U-196 - 1st War Patrol

Translation by Jerry Mason

Departed
Date
Arrived
Date
Days at Sea
Kiel
13 March 1943
Bordeaux
23 October 1943
225

 

Click the icon to download a KMZ file displaying the U-boat track, significant events and locations for this patrol.  You must have Google Earth loaded on your computer to view this file.  Download Google Earth here

 

Ships Attacked
Date
KTB Time
Position
Ship
Tons
Nationality
Convoy
11 May 43
22:59
31°42'S, 29°48'E
NAILSEA MEADOW
4,962
British
 
3 Aug 43
00:24
13°39'S, 41°27'E
CITY OF ORAN
7,323
British
CB-1
     
 Total = 12,285
   
Note:  The positions in the table above and in the Google Earth patrol summary are derived from the KTB and in many cases do not match those set forth in authoritative references such as Jürgen Rohwer, Axis Submarine Successes of World War Two or the Uboat.net website.  The goal here is to present the picture relative to the U-boat and not the absolute position that the ship was attacked or sank.


 
 
           
           
           
           
           
                                                      
           
                               K  r  i  e  g  s  t  a  g  e  b  u  c  h  
           
           
                                             "  U  1  9  6  "  
           
           
                       Kommandant:  Korv.Kapt.  K  e  n  t  r  a  t  .  
                 
                      Beginning:  11.9.1942    
                      Concluding:  5.3.1943    
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
                                                
           
           
           
           
        © U-boat Archive 2014  - all rights reserved  
Click the flag to view the above page from the original German KTB
 
- 1 -
 
           
           
           
           
    11.09.42 Bremen " U-196 " placed in commission.  
    10.00 "Deschimag Werft"    
    12.09.42 Bremen Provisions loading, took over the boat.  
    13.09.42 Bremen Took over the boat, afterwards Sunday routine.  
    14.09.42 Bremen    
    11.00   Ready for sea.  1st test dive in the harbor basin.  
    13.22   Made fast.  
    15.09.42      
    08.00 Bremen Ready for sea.  
      (Weser) Maneuvering training and independent training on the Weser.  
    15.15   Made fast Bremen.  
    16.09.42 Bremen Took over remaining outfitting.  
    13.15   Ready for sea.  
    18.27 Weser Bremen - Bremerhaven.  
        Made fast Bremerhaven.  
    17.09.42      
    06.00 WSW 4-5, Sea 3-4 Ready for sea.  
        Bremerhaven - Brunsbüttel.  
    17.52 WNW 2 Made fast Brunsbüttel.  
    18.09.42      
    07.00 NNE 3 Ready for sea.  
      Kaiser Wilhelm Canal Brunsbüttel - Kiel.  
    15.30 NNW 2 Kiel-Wik, Made fast Berth 23.  
    19.09.42 Kiel Work service and exercises.  
      (Tirpitz Mole)    
    20.09.42 Kiel Sunday routine.  
    (Tirpitz Mole)    
    21.09.42 Kiel    
    07.30 (Tirpitz Mole) Ready for sea.  
        Wik - Blücherbrücke.  
       
Began U.A.K. testing.
 
        Ship structural harbor testing (alongside ACHERON).  
    14.46 (Iltisbrücke) Made fast Iltisbrücke.  
    22.09.42 Kiel    
    07.00 (Iltisbrücke) Ready for sea.  
        Wik - Blücherbrücke.  Engine construction testing (holed fuel tank) (Escape lung training).  
           
           
           
 
 
- 2 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    22.09.42      
    16.24 (Tirpitz Mole) Made fast Tirpitz Mole Berth 25.  
           
    23.09.42 Kiel    
    07.30 (Tirpitz Mole) Ready for sea.  
        Wik - Blücherbrücke, Berth 6.  
        Preparations for the preliminary trim test.  
    11.00   Dived for preliminary trim test.  
    14.25   Surfaced.  
           
    23.09.42 Kiel    
    14.39   Made fast Iltisbrücke (Wik).  After lunch work service.  
           
    24.09.42 Kiel    
    07.30   Ready for sea.  
    08.40   Dived (periscope test, emergency blow trial, blowing trial).  
    10.50   Surfaced.  
    11.31   Made fast Arsenal to take over dummy torpedoes.  
    17.42   Cast off.  
    18.41   Made fast Iltisbrücke.  
           
    25.09.42 Kiel    
    07.30   Ready for sea.  
    08.05   In Arsenal basin dove to shoot dummy torpedoes.  
    09.15   Surfaced.  
    11.00   Began T M loading in Dietrichedorf Bumker 4.  
    15.00 [T M possibly a decoy Täusch Maßnahme?] T M loading ended.  
    15.41 Cast off Dietrichsdorf.  
    16.15   Made fast Iltisbrücke (6), afterwards fast charging training..  
           
    26.09.42 Kiel    
    08.00 (Iltisbrücke) Combat exercises, clean ship.  
           
    27.09.42 Kiel    
      (Iltisbrücke) Sunday routine.  
           
           
           
 
 
- 3 -
 
           
           
           
           
    28.09.42 Kiel    
    07.30   Ready for sea.  
    08.10   Dived to deploy T M in Heikendorfer Bay.  
    09.15   Surfaced.  T M deployed.  
    10.30   Made fast Blücherbrücke.  
    11.40   Cast off Blücherbrücke.  
    13.00   Testing in the pressure dock.  
    19.48   Out of the pressure dock.  
    20.32   Made fast Albatrossbrücke (10).  
           
    29.09.42 Kiel    
    08.00 (Albatrossbrücke) Combat exercises, weapons cleaning, work service, preparations for the final trim test.  
           
    30.09.42 Kiel    
    07.30   Ready for sea.  
    10.20   Trim test.  
    11.55   Surfaced.  
    14.00   Dived for acoustic testing.  
    15.30   Surfaced.  
    16.05   Made fast Albatrossbrücke.  
           
    01.10.42 Kiel    
    08.00   Ready for sea.  
    10.30   Dived for training.  
    11.45   Surfaced.  
    13.30   Dived.  
    14.40   Surfaced.  
    15.03   Dived.  
    15.50   Surfaced.  
    17.17   Made fast Albatrossbrücke.  
           
    02.10.42      
    08.00 Kiel Ready for sea.  
    08.48   Dived tor N.E.K. testing.  [communications systems testing]  
    12.07   Surfaced.  
           
           
 
 
- 4 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    02.10.42      
    13.28 Strander Bay Made fast Strander Bay Buoy.  
        N.E.K. testing.  
    19.40 Kiel Made fast Iltisbrücke (5).  
           
    03.10.42 Kiel    
    07.30   Ready for sea.  Engine maneuvers and shooting in Kiel Bay.  
    13.50   Anchor maneuver in Strander Bay.  
           
    03.10.42      
    15.35 Kiel Made fast Iltisbrücke.  
           
    04.10.42 Kiel Sunday routine (trip to Laboe).  
         
    05.10.42      
    07.30 Kiel Ready for sea.  
    10.15   Conclusion of the final trim test.  
    11.15   Surfaced.  
    12.45   Degaussing.  
    17.4x   Conclusion.  
    18.0x   Made fast Albatrossbrücke (9).  
           
    06.10.42 Kiel    
    07.50   Ready for sea, independent training, because there is still shipyard work to do for communications system testing.  
    13.40   Communications system testing in Kiel Bay.  Dove in Strander Bay.  
    18.25   Made fast Albatrossbrücke (8).  
           
    07.10.42      
    07.3x Kiel Ready for sea.  
    08.42   Made fast Deutsche Werke Berth 3 for communications system work, at the same time took over fuel.  
    18.25   Cast off.  
    18.50   Made fast Albatrossbrücke.  
           
    08.10.42 Kiel    
    07.00   Ready for sea.  
    08.05   Dry-docked Dock 9 to re-pack stuffing boxes.  
    18.15   Undocked.  
    18.42   Made fast Albatrossbrücke (11).  
           
           
 
 
- 5 -
 
           
           
           
           
    09.10.42      
    07.30 Kiel Ready for sea.  N.E.K. remaining testing, afterwards magnetic compass calibration.  
    14.05   Dived to check on oil trace.  
    14.45   Surfaced.  
    15.02   Alongside [illegible word] to install fuel oil measuring tank.  
    18.5x   Made fast Albatrossbrücke (1x).  
           
    10.10.42 Kiel    
    06.30   Ready for sea.  
    07.26   Made fast Holtenau Lock.  
    08.05   Kaiser Wilhelm Canal.  
    10.3x   Dived for acoustic testing, surfaced because the listening boat is not ready.  
    14.43   Holtenau Locks.  
    15.0x   Cast off.  
    15.25   Made fast Albatrossbrücke (10).  
           
    11.10.42 Kiel    
    06.xx Transit to the east Ready for sea.  
    07.07   Abeam Kiel  
    11.10.42 Kiel - Stettin AK - cruise.  
    08.54 WSW 2, Sea 1, 9/10 Fehmarnbelt Lightship abeam.  
    12.35   Arkona abeam to starboard.  
    11.45   Gyro compass failed.  
    18.55 SSW 2-3, Sea 2, 7/10 Swinemünde approach buoy.  
    21.02 Swinemünde Made fast Swinemünde alongside "MARS".  During subsequent aircraft alarm crew except for boat watch in bunker.  
           
           
    12.10.42 Swinemünde - Stettin    
    07.0x   Ready for sea.  
    10.3x SW 1, Sea 1, 5/10 Made fast Stettin (U-boat Base).  
        Work service and sports.  
           
    13.10.42 Stettin    
    09.xx   Ready for sea.  
      SE 2, Sea 1, 8/10 Transit to Danzig, in so doing AK speed check.  
    10.37 E 1, Sea 1, 8/10 Buoy O2 abeam to port.  
           
    14.10.42      
           
 
 
- 6 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    14.10.42      
    06.0x SE 1, Sea 1, 9/10 Hela abeam to starboard.  
    10.x0 Danzig Made fast alongside "IBERIA".  
      (U A G II) After transfer of the crew to the accommodation ship "IBERIA" cleaned ship in the afternoon.  
           
    15.10.42 Danzig    
    08.00   Role exercises.  Sightseeing.  
           
    16.10.42 Danzig    
    08.00 SE 3, Sea 2, 8/10 Ready for sea for measured mile cruise.  
    14.15   Measured mile was broken off due to weather conditions.  
    16.40   Made fast alongside "IBERIA"  
           
    17.10.42 Danzig Role exercises, gear service.  
           
    18.10.42 Danzig Sunday routine.  
           
    19.10.42 Danzig    
    08.15 Calm, 7/10, rain Ready for sea.  
    08.45 N 4-5, Sea 3, 8/10 Dived for trim test.  
    09.29   Surfaced.  
    12.30 NW 3, Sea 3, 8/10, rain In U.A.G. - square dived for balance training.  
    15.15 NW 3, Sea3, 6/10, rain Surfaced.  
    17.45 W 3, Sea 3, 8/10, rain Made fast alongside "IBERIA".  
           
    20.10.42 Danzig    
    08.00   Ready for sea for measured mile.  
      W 0-1, Sea 0-1, 5/10 Measured mile and made fast alongside "IBERIA" 16.45 hours.  
           
    21.10.42 Danzig    
    08.00   Ready for sea, buoyancy measurement.  
    18.xx   Made fast alongside "IBERIA".  
           
    22.10.42 Danzig    
    08.10   Ready for sea, independent training.  
    16.45   Made fast alongside "IBERIA".  
           
    23.10.42 Danzig    
    08.0x   Ready for sea.  
    08.50   Made fast Struben Basin.  (diving plane measurement apparatus installed).  
    11.45   Cast off.  
    14.02   Diving plane - measurements.  
    16.10   Made fast alongside "IBERIA".  
           
 
 
- 7 -
 
           
           
           
           
    24.10.42 Danzig Clean ship, soccer match.  
           
    25.10.42 Danzig Sunday routine.  
         
    26.10.42 Danzig    
    08.10   Ready for sea, for type testing.  
    17.15   Made fast alongside "IBERIA".  
           
    27.10.42 Danzig    
    09.00   Ready for sea (delayed due to fog).  
        Determined turning radius.  
    17.30   Made fast alongside "IBERIA".  
           
    28.10.42 Danzig Independent training and role exercises, work service.  
         
    29.10.42 Danzig    
    08.00   Ready for sea, diving plane testing.  
    17.13   Made fast alongside "IBERIA".  
           
    30.10.42 Danzig Work service (Install trim tube).  
    12.30   Ready for sea, trim test in the dock pool, afterwards for Gotenhafen.  
    16.35 Gotenhafen Made fast alongside "BEATES".  
    17.00   Cast off.  
    17.50   Made fast at the pier.  
           
    31.10.42 Gotenhafen    
    06.45   Ready for sea.  
    07.00   Alongside "BEATES" for torpedo loading.  
    08.34   Cast off.  
    10.07   Made fast "BEATES" for torpedo loading.  
    11.08   Cast off.  Torpedo shooting.  
    13.35   Made fast alongside "BEATES" for torpedo loading.  
           
    01.11.42 Gotenhafen Sunday routine.  
           
    02.11.42 Gotenhafen    
    08.00   Ready for sea, torpedo shooting.  
    09.50   Made fast alongside "BEATES" for torpedo loading.  
    14.02   Cast off.  
    17.21   Made fast alongside "BEATES" for torpedo loading.  
           
    03.11.42 Gotenhafen    
    09.00   Ready for sea.  
           
           
 
 
- 8 -
 
           
           
           
           
    03.11.42 Gotenhafen    
    08.00   Ready for sea, torpedo shooting.  
    11.03   Made fast alongside "BEATES" for torpedo loading.  
    13.00   Cast off, torpedo shooting.  
    16.03   Made fast alongside "BEATES" for torpedo loading.  
    16.55   Cast off, for torpedo shooting.  
    19.15   Made fast "BEATES".  
           
    04.11.42 Gotenhafen Took over the boat.  
    12.00   Ready for sea.  
    14.00 Hela Made fast Hela (Berth 2).  
           
    05.11.42 Hela    
    08.xx   Crash dive training (XIII)  
    12.xx   Made fast Berth 3 (2).  Harbor watch boat.  
           
    06.11.42 Hela Harbor watch boat.  
    12.xx   Ready for sea, 3 crash dive training (IX).  
    16.55   Made fast Berth 3.  
           
    07.11.42 Hela Tactical training ashore, cannon training and clean ship, work service.  
         
    08.11.42 Hela Work service, tactical training ashore.  
           
    09.11.42 Hela Tactical training ashore, work service.  
    12.00   Ready for sea, 2 crash dive - diving training (VI).  
    16.50   Made fast Berth 2.  
           
    10.11.42 Hela    
    09.30 [d.K.N. = Deutsch Kriegsnachrichten - German war communiqués] Ready for sea.  Boat photography by d.K.N. representatives.  
    12.40 Made fast Berth 2, role exercises and clean ship.  
           
    11.11.42 Hela    
    07.xx   Ready for sea, submerged training exercises.  
    13.00   Made fast Berth 2, afterwards role exercises.  
           
    12.11.42 Hela    
    07.19   Ready for sea, crash dive and damage control exercises.  
    16.14   Made fast Berth 2.  
           
           
 
 
- 9 -
 
           
           
           
           
    13.11.42 Hela    
    07.x0   Ready for sea, Crash dive and damage control exercises.  
    14.43   Made fast Berth 2.  
    16.xx   [illegible word]  
           
    14.11.42      
    07.xx Hela Ready for sea, Crash dive and damage control exercises.  
    13.35   Made fast Berth 2, afterwards watch boat.  
           
    15.11.42 Hela Watch boat, clean ship.  
         
    16.11.42 Hela    
    07.xx   Ready for sea, Crash dive and damage control exercises.  
    12.15   Made fast Berth 2, afterwards lessons.  
           
    17.11.42 Hela    
    07.xx   Ready for sea, Crash dive and damage control exercises.  
    16.05   Made fast Berth 2.  
           
    18.11.42 Hela    
    07.xx   Ready for sea, Crash dive and damage control exercises.  
    15.30   Made fast Berth 2.  
           
    19.11.42 Hela Role exercises, work service and sports.  
         
    20.11.42 Hela    
    07.xx   Ready for sea.  
    14.50   Crash dive and damage control exercises.  Made fast Berth 2.
           
    21.11.42 Hela    
    07.xxx   Ready for sea.  
    12.29   Crash dive and damage control exercises.  Made fast Berth 2.
        Ammunition loading and cannon exercises.  
           
    22.11.42 Hela Work service, took over the boat.  
         
    23.11.42 Hela    
    07.30   Ready for sea.  
    11.35   Artillery shooting exercises, afterwards transit to Danzig.  
    23.11.42      
    14.58 Danzig Made fast Danzig, Holm (2).  
        Prepared for torpedo loading, cannon cleaning.  Boat cleared.  (Accommodation ship DEUTSCHLAND).  
           
    24.11. - 18.12.42 Danzig Torpedo shooting with the 25. U.-Flottille.  
        Due to bad weather few attempts.  
           
    xx - 15.12.42   Tactical training.  
         
    16. - 18.12.42   Torpedo shooting with the 25. U.-Flottille.  
           
           
           
 
 
- 10 -
 
           
           
           
           
    18.12.42      
    17.30   Ready for sea, transit to Kiel.  
           
    21.12.42      
    22.00   Bremen  
           
     
1943
   
           
    22.12.42 - 15.02.43   Shipyard period.  
           
    16.02.43   Sea trial  
         
    17. - 22.02.43   Final adjustments, boat taken over, provisions loading.  
         
    23.02.43 Bremen - Wesermünde Transit to Wesermünde.  
         
    24.02.43   Transit to Hamburg.  
         
    26.02.43 Hamburg Transit to Kiel.  
         
    25.02.43   Hamburg (Fu.M.G.).  
         
    27.02.43 Kiel Trim test with cannon shooting.  
         
    28.02.43 Kiel Transit to Sonderburg.  Sound trial were broken off due to weather conditions.  
         
    01.03.43 Sonderburg. Transit to Kiel.  
         
    02. - 05.03.43 Kiel Kriegsmarinewerft - Kiel.  
         
    05.03.43 Kiel Degaussing.  
           
           
           
           
                              
                                      Korv.Kapt and Kommandant.  
           
           
           
           
           
 

 

 
 
           
           
           
           
           
                                               
           
           
           
           
                                       K  r  i  e  g  s  t  a  g  e  b  u  c  h    "  U  1  9  6  "  
                                       =================================  
           
           
           
                                            Beginning:        13 March 1943  
           
           
                                            Concluding:     23 October 1943.  
           
           
                                            Kommandant:  Korv.Kapt.    K  e  n  t  r  a  t  
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
 
 
- 1 -
 
           
           
           
           
    13.03.43 Kiel    
    08.00 Wind calm, scattered fog, 3/10, Sea 0 Departed Kiel for escort meeting point.  
    11.30   Transit in convoy (with U-664) for Kristiansand.  
    23.30 Great Belt Aircraft sounds ahead to starboard and port (1 aircraft abeam to port, altitude 2000 meters, range about 5000 meters).  5 light detonations heard in the boat (mine laying?).  
        Observation with instructions to report further by Radio Message given to escort leader.  
           
    14.03.43 Great Belt - Skagerrak    
    12.00   Day's run:  (13 March 08.00 hours) 311.5 nm.  
    13.13 - 13.45 WSW 3, Sea 3, 4/10, Vis. good Test dive.  
    19.35   Made fast Kristiansand - Maviken.  
        (Fuel oil supply).  
           
    15.03.43 Kristiansand - Maviken    
    06.00 SbyW 2, Sea 1, 2/10, Vis. good Ready for sea.  Departed in convoy (with U-644).  
    09.45 - 10.07   Test dive.  
    12.00 Slowly freshening, SbyW 6, Swell was higher, Sea 5-6, Vis. good Day's run:  Surfaced 138.8 nm, Submerged 3.2 nm  
    18.00 North Sea Released from convoy according to orders.  Due to continually heavy head seas moved off to the west as ordered at 2 x HF, then course 350° (Obersteuermann ill).  
      AN 31  
    21.45 - 23.35 SSW 6-7, Sea 6, medium-high Swell Crash dive for training.  
           
    16.03.43 Slowly abating to SW 4, Sea 4-5 General course 350°.  
    06.13 - 13.47 AN 28 and 23, AF 87 Proceeded submerged, depth control training.  
    12.00   Day's run:  Surfaced 128.5 nm, Submerged 21.8 nm  
    13.47 - 14.25 WSW 2, Sea 3, light Swell, 3-6/10, Vis. changing Surfaced to ventilate and pump.  
           
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 13.03.43
Sun and Moon Data 14.03.43
Sun and Moon Data 15.03.43
Sun and Moon Data 16.03.43
 
- 2 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    16.03.43      
    14.25   Proceeded submerged, depth control training.  
    20.00 SW 4, Sea 3, light Swell, 2-3/10, Vis. changing 3-4 nm Continued submerged.   
      General course 340°.  
           
    17.03.42 Northern North Sea    
    06.05 AF 84, 76, 73 and 49 Dived to proceed submerged.  
    12.00 SW 5, Sea 4-5, medium Swell, 9/10, Vis. 3 nm Day's run:  Surfaced 120.3 nm, Submerged 40.6 nm  
    14.30   Deep dive to depth A +60 meters.  No issues.  
    15.47 - 16.15   Surfaced to ventilate.  
        Afterwards continued submerged (From surfacing switched to the Ireland Circuit as ordered).  
    20.28 WSW 2, Sea 1, 4/10, Vis. good Surfaced.  Continued transit on the surface.  
      General course 330°.  
           
    18.03.43 Norwegian Sea    
    05.32 AE 48 and 44 Dived, proceeded submerged.  
    12.00   Day's run:  Surfaced 84 nm, Submerged 38.5 nm  
    13.05   Surfaced.  Proceeded on the surface in clear weather conditions.  General course 300.  
    16.00   General course 270°.  
    19.14 AE 44 Dived for aircraft (came out of the sun).  
        Proceeded submerged.  
    22.30 ESE 2, Sea 1, clear moonlit night Proceeded on the surface.  
      General course 270°.  
           
    19.03.43 Norwegian Sea    
    05.50 AE 66 and 65 Test dive, afterwards proceeded submerged.  
    11.24 SE 2, Sea 1, Vis. changing, 9/10 Surfaced to ventilate and pump.  
    12.00   Day's run:  Surfaced 147.5 nm, Submerged 15.5 nm  
    20.43 SbyE 2, Sea 1, Vis. good, 8-9/10 Surfaced.  Proceeded on the surface.  General course 240°.  
           
    20.03.43 Norwegian Sea    
    04.00 SE 3, Sea 3, Vis. good, cloudy greatly changing Proceeded on the surface, course 240°.  
           
Sun and Moon Data 16.03.43
Sun and Moon Data 17.03.43
Sun and Moon Data 18.03.43
Sun and Moon Data 19.03.43
Sun and Moon Data 20.03.43
 
- 3 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    20.03.43      
    06.18 AE 67 and 83 Test dive, afterwards proceeded submerged.  
    12.00   Day's run:  Surfaced 83 nm, Submerged 38.8 nm  
    15.05   Surfaced.  
    15.08 AE 6783 Crash dive for flying boat (Sunderland).  
           
    20.03.43 AE 6785    
    17.57 SSE 4, Sea 3, 9/10, Vis. changing SE 5, Sea 4 Surfaced, continued on the surface.  
    21.53 SE 5, Sea 4 Radio Message concerning suspension on route for "U-910".  [prohibition of attacks on blockade runner route]  
           
    21.03.43 North Atlantic Proceeded on the surface, course 235°.  
      AE 8527    
    07.07 SE 5, Sea 4, 9/10, medium Swell, Vis. changing Test dive, proceeded submerged.  
    12.00   Day's run:  Surfaced 138.5 nm, Submerged 31.1 nm  
    14.47 Unchanged, Vis. 2-3 nm Surfaced, proceeded on the surface.  
           
    22.03.43 North Atlantic    
      AL 3121    
    07.02 SE 4, Sea 3, Vis. 1-2 nm, 9/10 Test dive.  
    10.18   Surfaced, afterwards crash dive training and depth control training.  
    12.00   Day's run:  Surfaced 150.5 nm, Submerged 17.4 nm  
    18.00 Unchanged, Vis. 1-2 nm Proceeded on the surface, course 220°.  
           
    23.03.43 North Atlantic    
      AL 2278    
    00.00 SSE 3, Sea 2, Vis. 1 nm Proceeded on the surface, course 210°.  
    07.34 AL 2389 Test dive, proceeded submerged, depth control training.  
    12.00   Day's run:  Surfaced 110.9 nm, Submerged 23.1 nm  
    13.49   Surfaced, proceeded on the surface.  
    14.00 E 4, Sea 4, Vis. 2-3 nm, 2-3/10 Course 200°.  
           
    24.03.43 North Atlantic    
      AL 2721 Proceeded on the surface, course 200°.  
    02.00 ESE 3, Sea 3, 7/10, Vis. quite good Radio Message:  Proceeded via AE 6815, AE 8715, 3 drifting mines square AF 44 south part.  Aircraft square AF 4479, flying boat AE 6783.  Own position AL 2713, E 3, Sea 3, 7/10, 1019 mb, +8°C, Vis. 4 nm.  
    07.42 AL 2748 Test dive.  
      SEbyE 3, 8/10, medium Swell    
    10.50   Surfaced, proceeded on the surface, course 200°.  
    12.00 EbyS 3, Vis. 2-5 nm Day's run:  Surfaced       142 nm  
    20.00 ESE 2, Sea 1                  Submerged   14.4 nm  
           
Sun and Moon Data 20.03.43
Sun and Moon Data 21.03.43
Sun and Moon Data 22.03.43
Sun and Moon Data 23.03.43
Sun and Moon Data 24.03.43
 
- 4 -
 
           
           
           
           
    25.03.43 North Atlantic    
    01.10 SSE 2, light Swell, Vis. 1-2 nm Gave weather report in accordance with orders.  Course 190°.  
    07.43 AL 4555 Test dive.  
    10.07   Surfaced.  Shortly after surfacing twice heard detection with Fu.M.B. Volume 1-2.  Proceeded on the surface, course 190°.  
    12.00 AL 4585 Day's run:  Surfaced       174.8 nm  
      SE 2, Sea 2, overcast, Vis. 1-2 nm                  Submerged       8.4 nm  
    17.20 SbyE 3, Sea 2, Vis. 1 nm Several detections heard with Fu.M.B., Volume 2.  
    18.00 S 3, Sea 3, rain, overcast, low cloud height Crash dive for training, proceeded submerged.  
    19.37 S 5-6, Sea 4, rain squall, Vis. 1 nm Surfaced.  Proceeded on the surface, course 180°.  
           
    26.03.43      
    00.00 SW 4, Sea 4, Vis. 0.2-1 nm    
    04.00 AL 7258    
      Vis. 1-3 nm    
    07.45 SW 2, Sea 2, Vis. 5 nm Test dive.  
    09.49   Surfaced, course 180°.  
    12.00   Day's run:  Surfaced       125.3 nm  
                         Submerged      9.7 nm  
    13.22 - 14.29 W 4, Sea 3 Crash dive for training.  
    16.28   Radio Message:  Head for square R G [typo GR - Cape Town].  
    20.00 W 3, Sea 2, 6/10, rain squalls, Vis. 3-5 nm  
           
    27.03.43      
    07.45 Unchanged, Vis. 4-5 nm Test dive.  
    10.10   Surfaced.  Proceeded on the surface, course 180°.  
    12.00 BE 1425 Day's run:  Surfaced        132 nm  
                         Submerged      9.2 nm  
    15.45 W 3, Sea 2, Vis. 8 nm Gave weather report in accordance with orders.  Did not operate on northbound convoy reported by air in CF 33 because the east-west distance is too great. (Incoming Radio Message 17.20 hours).  
           
    28.03.43 North Atlantic    
    00.00 BE 1758    
      S 5, Sea 4, Vis. 1 nm, 10/10, medium Swell    
           
Sun and Moon Data 25.03.43
Sun and Moon Data 26.03.43
Sun and Moon Data 27.03.43
Sun and Moon Data 28.03.43
 
- 5 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    28.03.43      
    02.00 SbyE 6, Sea 5, 10/10, rain, Vis. up to 1000 meters Course 180°.  
    06.00 BE 4122    
      SW 5, Sea 5, Vis. 1-2 nm    
    07.43   Test dive.  Proceeded submerged.  
    12.00   Day's run:  Surfaced       95.6 nm  
                         Submerged   15.3 nm  
    13.32 SW 4, Sea 4, 5/10, Vis. 3-5 nm Surfaced.  
    20.00 BE 4425 Course 180°.  
      W 4    
           
    29.03.43      
    02.00 BE 4488 Clocks set an hour ahead in accordance with orders.  
      W 2, Sea 2, 4/10, Vis. 1-2 nm    
    08.50   Test dive.  
    10.14   Surfaced.  Course 180°.  
    12.00 BE 4788 Day's run:  Surfaced       141.7 nm  
                         Submerged      9.3 nm  
    20.00 BE 7422    
      Sea 1, 1/10, Vis. 8 nm    
           
    30.03.43      
    04.00 BE 7725 Course 180°.  
    08.44 BE 7785 Test dive.  
    10.52   Surfaced.  
    12.00   Day's run:  Surfaced       158 nm  
                         Submerged     6.1 nm  
    16.00 CF 1282    
      WSW 1, Vis. 5-6 nm    
    22.00 CF 15558    
      SE 1, Vis. 1-2 nm    
           
    31.03.43      
    02.00 CF 1828 Course 180°.  
      SSE 2    
    08.58 CF 4252 Test dive.  
      ESE 1    
    10.53 EbyS 2 Surfaced.  
    12.00 CF 4255 Day's run:  Surfaced       179 nm  
      E 3, Vis. 5-6 nm                  Submerged     5.8 nm  
    16.00 CF 4522    
      ESE 2    
    20.00 CF 4558    
           
    01.04.43      
    00.00 CF 4822    
    04.00 CF 4859 Course 170°.  
      SE 3-4, Sea 3-4, 3-4/10, Vis. 1-2 nm    
    08.52 CF 7234 Test dive.  
    10.30   Surfaced.  
           
Sun and Moon Data 28.03.43
Sun and Moon Data 29.03.43
Sun and Moon Data 30.03.43
Sun and Moon Data 31.03.43
Sun and Moon Data 01.04.43
 
- 6 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    01.04.43      
    12.00 CF 7237 Day's run:  Surfaced       144 nm  
      E 3                  Submerged     5.1 nm  
    16.00 CF 7291    
      WbyS 2, Vis. 5-6 nm, 9/10 Course 180°.  
        Afternoon crash dive training.  
    20.00 CF 7537    
           
    02.04.43      
    00.00 CF 7591    
      Vis. 2 nm Course 185°.  
    04.00 CF 7829    
    08.50 CF 7859 Test dive.  
      ESE 1, 9/10, Vis. 2-3 nm    
    10.41   Surfaced.  
    12.00 Central Atlantic Day's run:  Surfaced       144 nm  
      DG 3323                  Submerged     8.2 nm  
      EbyS 2, Vis. 6-7 nm    
    16.00 DG 3355    
      E 2, Vis. 7-8 nm    
    20.00 DG 3625    
           
    03.04.43      
    00.00 DG 3658    
    04.00 DG 3921    
      EbyS 1-2, Sea 2 nm    
    08.00 DG 3957 Switched to America II Circuit in accordance with orders.  
    08.57   Test dive.  
    10.29   Surfaced.  Course 185°.  
    03.04.43 Central Atlantic    
    12.00 DG 6321 Day's run:  Surfaced       154 nm  
      NbyE 2-3, Sea 2, Vis. 5-6 nm, 7-9/10                  Submerged     4.5 nm  
    16.07 DG 6349 Crash dive for training.  
    17.43   Surfaced.  
           
    04.04.43      
    00.00 DG 6643    
      NE 4, Sea 3, Vis. 2 nm    
    04.00 DG 6677 Course 185°.  
    08.55 DG 6944 Test dive.  
    10.29   Surfaced.  
    11.17   Crash dive for training.  
    11.26   Surfaced.  
    12.00 DG 6893 Day's run:  Surfaced       154 nm  
      NNE 4-5, Sea 4, Vis. 5-6 nm                  Submerged     8.3 nm  
    20.00 DG 9264    
      Vis. 7-8 nm    
           
Sun and Moon Data 01.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 02.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 03.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 04.04.43
 
- 7 -
 
           
           
           
           
    05.04.43      
    00.00 DG 9297    
      Vis. 2 nm    
    04.00 DG 9564 Course 185°.  
    08.58 DG 9826 Test dive.  
    10.40   Surfaced.  
    12.00 DG 9829 Day's run:  Surfaced       158 nm  
      NE 4, Sea 4, Vis. 6 nm                  Submerged     5.2 nm  
    16.00 DG 9883    
      Vis. 8 nm    
    19.02   Crash dive for training.  
    20.15 DT 1332 Surfaced.  
           
    06.04.43      
    00.00 DT 1365    
      Vis. 2-3 nm    
    04.00 DT 1632 Course 185°.  
      NE 2, Sea 2, 5/10, Vis. 1-2 nm    
    08.58 DT 1691 Test dive.  
    10.32   Surfaced.  
    12.00 DT 1697 Day's run:  Surfaced       150 nm  
      Vis. 6-7 nm                  Submerged     9.5 nm  
    16.09 DT 1956 Crash dive training  
      Vis. 9-10 nm    
    17.44   Surfaced.  
           
    07.04.43      
    00.00 DT 4355    
      Vis. 2 nm    
    04.00 DT 4621 Course 185°.  
    08.55 DT 6481 Test dive.  
    10.06   Surfaced.  
    10.30   Crash dive for training.  
    12.01 DT 4684 Day's run:  Surfaced       155 nm  
      NE 2-3, Sea 2, Vis. 6-7 nm, 7/10                  Submerged    14.1 nm  
    16.00 DT 4943    
    20.00 DT 4975    
           
    08.04.43      
    00.00 DT 7318    
      2-3/10, Vis. 2 nm    
    04.00 DT 7374 Course 185°.  
    09.04 DT 7566 Test dive.  
    11.58   Surfaced.  
    12.00 NEbyN 3-4, Sea 3, Vis. 5 nm Day's run:  Surfaced       149 nm  
                         Submerged    9.9 nm  
    16.00 DT 7833    
    20.00 DT 7868    
      NE 3    
           
    09.04.43      
    00.00 EJ 1235    
    01.05 EJ 1238 Crash dive for training.  
    01.13   Surfaced.  
    08.57 EJ 1537 Test dive.  
    10.00   Surfaced.  
    12.00 NE 4-5, Sea 4, 7/10, Vis. 5 nm Course 180°.  
        Day's run:  Surfaced 158 nm, Submerged 2.9 nm  
           
Sun and Moon Data 05.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 06.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 07.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 08.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 09.04.43
 
- 8 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    09.04.43      
    16.00 EJ 1831    
    20.00 EJ 1858    
    23.25   Crash dive for training.  
           
    10.04.43      
    00.22 EJ 4225 Surfaced.  Course 180°.  
    04.00 EJ 4255    
      NE 2, Sea 2, Swell 1, Vis. 2-3 nm    
    09.07   Test dive.  
    10.15   Surfaced.  
    12.00 EJ 4555 Coure 170°.    Day's run:  Surfaced       142 nm  
      Vis. 8 nm                                          Submerged    7.2 nm  
    20.00 EJ 4856    
           
    11.04.43 Central Atlantic    
    00.00 EJ 7231    
    00.14   Crash dive for training.  
    01.14   Surfaced.  
    08.56 EJ 7533 Course 170°.  Test dive.  
      NE 2, 4/10, Vis. 3 nm    
    10.37   Surfaced.  
    12.00 EJ 7539 Day's run:  Surfaced       151 nm  
      Vis. 8 nm                  Submerged    7.9 nm  
    16.00 EJ 7671    
    20.00 EJ 7917    
           
    12.04.43      
    00.00 EJ 7972    
      Vis. 3-4 nm Course 150°.  
    04.00   Course 150°.  
    09.14 ES 1356 Test dive  
    10.38 NE 3, Sea 3, 4/10, Vis. 8 nm Surfaced.  
    11.20   Aircraft ahead to port, about 400 meters high, about 10000 meters, goes into a cloud, is soon out of sight.  
    12.00 ES 1395 Course 140°.    Day's run:  Surfaced       147 nm  
                                                  Submerged    3.5 nm  
    16.00 ES 2443    
    20.00 ES 2494    
    21.00 - 22.00   Ran engines at high speed.  
           
    13.04.43      
    00.00 ES 2845    
      Vis. 4 nm Course 135°.  
    04.00 ES 2889    
      NE 2, Sea 2, 7/10, Vis. 3 nm    
    08.59 ES 5346 Test dive.  
    10.18   Surfaced.  
    12.00 ES 5382 Day's run:  Surfaced       190 nm  
      3/10, Vis. 8 nm                  Submerged    4.5 nm  
    16.00 ES 5636    
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 09.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 10.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 11.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 12.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 13.04.43
 
- 9 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    13.04.43      
    20.00 ES 5666    
           
    14.04.43 Central Atlantic    
    00.00 ES 6484    
    04.00 ES 6763    
      Vis. 3 nm Course 135°.  
    08.14 ES 6887 Test dive.  
      Strong summer lightening.  Vis. 500-1000 meters    
    09.15   Surfaced.  
    12.00 ES 9237 Day's run:  Surfaced       192 nm  
      S 1, Sea 0, 10/10, rain, Vis. 8-10 nm                  Submerged    3.5 nm  
    16.00 ES 9371    
      N 3, Sea 2, Vis. 10 nm, in rain squalls 2-3 nm    
    20.00 ES 9629    
      NE 2-3    
           
    15.04.43      
    00.00 ET 7471 Course 130°.  
      E 3, 10/10, rain, Vis. up to 3 nm    
    04.00 ET 7722 Course 130°.  
      ESE 1-2    
    08.46 ET 7766 Test dive.  
      SE 2-3, Sea 2, 8/10, Vis. 3-4 nm    
    09.46   Surfaced.  
    12.00 ET 7876 Day's run:  Surfaced       193 nm  
      Vis. 8-10 nm                  Submerged    4.9 nm  
    16.00 FE 1237    
      Vis. 10-12 nm    
    20.00 FE 1344    
           
    16.04.43      
    00.00 FE 1389    
    04.00 FE 1639 Course 130°.  
      SE 1, Sea 1, 5/10, Vis. 3-4 nm    
    08.22   Test dive.  
    09.15   Surfaced.  
    12.00 FE 2723 Day's run:  Surfaced       174 nm  
      SSE 3, Sea 2, 9/10, Vis. 8-10 nm                  Submerged    2.7 nm  
    13.54   Crash dive.  
    15.23   Surfaced.  
    16.33   Radio Message:  Proceed via FV 48 - GQ 31 - GZ 31 - KZ 7410.  
    20.00 FE 2848    
    22.40   Passed the Equator.  
           
    17.04.43      
    00.00 FE 2882 Course 135°.  
    04.00 FE 5234    
    08.41 FE 5344 Test dive.  
    09.55   Surfaced.  
    12.00 FE 5373    
      SE 2-3, Vis. 10 nm    
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 13.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 14.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 15.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 16.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 17.04.43
 
- 10 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    17.04.43      
    16.00 FE 5623    
    20.35 FE 5663 Radio Message:  From 18 April at 08.00 hours switch to Africa Circuit.  
           
    18.04.43      
    00.00 FE 6471 Afternoon:  Equator crossing ceremony.  
    04.00 FE 6713 Course 135°.  
    08.23 FE 6742 Test dive.  
    09.30   Surfaced (from 08.00 hours Africa Circuit).  
    12.00 FE 6758 Day's run:  Surfaced       126 nm  
      SE 3, Sea 2, 3/10, Vis. 10 nm                  Submerged    3.6 nm  
    16.00 FE 6797    
    20.00 FE 9131    
           
    19.04.43      
    00.00 FE 9248    
      Vis. 3-4 nm Course 135°.  
    04.00 FE 9288    
    08.21   Test dive.  
    09.41   Surfaced.  
    12.00 FE 9593 Day's run:  Surfaced       138 nm  
      Vis. 10 nm                  Submerged    4.7 nm  
    14.56 FE 9678 Crash dive for aircraft.  Altitude about 1500 meters, range = 5000 meters.  
    15.47   Surfaced.  
    20.00 FE 9928    
           
    20.04.43 South Atlantic    
    00.00 FE 9991    
      Vis. 4-5 nm Course 130°.  
    04.00 FM 3112    
      SE 3, Sea 2, 4/10, Vis. 4 nm    
    08.00 FM 3152 Test dive.  
    09.50   Surfaced.  
    12.00 FM 3192 Day's run:  Surfaced       142 nm  
      Vis. 12 nm                  Submerged    9.2 nm  
    16.00 FM 3513    
    20.00 FM 3553    
           
    21.04.43      
    00.00 FM 3671    
      Vis. 5 nm    
    04.00 FM 3687    
    08.12 FM 3961 Test dive.  
    09.07   Surfaced.  
    12.00 FN 1747 Day's run:  Surfaced       156 nm  
      SSE 3, Vis. 12 nm                  Submerged    3.3 nm  
    16.00 FN 4122    
      SE 1, 7/10    
    20.00 FN 4238 Ran engines at high speed.  
           
    22.04.43      
    00.00 FN 4281 Course 130°.  
      SE 2, Vis. 4-5 nm    
    04.00 FN 4532    
    07.55 FN 4641 Test dive.  
    08.45   Surfaced.  
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 17.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 18.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 19.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 20.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 21.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 22.04.43
 
- 11 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    22.04.43      
    12.00 FN 4659 Day's run:  Surfaced       181 nm  
      SSE 3, Sea 2, Vis. 10 nm                  Submerged    4.8 nm  
    16.00 FN 5716    
    20.00 FN 5756    
           
    23.04.43      
    00.00 FN 5796 Course 135°.  
      SE 2, Sea 1, Vis. 4-5 nm    
    04.00 FN 8227    
    08.02 FN 8267 Test dive.  
    08.40   Surfaced.  
    12.00 FN 8299 Day's run:  Surfaced       161 nm  
                         Submerged    2.7 nm  
    16.00 FN 8627    
      SE 3, Sea 2, 6/10, Vis. 12 nm    
    20.00 FN 8667    
           
    24.04.43      
    00.00 FN 9477    
      Vis. 4-5 nm Course 140°.  
    04.00 FN 9751    
    07.51 FN 9791 Test dive.  
    08.55   Surfaced.  
    12.00 FU 3211 Day's run:  Surfaced       163 nm  
      Vis. 12 nm                  Submerged    3.5 nm  
    16.00 FU 3258    
      SE 1    
    20.00 FU 3532 Course 150°.  
           
    25.04.43      
    00.00 FU 3645    
      Vis. 2-3 nm    
    04.00 FU 3688    
    07.39 FU 3961 Test dive.  
    09.29   Surfaced.  
    12.00 FU 3968 Day's run:  Surfaced       158 nm  
      SE 3, Sea 2, 6/10, Vis. 8 nm                  Submerged       6 nm  
    16.00 FV 4112    
    20.00 FV 4154    
           
    26.04.43      
    00.00 FV 4197    
      Vis. 2-3 nm Course 150°.  
    04.00 FV 4466    
    07.31 FV 4578 Test dive.  
    08.27   Surfaced.  
    12.00 FV 4827 Day's run:  Surfaced       157 nm  
      ESE 3, Sea 2, 5/10, Vis. 8 nm                  Submerged    3.5 nm  
    16.00 FV 4867 Course 149°.  
      Sea 3    
    20.00 FV 7233    
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 22.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 23.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 24.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 25.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 26.04.43
 
- 12 -
 
           
           
           
           
    27.04.43      
    00.00 FV 7346    
      SE 2, Vis. 2-3 nm Course 149°.  
    04.00 FV 7388    
    07.39 FV 7662 Test dive.  
    08.39 SE 3 Surfaced.  
    12.00 FV 8471 Day's run:  Surfaced       157 nm  
                         Submerged    3.7 nm  
    16.00 FV 8724    
      Vis. 10 nm    
    20.00 FV 8759    
           
    28.04.43      
    00.00 GG 3132    
      Vis. 2-3 nm Course 149°.  
    04.00 GG 3245    
    07.31 GG 3287 Test dive.  
    08.25   Surfaced.  
    12.00 GG 3529 Day's run:  Surfaced       161 nm  
      SE 3, Sea 2, 4/10, Vis. 12 nm                  Submerged       3 nm  
    16.00 GG 3592    
    20.00 GG 3918    
           
    29.04.43      
    00.00 GG 3981 Course 149°.  
    04.00 GG 6334    
    07.27 GG 6369 Test dive.  
    08.35 GG 6369 Surfaced.  
    12.00 GH 4178 Day's run:  Surfaced       165 nm  
      E 2, 8/10, Vis. 10 nm                  Submerged     3.5 nm  
    16.00 GH 4452    
    20.00 GH 4491    
    21.00   Radio Message:  GH 4494, 12 Atos, 9 Etos, 6 T 3, 310 cbm.   
                                                                        "U-196".  
           
    30.04.43      
    00.00 GH 4733    
      Vis. 2-3 nm    
    04.00 GH 4845 Course 145°.  
    07.28 GH 4884 Test dive.  
    08.41   Surfaced.  
    12.00 GH 7237 Day's run:  Surfaced       140 nm  
      ESE 2, 9/10, Vis. 8 nm                  Submerged       3 nm  
    16.00 GH 7269    
    20.00 GH 7613    
           
    01.05.43 South Atlantic    
    00.00 GH 7656 Course 145°.  
    04.00 GH 7699    
    07.24 GH 8718 Test dive.  
    08.32   Surfaced, afterwards crash dive training.  
    12.00 GH 8757 Day's run:  Surfaced       138 nm  
      SE 2, Vis. 8 nm                  Submerged     4.9 nm  
    16.00 GH 8797    
      5/10, Vis. 10 nm    
    20.00 GQ 3143    
           
Sun and Moon Data 27.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 28.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 29.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 30.04.43
Sun and Moon Data 01.05.43
 
- 13 -
 
           
           
           
           
    02.05.43      
    00.00 GQ 3182 Course 145°.  
    04.00 GQ 3437    
    07.24 GQ 3469 Test dive.  
    08.21   Surfaced.  
    12.00 GQ 3813 Day's run:  Surfaced       167 nm  
      W 1, 8/10, Vis. 10-12 nm                  Submerged    3.9 nm  
    16.00 GQ 3855    
    20.00 GQ 6232    
           
    03.05.43      
    00.00 GQ 6345    
      Vis. 2-3 nm Course 150°.  
    04.00 GQ 6387    
    07.13 GQ 6628 Test dive.  
    07.45   Surfaced.  
    12.00 GQ 6691 Day's run:  Surfaced       154 nm  
      SbyW 3-4, Sea 3, 9/10, Vis. 8-10 nm                  Submerged       2 nm  
    13.47   Crash dive for training.  
    14.03   Surfaced.  
    16.00 GQ 6699    
    19.55 GH 4742 Radio Message:  Attack area KP 80 - 90 KZ 10 to 30, southwest of the connecting line KP 8480 to KZ 3990.  Focal point KP 8400 and along the dividing line (Hartmann northwest).  
      0/10, Vis. 3-4 nm  
           
    04.05.43      
    00.00 GH 4781    
      SWbyW 2-3    
    04.00 GH 7123    
    07.24 GH 7168 Test dive.  
    07.55   Surfaced.  
    12.00 GH 7196 Day's run:  Surfaced       139 nm  
      SbyW 3-4, Sea 3, 5/10, Vis. 10 nm                  Submerged     5.8 nm  
    16.00 GH 7518    
    20.00 GH 7557    
    23.34 - 23.51   Crash dive for training.  
           
    05.05.43      
    00.00 GH 7823    
      Vis. 2-3 nm Course 150°.  
    04.00 GH 7865    
      Wind calm    
    07.09 GR 7974 Test dive.  
      NW 2-3, Sea 2, 6/10    
    07.50   Surfaced.  
    10.00 NW 5, Sea 4    
    12.00 GZ 3119 Day's run:  Surfaced       155 nm  
      NNW 5, Sea 4, rain squalls, Vis. up to 6 nm                  Submerged       3 nm  
    14.00 GZ 3154    
      WSW 5, Sea 5 Course change to 85°.  
    16.00 GZ 3164    
    20.00 GZ 3244    
           
Sun and Moon Data 02.05.43
Sun and Moon Data 03.05.43
Sun and Moon Data 04.05.43
Sun and Moon Data 05.05.43
 
- 14 -
 
           
           
           
           
    06.05.43      
    00.00 GZ 3252    
      9/10, Vis. 2 nm Course 85°.  
    04.00 GZ 3263    
    07.03 GZ 3351 Test dive.  
    09.02   Surfaced, course 90°.  
    12.00 GZ 3338 Day's run:  Surfaced      148 nm  
      SE 5, Sea 5, 6/10, Vis. up to 6 nm                  Submerged      5 nm  
    16.00 JJ 1119    
      SbyW 5    
    20.00 JJ 1137    
      S 4, Sea 4    
           
    07.05.43      
    00.00 JJ 1215    
      S 3, Sea 3, Vis. up to 2 nm Course 85°.  
    04.00 JJ 1225    
      SE 2-3, Sea 3,    
    06.51 JJ 1235 Test dive.  
    07.40   Surfaced.  
    12.00 JJ 1321 Day's run:  Surfaced      148 nm  
      ENE 1, Sea 2, 9/10, Vis. up to 8 nm                  Submerged      2 nm  
    16.00 JJ 1333    
      NE 2    
    20.00 GR 9979    
           
    08.05.43 Indian Ocean    
    00.00 GR 9997 Course 85°.  
      NE 3. Sea 2, 6/10, Vis. up to 3 nm    
    04.00 KY 8684    
    06.33 KY 8694 Test dive.  
      NE 3-4, Sea 3, Vis. up to 3 nm, rain squalls    
    07.31   Surfaced.  
    12.00 KY 9474 Day's run:  Surfaced      140 nm  
      SW 2, Sea 1, 7/10, Vis. 8-10 nm                  Submerged    3.8 nm  
    16.00 KY 9484 Course 75°.  
    20.00 KY 9495    
      WbyS 2    
    21.03 - 21.20   Crash dive for training.  
           
    09.05.43      
    00.00 KY 9549 Course 75°.  
      SW 1-2, 3/4, Vis. 3-4 nm    
    04.00 KY 9562    
    06.16 KY 9617 Test dive.  
    06.49   Surfaced.  
    12.00 KY 9397 Day's run:  Surfaced      162 nm  
      S 2, Sea 1, 1/10, Vis. 10 nm                  Submerged    3.8 nm  
    16.00 KZ 7172 Course 20°.  Intend to run up to the coast. (Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix: 30 nm, 24°T)  
    20.00 KZ 7125    
           
Sun and Moon Data 06.05.43
Sun and Moon Data 07.05.43
Sun and Moon Data 08.05.43
Sun and Moon Data 09.05.43
 
- 15 -
 
           
           
           
           
    10.05.43      
    00.00 KZ 4791    
      Vis. 4 nm Course 20°.  
    04.00 KZ 4736 In operations area.  
    06.09 KZ 4574 Test dive.  
    07.04   Surfaced.  
    12.00 KZ 4527 Day's run:  Surfaced      178 nm  
      Wind calm, 0/10, Vis. 12 nm                  Submerged    2.8 nm  
    16.00 KZ 4823    
      NE 1    
    20.00 KZ 4231 Course 0°.  
      NE 2    
    21.25   Radio Message:  On 9 or 10 May a convoy of 18 ships should leave Durban for the Indian Ocean.  
        Do not intend to operate on it due to position.  
           
    11.05.43      
    00.00 KZ 1864 Course 40°.  
      Vis. 4 nm    
    04.00 KZ 1839    
    06.00 KZ 1914 Test dive.  
    06.43 KZ Surfaced.  
    12.00 KZ 1676 Day's run:  Surfaced      134 nm  
      NE 3-4, Sea 3, 5/10, Vis. 12 nm                  Submerged    1.9 nm  
    16.00 KZ 1658    
    18.00   Course 0°.  Intend to head for Port St. Johns.  
    20.00 KZ 1628    
    21.30 KZ 1622 Shadow in sight abeam to port.  Maneuvered ahead.  Course and speed matched:  Course 30°, speed 7 knots.  Low long silhouette.  Fully loaded freighter.  Estimated 6000-8000 tons.  Intention:  Surface attack after moonset (23.10 hours) off the coast.  Shot with tube I (T3) depth 5 meters, target speed 7 knots, bow left, target angle 90°, range estimated 1000 meters,  After 2 minutes 46 seconds hit center.  High sheet of flame.  Stopped.  Lies on an even keel.  Transmits twice:  rrr at 20.59 z on 600 m wave.  Coastal Radio center " zsc " (Slankop Radio) gives:  "qrk ar. Then the Coastal Radio Center (Walvis Bay Radio) "ksv" and qrk udqrk r, sfid, hahshwhahw.  Then freighter gives a long dash.  Intend coup de grace with tube IV (T3) depth 7 meters, speed 0, bow left, target angle 90°, range 1000 meters.  
      NE 3, Sea 3, 2/10, moonshine, Vis. 4-5 nm  
           
    12.05.43      
   

00.02

00.04

  Shot from tube IV (T3) was a surface runner, goes past ahead to port.  After several internal detonations the freighter settles away quite suddenly over the forestem.  A short time later heavy detonation, high black smoke cloud.  Sinks.  
        Sinking at:  S = 31° 42' S  
                         N = 29° 48' E  
        Abeam Port St. Johns.  
        Ran off on course 70°.  
    12. - 13.05.43   12 and 13 May KZ 13 and 16.  By day somewhat set off from the coast, nights close under the coast. All beacons burn with correct identification.  
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 10.05.43
Sun and Moon Data 11.05.43
Sun and Moon Data 12.05.43
 
- 16 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    12.05.43   Day's run on 12 May 12.00 hours:  Surfaced        67 nm  
                                                              Submerged    2.9 nm  
        Day's run on 13 May 12.00 hours:  Surfaced        83 nm  
        Current sets in 220° with a days' run of 80 nm.  
        From 12 May:  NE 3-5, 3-7/10, Vis. up to 12 nm,  No traffic.  
        On 13 May:  NE 5, about 20.00 hours wind and swell jumps up from SW with very heavy summer lightening.  Weather freshens.  
           
    13.05.43      
    08.32   Aircraft 40°T ahead to port at about 1000 meters altitude.  Flies in a small sector in the vicinity of the coast about at the level of Port St. Johns.  Continually showed a small silhouette.  At 09.30 hours passes out of sight.  Because also on 13 May there was no traffic and at night apparently heavy weather is coming.  I want to move off to the east.  
           
    14.05.43 Indian Ocean    
    02.00 KZ 1647 Course 80°.  
      WbyS 4, medium Swell    
    06.11 KZ 1657 Test dive.  
    07.36   Surfaced.  
    12.00 KZ 1668 Day's run:  Surfaced      116 nm  
      WSW 6, Sea 5, strong Swell, Vis. up to 10 nm                  Submerged      4 nm  
    16.00 KZ 2449    
      WSW 7    
    20.00 KZ 2459    
      SW 6, Sea 6,    
           
    15.05.43      
    00.00 KZ 2547 Course 90°.  
      SW 4-5, strong Swell, heavy summer lightening, in rain squalls wind 8.    
    04.00 KZ 2581    
    05.58 KZ 2583 Test dive.  
    07.22 Strong Swell Surfaced.  
    12.00 KZ 2672 Day's run:  Surfaced      148 nm  
      SW 5                  Submerged    3.9 nm  
    16.00 KZ 2693    
      SW 6, in rain squalls 8, Vis. up to 8 nm    
    20.00 KZ 2696    
           
    16.05.43   Intention:  [illegible two words - hand written entry]  
    00.00 KZ 3487    
      Vis. 4 nm Course 310°.  
    04.00 KZ 34476    
      SW 4, Sea 3    
    05.52 KZ 2665 Test dive.  
    09.04   Surfaced.  
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 12.05.43
Sun and Moon Data 13.05.43
Sun and Moon Data 14.05.43
Sun and Moon Data 15.05.43
Sun and Moon Data 16.05.43
 
- 17 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    16.05.43      
    12.00 KZ 2627 Day's run:  Surfaced      128 nm  
      SSW 4, 8/10, Vis. 6-7 nm                  Submerged    11 nm  
    16.00 KZ 2377 Course 320°.  
    18.00 KZ 2296    
      SSW 2, Sea 2    
           
    17.05.43      
    00.00 KZ 2234    
      Vis. 5 nm Course 340°.  
    04.00 KP 8882    
    06.01 KP 8855 Test dive.  
      SbyW 2, Sea 1, 2/10, Vis. 7 nm    
    07.46   Surfaced.  
    09.45 - 09.48 KP 8827 Aircraft in sight ahead to port, altitude 500 meters, range = 10000 meters, showed small silhouette until out of sight.  At the same time heard twice radio bearing signals from Durban Aeraido (09.15 hours).  
    11.18 KP 8813 Masthead in sight 70° to port ahead, SW-course.  Patrol vessel with crows-nest on heavy mast.  Ran with to the SW to observe.  Course 210°.   
    12.00   Day's run:  Surfaced      143 nm  
                         Submerged    5 nm  
    15.13 KP 8841 New smoke feather ahead to port, while turning towards a mast quickly comes out.  Additionally a patrol vessel with NE-course.  Because I am now positioned between both (the first is abeam to starboard) I dive, to attack the second.  However it turns away to the SW so that there is no attack opportunity.  Own depth control is very difficult despite the relatively good weather conditions.  
      SSE 2, Sea 2, SbyW 3, Vis. up to 7 nm, strong mirage, glimmering horizon  
    17.39   Surface after sunset, to pursue the patrol vessels which both moved off to the SW.  Pursued at high speed, went close under the coast.  Despite the bright night the patrol vessels were not found, so around 24.00 hours I moved off the coast to the east.  Course 90°.  
           
    18.05.43      
    00.19 KZ 2213 Recognition signal abeam, patrol vessel in sight.  Turned towards it.  Apparently was heard because both patrol vessels turned towards me.  Ran off at high speed to the E and SE. Patrol vessels run behind at high speed.  
    03.05 KZ 2137 Patrol vessels pass out of sight.  Intend during the next day to remain in the eastern part of my operations area.  
      E 2, Sea 1, bright moonlit night, Vis. up to 6 nm  
    00.40   Incoming Radio Message to Hartmann concerning his convoy attack in KP 9441 (?).  
        Additionally, received a Radio Message concerning intended supply.  
    06.01 KZ 2248 Test dive.  
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 16.05.43
Sun and Moon Data 17.05.43
Sun and Moon Data 18.05.43
 
- 18 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    18.05.43      
    12.30 KZ 2279 Day's run:  Surfaced       155 nm  
      ESE 2, Sea 1, 2/10, Vis. up to 10 nm                  Submerged   22.2 nm  
    16.00 KZ 2522    
    20.00 KZ 2298    
    23.50 KZ 2378    
      Vis. 5 nm Radio Message to all concerning air.  
           
    19.05.43      
    00.48   Radio Message from Hartmann concerning convoy in KP 8541 ?  
    03.05 KZ 2384 Radio Message from Dommes concerning air situation in KZ 17 and 41.  
    06.05 KZ2386 Test dive.  
    08.19   Surfaced, course 160°.  
    12.00 KZ 2623 Day's run:  Surfaced       91.4 nm  
      ESE 2, Sea 1, 5/10, Vis. 10 nm                  Submerged     8.6 nm  
    16.00 KZ 2653    
    20.00 KZ 2659    
           
    20.05.43      
    00.00 KZ 2689 Course 110°.  
      E 2-3, Sea 2, 4/10, Vis. 5 nm    
    04.00 KZ 2932    
    06.01 KZ 2936 Test dive.  
    07.19   Surfaced.  
    12.00 KZ 3718 Day's run:  Surfaced       75 nm  
      E 4, Sea 3-4, 7/10, Vis. 12 nm                  Submerged    4.9 nm  
    16.00 KZ 3751    
    20.00 KZ 3758    
           
    21.05.43      
    00.00 Vis. 5 nm Course 110°.  
    04.00 KZ 3847    
    06.04 KZ 3872 Test dive.  
    10.02   Surfaced, course 100°.  
    12.00 KZ 3885 Day's run:  Surfaced       96 nm  
      E 3-4, Sea 3, 5/10, Vis. 8-10 nm                  Submerged    15 nm  
    16.00 KZ 3898    
    20.00 KZ 3978 Course 90°.  
           
    22.05.43      
    00.00 KZ 3987    
      Vis. 5 nm    
    04.00 KZ 3997    
    05.53 KZ 3999 Test dive.  
    09.03   Surfaced.  
    10.00 JA 1777 Course 310°.  
    12.00 KZ 3995 Day's run:  Surfaced       154 nm  
      E 3, Sea 2, 3/10, Vis. 12 nm                  Submerged   10.3 nm  
    16.00 KZ 3955    
           
Sun and Moon Data 18.05.43
Sun and Moon Data 19.05.43
Sun and Moon Data 20.05.43
Sun and Moon Data 21.05.43
Sun and Moon Data 22.05.43
 
- 19 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    22.05.43      
    20.00 KZ 3916    
           
    23.05.43 Indian Ocean    
    00.00 KZ 3911 Course 300°.  
      ENE 2, 2/10, Vis. 5 nm    
    00.16   Radio Message Kentrat report situation.  
    02.49   Radio Message:  11 May KZ 1383 6000 ton freighter sunk.  Operations area no further traffic observed.  Light sea and air.  Position KZ 35, 250 cbm.  
                                                                    U-196.  
    04.00 KZ 3598    
    05.55 KZ 3594 Test dive.  
    09.17   Surfaced.  
    12.00 KZ 3549 Day's run:  Surfaced       107 nm  
      ENE 3, Sea 2-3, 7/10, Vis. 8 nm                  Submerged    12.7 nm  
    16.00 KZ 3463    
      NE 2-3, Vis. in rain squalls 3-5 nm    
    19.33 - 20.37 KZ 3429 Dived to listen.  
    20.52   Dived, proceeded submerged.  
           
    24.05.43      
    00.00 KZ 3424 Course 300°.  Intend during the dark nights to operate under the coast.  
      Vis. 3 nm, in rain squalls 1/2 nm  
    00.34 W 2, Sea 2, Vis. 5 nm Surfaced.  
    04.00 KZ 3412    
    06.03 KZ 2399 Test dive.  
    08.05   Surfaced.  
    12.00 KZ 2382 Day's run:  Surfaced       106 nm  
      WSW 1, Sea 1, 5/10, Vis. 12 nm                  Submerged    17.4 nm  
    16.00 KZ 2347    
    21.47 KZ 2256 Radio Message from Dommes concerning convoy from 05.50 hours in KZ 4110.  NE-course.  Heavy day air.   
        Intend to operate on it, initially will approach the coast, then by day run against along the coast.  Distance still about 200 nm.  At assumed speed 6 knots (against the current) own course 290° (current sets at 1-4 knots 220°).  
           
    25.05.43      
    00.00 KZ 2254    
      Vis. 4 nm    
    04.00 KZ 2241    
      NNW 2, Sea 1-2, Vis. 5 nm    
    05.55 KZ 2161 Test dive.  
    07.38   Surfaced (proceeding at periscope depth will not be better).  
    10.00 KZ 2143 Course 280°.  Since surfacing the coast is out very clearly.  Even individual houses are distinguished.  
      Vis. very good  
           
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 22.05.43
Sun and Moon Data 23.05.43
Sun and Moon Data 24.05.43
Sun and Moon Data 25.05.43
 
- 20 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    25.05.43      
    10.26 KZ 2145 Crash dive for approaching aircraft abeam to port, altitude 1000 meters, range = 12000 meters.  To remain unnoticed ran against the convoy submerged.  
    12.00   Day's run:  103 nm  
    13.00 KZ 1369 Sound bearing ahead to port.  I head to depth 40-60 meters for better listening conditions.  Initially suspect forward escort.  At periscope depth I make out the convoy as: 6 ships with 2 destroyers as starboard flank escort. Interval about 2000-3000 meters.  Intend single shots, because course and speed are known (45°, 7 knots).  Shortly after sighting the after destroyer strikes out and comes out quickly.  Passing distance was about 200 meters (to my starboard side).  Despite Asdic locating I believe I remain unnoticed.  When the destroyer is abeam to starboard, the periscope cuts under.  I have Tube II quickly made ready to fire on two overlapping steamers (13.15 hours) tube runner! Hideous din!  Destroyer 200 meters abeam and I cut under.  An uncommonly disgusting situation because apparently the destroyer now notices me.  Was very loud, increases speed.  I must break off the attack because the boat remains cut under.  A minute after shooting, (tube runner) which had now slipped out, there followed a heavy detonation (depth charge or did the torpedo go high order?).  While going deep 13.20 hours 3 detonations (depth charges!), estimated distance 200-300 meters.  Boat shakes a bit.  No damage.  For over two hours 1 destroyer searches with Asdic and listening (stops frequently).  No further depth charges, despite the boat being overrun several times.  Went as deep as T plus 60 meters.  Used Bolde twice.  Then went slowly higher and surfaced at 16.15 hours.  In the direction of the convoy an aircraft at about altitude 1000 meters, range = 12000 meters.  Showed small silhouette until out of sight.  Radio Message still cannot be sent because of the afternoon frequency change and still no tuning.  
    16.53   Crash dive for an aircraft flying from the coast.  During the entire period no detections with Fu.M.B.  
    18.03   Surfaced.  
    18.34   Radio Message 13.13 hours KZ 1368 detected during submerged attack. Destroyer depth charges.  Convoy 6 ships, 2 destroyers, NE-course, speed 7 knots.  Air escort.  16.53 hours forced to submerge by air.  
                                                                    U-196.  
        Because the convoy can no longer be reached by me before Durban, I move off on SE-courses.  It slowly freshens.  
        If steering at periscope does not get better, I will be limited to surface night attack.  
    20.00 NbyE 4    
    22.40   Dived, proceeded submerged.  
           
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 25.05.43
 
- 21 -
 
           
           
           
           
    26.05.43 Indian Ocean    
    07.13 NE 4 Surfaced.  
    12.00   Day's run:  107 nm  
    12.24 KZ 2472 Dived to proceed submerged.  
      NbyE 3-4    
    16.50   Surfaced.  Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 58 nm in 48 hours.  
    18.20 KZ 2421 Radio Message:  Yesterday may have been heard due to tube runner.  Destroyer distance was 200 meters.  NE 3, Sea 4, KZ 2430.  
                                                                    U-196.  
           
    27.05.43      
    00.00 KZ 2128 Northerly course.  
      SW 5, Sea 4, overcast in rain squalls Vis. between 100 meters and 3 nm, heavy Swell    
    06.55   Test dive.  
    12.00   Day's run:  115 nm  
    15.36 KP 7 Surfaced, northeasterly course.  
    20.00 KP 8813    
    23.25 KP 8922 50° ahead to port 2 lights, turned and held on.  Neutral (Portuguese) proceeding with correct lighting and prescribed illuminated markings.  Illuminated name not distinguished at 600 meters due to heavy boat movement.  Steered SW course  
      SSW 4, Sea 4, heavy Swell  
           
    28.05.43      
    06.11 KP 8592 Test dive.  
    11.48   Surfaced.  
    12.00   Day's run:  115 nm  
    13.40 KP 8634 Crash dive for flying boat from starboard.  
      SSW 4, Sea 3-4    
    16.01   Surfaced, southwesterly course.  
           
    29.05.43      
    00.00 KP 8581    
      SW 3, Sea 2    
    05.45 KP 8735 Test dive.  
      SW 2, Sea 1    
    11.43   Surfaced.  
    12.00   Day's run:  139 nm  
    12.50   Aircraft astern to starboard.  
    13.00   Crash dive for aircraft.  
    16.35   Smoke feather of a patrol vessel, apparently a patrol vessel in the periscope (close under the coast.).  
    18.x2   Surfaced, southwesterly course.  
    20.21 KP 8758 Ahead to starboard a bright light (aircraft searchlight or star shell?)  
      NNE 2, Sea 2, the horizon completely obscured  
    21.10   Aircraft sounds.  
    21.x2   Astern to starboard a flare, distance several km.  Crash dive.  
    22.30 KP 8758 Surfaced.  
    22.35   Aircraft sounds. Ahead to starboard a flare (disappears quickly).  Crash dive.  
           
Sun and Moon Data 26.05.43
Sun and Moon Data 27.05.43
Sun and Moon Data 28.05.43
Sun and Moon Data 29.05.43
 
- 22 -
 
           
           
           
           
    30.05.43 Indian Ocean    
    02.40 KZ 2213 Surfaced, course 60°.  
      NNE 1, Sea 1, Vis. 10-12 nm    
    12.00   Day's run:  Surfaced       119 nm  
                         Submerged    26.9 nm  
    14.52   Incoming Radio Message:  from Gyse concerning convoy in GR 6769, course 125°.  
    15.55 KP 8875 Aircraft ahead 10° to starboard.  Turned to present small silhouette.  
    16.18   Aircraft out of sight.  
    16.50   Aircraft in sight again. Again turned to present a small silhouette.  Aircraft passed out of sight on easterly course.  
    17.49   Dived.  
    14.37   Incoming Radio Message:  from Hartmann concerning convoy from 25 May in KP 8966.  
    17.07   Radio Message:  KP 8780 day air and patrol vessels KZ 2150 in dark night twice approached without locating.  Flare near the boat.  It is striking how one can avoid being spotted by day on the surface.  Just now avoided day air.  
                                                                    U-196.  
           
    31.05.43      
    01.25 KZ 2222 Surfaced.  
      NE 3, Sea 3    
    05.34 KZ 2236 Incoming Radio Message from Dommes concerning convoy (Gyse ?) in KY 6280 with easterly course.  
        Came to easterly course.  
    12.00 KZ 2213 Day's run:  Surfaced       119 nm  
      N 4, Sea 3-4                  Submerged    15 nm  
    16.04   Ahead to port patrol vessel crows nest in sight.  Had southwest course.  Avoided on the surface.  Coast is easily distinguished.  
    17.29 KP87x7 Dived.  Patrol vessel in the last hour quickly [illegible word]. Course 270°.  
      Sea 2-3  
           
    01.06.43      
    01.09 KP 8788 Surfaced to ventilate.  
        Intention:  Remain several days close under the coast due to air and visibility from land surfacing only at night for 2-3 hours.  
    02.03   Dived.  
    04.48   Surfaced.  
    05.11   Dived.  
    12.00   Day's run: 80 nm  
    13.00 KP 8788 Surfaced.  Because towards land it is too hazy.  
    13.06   Aircraft astern to port over the coast.  
    13.09   Dived.  
    16.22   Aircraft (land-based) in the air search periscope.  Despite relatively slight swell the depth control is so unsatisfactory that I must give up my intention to proceed a long time close under the coast.  Submerged attack seems hopeless.  
           
Sun and Moon Data 30.05.43
Sun and Moon Data 31.05.43
Sun and Moon Data 01.06.43
 
- 23 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    01.06.43      
    19.09   Surfaced.  
    20.46 KZ 2133 Dived.  
      WSW 2, Sea 2, 9/10    
           
    02.06.43 Indian Ocean    
    02.51 KZ 2215 Surfaced, easterly course.  
    05.35 KZ 2225 Test dive.  
    07.46   Surfaced, easterly course.  
    09.25   Incoming Radio Message from Hartmann concerning a convoy on 31 May ?  
    12.00 KZ 2261 Day's run:  Surfaced       55.2 nm  
      WSW 4-5, Sea 4, heavy Swell, 7/10, Vis. up to 10 nm                  Submerged   22.8 nm  
      Ran with the southwest current to the east.  
    17.44 KZ 2346 Dived.  
    21.36   Surfaced.  
           
    03.06.43      
    00.12 KZ 2359 Dived.  
    08.58   Surfaced, course 125°.  
    12.00 KZ 2397 Day's run:  Surfaced       58 nm  
      WSW 6, Vis. up to 8 nm in rain squalls                  Submerged   17 nm  
        Incoming Officer-Only Radio Message (20 June).  
    16.00 KZ 2633    
           
    04.06.43      
    00.00 KZ 3452    
      SSW 4    
    06.12 KZ 3468 Test dive.  
    10.45   Surfaced.  Course 120°.  
    12.00 KZ 3853 Day's run:  Surfaced       141 nm  
      SSW 2, Sea 2, 4/10, Vis. 8-10 nm, heavy Swell                  Submerged    8.5 nm  
    16.00 KZ 3893    
      S 2, Sea 2 Course 100°.  
    24.00 KZ 3994    
      ESE 2, Sea 1, medium Swell    
           
    05.06.43 Indian Ocean    
    06.06 JA 1779 Test dive.  
      S 1, Sea 1    
    09.34   Surfaced.  Course 90°.  
        Gradually building up material failures and wear, which can be solved with onboard means for the time being (periscopes, trim pump, E-motor, diesel cylinder).  
    12.00 JA 1797 Day's run:  Surfaced       132 nm  
      W 1, Sea 1, 3/10, Vis. 608 nm                  Submerged    6.4 nm  
    17.00 JA 1887 Course 270°.  
      NW 1    
    20.00 JA 1878    
      NNW 1, Sea 1    
           
    06.06.43      
    00.00 JA 1799    
      NW 2, Sea 2, 2/10, Vis. 4 nm    
    06.10 JA 1797 Test dive.  
           
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 01.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 02.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 03.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 04.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 05.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 06.06.43
 
- 24 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    06.06.43      
    10.29   Surfaced.  Course 300°.  
    12.00 JA 1789 Day's run:  Surfaced       63 nm  
                         Submerged    10 nm  
    16.00 JA 1776    
    20.00 JA 1747 Course 270°.  
           
    07.06.43 Indian Ocean    
    00.00 KZ 3968    
      Vis. 3-4 nm Course 300°.  
    06.00 KZ 3956 Test dive.  
    09.22   Surfaced.  
    12.00 KZ3943 Day's run:  Surfaced       97 nm  
      N 2-3, Sea 2, 6/10, Vis. 8 nm                  Submerged   6.6 nm  
    21.18 KZ 3889 Radio Message:  Free to maneuver:  Kentrat including Hartmann attack area.  
           
    08.06.43      
    00.00 KZ 3886    
      3/10, Vis. 3-4 nm Coruse 350°.  
    06.05 KZ 3828 Test dive.  
    08.55   Surfaced.  
    12.00 KZ 3587 Day's run:  Surfaced       97 nm  
      N 3, Sea 2, 4/10, Vis. up to 8 nm                  Submerged   6.6 nm  
        Going to Hartmann attack area.  
    20.00 KZ 3436 Northerly course.  
           
    09.06.43      
    00.00 KZ 3198    
    06.04 KZ 3195 Test dive.  
    09.15   Surfaced.  
    11.12 KZ 3196 Ahead to port a strong smoke cloud (grimy patrol vessel smoke feather).  Held onto it.  
      N 1-2, Sea 1, 3/10, Vis. 8-10 nm  
    11.23   Crash dive for aircraft that flies out of the smoke sector.  No propeller sounds are heard.  
        Day's run:  Surfaced       83 nm  
                         Submerged   7.5 nm  
    14.26   Surfaced.  Continued on northerly course.  
    16.16 KZ 3122 Radio Message concerning supply from 20 June.  Intention: leave the operations are about 11 June and proceed in long legs to the supply point.  
      NNE 2, Sea 2, 5/10, Vis. 8 nm  
           
    10.06.43      
    00.00 KP 9766 Course 60°.  
    05.59 KP 9826 Test dive.  
    08.50   Surfaced.  
    12.00 KP 9595 Day's run:  Surfaced       133 nm  
      NNW 1, 1/10, Vis. 12 nm                  Submerged      8 nm  
    20.00 KP 9691 Course 110°.  
           
    11.06.43      
    00.00 KQ 7478    
      Vis, 3 nm    
    05.43 KQ 7723 Test dive.  
    07.00 Surfaced.    
           
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 06.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 07.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 08.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 09.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 10.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 11.06.43
 
- 25 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    11.06.43      
    12.00 KQ 7841 Course 130°.    Day's run:  Surfaced       157 nm  
      ESE 2-3, Sea 2, 5/10, Vis. 8-10 nm                                          Submerged     3.4 nm  
    18.00 KQ 7889 Course 150° (Incoming Radio Message concerning shift of supply 200 nm to the west.  Attack forbidden and radio silence.)  
           
    12.06.43 Indian Ocean    
    00.00 JA 1265    
    05.34 JA 1612    
      NE 2 Test dive.  
    07.04   Surfaced.  
    08.47 JA 1615 A drifting mine abeam to starboard.  Shooting training with the MG C 30 and L.M.G. (without success).  
    12.00 JA 1619 Day's run:  Surfaced       133 nm  
      Vis. 8 nm                  Submerged     3.2 nm  
    16.00 JA 1682    
      Vis. 4 nm    
    20.00 JA 1934 Course 150°.  
           
    13.06.43      
    00.00 JA 1969    
    05.33 JA 5118 Test dive.  
    06.40   Surfaced.  
    08.00   Course 50°.  
    12.00 JA 2792 Day's run:  Surfaced  168 nm,  Submerged 2 nm  
      Vis. 10 nm                   
    20.00 JA 2588    
      NE 2-3    
           
    14.06.43      
    00.00 JA 2567 Course 50°.  
    05.35 JA 2615 Test dive.  
    06.48   Surfaced.  
    12.00 JA 2385 Day's run:  Surfaced       143 nm  
      N 2, Sea 2                  Submerged       3 nm  
    15.44 8/10, Vis. 8 nm Course 45°.  
    16.00 JA 2365 Incoming Radio Message concerning appearance and behavior of the supplier.  
    20.00 JA 3112    
           
    15.06.43      
    00.00 KQ 9782    
      Vis. 5 nm    
    05.11 KQ 9738 Test dive.  
    06.35   Surfaced.  Course 30°.  
    12.00 KQ 9548 Day's run:  Surfaced       150 nm  
      E 1, 2/10, Vis. up to 12 nm                  Submerged     3.5 nm  
    20.00 KQ 9286 Course 30°.  
           
    16.06.43      
    00.00 KQ 9262 Course 135°.  
      Summer lightening, Vis. 5 nm    
    05.30 KQ 9376 Test dive.  
      Sea 1-2    
    07.28   Surfaced.  
           
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 11.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 12.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 13.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 14.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 15.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 16.06.43
 
- 26 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    16.06.43      
    12.00 KQ 9629 Day's run:  Surfaced       151 nm  
      SW 1, 3/10, Via. 10-12 nm                  Submerged       4 nm  
           
    17.06.43      
    00.00 KR 7729    
      S 2, Vis. 4 nm Course 135°.  
    05.09 KR 7847 Test dive.  
    06.58   Surfaced.  
    12.00 JB 1222 Day's run:  Surfaced       134 nm  
      Vis. 10 nm                  Submerged       3 nm  
    20.00 JB 1262    
           
    18.06.43      
    00.00 JB 1347    
      NNE 2, Sea 1, 7/10, Vis. 4 nm Course 135°.  
    05.04 JB 1376 Test dive.  
      SW 1    
    06.19   Surfaced, course 60°.  
    12.00 JB 1368 Day's run:  Surfaced       105 nm  
      NW 3-4, Sea 3, 2/10, Vis. 8-10 nm                  Submerged     2.5 nm  
    20.00 JB 2127 Incoming Radio Message concerning departure from the supplier.  
      NNW 3  
           
    19.06.43      
    00.00 JB 2135    
      N 2, Sea 2, heavy Swell, summer lightening, Vis. up to 5 nm Course 120°.  
    05.00 JB 2246 Test dive.  
    08.14   Surfaced.  Course 0°.  
    12.00 KR 8884 Day's run:  Surfaced       135 nm  
      SSW 4, Sea 3, 7/10, Vis. 8 nm                  Submerged    8.3 nm  
    14.00   Course 80°.  
           
    20.06.43      
    00.00 KR 8919    
      SSE 3, Sea 3, 5/10, Vis. 4 nm    
    04.54 KR 8937 Test dive.  
    06.39   Surfaced.  
    12.00 KR 9488 Day's run:  Surfaced       146 nm  
      SSW 2, Sea 2. 3/10, Vis. 8 nm                  Submerged      4 nm  
        Incoming Radio Message concerning departure from the supplier.  
    20.00 KR 9576 Course 90°.  
           
    21.06.43      
    00.00 KR 9586    
    04.44 KR 9674 Test dive.  
    05.15   Surfaced.  
    12.00 KR 9694 Day's run:  Surfaced  139 nm,  Submerged 4 nm  
      SSW 2    
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 16.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 17.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 18.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 19.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 20.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 21.06.43
 
- 27 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    21.06.43      
    15.35   At meeting point.  Intend to remain submerged to listen.  Dived.  Submerged transit at depth 30 meters on changing courses.  
    21.20 - 23.02   Surfaced, afterwards again proceeded submerged at depth 30 meters.  
           
    22.06.43      
    04.30   Sound bearing from 2 vessels.  
    04.55 SE 1-2, Sea 1-2, 4/10, Vis. 5 nm Surfaced.  Supplier and U-Dommes in sight.  Recognition Signals exchanged.  Went in the vicinity of the tanker.  Clarified supply between arriving U-boats U-Lüth and U-Bartles, assumed protection for the tanker with U-Dommes.  Optically transmitted situation and decisions taken to Hartmann who just arrived.  
    12.00   Day's run:   56 nm  
    16.03   Incoming Radio Message concerning passing Schneewind and Italian.  
    22.24   Incoming Radio Message concerning departure from supplier.  
    22.30   Tow connection for refueling established.  
    23.52 NE 1, Sea 1 Incoming Radio Message concerning traffic situation.  
           
    23.06.43 Indian Ocean    
    05.40 NE 1, - E 1-2, slight Swell Transfer ended.  Began provisions transfer.  
        Day's run:   35 nm  
           
    24.06.43      
    14.23 E 2 to NE 2-3 to NNE 2, Sea 2-3, Swell somewhat heavier Provisions transfer.  
        Incoming Radio Message concerning new attack area.  "Kentrat" east half of KE focal point square 30. (Dommes west half focal point square 20).  
        Day's run:   34 nm  
        Nights protection in the west.  
           
    25.06.43 NNE 2 to N 2 Day's run:   44 nm.  Took over provisions.  
         
    26.06.43 N 1-2 to NNE 1-2, slight Swell Took over remainder.  After provisions transfer repair to the port negative buoyancy tank.  
        Day's run:   21 nm  
           
                       S  u  p  p  l  y  :    
   
1.) Meeting was good (including Recognition Signal exchange).
2.) Fuel oil transfer according to plan and smoothly (233 cbm in 7 hours.)
3.) Provisions transfer considerably complicated and delayed because in addition to inflatable boat as cargo boat only 1 small boat from the supplier as towing boat (Launch  of the motorboat not tried because of the poor condition of the loading equipment.
4.) Signal personnel at tanker at a strength of 1:1 is not enough for group supply.
5.) Beyond fuel and provisions the supplier was not fitted out for supply (hardly any spare parts etc.).
6.) The kindness of the tanker Captain to the last crew member of "CHARLOTTE SCHLIEMANN" was exemplary.
7.) Supply was great for morale of own boat and for the tanker crew.
8.) Weather conditions throughout were consistently good.
 
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 21.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 22.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 23.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 24.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 25.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 26.06.43
 
- 28 -
 
           
           
           
           
    27.06.43 Indian Ocean Completion of work on the negative buoyancy tank.  
    08.20 - 09.17   Test dive.  
    10.00   Departure from supplier to new operations area.  
        Course 280°.  
    12.00 KR 9824 Day's run:  Surfaced       36 nm  
      E 2, Sea 1, 4/10, Vis. 8 nm                  Submerged      2 nm  
    16.00 KR 9495    
    20.00 KR 9451    
      NNE 1.    
           
    28.06.43      
    00.00 KR 8632    
      Vis. 2-3 nm Course 300°.  
    05.28 KR 8349 Test dive.  
    06.55   Surfaced.  Course 340°.  
    08.00 KR 8345    
    12.00 KR 8311 Day's run:  Surfaced      197 nm  
      ENE 2, Sea 2, 9/10, Vis. 6-8 nm, less in rain squalls                  Submerged      3 nm  
        I proceed east of Madagascar to determine the traffic situation.  Suspect possible Africa-India traffic.  The route to KE 30 is about the same for me and according to Lüth in the eastern part of KE there is light traffic.  
    16.00 KR 5862    
    20.00 KR 5594    
           
    29.06.43      
    00.00 KR 5528 Course 340°.  
      Vis. 3 nm    
    05.16 KR 5245 Test dive.  
    06.37   Surfaced.  
    12.00 KR 2796 Day's run:  Surfaced      186 nm  
      ENE 2-3, 4/10, Vis. 8 nm                  Submerged      2 nm  
    16.00 KR 2737    
    20.00 KR 2483    
           
    30.06.43      
    00.00 KR 2427 Course 340°.  
    04.54 KR 2145 Test dive.  
    05.59   Surfaced.  
    07.25 KR 2117 Crash dive for training.  
    07.35   Surfaced.  
    12.00 KF 97972 Day's run:  Surfaced      174 nm  
      ENE 1, Sea 1, 4/10, Vis. 8-10 nm                  Submerged    3.5 nm  
    16.00 KF 9729    
    20.00 KF 9458    
           
    01.07.43      
    00.00 KF 9413 Course 340°.  
    02.18   Incoming Radio Message concerning situation reports of southern boats.  
    05.00 KF 9141 Test dive.  
    06.12   Surfaced.  Afterwards, crash dive training.  
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 27.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 28.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 29.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 30.06.43
Sun and Moon Data 01.07.43
 
- 29 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    01.07.43      
    12.00 KF 5964 Day's run:  Surfaced      182 nm  
      SSE 1, 2/10, Vis. 12 nm                  Submerged   1.7 nm  
    16.00 KF 5922    
    20.00 KF 5643    
           
    02.07.43      
    00.00 KF 5377 Course 340°.  
    04.55 KF 5269 Test dive.  
    06.00   Surfaced.  Coast of Madagascar in sight abeam to port.  
    08.00 KF 5341 Course 30°.  
    12.00 KF 2987 Day's run:  Surfaced      143 nm  
      SSE 1-2, Sea 2, 4/10, Vis. 12 nm                  Submerged   2.5 nm  
    16.00 KF 2956    
    20.00 KF 2698 Coruse 20°.  
           
    03.07.42      
    00.00 KF 3444    
    04.55 KF 3175 Test dive.  
    05.52   Surfaced.  Coast in sight.  Course 0°.  
    08.00 KF 3145 Course 330°.  
    12.00 KF 8999 Day's run:  Surfaced      172 nm  
      SE 3, Sea 3, 3/10, Vis. 8-10 nm                  Submerged   2.1 nm  
    16.00 LU 8965    
    20.00 LU 8697    
           
    04.07.43      
    00.00 LU 8629    
      7/10, rain, Vis. 2-3 nm    
    05.05 LU 8358 Test dive.  
    06.10   Surfaced.  Course 330°.  
    08.44 LU 8316 Crash dive for flying boat.  (abeam to port on parallel course, altitude 500 meters, range = 5000 meters).  
    11.55   Surfaced.    Day's run:  Surfaced      175 nm  
                                            Submerged     9 nm  
    16.00 LU 9837 Course 270°.  
      SSE 4, rain squalls, Vis. 6-8 nm    
    20.00 LU 5818    
           
    05.07.43      
    00.00 LU 5726 Course 270°.  
        Intention:  To head for the attack area around to the north of the Comoro Islands.  
    04.31 LU 4396 Test dive.  
      Light rain squalls    
    05.20   Surfaced.  Course 270°.  
    12.00 LU 4822 Day's run:  Surfaced      208 nm  
      SE 2-3, Sea 2, 3/10, Vis. 8-10 nm                  Submerged      2 nm  
    16.00 LU 4431    
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 01.07.43
Sun and Moon Data 02.07.43
Sun and Moon Data 03.07.43
Sun and Moon Data 04.07.43
Sun and Moon Data 05.07.43
 
- 30 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    05.07.43      
    20.00 LT 6933 Incoming Radio Message (21.20 hours) concerning British "DALFRAM" and Swede "DALHEM" with suspected northerly course.  
           
    06.07.43      
    00.00 LT 6913    
    05.06 LT 6813 Test dive.  
    06.00   Surfaced.  Island "Grande Comore" in sight.  Course 300°.  
    12.00 LT 6457 Course 270°.    Day's run:  Surfaced      222 nm  
      S 1, Sea 1, 3/10, Vis. 10 nm                                           Submerged     2 nm  
    14.00 LT 5669 Course 230°.  
    16.00 LT 5683 Course 190°.  Island out of sight.  
    20.00 LT 5929    
      SE 3, Sea 3    
           
    07.07.43      
    00.00 LT 5982    
    05.08 LT 8351 Test dive.  
    06.05   Surfaced.  Course 240°.  
    12.00 LT8284 Day's run:  Surfaced      192 nm  
      SE 3, Sea 3, 3/10, Vis. 8 nm                  Submerged   2.3 nm  
    16.00 LT 8435    
    22.58   Incoming Radio Message "Kentrat" free to maneuver in "Dommes" area up to the coast.  
           
    08.07.43      
    00.00 LT 8818 Course 150°.  
    05.11 KE 2222 Test dive.  
    06.05   Surfaced.  Southerly course.  
    12.00 KE 2287 Day's run:  Surfaced      202 nm  
      SSE 3, Sea 2, 3/10, Vis. 10 nm                  Submerged    2 nm  
        Operating under the coast.  
           
    09.07.43      
    00.00 KE 2474    
    03.24 KE 2475 Dived to listen.  
    05.15   Surfaced, course 40°.  
    08.00 KE 2457 Course 130°.  
    12.00 KE 2497 Day's run:  Surfaced      174 nm  
      SbyE 1                  Submerged      4 nm  
    16.00 KE 2819    
      Vis. 12 nm Course 65°.  
    20.00 KE 2833    
    20.35 - 21.04   Dived to listen.  
    21.35 - 22.28      
           
    10.07.43 Mozambique Channel    
    00.00 KE 2679    
      SSE 1, Sea 1, 1/10, Vis. 3 nm Course 130°.  
    04.16 KE 2937 Dived to listen.  
    05.00   Surfaced.  Course 285°.  
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 05.07.43
Sun and Moon Data 06.07.43
Sun and Moon Data 07.07.43
Sun and Moon Data 08.07.43
Sun and Moon Data 09.07.43
Sun and Moon Data 10.07.43
 
- 31 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    10.07.43      
    05.29   Radio Message concerning promotion of the Boat's Doctor.  
    12.00 KE 2823 Day's run:  Surfaced      207 nm  
      SbyE 3, Sea 2, 4/10, Vis. 10-12 nm                  Submerged      5 nm  
    20.25 - 20.52 KE 2579 Dived to listen.  
    22.45 - 23.12   Dived to listen.  
           
    11.07.43      
    00.00 KE 2574 Changing courses.  
    03.50 KE 2491 Test dive.  
    06.36   Surfaced.  
    12.00 KE 2545 Day's run:  Surfaced      140 nm  
      S 3, Sea 2, 3/10, Vis. 8-10 nm                  Submerged   7.7 nm  
    14.40   Radio Message concerning traffic situation at Lourenço and Cape Town.  
           
    12.07.43      
    00.00 KE 2428    
    04.12 KE 1696 Test dive.  
    04.44   Surfaced.  Course 150°.  
    08.00 KE 2718    
    12.00 KE 2781 Day's run:  Surfaced      182 nm  
      SbyE 2, Sea 1, 5/10, Vis. 8 nm                  Submerged      1 nm  
    17.00 KE 5161 Course 80°.  
           
    13.07.43      
    00.00 KE 5235    
    01.00   Northeasterly course.  
    04.10 KE 2987 Test dive.  High speed.  
    06.08   Surfaced.  
    12.00 KE 2686 Day's run:  Surfaced      170 nm  
      SE 3, Sea 2-3, 2/10, Vis. 4-12 nm rain squalls                  Submerged      4 nm  
           
    14.07.43      
    00.00 KE 3278    
      S 4, Sea 4, 4/10, Vis. 4-5 nm    
    05.00 KE 3267 Test dive.  
    07.14   Surfaced.  
    12.00 KE 3343    
      SSE 2 Day's run:  Surfaced      172 nm  
                         Submerged   6.2 nm  
    15.25   Incoming Radio Message policy against aircraft attack.  
    16.00 KE 3265    
      SW 3-4 Westerly course.  
           
    15.07.43      
    00.00 KE 3278 Westerly course.  
      S 3, Sea 3, 1/10, Vis. 4-5 nm    
    05.05 KE 3158 Test dive.  
      SbyW 2    
    06.21   Surfaced.  
    12.00 KE 2345 Day's run:  Surfaced  175 nm,  Submerged  2.6 nm  
      S 1-2, 6/10, Vis. 8-9 nm    
    16.00 KE 2283 Course 240°.  
    20.00 KE 2512    
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 10.07.43
Sun and Moon Data 11.07.43
Sun and Moon Data 12.07.43
Sun and Moon Data 13.07.43
Sun and Moon Data 14.07.43
Sun and Moon Data 15.07.43
 
- 32 -
 
           
           
           
           
    16.07.43 Mozambique Channel    
    00.00 KE 2459    
      S 3-4, Sea 3, 3/10, Vis. 4-5 nm Course 170°.  
    05.14 KE 2813 Test dive.  
    06.44   Surfaced.  
    08.00 KE 2827    
      SSE 2    
    12.00 KE 2895 Day's run:  Surfaced      182 nm  
      ENE 2, 7/10, Vis. 8-12 nm                  Submerged    3.5 nm  
    16.00 KE 2879 Course 250°.  
      S 1    
    20.00 KE 5126    
      S 2    
           
    17.07.43      
    00.00 KE 5141    
      Vis. 4-5 nm Course 250°.  
    05.42 KE 4343 Test dive.  
    07.13   Surfaced.  Course 300°.  
    12.00 KE 4226 Day's run:  Surfaced      171 nm  
      SSW 2-3, Sea 2, 7/10, Vis. 8-10 nm                  Submerged      3 nm  
    16.00 KE 1978 Course 70°.  
           
    18.07.43      
    00.00 KE 2746    
    05.23 KE 2814 Test dive.  Damage control exercises.  High speed.  
      Rain squalls, SSW 1    
    09.13   Surfaced.  Course 270°.  
    12.00 KE 2725 Day's run:  Surfaced      127 nm  
      W 2-3, Sea 2, 9/10, Vis. 6-8 nm, rain squalls                  Submerged    8.4 nm  
      Changing courses.  Coast in sight.  Strong mirage.  
    11.50 - 12.58   Dived to listen.  
    18.10 - 18.45      
    17.30 KE 2477 Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 60 nm, in 258°T in 24 hours.  
      6/10, Vis. up to 12 nm  
    20.00 KE 2711 Course 130°.  
           
    19.07.43      
    00.00 KE 2753    
      Vis. 5 nm    
    02.40 KE 2767    
      Wind calm Course 20°.  
    08.00 KE 2735 Course 330°.  
    12.00 KE 2458 Day's run:  Surfaced      186 nm  
      Wind calm, 1/10, Vis. 10-12 nm                  Submerged    3.8 nm        Course 70°.  
    16.20 KE 2542 Course 300°.  
    18.50 - 19.29 KE 2435 Dived to listen.  Course 60°.  
    23.00 KE 2513 Course 310°.  
           
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 16.07.43
Sun and Moon Data 17.07.43
Sun and Moon Data 18.07.43
Sun and Moon Data 19.07.43
 
- 33 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    20.07.43      
    01.00 KE 2277 Course 50°.  
    05.05 KE 2259 Course 260°.  
    06.02 KE 2281 Flying boat in sight ahead to starboard.  Altitude 100 meters, range = 14000 meters, westerly course.  Turned away on southerly course until aircraft in sight [probably a typo for "out of sight"] the again on course 260°.  
    09.47 KE 2199 50° to starboard ahead apparently 2 masts.  Operated on it.  Turns out to be an air mirage from a land object heavily distorted.  
      Wind calm, strong mirage, highest air temperature +32°C in shadow  
    12.00 KE 2514 Day's run:  Surfaced      168 nm  
      Wind calm                  Submerged      2 nm  
    14.02 KE 2518 60° to port ahead 2 red translucent objects.  Could be vessels.  Operated on it.  On getting closer turns out to be wreckage distorted appearing huge.  Sank the two parts of the wreck with training shots from the 10.5 cm.  Afterwards course 250°.  
    20.00 KE 2454 Course 100°.  
           
    21.07.43      
    00.00 KE 2467    
    02.00 KE 2547 Course 250°.  
    04.36 KE 2486 Land-based aircraft approaching from astern to starboard.  Altitude about 300 meters. Shortly before the stern the aircraft turns away and flies off in the direction it came.  At times a yellowish glowing point is distinguished.  
    04.40   After turning away crash dived to depth = A meters.  Anti-aircraft weapons were all manned, however fire was not opened because the aircraft turned away.  
    06.55 Wind calm, the horizon is greatly distorted by a mirage Surfaced.  For training a MG C 30 magazine left above deck is fired.  No malfunctions.  
    12.00 KE 2763 Day's run:  Surfaced      193 nm  
      SSE 1                  Submerged    4.8 nm  Course 200°.  
    18.00 KE 5153 Course 270°.  
    20.15 KE 5142    
      Hazy horizon, Vis. 2-3 nm    
    20.32   Dived to proceed submerged, course 250°.  
           
    22.07.43      
    00.09 KE 4355 Surfaced.  Course 180°, then course 230°.  
    08.00 KE 4375    
    12.00 KE 4532 Day's run:  Surfaced      140 nm  
      SE 2, Sea 2, 2/10, Vis. 8 nm                  Submerged    4.8 nm  
    17.00 KE 4545 Course 110°.  
    19.00 KE 4558 Course 230°.  
    23.43 KE 4735 Dived to proceed submerged, course 270°.  
           
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 20.07.43
Sun and Moon Data 21.07.43
Sun and Moon Data 22.07.43
 
- 34 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    23.07.43      
    06.39 KE 4725 Surfaced, Course 180°.  
    12.00 KE 7155 Day's run:  Surfaced       181 nm  
      SSE 2, Sea 2, 2/10, Vis. 8 nm, very long Swell                  Submerged   14.6 nm  
    21.11 KE 7498 Dived to proceed submerged, course 270°.  
           
    24.07.43      
    06.51 KE 7478 Surfaced.  Course 180°.  
    12.00 KD 9965 Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 35 nm in 310°T.  Course 280°.  
      Wind calm, Vis. 8 nm  
        Day's run:  Surfaced       165 nm  
                         Submerged   18.6 nm  
    15.00 KD 9943 Course 50°.  
    20.23 KD 9696 Dived to proceed submerged.  Course 300°.  
      Vis. 2-4 nm    
           
    25.07.43      
    06.45 KE 7445 Surfaced.  Course 60°.  
    12.00 KE 7199 Day's run:  Surfaced       133 nm  
      SE 2, Sea 2, 5/10, Vis. 8 nm, strong mirage                  Submerged   19.8 nm    Course 300°.  
    17.00 KD 9365 Course 60°.  
           
    26.07.43 Mozambique Channel    
    00.00 KE 4799    
    04.29 KE 4859 Test dive.  Course 0°.  
    07.13   Surfaced.  Course 320°.  
    12.00 KE 4575 Day's run:  Surfaced       184 nm  
      SE 2, Sea 2, 2/10, Vis. 8 nm, strong mirage                  Submerged     5.6 nm  
      Course 60°.  
    16.00 KE 4594    
    20.26 KE 4651 Dived to proceed submerged (work on the diesel).  
           
    27.07.43      
    07.38   Surfaced.  Course 50°.  
    12.00 KE 4314 Day's run:  Surfaced       170 nm  
      4/10, Vis. 10 nm                  Submerged    19.6 nm  
        Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 48 nm in 295°T.   
    16.00 KE 1985 Course 60°.  
    21.42 KE 2743 Dived to proceed submerged.  Course 60°.  
      S 1-2, Sea 1, 1/10, Vis. 3-4 nm    
    23.00   Sound bearing to starboard.  
    23.15   Surfaced.  Pursued sound bearing.  Southerly course.  
           
    28.07.43      
    00.30 KE 2749 Dived to listen.  
    00.40   Surfaced to pursue.  
           
Sun and Moon Data 23.07.43
Sun and Moon Data 24.07.43
Sun and Moon Data 25.07.43
Sun and Moon Data 26.07.43
Sun and Moon Data 27.07.43
Sun and Moon Data 28.07.43
 
- 35 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    28.07.43      
    01.40 KE 1971 Vessel in sight ahead 10° to starboard.  Very small silhouette.  Southwest course.  Maneuvered ahead.  Takes a long time because the unidentified vessel runs at high speed.  At times smokes heavily.   Given the small size of the vessel and relatively bright night I believe a surface attack is hopeless.  Maneuver ahead for submerged day attack.  Vessel zigzags between 210 and 250°.  General course 235°.  
    10.39 KE 4285 Dived for submerged attack.  Am positioned exactly ahead of the vessel.  Nasty weather conditions.  Completely calm and mirror-flat sea.  The vessel seems to be a special vessel.  Small (estimated about 1000 tons) 2 high thin masts, small bridge between masts, astern a very heavily smoking smokestack.  Because I cannot extend the heavy air search periscope a long time in the mirror-flat sea I must proceed by sound bearings.  It is a very long time until the vessel is distinguished in the periscope.  At present steers to the west and runs at low speed.  Intend a two fan.  
      Wind calm, mirror-flat sea, strong mirage, Vis. 8 nm  
    12.00   Day's run:  230 nm.  
    12.44   Shot from tube IV instead of a two-fan.  Tube I not used (later examination showed nothing in particular).  Outer tube door is sometimes difficult to move.  
        Data was:  Target angle 70°, speed 8 knots, range = 3000 meters, no results.  Let vessel run on and surfaced.  
    14.23   Ran behind again.  Intend surface night attack.  Move off to port.  At sunset moved ahead with the vessel exactly in the setting sun.  
    17.09 KE 4435 Lost the vessel anyway because the small vessel no longer stood out against the hazy horizon.  Continued to pursue.  Dived once at 19.00 hours (sound bearing 300°T).  Pursued without success.  Broke off at 20.05 hours and came to northeasterly course.  
    20.05 KD 6666 I hoped during the pursuit of this vessel to encounter a valuable ship.  (escort vessel suspected).  
      ESE 1-2, Sea 1, 1/10, Vis. 2-3 nm  
           
    29.07.43      
    00.00 KE 4482 Course 60°.  
    05.25 KE 4228 Test dive.  
    06.50   Surfaced.   Course 60°.  
    12.00 KE 4267 Day's run:  Surfaced       153 nm  
      NE 3, Sea 2, 1/10, Vis. 10 nm                  Submerged     8.5 nm  
    16.00 KE 4324 Course 65°.  
    20.23 KE 2774 Dived to proceed submerged, course 50°.  
      ENE 4, Sea 4, 1/10, Vis. 3 nm    
           
Sun and Moon Data 28.07.43
Sun and Moon Data 29.07.43
 
- 36 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    30.07.43      
    07.00 KE 2757 Surfaced.  Course 65°.  
      ESE 4, 5/10, Vis. 8-10 nm    
    12.00 KE 2843 Day's run:  Surfaced       123 nm  
      SE 4                  Submerged      19 nm  
    15.00 KE 2826    
      SE 3, Sea 3, 7/10, Vis. 8-10 nm Course 50°.  
    20.32 KE 2673 Dived to proceed submerged, course 75°.  
           
    31.07.43      
    06.35 KE 2659 Surfaced, course 65.  
    12.00 KE 3423 Day's run:  Surfaced       127 nm  
      ESE 3-4, Sea 3, 1/10, Vis., 10 nm                  Submerged    19.8 nm  
    16.00 KE 3282    
      NE 1, Sea 1    
    20.25 KE 3266 Dived to proceed submerged, course 0°.  
           
    01.08.43      
    06.43 KE 3236 Surface, course 45°.  
    12.00 LT 9893 Day's run:  Surfaced       113 nm  
      SE 4, Sea 4, 1/10, Vis. 8-10 nm                  Submerged     18.7 nm    Course 260°.  
    11.53   Incoming Radio Message:  1.  Free to maneuver.  2.  Report situation or position.  
    16.00 LT 9876    
      SE 2, Sea 2    
    20.29 LT 9786 Radio Message:  LT 97, 307 cbm, 10 week's provisions.  
                                                                    U-196.  
    20.32   Dived to proceed submerged.  Course 270°.  
           
    02.08.43      
    06.46 LT 9775 Surfaced.  Course 295°.  
      SSE 3, Sea 3, 1/10, Vis. 8-10 nm    
    11.02 LT 8945 Masthead in sight 50° to port ahead.  Quickly passes out of sight.  Pursued without results.  
    12.00   Day's run:  Surfaced        134 nm  
                         Submerged     18.5 nm  
    13.04 LT 8896 Came to course 320°.  
    16.07 LT 8866 Smoke feather in sight 50° to port astern.  On getting closer made out as a convoy steering a northerly course speed 10 knots.  2 large vessels and (apparently) one patrol vessel and a destroyer are distinguished.  Destroyer shifts out quickly, apparently a forward sweeper.  Maneuvered ahead for surface attack.  Convoy steers 0°.  
    17.24   Dived, to hold onto the convoy by sound bearing because the destroyer is set off far ahead and there is no possibility of holding on to the actual convoy while I await the evening  (at the same time I want to remain unseen by aircraft in the twilight).  
    18.07   Surfaced and pursued the sound bearing.  Convoy now steers to the west.  
    19.12   Dived to listen.  By sound bearings ahead  
           
Sun and Moon Data 30.07.43
Sun and Moon Data 31.07.43
Sun and Moon Data 01.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 02.08.43
 
- 37 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    02.08.43      
        and behind the convoy far offset each 1 destroyer.  Seems to be a valuable convoy.  
    19.30   Surfaced.  Pursued.  
    20.12   Dived to listen, same determination as before.  
    20.31   Surfaced.  Pursued.  
    21.30 LT 8837    
      SE 3, Sea 3, 2/10, Vis. 3-4 nm, dark night A shadow comes in sight bearing 270°.  Turned towards and matched course and speed.  Convoy now steers 340°, runs at 10 knots.  Maneuvered ahead.  Nothing is seen of the two destroyers heard.  They must be far ahead and behind.  
           
    03.08.43      
    00.00 LT 8585 Ran in.  Convoy consists of 3 ships.  First and third ships are very large, estimated 10000-12000 tons loaded, very long and little superstructure.  May be tankers.  Second ship estimated 7000 tons.  While closing on the hound's curve suddenly 50° to port ahead the after destroyer emerges with a sharp target angle.  Initially hold course, then turn away briefly to show him a small silhouette.  Turned right back because the destroyer again showed a broad target angle.  Am still about 2500 meters to the convoy.  A patrol vessel with a sharp target angle emerges from behind the third steamer.  Lies exactly towards me.  A further patrol vessel is positioned between the first and second steamers in the lee.  Destroyer now passes me to port at about 900 meters distance (despite this I must show him a broad silhouette because the shots must go in the next moment due to the oncoming patrol vessel (by chance) whether he sees me or not).  
    00.24 LT 8582 Three-fan from tubes I, II, IV on the first vessel, afterwards single shot tube III on second vessel, and turned away for stern shot.  Afterwards stern shot with tube V on third ship.  Second and third ship overlap a bit.  Drive in echelon.  
      SSE 2, Sea 2, 1/10, Vis. 3 nm  
        Set data:  Enemy speed 10 knots, depth 5 meters, bow right target angle 70°, range = 1800 meters.  80 seconds after fan hit amidships on the first vessel.  In a tremendous heavy fiery explosion the vessel (tanker?) breaks in two and sinks. At the moment of the detonation it is bright as day so that the destroyer (distance now about 1200 meters) must have seen me because again while turning for a stern shot I had to show him a abroad silhouette.  30 seconds later a hit on the third ship (the second was actually intended!) heavy detonation.  High black smoke column.  Vessel burns.  Second steamer no effect.  Broke through between the now approaching destroyer and  
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 02.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 03.08.43
 
- 38 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    03.08.43      
        and the patrol vessel.  Passed on the intended stern shot on destroyer because there was great commotion.  The destroyer zigzags continually.  
    00.35   Large detonation heard in the boat.  With it heavy flames on the burning ship.  Apparently a heavy internal detonation.  Previously the second patrol vessel had gone alongside the hit ship and had red and white lights set.  Accept that the crew was taken over (the forward destroyer did not appear).  Initially ran off to the east.  Reloaded, then maneuvered ahead again on the old course to eventually make a submerged attack on the last ship.  
    04.01 LT 8511 Dived, no sound bearing.  
    10.19   Surfaced.  Course 150°.  
    12.00   Day's run:  Surfaced       191 nm  
                         Submerged     4.3 nm  
        Course 150°.  
    12.45 LT 8526 A patrol vessels emerges 50° to starboard ahead.  A short time later left of this a typical mast with crow's nest of a third patrol vessel.  Moved off to the east, then to the southeast until the patrol vessels were out of sight.  
      SSE 3, Sea 3, Vis. 8-10 nm  
    13.19      
    14.25 LT 8536 Flying boat astern about 1500 meters high (up to now no flying boat was sighted as high by me).  Turned with a continuously showed small silhouette.  The flying boat used the clouds well.  
    14.26   A second flying boat in sight to port at the same altitude.  Flies to the north.  Distance to both flying boats about 12000 - 14000 meters.  The watch does well - after nearly 5 months war patrol.  
    14.28   The flying boat astern suddenly turns towards so that I am forced to dive to not be seen.  There has not been a  sound from the supposedly operable Fu.M.B. for the entire patrol.  
    21.14   Surfaced to ventilate and charge.  
    22.40 LT 8568 Dived.  Proceeded submerged.  
      SSE 3, Sea 3, 1/10, Vis. 3 nm    
    21.52   Radio Message:  From northbound convoy with 3 ships and 4 destroyers and patrol vessels LT 8592 10000 tonner sunk.  Further 10000 tonner burning out of sight.  After internal detonation sinking probable.  
                                                                    U-196.  
        This convoy attack with a large boat has once again confirmed how little destroyers can see without aircraft (and without radar?).  The success has given a boost.  
           
    04.08.43      
    07.07 LT 8594 Surfaced.  Disgusting low cumulus clouds.  
      SSE 3, Sea 2, 5/10, Vis. 8 nm    
           
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 03.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 04.08.43
 
- 39 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    04.08.43      
    12.00 LT 8863 Day's run:  Surfaced         62 nm  
                         Submerged   20.3 nm  
    12.18 LT 8865 Dived to proceed submerged.  This cloudiness offers too great a possibility of surprise.  Moreover, enemy will not get another sighting.  
        During my convoy operation on 2/3 August,  
        Incoming Radio Message:  19.57 hours:  "Kentrat" according to local information in the month of July 11 enemy ships departed from Biera.  28 enemy ships arrived at Lourenço Marques and 41 departed exclusive of independents.  
    21.30 LT 8893 Surfaced.  Course southeast.  
      SE 3, Sea 3, 2/10, Vis. 3-4 nm, medium marine phosphorescence    
    22.09   Flare ahead to starboard.  Estimated distance 5 nm.  Dived to proceed submerged.  
           
    05.08.43      
    07.05 LT 8975 Surfaced.  Southerly course.  
      ESE 2, Sea 2    
    12.00 LT 8862 Day's run:  Surfaced       35 nm  
      ESE 1, Sea 1, 4/10, Vis, 8-10 nm                  Submerged   26.7 nm  
    16.23 KE 2532 Flying boat ahead to starboard on passing course.  Range about 12000 meters, low altitude.  
      E 1, Sea 1, 2/10, Vis. 10 nm  
    16.25   Dived.  
    21.52 KE 2535 Surfaced.  
      Wind calm, 1/10, Vis. 1-3 nm, marine phosphorescence    
    23.34 KE 2563 Dived to proceed submerged, course 180°.  
           
    06.08.43      
    06.59 KE 2566 Surfaced.  Southwesterly course.  
      ENE 1, Sea 1, 0/10, Vis. 8 nm    
    09.35 KE 2585 Flying boat astern, range = 14000 meters, medium altitude.  
    09.36   Dived.  
    11.41   Surfaced.  
    12.00 KE 2578 Day's run:  Surfaced       88 nm  
                         Submerged   20.5 nm  
    15.27 KE 2814 Flying boat astern to starboard.  Low altitude.  Range about 16000 meters.  Because flying boat is flying off to starboard showed small silhouette.  
    15.35   Flying boat out of sight.  
    17.23 KE 2764 Dived to proceed submerged.  
        There has never been so much air traffic in the Indian Ocean.  The convoy attack must have upset the people very much.  
        The bridge watch paid attention faultlessly, so that the boat was always able to dive in time, especially in the few cases where it was sighted.  
        In favorable weather conditions torpedo reloading intended in the morning.  
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 04.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 05.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 06.08.43
 
- 40 -
 
           
           
           
           
    07.08.43      
    06.38 KE 2754 Surfaced.  Southwest course.  
      E 1-2, Sea 1, 1/10, Vis. 10 nm, light Swell    
    09.00   Began preparations for torpedo download.  Checked the fairing of the forward torpedo tubes with a diver.  Nothing determined despite the fact that the outer tube doors of tubes I, II and III can only be opened with great force, most of all tube II (for about 3 weeks).  
    12.07 KE 5114 Day's run:  Surfaced       93 nm  
      ENE 2, Sea 1, 1/10, Vis. 10 nm                  Submerged   17 nm  
    13.49 KE 5178 Downloading ended.  6 torpedoes downloaded to the bow room.  It went perfectly.  The gear worked well.  
        Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix: 32 nm, 150°T.  
    16.00 KE 4636    
    17.23   Dived to balance the boat and trim.  
    19.18 KE 4629 Surfaced.  
    19.20   Quiet crash dive.  
    19.25   Surfaced.  
    19.57   Dived to proceed submerged.  
    22.23   Surfaced.  
    23.55 KE 4651 Dived to proceed submerged.  
      NE 2-3, Sea 2, 1/10, Vis. 4 nm    
           
    08.08.43      
    06.54   Surfaced.  Southwest course.  
    08.00 KE 4563    
      NNE 3, Sea 2, 5/10, Vis. 8-10 nm    
    12.00 KE 4573 Day's run:  Surfaced       107 nm  
      NbyE 2                  Submerged   18.5 nm  
    12.53   Incoming Radio Message concerning Swede "LAGOLAND" in KE 19.  
    20.00 KE 4741    
      E 2    
           
    09.08.43      
    00.00 KD 6982 Course 205°.  
      EbyS 2, 3/10, Vis. 2 nm, strong marine phosphorescence    
    05.39 KD 9342 Test dive.  
      NE 1-2, Sea 1    
    06.56   Surfaced.  Course 225°.  
    11.48 KD 9289 Dived to proceed submerged.  
      NE 2, Sea 2, 8/10, Vis. 8 nm Day's run:  Surfaced       115 nm  
                         Submerged   14.5 nm  
    20.40   Surfaced.  Course 230°.  
    22.14 KD 9512 Bazaruto Lighthouse 5° to port ahead.  
      1/10, Vis. 2-4 nm Course 165°.  
           
    10.08.43      
    00.26   Dived to proceed submerged.  
    07.18   Surfaced.  Southerly course.  
           
Sun and Moon Data 07.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 08.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 09.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 10.08.43
 
- 41 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    10.08.43      
    12.00 KD 9597 Coast is easily distinguished.  
      W 3, Sea 3, 0/10, hazy horizon, Vis. 7 nm Day's run:  Surfaced       57 nm  
                       Submerged   21 nm  
    16.00 KD 9861    
    20.00 KD 9898 Ponta de Bara Falsa Lighthouse in sight.  
           
    11.08.43      
    00.00 KP 3237    
      NNE 3, Sea 3, 2/10, Vis. 4 nm    
    01.39 KP 3264 Dived to proceed submerged.  
    07.42 W 3, Sea 3, 6/10 Surfaced.  Southerly course.  
    09.25   Coast in sight.  
    12.00 KP 3561 Day's run:  Surfaced       148 nm  
      WSW 1-2, Sea 2, 1-5/10. Vis. 8 nm, strong SW-Swell                  Submerged     8.5 nm  
    14.35 SW 2, Sea 2, 5/10 Dived to proceed submerged.  
    19.15 KP 3995 Surfaced.  Weather getting worse.  
      SSE 5, Sea 5, rain squalls, Vis. up to 4 nm, heavy Swell East-West courses.  
           
    12.08.43      
    02.40 KP 3424 Dived to proceed submerged.  
    07.44   Surfaced.  Course 170°.  
    12.00 KP 6251 Day's run:  Surfaced       168 nm  
      SSE 4, Sea 4, 3-6/10, Vis. 4 nm                  Submerged     13 nm  
    15.00   Course 65°.  
    22.31   Incoming Radio Message concerning radio message for Lüth, Kentrat, Hartmann.  
           
    13.08.43      
    00.00 KP 6176    
      SbyE, Sea 2, 3/10, Vis. 4-5 nm    
    04.20   Dived to proceed submerged.  
    07.30 KP 5389 Surfaced.  Coast in sight.  
    08.18 KP 5623 Coast in sight.  Course 170°.  
    12.00 KP 5661 Day's run:  Surfaced       152 nm  
      S 2-3, 6/10, Vis. 10 nm                  Submerged     5.2 nm  
    17.45 KP 5931 Course 265°.  
      SSE 3-4    
    19.13 KP 59x2 Coast in sight.  
    19.35   Dived to proceed submerged.  
           
    14.08.43      
    00.00 KP 5924 Course 245°.  
        Course 215°.  
    03.03 KP 5924 Surfaced.  Low Cumulus clouds.  
      SbyE 3, Sea 3, 6/10, Vis. 4-5 nm    
    04.18 KP 5925 Dived to proceed submerged.  
    0x.21 KP 5928 Surfaced.  Southerly course.  
      SSW 3-4, Sea 3, 6/10, Vis. 3-8 nm, rain squalls    
    09.50 KP 5968 Flying boat in sight ahead.  Medium altitude.  Range about 10000 meters.  Remained on the surface as before.  
    10.04   Flying boat in sight ahead 50° to port.  
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 10.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 11.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 12.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 13.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 14.08.43
 
- 42 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    14.08.43      
    12.00 KP 5988 Day's run:  Surfaced       100 nm  
      SSE 2, Sea 2, 7/10, Vis. 3-8 nm, rain squalls                  Submerged   15.7 nm  
      Course 170°.  
    12.48 KP 83x2 Flying boat flying off to port abeam, medium altitude, range about 12000 meters.  
        Crash dive to depth A +20 meters.  
        3 depth charges at about 65 meters, no effect because not very close.  
        Proceeded submerged.  
        After this attack there began with brief interruptions a 3-day long pursuit by flying boats.  During the submerged transits at greater and lesser intervals went to periscope depth.  Continually an aircraft distinguished in the air search periscope.  If no aircraft were distinguished, surfaced.  After more or less short times was flown at again.  Because the Fu.M.B. has given no indications up to now was no longer deployed.  
        Steered southerly courses.  
    16.00 KP 9323 Flying boat in the air search periscope.  Continued submerged.  
           
    15.08.43      
    02.55 KP 8337 Surfaced.  Course 110°.  
      E 2, Sea 2, 3/10, Vis. 5-6 nm    
    04.29 KP 8363 Crash dive for flying boat, that flew past astern at medium altitude sighted at range 6000 meters.  
    08.00   In the air search periscope flying boat distinguished.  
    10.40 KP 9141 Surfaced.  Course 125°.  
      E 2, Sea 1-2, 3/10, Vis. 10 nm    
    11.11 KP 9145 Crash dive for flying boat approaching from astern, medium altitude, range about 8000 meters. Had sighted earlier was [illegible word].  To depth A +20 meters.  Boat goes deep badly.  At about 45 meters 4 depth charges.  Minor glass damage and depth gauge failures.  Continued submerged.  Came to course 80°.  Intend to remain submerged until the next morning.  
    12.00   Day's run:  Surfaced        31 nm  
                         Submerged     31 nm  
           
    16.08.43      
    06.55 KP 9161 Surfaced.  
    07.00   Crash dive for flying boat that approached from great range (about 14000 meters).  Assume approach by chance.  
    09.45   Surfaced.  
    09.49   Crash dive for flying boat astern to port from the north, range about 16000 meters.  
        Proceeded submerged, course 136°.  
    12.00   Day's run:  Surfaced  19 nm, Submerged  35 nm.  
    14.28 KP 9165 Surfaced.  Southerly course.  
      E 2, 6/10, Vis. 10 nm    
           
Sun and Moon Data 14.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 15.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 16.08.43
 
- 43 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    16.08.43      
    14.31   Flying boat in sight to port.  Low altitude.  Very long range about 18000 meters.  Flies in the east back and forth, slowly comes closer.  Turned with, showed stern.  
    14.55   Crash dive because the flying boat apparently approaches.  Range still about 12000 meters.  
    16.25   Surfaced.  
    16.28 KP 9168 Crash dive for flying boat in medium altitude, approaching from astern to port, range about 6000-7000 meters.  I had been monitoring in the air search periscope.  Remained submerged.  Course 160°.  
           
    17.08.43      
    01.15 KP 9192 Surfaced.  Moved off at 2 x HF.  Changing southeasterly course.  
      NE 2-3, Sea 2-3, 5/10, Vis. 5-6 nm  
    04.32 KP 9518 Dived to proceed submerged.  During this first respite after 3 days incoming Radio Message concerning the birth of my son!  
    07.06 ENE 2, Sea 2, 6/10, Vis. 6-10 nm, rain squalls Surfaced.  Changing southeasterly course.  
    10.04 KP 9587 Dived to proceed submerged.  In accordance with the incoming Radio Message 08.25 hours the high frequency stage [Metox] put under lock and key.  
    12.00   Day's run:  Surfaced        95 nm  
                         Submerged     19.4 nm  
    14.06 KP 9524 Surfaced.  
      NE 2-3, 9/10, Vis. 5 nm    
    23.19 KP 9879    
      NE 3 Dived to proceed submerged.  
           
    18.08.43 Indian Ocean    
    00.34 KZ 3213 Surfaced.  Switched over to normal routine.  Provisions inventory makes return transit necessary.  The last days were quite hard on my entire crew.  Cooking was hardly done for battery saving reasons.  Proceeded mostly submerged one motor KF, otherwise everything possible shut down.  Most economical consumption.  
    11.00   Incoming Officer-Only Radio Message:  Kentrat give suggested meeting place with Bartels.  
    12.00 KZ 3246 Day's run:  Surfaced      90 nm  
      SE 3, Sea 3, 1/10, Vis. 8-10 nm                  Submerged  16 nm  
      Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 26 nm in 215°T.  
    14.50 KZ 3541 Came to easterly course.  
      Vis. 10-12 nm    
        At favorable transmitting time sent:  
        Radio Message:  Heavy air 3-5 August naval square LT 85 and 88, KE 25. Uninterrupted air pursuit 14 to 16 August naval square KP 83 to 91.  All operable.  270 cbm, 12 Atos, 6 Etos. Return transit due to provisions.  Am missing Serial Nos. 24 and 28 from 3 August, 91, 92 from 13 August, 01 to 04, 11, 17, 20, 22, 33.  
                                                                    U-196.  
        Radio Message:  Suggest meeting Bartels 20 August 10.00 hours JA 2235.  Reason unclear.  Position KZ 35.  All naval squares.  
                                                                    U-196.  
           
Sun and Moon Data 16.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 17.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 18.08.43
 
- 44 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    18.08.43      
    20.00 KZ 3552 Course 85°.  
           
    19.08.43      
    00.00 KZ 6342 Incoming Radio Message concerning secrecy of the return route.  
    00.33   Incoming Radio Messages concerning important missing Serial Nos, received during the course of the night, among others:  Meeting with Bartels necessary for instructions concerning missing Keyword  Order Bellatrix.  
    05.32 KZ 3639 Test dive.  
    07.00   Surfaced, Course 70°.  
    12.00 JA 1274 Day's run:  Surfaced      222 nm  
      NE 3, Sea 2, 3/10, Vis. 8-10 nm                  Submerged    2.7 nm  
    16.00 JA 1268    
    18.46   Incoming Radio Message from Lüth:  1.)  Position to instruct Kentrat morning 12.00 hours 40 nm north of suggested meeting point.  
        2)  Bartels remain in the area of both old meeting points.  I sighted 4 steamers there on west and east courses in the process a miss on a 3000-tonner.  
        3)  208 cbm, very little provisions.  
        Headed for new meeting point.  
    19.52 JA 1353 Incoming Radio Message:  Until further notice all returning boats proceed on the Piening route in the Bay of Biscay.  
           
    20.08.43 Indian Ocean    
    00.00 JA 2121    
    05.20 KQ 8871 Test dive.  
    06.00   Surfaced.  
    08.00 KQ 8857    
    11.39 KQ 8865 U-Lüth in sight.  
      NE 4, Sea 3-4, 3/10, Vis. 5-8 nm, very murky horizon    
    12.00   Day's run:  Surfaced      239 nm  
                         Submerged      1 nm  
        "Bellatrix" transferred to Lüth.   Joint return transit route established with.  Policy for return transit and behavior on enemy contact passed optically because swell and Sea State do not permit transfer in writing.  Transfer of 5 Atos and possibly fuel oil and a little provisions proposed.  Lüth says not to.  
    12.05 KQ 8864 Came to course 25°.  
      3/10, disgusting low oily Swell, hazy horizon, Vis. 6-8 nm, less in rain squalls In echelon 50° to port.  
      Distance 300-500 meters.  
    12.47   Came to course 215°.  
        Transit speed:  diesel-electric.  
    about 14.10 KQ 8883 Lüth transmitted optically:  Just now Bartels bombed, limitedly clear to dive.  KQ 87.  
    14.10   Incoming Short Signal from Bartels:  Aircraft attacked in train, am limitedly clear to dive.  My position is KQ 52.  
           
Sun and Moon Data 13.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 14.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 15.08.43
 
- 45 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    20.08.43      
        Passed immediately optically to Lüth, propose continuing until more arrives.  
    15.47 KQ 8888 Garbled Short Signal:  
        Was attacked by surface warships, am not clear to dive.  My position is KO 8252, course to the northwest.  
        This Short Signal was given optically to Lüth, and questioned whether he already had.  After a long time Lüth sent that he only received the first clear Short Signal at 16.47 hours.  Therefore it must have been incorrectly encoded.  Proposed continuing along because to now three positions were given and there is no clarity.  Lüth passes optically that possibly we will have to take over the crew.  
    16.47 JA 2221 First clear Short Signal:  
        Aircraft attacked in train.  Am not clear to dive.  My position is KQ 8252, course southerly.  
                                                                    U-197.  
        Passed immediately to Lüth that in no case should we proceed further to the south, that we should move back and forth at current position, await more from Bartels, reported own position and attempted to send the Short Signal which was not acknowledged by Control.  Because Volume was very low (also on Norddeich), postponed by suggestion from Lüth  
    16.58   Gave course instructions to Lüth which were acknowledged, and came to easterly course. (course 90°), Lüth's further behavior is not understood.  After first passing his agreement optically, shortly thereafter he turned to an easterly course and passed as a complete surprise to me:  
        "It is enough that one stays here. I will continue my return transit due to fuel. You've got more and can then catch me again."  After passing he turned immediately again to course 215°, without waiting further.  
    17.05   To even maintain optical communications (gradual twilight) I must turn after.  
        Initially I pass to him:  
        It is about Bartels now, you will not starve."  
        Then: "If the crew of Bartels must be taken over, we must remain together here.  Moreover it will only be a few hours and you will get your fuel.."  
        To which Lüth passes:  "Many thanks for the fuel.  My take over hoses are out of service."  
        I passed:  "Kapitän to Kapitän Please come to easterly course.  I do not understand you." and turned  
    17.26   again on course 90°.  Then I can no longer received flag signals from Lüth, because in the twilight on the old southerly course Lüth is quickly indistinct and passes out of sight.  
    17.11   Radio Message was received from Hartmann (not acknowledged by Control):  16.10 hours from Bartels Short  
           
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 20.08.43
 
- 46 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    20.08.43      
        Signal:  Aircraft attacked in train.  Am not clear to dive.  My position is KQ 8252, course southerly.  Received garbled.  
        Considerations:  Bartels is heading south.  Last signal was at sunset.  If he no longer transmits, he may have managed to shake off contact, the weather is favorable for this.  I will give him my position and await him here.  To run to meet in this dark, low visibility night it is incorrect since we could easily run past each other.  
    18.32   Short Signal:  My position is JA 2224  
                                                                    U-196.  
        Back and forth in position in JA 2224.  
        Incoming Radio Message:  To Kentrat and Lüth.  Presume both boats go at high speed to Bartels who was bombed in KQ 8252, not clear to dive is on southerly course.  
        Stuck with decision (above all due to the weather conditions).  Bartels must be free on southerly transit, otherwise he would certainly have transmitted.  Because after moonrise with obscured horizon and low cloud deck visibility has not improved, I dove at 22.25 hours to detect sound from Bartels.  
           
    21.08.43      
    06.40 JA 2224 Surfaced, because by my considerations Bartels probably moved off with zigzags to the south, has passed by and is already further to the south.  
        Intention:  Head to the south and in the evening twilight transmit a new reception square.   
    12.00 JA 2287 Day's run:  Surfaced      110 nm  
      NNE 2, Sea 1, 8/10, rain squalls, Vis. up to 8 nm                  Submerged    10 nm  
        Course 180°.  
    17.30 JA 2589 Radio Message:  Up to 7 hours in 2224.  Wait until 22 August 12.00 hours in naval square JA "Bellatrix" ready.  
      N 2  
                                                                    U-196.  
    18.00   Course 245°.  
    19.06   Incoming Radio Message:  To Kentrat.  Search for Bartels, who was bombed in square KQ 8252 and is not clear to dive steering south.  See Serial No. 2015/20/497.  
    20.00 JA    
      WNW 2, Sea 2, 3-8/10, Vis. 1-2 nm    
           
    22.08.43      
    00.00 JA 2762    
      Vis. 1-3 nm    
    01.26   Incoming Radio Message:  To Lüth.  If Bartels does not report by 23 August 08.00 hours report situation.  
    05.00 JA 2775 In waiting square.  
    05.31 - 06.51   Dived to listen.  
    12.00   Day's run:  Surfaced      184 nm  
                         Submerged    2.7 nm  
        Because mid day navigation check results in a shift of 8 nm, until evening  
           
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 20.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 21.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 22.08.43
 
- 47-
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    22.08.43      
        twilight moved off in the direction of the waiting square.  
    17.45   Radio Message:  Bartels report.  Waiting JA 27.  
                                                                    U-196.  
        At the same time came to northerly course.  
    18.38   Incoming Radio Message:  To Kentrat.  Carry out orders in accordance with Radio Message 1839/21/405 and search for Bartels in naval square 8252.  
        Headed to square KQ 8252 as ordered.  
           
    23.08.43 Indian Ocean    
    00.00 JA 2485    
      ENE 2-3, Sea 2, 6/10, Vis. 1-3 nm, medium Swell, strong marine phosphorescence    
    00.55   Incoming Radio Message from Lüth:  
        1) 20 August 2 Short Signals from Bartels with unclear position 13.49 hours limitedly clear to dive.  14.09 hours am not clear to dive, then 3 signals 15.46 to 16.46 as Hartmann reported.  Otherwise nothing.  
        2) Search from 21 August 04.00 hours from KQ 8825 to the south.  At the same time gave Short Signal with position and course.  
        3)  Position JA 5282.  Morning return transit due to fuel necessary.  
    01.23   Incoming Radio Message:  1)  Bartels immediately report position and situation.  
        2)  Lüth and Kentrat without regard to fuel inventory search once more in naval square KQ 8252, afterwards return transit.  
    05.00 JA 2192    
      ENE 2    
    08.00 JA 2214    
      ENE 3    
    12.00 KQ 8825 Day's run:  Surfaced  263 nm  
      E 4, Sea 3-4, 4/10, Vis. 8-10 nm    
    16.00 KQ 8288    
      E 2-3    
    18.05 KQ 8252 Searched in square KQ 8252.  Initially still light twilight then starry clear night.  Passed through KQ 8252 three times, searched to the north up to KQ 8288 center.  Then searched to the east of the day lines on southerly courses.  
    21.00 KQ 8253 Southerly search courses.  
      E 2, Sea 2, 2/10, Vis. 3-5 nm    
    22.07   To inform Lüth,  
        Radio Message:  Nothing.  Searching to the east then south.  235 cbm.  
                                                                    U-196.  
           
    24.08.43      
    00.00 KQ 8294 Southerly search courses.  
      E 2, Sea 2, 4/10, Vis. 3-5 nm, medium Swell, light marine phosphorescence    
    04.00 KQ 8565    
    05.46 - 06.20   Test dive.  
    08.00 KQ 8831    
           
Sun and Moon Data 22.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 23.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 24.08.43
 
- 48 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    24.08.43      
    12.00 KQ 8867 Day's run:  Surfaced  248 nm  
      E 1, hazy horizon, Vis. 6-8 nm    
    16.00 JA 2238    
      ENE 2    
    17.00 JA 2262 Came to course 210°.  
        Began return transit (route as agreed with Lüth).  
        I never expected this development !  
    20.00 JA 2289 In the course of the night very strong summer lightening and thunder in the east, south and west.  Very low clouds.  Very intense marine phosphorescence.  Rain squalls.  
      SSE 2  
           
    25.08.43 Indian Ocean    
    00.00 JA 2554    
      E 3, Sea 2, 7/10, Vis. 1 to 2-3 nm    
    04.00 JA 2577    
    08.00 JA 2765    
      ESE 3, Sea 3, 6/10, Vis. 5-6 nm, strongly increasing Swell    
    12.00 JA 5149 Day's run:  Surfaced  196 nm  
      SE 3-4, Sea 4, 8/10, Vis. 4-7 nm, heavy swell, rain squalls    
    17.00 JA 5149    
      ESE 4, Sea 3-4 Course 220°.  
    20.00 JA 4396    
      SE 2, Sea 2, 10/10, rain, Vis. 1-2 nm, strong marine phosphorescence, St. Elmo's fire, heavy Swell    
           
    26.08.43      
    00.00 JA 4629 Unchanged.  
    04.00 JA 4672    
    08.00 JA 4832    
      ESE 2-3, Sea 2-3, 9/10, Vis. 6-8 nm, medium Swell    
    10.48 JA 4854 U-boat in sight ahead 40° to starboard - U-Lüth  
        Turned towards after recognizing perfectly.  Lüth goes before my bow to the starboard side.  Distance still about 3 nm.  I show him a broad silhouette and then by Morse call sign:  Formation course and speed.  Lüth now bears 50° ahead to port.  Distance about 1 nm.  After I passed this I came to course 220 and assume the correct position for 50° echelon.  However Lüth does not close instead runs about 1 mile further away.  Apparently wants to go on alone!  Did not reply to my flag signals  - Incomprehensible -  
    12.00 JA 4849 Day's run:  Surfaced  207 nm  
      SE 2, Sea 2, 9/10, Vis. 8-10 nm    
           
Sun and Moon Data 24.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 25.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 26.08.43
 
- 49 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    26.08.43      
    16.00 JA 7136    
      S 1, Sea 1, rain squalls    
    20.00 JA 7159 At darkness Lüth passes out of sight.  
      WSW 2, Sea 2, 5/10, light marine phosphorescence and summer lightening    
           
    27.08.43      
    00.00 JA 7413 Course 220°.  
      WNW 3-4, Sea 3, Swell was slowly heavier    
    05.23 KZ 9669 Test dive.  By sound bearing Lüth 50° ahead to port.  
      WSW 4, Sea 3    
    06.05   Surfaced.  Came to course 210°, LF.  
    08.00 KZ 9692    
      Vis. 8 nm Lüth comes in sight again ahead 50° to port.  Distance about 8 nm.  Initially I hold course 210° to reduce abeam distance - given course was 220° - and moved slowly ahead.  
    12.00 KZ 9929 Day's run:  Surfaced      170 nm  
      W 4, Sea 4, 10/10, Vis. 7-8 nm, heavy Swell                  Submerged       1 nm  
      Course 210°.  
    16.00 KZ 9981 After I have gone directly ahead of Lüth, distance about 2 nm, I came to course 220° and diesel-electric.  Lüth runs a bit faster with diesel-electric so that he can hold on well.  However at darkness again out of sight.  
    20.00 KZ 9978    
      SW 4, Sea 4, thunder, rain squalls, Vis. 1-3 nm, light marine phosphorescence Course 220°.  
           
    28.08.43      
    00.00 JL 1337    
    05.00 JL 1335 At lightness nothing is seen of Lüth.  Therefore does not hold to our agreement.  I come to course 260° for the agreed objective point (course to next objective point).  Morning navigation fix gives difference between dead reckoning and actual position of 28 nm in 15°T.  
    08.00 JL 1325    
      Vis. 6-8 nm Course 255°.  
    12.00 JL 1315 Day's run:  Surfaced  93 nm.    Course 255°.  
      SW 4, rain and hail squalls, heavy Swell    
    16.00 JL 1239    
      SSW 4, Sea 4, 7/10, Vis. up to 8 nm, rain squalls    
    20.00 JL 1261    
      SSW 3, strong marine phosphorescence, rain squalls    
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 26.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 27.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 28.08.43
 
- 50 -
 
           
           
           
           
    29.08.43      
    00.00 JL 1254    
      SW 2, Sea 2, 4/10, Vis. 3-4 nm    
    04.00 JL 1247    
      SSW 1, Sea 1, 4/10, Vis. 4-6 nm, medium Swell    
    08.00 JA 1415 Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 39 nm in 233°T.  
      NW 1, Sea 1, 3/10, Vis. 10 nm, light Swell  
      Course 260°.  
    12.00 JK 3637 Day's run:  Surfaced  184 nm  
      NW 2-3, 7-9/10, rain squalls, Vis. up to 8 nm, medium Swell Port main diesel will be out of service for a long time.  [illegible sentence concerning cause and remedy]  
    16.00 JK 3643    
      NW 3, Sea 2-3, 9/10, rain squalls, Vis. up to 14 nm, medium Swell    
    20.00 JK 3565    
      SE 2, Sea 2, 5/10, Vis. 2-3 nm    
           
    30.08.43      
    00.00 JK 3557    
      Rain squalls, Vis. up to 3 nm, light Swell, light marine phosphorescence    
    06.00 JK 3465 Test dive.  [illegible navigation fix]  
    06.43   Surfaced.  Course 255°.  
    08.00 JK 3456    
    12.00 JK 3473 Day's run:  Surfaced      172 nm  
      [illegible wind/sea], 5/10, Vis. 10-12 nm                  Submerged   1.7 nm  
      Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 10 nm in 170°T.  
    16.00 JK 2695    
      xx 2-3, Sea 3 Course 255°.  
    20.00 JK 2921    
      Sea 3-4    
           
    31.08.43 Indian Ocean    
    00.00 JK 2914    
      WNW 3, Sea 3, 1/10, Vis. 2-3 nm, medium marine phosphorescence, medium Swell    
    04.00 JK 2838    
    08.00 JK 2853 Course 280°.  
    12.00 JK 2818 Day's run:  Surfaced  154 nm  
      Vis. 8 nm, heavy Swell    
    16.00 JJ 5362    
    20.00 JJ 5328 Course 270°.  
      Rain    
           
    01.09.43      
    00.00 JJ 5318    
      Overcast, rain squalls, Vis. 2-3 nm, heavy Swell    
    04.00 JJ 5237    
           
Sun and Moon Data 29.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 30.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 31.08.43
Sun and Moon Data 01.09.43
 
- 51 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    01.09.43      
    08.00 JJ 5212 Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 15 nm in 300°T.  
    12.00 JJ 5132 Day's run:  Surfaced  132 nm  
      WbyN 2-3, Sea 2-3, 3/10, Vis. 10 nm, heavy Swell    
    16.00 JJ 5121    
      WNW 3, Sea 3    
    20.00 JJ 5111    
      WNW 4, Sea 4    
    24.00 JJ 4331    
      Vis. 2 nm, squalls, heavy Swell, strong marine phosphorescence    
           
    02.09.43      
    04.00 JJ 4321    
    06.29 JJ 4312 Test dive.  
      Rain squalls    
    07.03   Surfaced, course 270°.  
    12.00 JJ 4232 Day's run:  Surfaced  131 nm, Submerged   2.1 nm  
      WNW 4, Sea 4, 9/10, Vis. 6-8 nm, heavy Swell and squalls    
    16.00 JJ 4223    
    20.00 JJ 4213    
      WNW 5, Sea 5    
    24.00 JJ 4211    
      NW 4, Sea 4, strongly changing cloudiness up to 9/10, faint marine phosphorescence, medium Swell, squalls, Vis. 2-3 nm    
           
    03.09.43      
    04.00 JJ 4131    
      Strong rain squalls, 0.5-2 nm    
    08.00 JJ 4121    
      WNW 4    
    11.01   Radio Message concerning Piening Route.  
    12.00 JJ 4111 Day's run:  Surfaced  116 nm,  course 280°.  
      W 3-4, Sea 3, 8/10, Vis. 6-8 nm Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 52 nm in 250°T (since 1 September).  
    16.00 GZ 6238 Course 280°.  
        Air bottle Group IV leaks.  
    20.00 GZ 6216 Course 290°.  
      Rain squalls, Vis. 2-3 nm    
    24.00 GZ 6133    
      Medium Swell, squalls    
           
    04.09.43 South Atlantic    
    04.00 GZ 3789    
    08.00 GZ 3741    
      SW 3-4, Sea 3-4, 7/10, rain squalls, heavy Swell, Vis. 6-7 nm Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 28 nm in 334°T.  
    12.00 GZ 2929 Day's run:  Surfaced  156 nm  
      SSW 3, Sea 3, air mirage    
    16.00 GZ 2913    
      WSW 2-3    
           
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 01.09.43
Sun and Moon Data 02.09.43
Sun and Moon Data 03.09.43
 
- 52 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    04.09.43      
    20.00 GZ 2598 Course 310°.  Due to provisions inventory cut the route a bit short.  
      Vis. 4-6 nm  
           
    05.09.43 South Atlantic    
    00.00 GZ 2558    
    04.00 GZ 2542    
      W 2, Sea 2    
    07.05 GZ 2432 Test dive.  
    08.02 W 2-3, Sea 2-3 Surfaced.  Course 310°.  
    12.00 GZ 2185 Day's run:  Surfaced      151 nm  
      W 3-4, Sea 3, 9/10, rain squalls, medium Swell, 5-10 nm                  Submerged   2.1 nm  
      Main diesel ready for test run.  
    16.00 GZ 2141 Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 13 nm in 298°T.  
      NW 2-3, Sea 2-3  
    20.00 GZ 1323    
      Vis. 4-6 nm    
           
    06.09.43      
    00.00 GQ 9873 Course 310°.  
      Rain squall, light Swell    
    04.00 GQ 9762    
    08.00 GQ 9479 Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 14 nm in 294°T.  
    12.00 GQ 8668 Day's run:  Surfaced  1x4 nm  
      NNW 4, Sea 4, 9/10, Vis. 8-10 nm, medium Swell    
    16.00 GQ 8628    
    20.00 GQ 8378    
      NNW 2, Sea 2    
           
    07.09.43      
    00.00 GQ 8268 Course 310°.  
      NbyW 7, Vis. 3-4 nm    
    04.00 GQ 8252    
      NW 2, Sea 2, 6/10, rain squall, Vis. 2-3 nm, strong marine phosphorescence    
    08.00 GQ 8216    
      SW 2    
    12.00 GQ 5792 Day's run:  Surfaced  146 nm  
      W 3, Sea 2, 5-9/10    
    16.00 GQ 5728 Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 12 nm in 0°T.  
    20.00 GQ 5479    
           
    08.09.43 South Atlantic    
    00.00 GQ 4693 Course 310°.  
      NW 3, Sea 3, overcast, Vis. 3-4 nm    
    04.00 GQ 4664    
    07.37 GQ 4624 Test dive.  Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 8 nm in 310°T.  
    09.00   Surfaced.  
    12.00 GQ 4378 Day's run:  Surfaced      136 nm  
      NNW 3, Sea 3, 8/10, Vis. 7-8 nm                  Submerged   2.2 nm  
    16.00 GQ 4293    
    20.00 GQ 4267    
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 04.09.43
Sun and Moon Data 05.09.43
Sun and Moon Data 06.09.43
Sun and Moon Data 07.09.43
Sun and Moon Data 08.09.43
 
- 53 -
 
           
           
           
           
    09.09.43 South Atlantic    
    00.00 GQ 4252 Coures 310°.  
      Overcast, rain, squalls, Vis. 0.5-3 nm    
    04.00 GQ 4215 Further repairs, have still not broken in the port diesel (bearing shell).  Additionally for weeks there has often been a strong oil trace.  
      S 3, Sea 3, rain squalls, medium Swell, medium marine phosphorescence  
        The betrayal and capitulation of Italy causes indignation and contempt among the crew. We must join together more closely and be even harder.  
    08.00 GQ 1795    
    12.00 GQ 1756 Day's run:  Surfaced  125 nm  
      S 5, Sea 5, 5/10, Vis. 6-8 nm    
    16.00 GQ 1719    
    20.00 GP 3699    
           
    10.09.43      
    00.00 GP 3659 Course 310°.  
      S 2, Sea 2, 9/10, Vis. 2-3 nm    
    04.00 GP 3619    
    08.00 GP 3267 Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 22 nm in 328°T.  
    12.00 GP 3227 Day's run:  Surfaced  179 nm  
      SW 2, Sea 2, 9/10, Vis. 8-10 nm    
    16.00 GG 7977    
    20.00 GG 7858    
           
    11.09.43      
    00.00 GG 7814 Course 310°.  
    04.00 GG 7485    
    08.09 GF 9663 Test dive.  
    09.15   Surfaced.  
        Port diesel continues to be out of service.  Cooling water pump failed.  
    12.00 GF 9626 Day's run:  Surfaced      173 nm  
      WSW 1-2, Sea 2, overcast, Vis. 8 nm                  Submerged   2.5 nm  
      Course 315°.  
        "U-196" has been in service for one year.  
    16.00 GF 9372    
    20.00 GF 9261    
           
    12.09.43      
    00.00 GF 6879 Course 315°.  
      8/10, Vis. 4 nm    
    04.00 GF 6765    
    08.00 GF 6721    
    12.00 GF 5692 Day's run:  Surfaced  203 nm  
      SE 1, Sea 1, 9/10, Vis. 8-10 nm    
    16.00 GF 5613 Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 10 nm in 338°T.  
    20.00 GF 5292    
           
    13.09.43      
    00.00 GF 5227 Course 315°.  
           
Sun and Moon Data 09.09.43
Sun and Moon Data 10.09.43
Sun and Moon Data 11.09.43
Sun and Moon Data 12.09.43
Sun and Moon Data 13.09.43
 
- 54 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    13.09.43      
    04.00 GF 2796    
    08.00 GF 2752    
    12.00 GF 1699 Day's run:  Surfaced  186 nm  
      EbyS 2, Sea 2, 9/10, Vis. 8 nm Time and again an oil trace.  
    16.00 GF 1655    
    20.00 GF 1614    
           
    14.09.43      
    00.00 GF 1283 Course 315°.  
    04.00 GF 1218    
    08.21 FT 9786 Test dive.  
    09.20   Surfaced.  
    12.00 FT 9757 Day's run:  Surfaced      170 nm  
      ESE 2-3, 9/10, Vis. 8 nm                  Submerged      2 nm  
    16.00 FT 9745 Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 16 nm in 156°T.  
    20.00 FT 8934    
           
    15.09.43      
    00.00 FT 8673 Course 315°.  
      Vis. 5 nm    
    04.00 FT 8562    
      Vis. 2-3 nm, rain squalls    
    08.00 FT 8268    
    12.00 FT 8289 Day's run:  Surfaced  146 nm  
      E 3-4, Sea 3-4, 9/10, Vis. 6-7 nm, rain squalls Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 32 nm in 128°T.  
    16.00 FT 8248    
    20.00 FT 8135    
           
    16.09.43      
    00.00 FT 5784    
      Vis. 4-5 nm Course 315°.  
    04.00 FT 5741    
    08.00 FT 4923    
    12.00 FT 4648 Day's run:  Surfaced  197 nm  
      E 1-2, Sea 2, 9/10, Vis. 6-7 nm, rain squalls    
    14.20   Incoming Radio Message concerning supply for Lüth and Kentrat in QC 60 [EH 10] or north therefrom.  
    16.00 FT 4515 Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 32 nm in 279°T.  
    17.25   Incoming Radio Message concerning air lookout.  
    20.00 FT 4194    
           
    17.09.43      
    00.00 FT 4151 Course 315°.  
      5/10, Vis. 3 nm    
    01.18   Incoming Radio Message from Lüth:  Need no support.  FL 89.  
    04.00 FS 3999    
      9/10, squalls    
    09.02 FS 3981 Test dive.  
        Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 8 nm in 210°T.  
    10.11   Surfaced.  Course 320°.  
    12.00 FS 3946 Day's run:  Surfaced  169 nm, Submerged  2.2 nm  
      E 1-2, Sea 1-2, 9/10, Vis. 7 nm    
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 13.09.43
Sun and Moon Data 14.09.43
Sun and Moon Data 15.09.43
Sun and Moon Data 16.09.43
Sun and Moon Data 17.09.43
 
- 55 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    17.09.43      
    16.00 FS 3833    
    20.00 FS 3582    
           
    18.09.43      
    00.00 FS 3518 Course 320°.  
      2-4/10, Vis. 2-3 nm    
    04.00 FS 3195    
    08.00 FS 3151 Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 10 nm in 205°T.  
    12.00 FS 2333 Day's run:  Surfaced  178 nm  
      SE 3, Sea 3, 2/10, Vis. 10 nm Course 325°  
    16.00 FL 8956    
    20.00 FL 8678    
           
    19.09.43      
    00.00 FL 8565 Situation report of the B.d.U. gave a clear overview of the entire situation.  
      4/10, Vis. 3-4 nm  
    04.00 FL 8288    
    08.00 FL 8245    
    12.00 FL 8132 Day's run:  Surfaced  196 nm  
      SE 3, Sea 2-3, 5-9/10, Vis. 10 nm Course 335°.  
    16.00 FL 5755 Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 6 nm in 225°T.  
    20.00 FL 5478    
    24.00 FL 4663 Course 350°.  
      8/10, Vis. 3 nm, faint marine phosphorescence    
           
    20.09.43 South Atlantic    
    04.00 FL 4395    
    09.39 FL 4337 Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 12 nm in 176°T.  
    10.09   Surfaced.  
    12.00 FL 1989 Day's run:  Surfaced      187 nm  
      ESE 3-4, Sea 3, 4/10, Vis. 10 nm                  Submerged    1.4 nm  
      Finally both diesels are again to some extent in service.  A lot of work was necessary for this.  
    16.00 FL 1928    
    20.00 FL 1685    
           
    21.09.43      
    00.00 FL 1627 Course 350°.  
      9/10, Vis. 3 nm    
    04.00 FL 1373    
    08.00 FL 1315    
      Overcast, rain squalls    
    09.48   Incoming Radio Message:  Kentrat by Short Signal yes or no of provisions are needed attach position.  
    12.00 FD 8944 Day's run:  Surfaced  189 nm  
      ESE 3-4, Sea 3, 5/10, Vis. 10 nm    
    16.00 FD 8597 Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 15 nm in 278°T.  
    20.07 FD 8525 Short Signal:  ßß No FD 85.    - U-196 -  
        Was not acknowledged, while I heard at Volume 3-4.  
    22.09   Short Signal sent once again.  
        Was repeated.  
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 17.09.43
Sun and Moon Data 18.09.43
Sun and Moon Data 19.09.43
Sun and Moon Data 20.09.43
Sun and Moon Data 21.09.43
 
- 56 -
 
           
           
           
           
    22.09.43 South Atlantic    
    00.00 FD 8254 Course 355°.  
      EbyS, overcast, Vis. 4 nm, faint marine phosphorescence    
    04.00 FD 5884    
    09.00 FD 5818    
    12.00 FD 5575 Day's run:  Surfaced  202 nm  
      SE 3-4, Sea 3, 2/10, Vis. 10 nm    
    16.00 FD 5514    
    20.30 FD 5241 Incoming Radio Message:  On 23 September 08.00 hours Kentrat switch to America II Circuit.  
           
    23.09.43      
    00.00 FD 2796 Course 355°.  
      Vis. 3-4 nm, faint marine phosphorescence    
    01.30   Passed the Equator to the north.  
    04.00 FD 2739    
    08.00 FD 2493 Switched to America II Circuit in accordance with orders.  
    09.00 FD 2439 Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 22 nm in 12°T.  
    09.11 - 09.54   Test dive.  
    12.00 FD 2165 Day's run:  Surfaced      215 nm  
      SE 2-3, Sea 2-3, 4/10, Vis. 10 nm                  Submerged    0.5 nm  
      Anti-aircraft ammunition in over deck readiness cans taken.  Main ballast and reserve fuel oil tank V converted (for use as a ballast tank).  The two forward over deck canisters are flooded.  3 shots of zone ammunition fired for training.  
    16.00 ES 8788    
    20.00 ES 8761    
           
    24.09.43      
    00.00 ES 8413 Course 355°.  
      Vis. 4 nm, faint marine phosphorescence    
    04.00 ES 8426    
    08.00 ES 8159    
    09.00 ES 8186 Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 20 nm in 169°T.  
    10.12   Crash dive for training.  
    10.48   Surfaced.  Course 350°.  
    12.00 ES 8153 Day's run:  Surfaced      188 nm  
      S 2, Sea 1-2, 2/10, Vis. 10 nm                  Submerged    1.3 nm  
    16.00 ES 5781    
    20.00 ES 5713    
           
    25.09.43      
    00.00 ES 4455    
      Vis. 3-4 nm Two other canisters flooded.  Course 350°.  
    04.00 ES 5174    
    09.00 ES 4535    
      W 2-5, Sea 2-4, 5-10/10, strong rain squalls, Vis. 0.5-8 nm Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 10 nm in 260°T.  
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 22.09.43
Sun and Moon Data 23.09.43
Sun and Moon Data 24.09.43
Sun and Moon Data 25.09.43
 
- 57 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    25.09.43      
    12.00 ES 1991 Day's run:  Surfaced  200 nm  
      NW 3, Sea 3, overcast, rain squalls, Vis. up to 8 nm    
    16.00 ES 1923    
    20.00 ES 165x    
           
    26.09.43      
    00.00 ES 1387 Course 350°.  
      WbyN 3, Sea 3, 8/10, Vis. 1-3 nm, faint marine phosphorescence    
    04.00 ES 1343    
    09.00 EJ 7984 Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 12 nm in 115°T.  
    12.00 EJ 7951 Day's run:  Surfaced  184 nm  
      WNW 3, Sea 3, 5/10, Vis. 8-10 nm    
    16.00 EJ 7673    
      WNW 3-4    
    20.00 EJ 7615    
      WNW 3    
           
    27.09.43 Central Atlantic    
    00.00 EJ 7314 Course 350°.  
      NNE 1, Sea 1, 9/10, Vis. 4-5 nm, rain squalls, faint marine phosphorescence    
    04.00 EJ 4899    
      Summer lightening.    
    08.00 EJ 4962    
    12.00 EJ 4594 Day's run:  Surfaced  198 nm  
      NNE 3, Sea 3, 9/10, rain squalls, Vis. 4-8 nm    
    15.05 EJ 4528 Test dive.  Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 9 nm in 326°T.  
      7/10, hazy air  
    15.52   Surfaced.  
    18.31 EJ 4288 Dived to proceed submerged because the visibility is always worse (hazy) there was also a very low cloud deck.  
      very hazy, rain squalls, Vis. 4 nm  
    22.12   Surfaced.  
           
    28.09.43      
    00.00 EJ 4257    
      8/10, rain squalls, summer lightening, Vis. 103 nm, medium marine phosphorescence    
    04.00 EJ 4221    
    08.00 EJ 1846    
    12.00 EJ 1579 Day's run:  Surfaced      150 nm  
      NE 4-5, Sea 4, 9/10, rain squalls, Vis. 1-7 nm, greatly changing                  Submerged    9.5 nm  
    16.00 EJ 1546    
      ENE 5, squally    
    20.00 EJ 1278    
           
Sun and Moon Data 25.09.43
Sun and Moon Data 26.09.43
Sun and Moon Data 27.09.43
Sun and Moon Data 28.09.43
 
- 58 -
 
           
           
           
           
    29.09.43 Central Atlantic    
    00.00 EJ 1245 Course 0°.  
      7/10, squalls, light marine phosphorescence, Vis. 1-2 nm    
    04.00 DT 7878    
    08.00 DT 7842    
    09.30 DT 7818 Test dive.  
      ENE 4-5, Sea 4, 9/10, Vis. 5-7 nm    
    10.10   Surfaced.  
    12.02 DT 7485 Dived to proceed submerged due to low Cumulus clouds and hazy visibility.  
        Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 28 nm in 285°T.  
        Day's run:  Surfaced      167 nm  
                         Submerged      1 nm  
    17.00   At periscope depth.  Weather unchanged.  
    22.03 DT 7455 Surfaced.  Course 0°.  
           
    30.09.43      
    00.00 DT 7425    
      8/10, Vis. 1-2 nm, light marine phosphorescence    
    04.00 DT 7158    
      ENE 3-4, Sea 3, 7/10, Vis. 2-3 nm    
    08.00 DT 7122    
    09.08 DT 4788 Test dive.  Proceeded submerged.  
    12.00 DT 4785 Day's run:  Surfaced        127 nm  
                         Submerged      6.3 nm  
    18.39 3/10, Vis. 10-12 nm Surfaced.  
    20.00 DT 4753 Course 15°.  
           
           
    01.10.43      
    00.00 DT 4453 Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 25 nm in 348°T.  
      ENE 2, Sea 2, 2/10, Vis. 3-4 nm  
    04.00 DT 4195    
      Faint marine phosphorescence
No keying material for October
 
    08.00 DT 4139    
      6/10    
    09.04 DT 4136 Test dive.  Proceeded submerged.  
    12.00 DT 4133 Day's run:  Surfaced  114 nm, Submerged  18.8 nm  
    20.32 DT 1874 Surfaced.  
      SE 2, overcast, rain    
           
    02.10.43      
    00.00 DT 1842 Course 15°.  
      ESE 2, Sea 2, overcast, Vis. 2-3 nm, faint marine phosphorescence    
    04.00 DT 1584    
    08.00 DT 1528    
      5/10    
    09.08 DT 1525 Dived to proceed submerged.  
    12.00   Day's run:  Surfaced      101 nm  
                         Submerged    23 nm  
    15.12 DT 1289 Surfaced  
      E 2, 5/10, Vis. 12-14 nm    
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 29.09.43
Sun and Moon Data 30.09.43
Sun and Moon Data 01.10.43
Sun and Moon Data 02.10.43
 
- 59 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    02.10.43      
    20.00 DT 1235    
           
    03.10.43      
    00.00 DG 9767 Course 15°.  
      E 2, 9/10, Vis. 2-3 nm, faint marine phosphorescence    
    04.00 DG 9732    
    08.00 DG 9466    
    08.58 DG 9541 Dived to proceed submerged, course 20°.  
    12.00 DG 9517 Day's run:  Surfaced      155 nm  
                         Submerged    12 nm  
    21.29 DG 9278 Surfaced.  Course 15°.  
      E 4, Sea 4, 9/10, rain squalls, medium Swell    
           
    04.10.43 North Atlantic    
    00.00 DG 9249    
      Vis. 2-3 nm    
    02.00   Course 0°.  
    03.00 DG 9219 Clocks set back 1 hour.  
      E 4    
    04.00 DG 6879    
      Squalls    
    08.00 DG 6846 Dived to proceed submerged.  Course 40°.  
      ENE 4-5, Sea 4, 9/10, rain squalls    
    12.00 DG 6851 Day's run:  Surfaced         81 nm  
                         Submerged   26.3 nm  
    20.10 DG 6825 Surfaced, course 15°.  Junkers compressor out of service (crankcase cracked).  
      8/10, Vis. 5-6 nm  
           
    05.10.43      
    00.00 DG 6569    
      NbyE 3-4, medium Swell, Vis. 2-3 nm    
    04.00 DG 6534    
      Rain squalls    
    07.55 DG 6232 Dived to proceed submerged.  Course 40°.  
      NNE 4, 6-7/10, squally Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 31 nm in 3°T.  
    12.00 DG 3899 Day's run:  Surfaced  80 nm, Submerged  22.2 nm  
    20.00 DG 3971 Surfaced.  Course 15°.  
      N 3, Sea 3    
           
    06.10.43      
    00.00 DG 6391    
      NbyE 3-4, 6/10, Vis. 3-4 nm    
    04.00 DG 3657    
      7/10    
    07.52 DG 3622 Dived to proceed submerged.  Course 40°.  
      N 4, Sea 3    
    12.00 DG 3389 Day's run:  Surfaced  89 nm, Submerged  22.5 nm  
    2-.30 DG 3391 Surfaced.  Course 25°.  
           
    07.10.43      
    00.00 DG 3339    
      4/10, Vis. 4 nm    
    04.00 CF 7973 Course 35°.  
      NNW 3    
    07.42 CF 7928 Dived to proceed submerged.  Course 50°.  
      NNE 2-3, Sea 2, overcast    
           
Sun and Moon Data 02.10.43
Sun and Moon Data 03.10.43
Sun and Moon Data 04.10.43
Sun and Moon Data 05.10.43
Sun and Moon Data 06.10.43
Sun and Moon Data 07.10.43
 
- 60 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    07.10.43      
    12.00 CF 7926 Day's run:  Surfaced  89 nm, Submerged  24 nm  
    16.00 CF 7931 Surfaced.  Course 35°.  
      6/10, Vis. 12 nm    
    20.00 CF 8445    
           
    08.10.43      
    00.00 CF 8421    
      NbyE 2, Sea 2, 8/10, Vis. 4 nm, faint marine phosphorescence    
    04.00 CF 8167    
      NE 1-2, 3/10    
    07.27 CF 8136 Dived to proceed submerged.  Course 50°.  
    12.00 CF 8212 Day's run:  Surfaced       125 nm  
                         Submerged     19 nm  
    14.15   Surfaced.  Course 35°.  
    16.00 CF 5876    
      WNW 2, Sea 1, 5/10, Vis. 8 nm, unclear horizon    
    17.38 CF 5858 Dived to proceed submerged.  Course 50°.  
      8/10    
           
    09.10.43 North Atlantic    
    00.00 CF 5855    
    03.21 CF 5853 Surfaced.  Northerly course.  
      NW 1, Sea 1, 9/10, Vis. 2-3 nm, faint marine phosphorescence    
    07.35 CF 5598 Dived to proceed submerged.  Course 50°.  
    12.00 CF 5596 Day's run:  Surfaced       80 nm  
                         Submerged    18.6 nm  
    20.08 CF 5674 Surfaced.  Course 50°.  
      W 2, Sea 2, 9/10, Vis. 8 nm    
    23.25 CF 5652 Dived to proceed submerged.  Course 60°.  
      Vis. 5 nm, bright moonlight night    
           
    10.10.43      
    04.18 CF 5653 Surfaced.  Course 60°.  
      S 2, Sea 1, 9/10, rain, Vis. 2-3 nm, faint marine phosphorescence    
    07.17 CF 5636 Dived to proceed submerged.  Course 70°.  
    12.00 CF 6411 Day's run:  Surfaced         64 nm  
                         Submerged    26.4 nm  
    14.20   Surfaced to ventilate.  
    14.50 CF 6412 Dived to proceed submerged.  Course 70°.  
    19.32 CF 6179 Surfaced.  Northeasterly course.  
        Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 35 nm in 49°T (since 5 October).  
    22.30 CF 6241 Dived to proceed submerged.  Course 70°.  
      NE 1, Sea 1, 8/10, Vis. 3-4 nm, bright moonlit night    
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 07.10.43
Sun and Moon Data 08.10.43
Sun and Moon Data 09.10.43
Sun and Moon Data 10.10.43
 
- 61 -
 
           
           
           
           
    11.10.43 North Atlantic    
    01.25   Very distant detonations (starboard ?) heard.  
    05.35 CF 6242 Surfaced.  Northeasterly course.  
      ENE 1, Sea 0-1, 2/10, Vis. 3-4 nm    
    07.05 CF 6251 Dived to proceed submerged.  Course 70°.  
    12.00 CF 6228 Day's run:  Surfaced         45 nm  
                         Submerged    21.4 nm  
    13.00 - 15.08   Series detonations (very distant).  
    15.45   Several detonations (distant)  
    20.11 CF 6229 Surfaced.  Northeasterly course.  
      ENE 2, Sea 1, 9/10, Vis. 2-4 nm, bright moonlit night    
    23.06 CF 6314 Dived to proceed submerged.  Course 70°.  
           
    12.10.43      
    06.12 CF 6312 Surfaced.  Northeasterly course.  
      Wind calm, 9/10    
    07.17 CF 6313 Dived to proceed submerged.  Course 70°.  
    12.00 CF 3987 Day's run:  Surfaced        43 nm  
                         Submerged    26 nm  
    16.49 CF 3987 (to port) very distant detonations.  
    16.53 CF 3987 (to port ?) distant detonation.  
    20.01 CF 3989 Surfaced.  Northeasterly course.  
      Vis. 3-6 nm, bright moonlit night    
           
    13.10.43      
    12.00 CG 1748 Proceeding submerged.  Course 70°.  
        Day's run:  Surfaced  21 nm, Submerged  29 nm  
    19.45 CG 1757 Surfaced.  Northeasterly course.  
      5/10, Vis. 5-6 nm, bright moonlit night    
    22.48 CG 1854 Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 32 nm in 93°T (since 10 October).  
      7/10, thin cloud layer  
        Dived to proceed submerged.  Course 70°.  
           
    14.10.43      
    05.50 CG 1852 Surfaced.  Northeasterly course.  
      Sea 1, 4/10, Vis. 5 nm, bright moonlit night    
    06.42 CG 1829 Dived to proceed submerged.  Course 70°.  
      6/10    
    12.00 CG 1837 Day's run:  Surfaced        37 nm  
                         Submerged    28 nm  
    13.30 - 19.30   Single and series detonations at long and very long range.  
    19.48 CG 1836 Surfaced.  Northeasterly course.  
      NW 3, Sea 2, 8/10, rain showers, Vis. 3-5 nm    
    21.50 CG 1913    
      NNW 2, bright moonlit night Dived to proceed submerged.  Course 60°.  
           
    15.10.43      
    04.57 CG 1687 Surfaced.  Northeasterly course.  
      Flat Sea, 6/10, Vis. 5-6 nm, very bright moonlit night    
           
Sun and Moon Data 11.10.43
Sun and Moon Data 12.10.43
Sun and Moon Data 13.10.43
Sun and Moon Data 14.10.43
Sun and Moon Data 15.10.43
 
- 62 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    15.10.43      
    05.10   Dived to proceed submerged.  Course 60°.  
    12.00 CG 1685 Day's run:  Surfaced        23 nm  
                         Submerged    30 nm  
    08.00 - 18.25   Frequent distant detonations.  
    19.45 CG 1691 Surfaced.  Northeasterly course.  
      S 2, Sea 1, 6/10, Vis. 3-4 nm    
    21.40 CG 1669 Dived to proceed submerged.  Course 60°.  
           
    16.10.43      
    04.38 CG 2445 Surfaced.  Northeasterly course.  Barometer falls strongly.  Finally.  
      S 4, Sea 3, overcast, rain squalls, Vis. 104 nm  
    06.25 CG 2419 Dived to proceed submerged.  Course 40°.  
      SW 4    
    12.00 CG 2425 Day's run:  Surfaced        33 nm  
                         Submerged    30 nm  
    10.36 and      
    10.50   One distant detonation each.  
        Intention:  With the coming weather from the southwest proceed under the Spanish coast.  
    19.31 CG 2189 Surfaced.  Northeasterly course.  
      W 4, Sea 4, 7/10, rain, Vis. 2-5 nm, medium marine phosphorescence    
    22.34 CG 2271 Dived to proceed submerged.  Northeasterly course.  
    22.58 - 23.26   Distant detonation.  
           
    17.10.43      
    01.24 - 02.32   Isolated distant detonations.  
    04.51 CG 2247    
      W 3, Sea 3, 5/10 Surfaced.  Northeasterly course.  
    05.02   Dived.  Northeasterly course.  
    06.17 - 08.57   Indvidual distant detonations.  
    12.00 CG 2245 Day's run:  Surfaced        20 nm  
                         Submerged    31 nm  
    14.55 and      
    15.38   One each distant detonations!  
    19.40 CG 2218 Surfaced.  Northeasterly course.  
      SW 3, Sea 3    
    20.30   Finisterre Lighthouse in sight  
    20.35   Dived.  
    22.05 Strong rain, strong marine phosphorescence, lightening    
           
    18.10.43 Bay of Biscay    
    00.58 BF 7857 Dived.  Northeasterly course.  
      SW 4, Sea 4    
    02.25   Surfaced.  Villano Lighthouse in sight ahead to starboard.  
    03.23 BF 7828 Dived.  Northeasterly course.  
    12.00 BF 7834 Day's run:  Surfaced 38 nm, Submerged 26 nm  
           
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 15.10.43
Sun and Moon Data 16.10.43
Sun and Moon Data 17.10.43
Sun and Moon Data 18.10.43
 
- 63 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    18.10.43      
    16.35   Distant detonation.  
    19.39 BF 7832    
      SW 5, Sea 4, rain squall, Vis. 1-3 nm, strong marine phosphorescence Surfaced.  
    22.26 BF 7675 Dived.  Northeasterly course.  
           
    19.10.43      
    04.57 BF 7649 Surfaced.  Northeasterly course.  
      SW 6, Sea 5, 9/10, Vis. 2-3 nm, strong marine phosphorescence    
    06.36 BF 7656 Dived.  Easterly course.  
    12.00 BF 7664 Day's run:  Surfaced       40 nm  
                         Submerged    35 nm  
    19.15 BF 8444 Surfaced.  Southeasterly course.  
      SW 5, rain squalls, Vis. 2 nm, very strong marine phosphorescence    
    22.42 BF 8473 Dived.  Easterly course.  
           
    20.10.43      
    04.44 BF 8482 Surfaced.  Easterly course.  
      SW 3, 4/10, rain squall    
    05.05   Dived.  Easterly course.  
    12.00 BF 8491 Day's run:  Surfaced       39 nm  
                         Submerged    43 nm  
    19.10 BF 8595 Surfaced.  Switched to Coastal Circuit.  Lighthouses:  Peñas, Tazones, then Somes in sight.  
      SE 3, 6-9/10, rain squalls, strong marine phosphorescence  
      Difference between dead reckoning and actual position after a navigation fix 42 nm in 97°T (since 18 October).  
    23.32 BF 8913 Dived.  Easterly course.  
           
    21.10.43      
    04.57 SE 2, Sea 2, 5/10, Vis. 3 nm, strong marine phosphorescence Surfaced.  Easterly course.  
    05.32 [Keying material from 30 September was used because the boat did not have keying material for October] Radio Message 30 September 10.30 hours:  Request Recognition Signal and radio beacons.  ßß  Am 48 hours off meeting point with escort.  
                                                                  U-196.  
    05.41 BF 8922 Dived.  Easterly course.  
        Radio Message and Short Signal given with keying material from 30 September.  
    12.00 BF 8931 Day's run:  Surfaced  
                         Submerged  
    17.28   Incoming Radio Message:  (at periscope depth):  
        Kentrat from F.d.U. West.  Escort positioned 23 October from 10.00 hours point Gabel.  Radio Beacon Group 3 runs on 23 October from 06.00-10.00 hours.  Do not proceed on Route Handgepäck by night.  
    19.02   Surfaced.  Easterly course.  
    19.45 BF 9714 Moved off from the coast on northwesterly courses.  
      WNW 2, Sea 2, 4/10, Vis. 2-4 nm, medium marine phosphorescence    
           
           
Sun and Moon Data 18.10.43
Sun and Moon Data 19.10.43
Sun and Moon Data 20.10.43
Sun and Moon Data 21.10.43
 
- 64 -
 
           
           
           
    continued      
    21.10.43      
    22.30 BF 9479 Dived, proceeded submerged.  
    23.37 E 2, Sea 1, 7/10 Surfaced, northeasterly course.  
           
    22.10.43      
    01.34   Incoming Radio Message Recognition Signals from 21 to 23 October.  
    02.20 BF 9482 Dived, proceeded submerged.  
    06.50   Surfaced.  
    07.11   Dived, proceeded submerged.  
    12.00 BF 9461 Day's run:  Surfaced       72 nm  
                         Submerged    34 nm  
    19.13 BF 9436 Surfaced.  
    20.45   Dived, proceeded submerged.  
           
    23.10.43      
    05.53 BF 9273 Steered by radio beacons on entry route.  
      W 3, Sea 3, 7/10, medium Swell    
    10.54 BF 9315 Taken in convoy.  
    14.26   Pilot on board.  
    18.26   Made fast U-boat Base Bordeaux.  
           
        Completed:  23.10.1943.