again on southerly course.  
    13.50   Suddenly there occurs a distinct piston engine (bearing 170°T. Volume 5) considerably lighter faster sound like a patrol vessel (motor and propeller sounds).  Bearing steady.  At the same time depth charge detonations start, about 3 hours, over 200 depth charges.  The last hope is dashed that the sounds came from a steamer, believe from own experience that the patrol vessel deployed a noise buoy up to 13.50 hours which mimicked piston sounds.  
    14.05 AC 8852 Because the patrol vessel, from which came a second identical sound further distant must be very small (with continuous observation no sighting despite great Volume) and depth charges virtually exclude a reversal shot, moved off in the direction of Tysp-Navolok.  
    16.00 AC 8828    
    17.30   Presented Radio Message 1851/705:  
        13.23 hours 2 flying boats ordered to U-boat hunt in AC 8850.  
                                                                     F.d.U.  
        Agrees with own observations.  
    19.10   Surfaced to charge along Rybachy.  Will go again in the vicinity of the ordered position to catch coastal traffic because the convoy has probably already passed and want to shift to the south in accordance with Radio Message 711.  
    20.00 AC 8813    
      SE 3-4. Sea 3-4, 7/10, Vis. 3000-5000 meters, 1027 mb    
    21.45   Searchlight from AC 8824, 8812 and 8811 (AC 8811 probably also a signal or control station.)  
    22.17 - 02.00   Dived to listen.  
           
    15.02.45      
    00.00 AC 8496    
    04.00 AC 8498    
      SE 2-3, Sea 1-2, overcast, Vis. 5000-6000 meters, 1026 mb    
           
Sun and Moon Data 14.02.45
Sun and Moon Data 15.02.45
 
- 11 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    15.02.45      
    05.07   Dived for the day back and forth off the Heinäsaari-Pummanki narrows, Potsamo-Murmansk traffic must pass there.  
    12.00 AC 8499 Day's run:  Surfaced          69.0 nm  
                         Submerged       40.5 nm  
                                                109.5 nm  
    16.00 AC 8733    
    19.00   Surfaced for the night.  
    20.00 AC 8499    
      SE 1-2, Sea 1, overcast, 2000-5000 meters, 1031 mb, 8°C    
           
    16.02.45      
    00.00 AC 8499    
    00.40   Dived to listen.  
    01.05      
    04.00 AC 8578    
    05.10   Dived at the beginning of twilight.  
    08.00 AC 8499 Morning several single-engine aircraft (type Jakl) between Heinäsaari, Pummanki and Rybachy apparently training flight and bomb throwing (dive with subsequent light detonation observed).  
    12.00 AC 8733 Day's run:  Surfaced          81.5 nm  
                         Submerged       28.1 nm  
                                                109.6 nm  
    16.00 AC 8733    
    19.10      
    20.00 AC 8496    
      W 2, Sea 1-2, 7/10, Vis. 5000 meters, 1036 mb    
    21.58 AC 8812 Dived to listen, because the beacon at Tysp-Navolok is illuminated again.  Sound bearing, circular saw bearing 127°T.  
    22.15   Surfaced ran behind into Kola Bay.  
           
    17.02.45      
    00.00 AC 8813    
    02.20 AC 8828 Aircraft detection bearing 140°T, Volume 2, with brief dive Asdic impulses observed.  After surfacing detection continually remains with Volume 5.  Pursuit broken off because there was no prospect of success if noticed.  Volume of the circular saw remains constant.  Ran off to the north.  
    04.00 AC 8825    
    05.06   Dived and went back to Rybachy submerged.  
    08.00 AC 8824 Repairs to the port diesel (thrust bearing camshaft).  
    12.00 AC 8813 Day's run:  Surfaced        103.5 nm  
                         Submerged       29.6 nm  
                                                133.1 nm  
    16.00 AC 8573    
    17.41   Surfaced.  
    18.03 AC 8574 U-boat bearing 330°T, range = 5000 meters, assume Ley.  No recognition signal exchanged because the boat was running off and with only one diesel cannot come up.  
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 15.02.45
Sun and Moon Data 16.02.45
Sun and Moon Data 17.02.45
 
- 12 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    17.02.45      
    20.00 AC 8574    
      SW 3-4, Sea 2-3, 4/10, Vis. 5000-6000 meters, 1038 mb    
    22.45   Dived to listen.  
           
    18.02.45 Murmansk coast    
    00.00 AC 8574    
    00.40   Presented Radio Message         /772:  
        1.  Hess, Ley, Will do not operate with Group Rasmus, instead as Murmansk boats against expected coastal traffic. . . .                                                                F.d.U.  
        Initially remain off Rybachy.  
    02.08   Dived to de-ice the weapons.  
    04.00 AC 8499 Surfaced.  
    05.19   Dived at the beginning of twilight.  
    08.00 AC 8499    
    12.00 AC 8499 Day's run:  Surfaced          59.0 nm  
                         Submerged      27.0 nm  
                                                86.0 nm  
    16.00 AC 8499    
    18.30   Surfaced to charge.  
    20.00 AC 8577    
      W 5-6, Sea 4-5, overcast, 1000-2000 meters, 1025 mb, 12°C    
    20.22   Dived to de-ice the weapons.  
    23.00   Surfaced.  
           
    19.02.45      
    00.00 AC 8496    
    00.40   Dived to de-ice the weapons.  
    04.00 AC 8577 Surfaced.  
    05.20   Dived at the beginning of twilight.  
    08.00 AC 8577    
    12.00 AC 8578 Day's run:  Surfaced          44.5 nm  
                         Submerged      29.5 nm  
                                                74.0 nm  
    16.00 AC 8496    
    19.00   Surfaced to charge.  
    20.00 AC 8499    
      W 3-4, Sea 3, 3/10, Vis. 6000 meters, 1025 mb, -3°C    
           
    20.02.45      
    00.00 AC 8496    
    01.34   Dived.  
    04.00 AC 8812 Surfaced to ventilate the boat.  
    04.40   Dived.  
    08.00 AC 8812    
    09.05 AC 8812 Aircraft (Hampden) in the periscope.  Course 90°, altitude 100 meters, range = 4000 meters.  
    12.00 AC 8577 Day's run:  Surfaced          61.0 nm  
                         Submerged      25.9 nm  
                                                86.9 nm  
    16.00 AC 8577    
    18.05   Surfaced to charge.  
    20.00 AC 8577    
      SW 3, Sea 2-3, cloudy, Vis. 6000 meters, moon, 1020 mb    
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 17.02.45
Sun and Moon Data 18.02.45
Sun and Moon Data 19.02.45
Sun and Moon Data 20.02.45
 
- 13 -
 
           
           
           
           
    21.02.45      
    00.00 AC 8812 Dived.  
    03.02   Surfaced to ventilate the boat.  
    04.00 AC 8812 Dived.  
    05.05      
    08.00 AC 8577    
    12.00 AC 8577 Day's run:  Surfaced          73.5 nm  
                         Submerged      27.0 nm  
                                               100.5 nm  
    16.00 AC 8577    
    17.45   Surfaced with suddenly arising diesel sounds.  U-boat in sight (Ley) bearing 330°T, range = 2000 meters.  Discussed the situation.  Since, in my view, one boat can control the very poor traffic along Rybachy, I will go for a brief observation of the Kirkenes-Pertsamo coastal route.  Before that moved off to the north to test-fire the anti-aircraft weapons.  
    22.15   Dived to repair the breech of the 3.7 cm.  
           
    22.02.45      
    00.00 AC 8545    
    00.15   Surfaced to continue transit.  
    04.00 AC 8489    
    04.42   Dived on the coastal route.  
    08.00 AC 8723    
    12.00 AC 8498 Day's run:  Surfaced          89.0 nm  
                         Submerged      22.6 nm  
                                               111.6 nm  
    16.00 AC 8723    
    18.30   Surfaced to charge.  Ran past the entrance to Kirkenes up to Vardö.  Nothing seen.  
    20.00 AC 8722    
      SW 4, Sea 3, 7/10 squalls, Vis. 500 meters, moon, 998 mb    
           
    23.02.45 Varangerfjord    
    00.00 AC 8484    
    01.50   Dived to listen.  
    04.00 AC 8492 Surfaced to ventilate the boat.  
    04.52   Dived at morning twilight.  
    08.00 AC 8493    
    10.30   Presented Radio Message 2246/745:  Murmansk boats:  Radio traffic indicated arrival of damaged vessel . . . boats operate on it.  
                                                                     F.d.U.  
        As a result and on the basis of the determination that in Varangerfjord there is no traffic, went into Kola Bay,  
    12.00 AC 8496 Day's run:  Surfaced          74.5 nm  
                         Submerged      26.2 nm  
                                               100.7 nm  
    16.00 AC 8574    
    18.00   Surfaced for night transit.  
    20.00 AC 8821 3.7 cm again in service.  
      SW 3-4, Sea 3, 5/10, Vis. 3-5 nm, 1006 mb, -6°C, moon    
           
Sun and Moon Data 21.02.45
Sun and Moon Data 22.02.45
Sun and Moon Data 23.02.45
 
- 14 -
 
           
           
           
           
    24.02.45      
    00.00 AC 8853    
    03.00   Surfaced to ventilate the boat.  
    04.00 AC 8856    
    04.14 AC 8856 Small, fast running vessel, probably a patrol vessel, bearing 222°T, range = 6000 meters, shifted out to the east, later apparently stopped in position.  
    04.21   Dived at dawn.  Back and forth in day position west of Kildin Strait.  On NW the NW-Headland Fu.M.O. gear.  
    08.00 AC 8859 In the morning a fishing cutter and a coastal sailing vessel off Kola Bay ran toward the Kildin Strait, a small fishing trawler briefly in sight, range = 1000 meters. Apparently a patrol vessel.  
    12.00 AC 8859 Day's run:  Surfaced         64.5 nm  
                         Submerged      24.2 nm  
                                                88.7 nm  
    16.00 AC 8856 Because there is bright moonlight, it is necessary to set off up to 8 nm to the north of Kildin to charge.  
    19.25   Surfaced to charge between Kildin and Teriberski.  No longer expect damaged vessels that arrive from the north  
    20.00 AC 8864 Therefore from now on will only guard arrival from the east, belief is confirmed by the illumination of all of the beacons from Kildin to Tertberski at 21.00 hours.  
      SW 4, Sea 2, blue sky, Vis. 8 nm, 1010 mb, moon  
    21.15 - 21.25   Dived to listen.  
    23.15 AC 8947 Dived, sound bearing in 80°T, Volume 1.  
    23.40   Surfaced, pursued.  
           
    25.02.45      
    00.00 AC 8947    
    00.15   Dived because there was no sighting.  No further sound bearing.  Pursuit broken off.  
    02.00   Surfaced.  
    02.03 AC 8948 Dived, aircraft detection bearing 180°T, Volume 3.  
    03.00   Surfaced to ventilate the boat.  
    04.00 AC 8947 Dived on the Teriberski-Kildin Strait steamer route.  In Teriberka Bay no ships.  Radio station on Cape Terisberski.  
    12.00 AC 8971 Day's run:  Surfaced         54.0 nm  
                         Submerged      30.5 nm  
                                                84.5 nm  
    16.00 AC 8893    
    19.00   Surfaced to charge.  
    20.00 AC 8869    
      SSW 5, Sea 3-4, overcast, Vis. 3 nm, 998 mb, -9°C    
    20.16 - 20.33   Dived to thaw the weapons.  
           
    26.02.45      
    00.00 AC 8942 Dived to listen.  
    03.00   Surfaced to ventilate the boat.  
    04.00 AC 8869    
           
Sun and Moon Data 24.02.45
Sun and Moon Data 25.02.45
Sun and Moon Data 26.02.45
 
- 15 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    26.02.45      
    04.40   Dived at dawn.  
    08.00 AC 8868 By day 4 vessels passed off the east exit of the Kildin Strait (cutters and coastal sailing vessels) coming from the east, range = 1000-2000 meters.  
    12.00 AC 8868 Day's run:  Surfaced         64.0 nm  
                         Submerged      28.5 nm  
                                                92.5 nm  
    16.00 AC 8868    
    18.30   Surfaced for charging transit to the east.  
    20.00 AC 8869    
      S 1-2, Sea 2, overcast, Vis. 5000 meters, 991 mb, moon shines through    
    21.18   Dived to repair the Tunis and listen.  
           
    27.02.45 Murmansk Sea    
    00.00 AC 8948    
    01.50   Surfaced.  
    04.00 AC 8869 U-boat bearing 240°T, range = 4000 meters.  
    04.08   Dived because U-boat dived at range 2000 meters.  Underwater telephone Recognition Signal exchanged  (U-Will).  
    04.17   Surfaced for conference:  because Will is also positioned off the exit of the Kildin Strait, I will run on off on the coastal route Teriberski - Charlow, because there yesterday there was an unexplained sound bearing (patrol vessel).  
    04.38   Dived to proceed submerged by day.  
    08.00 AC 8972    
    12.00 AC 8973 Day's run:  Surfaced         85.0 nm  
                         Submerged      33.0 nm  
                                               118.0 nm  
    16.00 AC 8991    
    19.00   Surfaced to charge along the coast to the SE.  
    20.00 AC 8982    
      S 2-3, Sea 2, cloudy, Vis. 4-5 nm, 995 mb, moon    
    21.58   Dived to listen at the southeastern point near Charlow.  
           
    28.02.45      
    00.00 AW 2121    
    04.00 AC 8948    
    04.40   Dived at dawn off Teriberski.  
    08.00 AC 8971    
    12.00   Day's run:  Surfaced         74.0 nm  
                         Submerged     27.5 nm  
                                              101.1 nm  
    16.00 AC 8974 At the inner Roadstead off Teriberski no vessels except for an arriving fish cutter.  Signal station on the west side, barracks?  
    19.33   Surfaced to charge north of Kildin.  
    20.00 AC 8947    
      SW 2, Sea 1-2, cloudy, Vis. 5-6 nm, 1003 mb    
    21.29 AC 8862 Dived for aircraft detection bearing 195°T, Volume 2-3 (direction of land gear on Kildin).  
    23.09   Surfaced.  
    23.30 AC 8861 Dived for aircraft detection bearing 255°T, Volume 1.  
           
Sun and Moon Data 26.02.45
Sun and Moon Data 27.02.45
Sun and Moon Data 28.02.45
 
- 16 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    28.02.45   Remained submerged to repair cooling water piping.  
           
    01.03.45      
    00.00 AC 8861 Surfaced.  
    01.00 AC 8861 Brief diesel sounds running from 200-220°T.  Suspect a small patrol vessel because nothing was seen on surfacing and while pursuing.  
    01.23   Dived for aircraft detection bearing 230°T, Volume 2.  Sound bearing in 275°T, shifting out to 360°T.  Probably the same sound source as above, continued pursuit.  
    03.14 - 03.25   Surfaced, continued pursuit.  Tsyp-Navolok is illuminated from surfacing to 03.25 hours.  
    04.00 AC 8828 Dived to listen because there is still no sighting.  Sound bearing in 305°T, no Volume change.  
        Search broken off because we do not get closer, apparently a very fast enemy off Rybachy (NW course) and twilight is beginning.  Will go to the inner Kola Bay because I no longer expect damaged vessels coming from the east and now want to monitor at the same time the route from Murmansk to the east and north.  Likewise in accordance with Officer-Only Radio Message 1615/715 I expect the most likely possibility of finding and hitting the destroyer at sea when it runs in.  
    04.05   Surfaced, remained as long as possible on the surface to get to the south quickly.  
    05.00   Dived.  
    08.00 AC 8859 Several faint sound bearings apparently stationary, frequently stopping patrol vessels.  Despite good visibility and maximum coastal distance to the west of 6000 meters no periscope bearing.  
    12.00 AC 8859 Day's run:  Surfaced         60.0 nm  
                         Submerged     34.8 nm  
                                               94.8 nm  
    16.00 AC 8858    
    19.04   Surfaced to charge north of Kildin.  
    20.00 AC 8864    
      SE 2, Sea 1, cloudy, Vis. 4 nm, 1010 mb, -12°C, moon    
    21.08   Dived to listen at the southeastern-most point.  
        Presented Radio Message 2001/742:  Murmansk boats:  Intend to use old boats to engage next PQ-convoy.  Therefore save fuel so as to stay in the operations area until 15 March.  
                                                                     F.d.U.  
    21.50   Surfaced.  Since by then there will not be enough fuel, I want to inform Control and at the same time give the situation and outlook.  
    23.08   Outgoing Radio Message 2308/746:  Still have 20 cbm fuel.  No traffic only surveillance, AC 8850.  
                                                                     U-995.  
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 01.03.45
 
- 17 -
 
           
           
           
           
    02.03.45      
    00.00 AC 8853 Dived at the northwest point of the charging route to listen.  Only patrol vessel bearing in 240°T like yesterday by day.  
    00.40   Surfaced.  
    00.58 AC 8852 Small vessel in sight similar to an English M.L. boat (as on 24 February at 04.14 hours) bearing 182°T, range = 6000 meters.  Morse traffic with signal station on Sjethuk.  High speed, zigzags on an easterly course.  
    01.30 AC 8853 Vessel out of sight.  
    01.39   Dived to listen, sounds disappear in 50°T.  
    02.30   Surfaced.  
    02.52 AC 8853 Dived for aircraft detection bearing 158°T, Volume 1. (again land gear on Kildin?)  
    03.33   Surfaced with favorable visibility conditions to get as far in Kola Bay as possible.  
    04.00 AC 8859 Dived because am nearly in sought after day position.  
    08.00 AC 8858    
    10.45   Presented Radio Message 2359/747:  Will, Hess proceed so that arrival Narvik afternoon 5 March is guaranteed.  
                                                                     F.d.U.  
    11.10 AC 8858 After several minor sound bearings, a not identifiable vessel as on the day before, escort boat (probably type ATHERSTONE) coming from Kola Bay, bearing 172°T, range = 4000 meters, bow left target angle 20°.  Suddenly begins to zigzag and run in circles.  One depth charge medium range.  
    11.20 AC 8858 Reversal shot tube II:  depth 3 meters, target speed = 11 knots, bow left target angle 20°, range 800 meters, steering NNN S.   
    11.31   After 11 minutes 10 seconds detonation, assume end of run.  Miss explained by incorrect setting (NNNS instead of WWWW S):  Enemy zigzagged at the last moment to a broad target angle of 20° and had already crossed minimum range, order error due to lack of time for setting.  After the detonation the escort boat remained lying stopped or 30 minutes.  
    12.00 AC 8858 Day's run:  Surfaced         66.0 nm  
                         Submerged     22.2 nm  
                                               88.2 nm  
        After the boat went briefly to depth A -40 meters to avoid the enemy and torpedo, because the escort boat hardly moved, apparently others out of range to the south.  In the SW and SE two faint, not visible sound bearings.  
   

12.51

 

13.16

AC 8858

 

AC 8858

2nd escort boat in sight bearing 330°T, range = 4500 meters, bow left target angle 60°.  Later zigzags.  Because this boat is positioned favorably, turned to run towards it.  In so doing another escort boat passes out of sight under the coast.  After the enemy lying stopped had gotten underway and with sharp target angle reversal shot  from tube II, depth 4 meters, target speed 12 knots, bow left target angle 20°, range = 800 meters, steering WWW S.   
    13.23   After 7 minutes 32 seconds enormous detonation, high explosion column, escort boat flies apart.  Moved off to the north later NE in the hope that the 3nd escort boat would  
           
Sun and Moon Data 02.03.45
 
- 18 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    02.03.45   run to the sinking location and thereby come within range.  However, this was not the case.  Faint propeller beats bearing 92°T quickly grew louder.  In the periscope in light sea smoke nothing seen.  
    13.34   Headed deep at a depth charge series in medium range because no torpedo shooting is possible against M.L. boats.  
    13.40   Was overrun at depth A -50 meters.  Bolde ejected.  
    16.00 AC 8853    
    13.34   107 medium-close to close depth charges between depth 2A -20 and A -20 meters later from 3 small vessels (possibly 1 listening noise from escort boat) by carousel method.  Main drain pump and starboard E-motor (stern tube bushing) temporarily out of service.  
    17.30 AC 8853 Surfaced.  Began return transit along Rybachy.  
    18.00   Presented Radio Message 1651/759:  Flying boat apparently received orders at 16.20 hours to take prisoners after attack on U-boat east of Kildin.  Murmansk boats report position immediately.  
                                                                     F.d.U.  
    19.08   Outgoing Radio Message 1316/761:  AC 8858 stationary search group:  English escort boat sunk.  (Hess).  
    20.00 AC 8813    
      S 1-2, Sea 1, overcast, Vis. 2000-5000 meters, 1019 mb    
    20.08   Served as radio relay for Ley's position Short Signal.  
           
    03.03.45      
    00.00 AC 8463    
    04.00 AC 8157    
    06.07   Dived to proceed submerged by day.  
    08.00 AC 7363    
    12.00 AC 7334 Day's run:  Surfaced         167.0 nm  
                         Submerged       32.5 nm  
                                                199.5 nm  
    16.00 AC 7324    
    17.48   Surfaced to proceed on the surface.  
    20.00 AC 7261 Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix = 230°T, 12 nm.  
      SE 1, Sea 1-2, cloudy, Vis. 5000-6000 meters, 1019 mb  
    23.53   Outgoing ßß 0045/783:  Position 30 hours off objective point.  
                                                                     U-995  
           
    04.03.45      
    00.00 AC 7166    
    04.00 AC 7124    
      NNE 1-2, Sea 1-2, 7/10 (snow), Vis. 500-3000 meters, 1018 mb, -4°C    
    05.30   Dived to proceed submerged by day.  
    08.00 AB 9397    
    12.00 AB 9622 Day's run:  Surfaced         138.0 nm  
                         Submerged       37.5 nm  
                                                175.5 nm  
    16.00 AB 9616    
    18.05   Surfaced to proceed on the surface.  
    20.00 AB 9643    
           
Sun and Moon Data 02.03.45
Sun and Moon Data 03.03.45
Sun and Moon Data 04.03.45
 
- 19 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    04.03.45      
      NE 3, Sea 2, cloudy (snow), changing cloudiness, Vis. 500-5000 meters, 1016 mb    
    21.30   Presented Radio Message 1136/698:  Hess immediately report if arrival 5 March latest 16.00 hours is assured.  If not, first arrive 6 March 10.30 hours.  After passing Schwarz 25 proceed as prescribed.  
                                                                     F.d.U.  
    22.06   Outgoing Radio Message 2208/791:  Yes.  Am 7 hours off objective point.  
                                                                     U-995  
           
    05.03.45      
    00.00 AB 9862    
    00.30   Dived to proceed submerged.  
    01.55   Passed Schwarz 25.  
    05.50   [Surfaced]  
    06.53   Made fast Harstad.  
    09.18   Harstad for Narvik.  
    12.00   Day's run:  Surfaced         164.5 nm  
                         Submerged       38.9 nm  
                                                203.4 nm  
    11.50   Passed Lödingen.  
    16.20   Made fast Ramsund, gave over T V.  
           
    06.03.45      
    14.00   Ramsund for Narvik.  
        Made fast Narvik.  
           
                        Remaining Day's run:  Surfaced 25 nm  
           
                        Total Day's run:  Surfaced       2531.0 nm  
                                                  Submerged     839.5 nm  
                                                                      3370.5 nm  
           
           
           
           
                                                
                               Oblt. z. See and Kommandant  
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 04.03.45
Sun and Moon Data 05.03.45
Sun and Moon Data 06.03.45

 
 
     
                                           Enclosure - 1 - to F.d.U. Nordmeer B.Nr.Gkdos - 1145 -  
                                        
 

Commentary of the F.d.U. Nordmeer

 
 
on the K.T.B. of "U 995" from 7.1.45 to 6.3.45.
 
 

 

 
 
1) Again an excellent coastal patrol without snorkel by the daring and imaginative young commander.
  Successes:  Freighter 6000 GRT torpedoed on the bottom, 1 escort boat "ATHERSTONE"-type sunk.
2) The bold, well-thought-out penetration on 8 February in the mines unsafe entrance of Kirkenes and torpedoing a pier lier led to the award of the Knight's Cross to the Kommandant.
3) Good reporting and reconnaissance results.
4) To 14 February 13.50:  Piston sounds could have come from torpedoed ship of the incoming convoy.  Also from strong stratification noise may overlap partly.
 
     
                                                                                  i.V.  
                 
     
 


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