Copy No. 4 of 4.
 

 
Op-16-Z
  A16-2(4)  
     
 
September 3, 1942.
 
     
 
MEMORANDUM for Colonel Catesby apC. Jones, G.S.C.
  Chief, Interrogation Branch, G-2
  War Department.
   
Subject: Interrogation of War Prisoners.
 
     
          1.        With reference to the memorandum sent by General Strong to the Chief of Staff regarding the handling of prisoners of war taken from enemy submarines, it is necessary that the interpretation of this memorandum be clarified.  
     
          2.        Insofar as regards the prisoners from U-352, U-701 and U-210 it is understood that the German Government has been informed of the names of the men now held and that all prisoners from these boats will be transferred to a permanent internment camp.  
     
          3.        Those prisoners from U-701 and U-210 now held at Fort Hunt will not be permitted to contact new prisoners received prior to their transfer.  
     
          4.        It is requested that an interpretation of the memorandum mentioned, as it will be applied to the prisoners from U-94 and other prisoners who may be taken, be furnished.  
     
          5.  Probably as much as 75% of the information of value extracted from prisoners during interrogation at Fort Hunt comes from judicious mixing of prisoners from different U-boats.  Prisoners are security conscious by training and all members of the crew of any one boat are familiar with the experiences of their shipmates.  Introduction of a prisoner from another boat immediately causes curiosity to override caution and it is in the exchange of experiences between such prisoners that vital facts are brought out.  
     
        6.      An excellent example can be given from our own experience.  The U-352 had a crew which was very highly indoctrinated on security and a commanding officer who kept his men strictly to account.  Relatively little was extracted from these men.  When U-701 was sunk the commanding officer was badly shaken by forty nine hours in the water and talked freely. - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  
     
 
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  Op-16-Z.  
  A16-2(4)  
     
  SUBJECT:        Interrogation of War Prisoners.  
  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  
     
  When he recovered he continued to talk, partly in gratitude and partly because he is naturally loquacious and has an immense curiosity.  When members of the U-352 were placed with him a very large amount of valuable information was obtained from their conversations and reminiscences.  
     
          7.        I believe that it is essential that the Interrogators be allowed to make judicious mixtures of crew members or officers from prisoners taken in order to profit by this natural tendency to talk with strangers.  The interrogators should be allowed a free hand at Fort Hunt in making the assignments of prisoners to rooms irrespective of the boat from which they came.  
     
          8.        It is, of course, understood that when prisoners are transferred from Fort Hunt they will be aware of the fact that other prisoners are being held.  When such prisoners are visited by the Red Cross or the Swiss representatives they will inevitably mention this fact.  
     
          9.        I believe that General Strong's memorandum amply protects us.  The German government, through the proper representative, is to be advised of the names of prisoners WHEN THEY REACH A PERMANENT INTERNMENT CAMP.  The exigencies of medical examination, transportation during war time, availability of guards, etc., makes the time elapsed before arrival in a permanent camp very flexible.  
     
          10.        Prisoners should be transferred from Fort Hunt by single crews.  Prisoners transferred from Fort Hunt can be held at a temporary camp for the period required to deny information to the enemy.  When they do arrive at a permanent camp and are visited by the Red Cross or Swiss representatives they will pass on the information about other prisoners and, probably, the number of the boat from which they were taken.  
     
          11.        In the event of an inquiry from the Red Cross or the Swiss the Provost Marshal General's Office can reply frankly that such is the case and that the names will be communicated as soon as the prisoners arrive at the permanent camp.  
     
 
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  Op-16-Z.  
  A16-2(4)  
     
  SUBJECT:        Interrogation of War Prisoners.  
  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  
     
          12.        This demands the use of more than one temporary camp, depending upon the number of U-boats sunk during a relatively short period.  I believe that three such camps should be provided besides Camp Meade which is used as a clearing camp for Fort Hunt.  
     
          13.        I can see no material harm in using one permanent camp for internment of all prisoners from submarines.  
     
     
                                                                                    John L. Riheldaffer,  
                                                                             Commander, U.S. Navy(Ret.)  
                                                                           Head of Special Activities Branch.  
     
     
     
     
     
  Dictated 9/3/42  
  Dictated by Cdr. Riheldaffer  
  Typed by London.  
     
 
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Summary Room Conversation    Degen (U-701) - Bernhard (U-352)                     8/10/42   22.35
 
 
 
Trans. Alberti
 
     
  He remembers having previously had morphium injections, principally because he suffers from gall-bladder trouble.  
  He states that he heard the watch being relieved at night.  Two men were being relieved .  He heard them say: "How late is it?" then "Two o'clock".  Then someone said "How are you Captain?"  About an hour later one or two men came in and one gave him an injection.  "Hat mir eine Nadel ins Blut gesteck und dann gespritzt, aber heftig" and immediately they began to question him, shouting at him:  When did you sail, you must tell us, how many torpedoes did you carry?"  Degen says he could do nothing as he was quite helpless and had not yet recovered from his experience in the water.  
     
  Bernhard says he is suspicious of the building because of the ceilings with the holes in them.  
     
  Degen says Rathke was formerly Wachoffizer under Henne, about 1934.  It seems he had seriously injured his knee while skiing, at that time he was laid up for about 6 months.  Bernhard confirms that he still suffers from trouble with his knee.  He was brought to his boat by car, it even appears that he had to use a wheel chair (hatte sogar so einen kleinen Wagen da). (I think Bernhard says that this was during the Baubelehrung).  
     
  Degen says he is not married "Gottseidank".  Bernhard suggests that a pleasant time can be had in a Stutzpunkt if one is not married.  Degen doesn't react to this.  Says, on arrival he would go to the B.d.U. and after a couple of days go to Germany on leave.  Says he has often been to Paris.  
     
  Degen asks Bernhard if the had "Wassereinbruch" in the boat.  B. says he was "im Turm" and doesn't know exactly.  Says it is better not to talk of these things here.  Degen points out that when one has to give up one's boat, after all there is a hole in it, and the Americans have submarines too . . . . . . . . But Bernhard says they are apparently keen to know all about it, and therefore it is better not to say anything about it.  Degen then tells him about the captured boat in England, and that they know all about U-boats anyway.  But B. points out that if they get the details it helps them to get other boats. . . . . . . . .  
     
  Degen mentions Topp and that Lt. Izzard asked him about him and Kretschmer.  He says Topp is due for the Schwerter zum Eichenlaub" and he has sunk 250,000 T.  Bernhard mentions Kt. Zapp.  
     
  Bernhard even refuse to tell Degen how long he has been in U-boats or how long in the Navy.  He just says "nicht lange".  
     
  Bernhard says 660 ships totaling 4 million tons have been sunk in six months.  
     
  Degen mentions that a U-boat commander has been accused by the Americans of having shot at a lifeboat because the inmates refused  
     
     

 

     
     
  to answer questions.  Bernhard refuses to believe this.  But claims positively that he was shot at in the water and that no one here will believe him, that the commander of the boat that sank them should have realized when he saw men jumping out of the conning tower that they were abandoning ship, but that he machine-gunned them in spite of this and that five men were shot in the water.  
     
  Degen then talks of the sinking of his boat.  Of how they only had two "Trauchretter" and five lifebelts between them.  That the plane returned about an hour after the sinking, dropped smoke flares.  Later the airship dropped them more life preservers and eventually the raft.  The airplane also took pictures of them.  
     
  Degen says they did not see the plane till it was almost over them, just in good time to drop it's bombs.  They had only just shortly come to the surface.  Degen says he got out when his boat was 70 Meters down.  Later says it may have been 60 Meters.  That inside one minute, the boat was full of water "bis unter das Turmluck".  The gauge in the control room showed 60 Meters.  Says: "Schuld an der Sache war mein Eins W.O." (Erster Wachoffizier).  Also the flier who sank his boat came to see him later and told him he was very sorry he had been unable to pick them up at the time.  Describes in detail the story we already know about how each of them was watching one sector for planes, as much as anything again apparently to justify his part to B.  Tells how they all got back in the boat, he last, and that the bombs hit then when they were 18 Meters under water.  Says he gave his 2 Eins W.O. "einen vorwurfsvollen Blick and said zu sp"at gesehen.Sagt er, Jawohl.  Incidentally they had already started to get back into the boat, when the Officer saw the plane.  The Steuermann and Zwei W.O. had already gotten back into the boat.  They were only on the surface 15 minutes, and each man only had to observe a sector 20 degrees, with a perfectly clear sky.  B. asks how D. managed to get out.  He says he was standing behind (the  
     
     

 

     
 
 

9/8/42
 
Schwendel (U-701)
  Faust (U-701)  
  Conversation  
     
 
P. We have been turned over to the Army, and consequently will have it very well from now on.
   
PP. How come?
   
P. I guess they are through questioning.
   
PP. Let us hope so.  What did he say?
   
P. He said; that if I say just a little, I will improve my position a lot.  I then said that I don't want to buy my freedom that way and I like it the way it is.
   
PP. These gangsters.
   
P. Then he asked me, what port we took off, from and I said I did not know.  Then he said; don't you know?  I then told him that I knew alright but would not want to tell him.  (both laughing)
   
PP. When I came in he said that he had to ask me a few questions of minor importance.  He asked for my name and serial number and so forth and then he asked me a military question.  I then said that I could not answer military questions.
   
P.  He asked me; is there any industry where you come from?  Do I told him that there are some factories producing Typewriters and hunting rifles.  He then said that he had been there and that he knew that it is a hunting section.
   
PP. I don't think he was there, may be he traveled through that part, but it he actually been there he would have known of all the war industry located there.
 
     
 
 
 
 
     
     

 

     
 
 

 
                                            Room conversation Faust - Seldte (U-701)                    9/8/42
     
  Yes but no war vessels.  Just steamers.  
  War vessels can't be used in these waters.  for advance guard service.  
  (He relates that the interrogator asked for types of ammunition used on the submarine, which he did not know.  He elaborates upon the survivors.)  
  (He continues to relate circumstances of the rescue from the sinking submarine.  It seems as if an inflated rubber boat saved quite a few lives.)  
  There is a question as to the watertight compartments (Schotten), which is not audible.  
  (He says that some of the petty officers were removed in the last minute)  
  I heard an explosion and saw a black mass approach.  Water penetrated into my small cabin, swept me through the entire boat and carried me outside.  
  When I got into the commander's cabin things were a terrible mess.  There was no more light, because the supply of lighting there was dependent upon the radio shack and the central station.  
  We were all ordered to come to the central station and leave the submarine from there.  I was sent back to tell the first machinist to come to the central station.  He had tried to have the exit door in front opened but it was impossible because there was no diver to do the job from the outside.  It is really a difficult operation.  I also found out that there were several men, who could not make their way to the central station.  
  When I went through the commander's cabin again, there was total darkness, because the big washstand had fallen into such a position that it cut off the dim glare which had formerly penetrated from the central station.  I felt my way around in there but could not find any exits.  They had all been blocked and in addition the amount of air in this room had decreased, because of the rapidity of my movements, which used up quite a bit of air.  I finally returned to the central  
     
 
 
 
 
     
     

 

     
 
2
 

 
 
  station, where everything was full of oil and things generally were a terrible mess.  In a corner the figure of machinist mate Richter was sprawled put, and upon my inquiries whether the others had left the submarine already he answered with moans.  Neither did he answer when I asked him whether he was hurt.  I realized that we were near the coast and that escape was possible, and I began to look for diving equipment, but could not find any, or rather whatever I found was torn to shreds.  
  I finally took a deep breath, held my nostrils together and went out to reach the surface.  The decrease of pressure hardly bothered me.  I joined the others and we swam towards the coast, but the current carried us back.  
  (He now describes an instrument in the frontal part of the conning tower, which apparently measures the distances and serves also other functions.  The words are partly obliterated.)  
  (They describe the behavior of their captors and especially of an interpreter.)  
  (They discuss details of New York City and an airdrome, which they passed on their way)  
  The Junkers could fly to New York.  They can cover 7000 km non stop, and the distance between New York City and Spain only amounts to 6000 km.  They can cover the distance with a bombload.  They could take along big bundles of incendiary bombs (Molotov breadbaskets) like they did over Warsaw.  Then people in New York would stand on their heads.  
  (The discussion reverts back to the submarine.)  
  We ascended from a depth of 86 meters.  There were several boats.  
  (They deride the stupidity of the guards and discuss several of them)  
  So he passed by and I stuck my head out and told him that I was hungry.  
  He said that I was getting enough to eat.  
  Upon completion of the first trip they went to Brest, after the second one to St. Nazaire.  
  I was asked whether I had seen the insignia of the 7th flotilla, picturing a steer.  
     
 
 
 
 
     
     

 

     
 
3
 

 
 
  I am in a very good mood.  I would have liked to throw this food into the shit house.  This morning we had bread and some eggs.  I have never yet eaten the eggs here.  They taste rotten.  
  I came in there and everything was freshly constructed and in good order.  I examined the floor for microphones.  
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
 
 
 
     
     

 

     
 
#44
 

 
FAUST AND SELDTE (U-701) CONVERSATION
 
9-8-42.
 
     
  Part II.  
     
  Here?  With such a boat we were brought to this country, and not with a warship.  
  Such vessels were attacked by us, for they are carrying war supplies.  
  We did not attack warships.  
  It is America's fault.  We did not attack any warships at all.  
  We did not use them much.  Not even the advance guard.  
  He wanted to know what kind of ammunition we used on our boat.  I told him that I didn't know anything definite about that.  He said that the boat was shot to pieces.  
  Is that what he said?  Radtke cried out in the last minute.  
  . . . . . . . . dived.  It was Klauber. . . . . . . . was called there also.  
  If it weren't for him, they all would have drowned.  
  We all got out of there.  He didn't want to get out.  
  . . . . . . . . Muetzelfuenf, I know him.  We attended the same school.  
  I went in then and Schulz followed.  
  What was it?  
  Why did it have to come that way? - . . . . . . . . shot . . . . . . . .  
  I tell you why: because those lordly non-coms had to get out . . . . . . . .  
  in the last minute.  
  Why?  The boat wasn't filled up with water yet.  
  No. - A detonation occurred.  Wasn't that it?  
  All one could see was a black . . . . . . . . from the sides.  And I asked him to bring his . . . . . . . .  
     
 
 
 
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  I understand.  He was fully exhausted . . . . . . . .  
  I have been struggling too. - The commandant also.  One could not know anymore where the front was, nor the rear.  
  There wasn't any light.  First we had the light from the . . . . . . . . and latter on from the "central station" . . . . . . . .  
  When I went thru there for the first time, I got caught between the officer's quarters and B . . . . room . . . . there is such a hook for clothes . . . .  
  We struggled, someone pulled me in and I turned over.  That was in the commandant's room.  He told me, that he wanted to go thru to the B . . . . room, but apparently his "diver" was out of order.  He inquired after the "central station" . . . . He advised for all of us to rush to the "central station" if possible.  From there was should emerge . . . . . . . . I came back . . . . . . . . said, it was impossible.  Then I went thru there once more . . . . . . . . couldn't get thru there to the "central station" . . . . . . . . that couldn't be done, for they did not have any diving suits.  Don't you think so?  
  Yes.  
  That's poor business.  I went thru there again.  But I could not pass the "central station".  
  Where did . . . . get tout then?  
  Thru the "bow room".  Again I went back and thru the commander's room where apparently this wash-stand was folded back.  At any rate, after I passed thru there for the second time, no light was visible anymore. . . . . . . . . "central station" . . . . . . . .  Well, I could get up to the commandant's room only but not a bit further.  I fumbled all over the place:  there was this bow of the curtain, on the otherside the rod-antenna which leads upwards . . . . . . . . radio room.  So I thought this must be the front end.  The "bow room" ought to be here.  
     
 
 
 
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  Yes, I can see.  
  So I wandered around the commandant's room.  The flow of air was scarce.  I gasped, my eyes started to get irritated. - I dove . . . . . . . . and I came up in front of the "central station". - - - - the slide and I entered the "central station".  What a mess in there.  Everything covered with oil.  And way back, where the speaking trumpets are, there I heard groaning and further back in the corner one of the fellows was lying.  Oh, was he in bad shape.  - I thought to myself, what in the world is going on here.  Did the others leave him?  He kept groaning more and more.  I asked him; are you hurt? No answer. - I try to explain to him that we are getting on shore. - - Diver, diver, that's all he said. - I assumed, that he wants a diving apparatus and I looked around to find one for him.  But later on I couldn't find the fellow anymore.  
  . . . . . . . . .  
  Everything was dark in the "central station".  I looked around for him.  I expected him to get out where the engines are.  I couldn't see a thing.  I only heard the groaning voice.  Whether he was injured or what happened to him, I really couldn't say. - - I looked around there, asked for the lid to be opened, gasped for breath and I go up.  There wasn't a thing I could have done about him.  I did my best. - I presume, he was seriously injured. - . . . . . . . . the suction of the water took care of the rest.  It was just like this.  I didn't feel anything much.  No pressure at all.  . . . . . . . . I fumbled along the ladder.  . . . . . . . . arrived at the turret.  I stood on the conning tower.  . . . . . . . . He was hit and fell.  
  Yes, and . . . . . . . .  
  He was with us for one year, almost a full year.  
     
 
 
 
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  I must admit, that I came up pretty fast.  As a whole, everything worked out good.  Really, in good order.  Even though, there was a little crying here and there in the beginning.  
  His diving-apparatus is ruined.  
  I wanted to carry his diving-apparatus to the rear, he was too lazy to get his.  That's the result now. - It could have been exchanged.  
  It sure was luck, that I kept my diving-apparatus in the bow room.  
  I always figured that it pays to exercise great care.  
  My uniform was kept in one particular spot, for I expected to go on shore.  
  . . . . . . . .  
  Helloh, here we are.  
  90km.  
  90 miles . . . . . . . .  
  from Norfolk.  A kilometer is more than an American land mile, compared to German measurements.  That's quite a distance.  
  . . . . . . . . they would have gotten on land.  
  Sure, but they drifted away.  
  . . . . . . . . we could feel the difference between low and high tide.  
  Now it won't be as easy as this any more, the boat is full of water, and if they should get it . . . . . . .  no, it can't be done.  
  They can have her after the war, if they should care.  They won't be able to do it.  And we will have new ones again by that time.  
  We have new ones already, that's what the Lembke men report.  They have a . . . . whether I have seen a 7,50. . . . . . . . It is a square box; that's how it looks, and in front it has a tower.  It looks more or less like some kind of a "cooler".  
     
 
 
 
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  They can determine the size of the ship, the distance, how many vessels there are altogether and similar things.  Even the rate of speed.  
  They can figure it out . . . . that's all fixed on the sub.  
  I got all that from No. I who used to be on . . . . .  
  . . . . . . . may be 14 vessels or more, it can be figured out any more how many . . . . there was a huge one also, which they eliminated, 86000 t. simultaneously, in a few hours only. - A speedy ship, the speediest. . . . . . . .  
  The American has fast moving ships.  
  Well then . . . . . . . .  
  . . . . . . . . being written down:  U-Degen overdue, U-Degen overdue.  
  . . . . . . . . as such they are not bad, the natives.  
  But as soldiers. . . . . . . .  
  Hep, two, three, four, hep, two, three, four . . . . . . . . and then they are still out of step. - One arm swings this way and the other the opposite way.  
  And even if they do count, they are still out of step.  
  And I sure got a big kick out of them the first night here. . . . . . . .  
  I sure laughed heartily. . . . . . . .  
  You will be warned once only, if you should attempt to escape.  Shouldn't you stop after this warning, you will be fired upon.  I looked him straight in the face with the effect that he couldn't carry on with his talk anymore.  I had to look away from him.  If you should not understand everything, come and see me, I was told by him.  They simply can't speak anymore, you have to look away from them.  Later I looked in his face again and he started to stutter.  You will start out for a long trip today, you have only five minutes or 6 minutes left. (imitates stuttering)  
     
 
 
 
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  Yes, 10 minutes I spoke to him, in answer.  
  . . . . . . . . a Jew.  
  Yes, he is also a Jew.  
  . . . . . . . . and thru all this interpreting . . . . . . . .  
  . . . . . . . . Navy or Marine . . . . . . . .  
  the one . . . . . . . . you know and the blond, who gave me two bottles of beer last Sunday. - He has a wife and two children.  I didn't see the children, how ever I did see his wife.  He showed me several photographs of her.  
  He lives in New York. . . .  - Oh, no, I find that New York . . . . . . . .  
  . . . . . . . . as they always write about those sky-scrapers.  
  Have you seen the air field there, which we passed . . . . . . .  
  On some places they had AA guns.  Did you notice them.  
  Yes, sure.  
  Yes, they are afraid of aircraft carriers coming across. -  
  The carrier Prinz Eugen . . . . . . . . They continually fear, that they might come over here. - That is not impossible, you know.  
  Yes, yes.  
  The "Ju" could get across here.  The "Ju" has a range up to 7000 km.  
  But she has to get back again.  
  Back and forth it amounts to 6000 from Spain.  They could come from Spain.  
  But how about bombs.  
  They expect her to cover 7000.  
  They don't necessarily need any bombs . . . . . . . . How was it done at Warsaw.  They loaded scores of incendiaries into the "Ju" and they stood there with shovels and sand. - - - - Ha, ha, ha.  They would stand on their heads here, they can't take it.  
  Our cause occurs only once.  
     
 
 
 
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  First of all . . . . . . . . emerged from so and so many meters of depth.  
  . . . . . . . . there were different boats ahead of us.  
  . . . . . . . . in most cases 86 meters.  Isn't that right.  
  I talked to the Jew briefly . . . . . . . . They don't know we have been captured or where we come from.  They don't have any idea about it.  They are as dense as a pig.  They don't even speak to a fellow.  If you attempt to get into a conversation with them, then they say:  "I don't know."  It is strictly forbidden to talk here.  
  Some of them are here, who do talk after a little while. - - Yes, Yes.  
  But most of them don't. - The other one, he is grinning most of the time.  
  He is the one, who hands out the cigarettes.  
  Oh, the black-head.  
  Oh, and the crooked one, I always have to laugh, when I watch him walking.  
  He gives out cigarettes too.  
  Yes, they all have poor teeth here in America. - - Yes, from the darned white bread they eat.  
  Those mosquitoes bother me allot.  
  Come on let's play some cards.  Do you know how to play 66?  
  Yes.  
  Let's play the other game where they are lined up on the table and then covered with some more cards.  
  I don't know that game.  However I can learn it pretty quickly if you want to teach me . . . . I wanted to buy that for Christmas but I did not have the money. . . . . . . . He came past me and he said; I am hungry, I am hungry, so I said: you are getting enough, you already have a pretty big stomach.  
     
 
 
 
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8
 

 
 
  What a laugh I had then.  
  Do they always have such bad conditions there?  
  It is better than this terrible joint.  
  These guards are too lazy to come here.  I knocked for half an hour and they still have not opened the door.  
  Now I broke it finally.  There is too much work to it to repair it again.  
  Were you ever in . . . . . . . .  
  . . . . . . . .  
  . . . . . . . . It's a shame . . . . . . . . cigarettes . . . . .  
  It will soon have to come to an end . . . . . . . .  
  . . . . . . . . Olaf . . . . .  
  What?  Has that Norwegian been . . . . . . . .   Yes, yes.  
  We want to hold those positions for the time being.  
  . . . . . . . . bunker. . . .  
  . . . . . . . . a lock here and another one there.  
  . . . . . . . . and here are the harbor defense cannons.  
  Right, when you get into it from Oheim towards the plant. . . .  
  And there is - - - what's the name of this large factory?  
  . . . . . . . .  
  . . . . . . . . the Nordberganlagen.  
  . . . . . . . . left through . . . . the lock at Narvik . . . .  
  First you took to port at St. Nazaire and then to Brest.  
  No, it was the other way around.  First we were at St. Nazaire and then at Brest.  We were lying in "Laboule".  I don't like to mention that.  
 
. . . . . . . . Yes, they have been at "Laboule".
 
  Which joint did you like most there? - - They know that we have been there.  
     
   
     
     

 

     
 
9
 

 
 
  They don't know anything here.  They just guess everything.  But he knew about that big fish.  He made a drawing of it, and then he asked me whether it was correct.  I said, "I don't know".  "Yes", he said, "it has been noticed long ago".   
  . . . . when you took to sea.  
  And they spoke even about more insignias.  They claim to have seen the insignia of the seventh flotilla.  
  When Schwendke and the senior machinist were quartered together, I believe they . . . . . . . .  
  (Guard enters)  We will take out shower afterwards.  
  I would like to have begged a cigarette from him.  
  He is the one who lets you have one.  
  Yes. How about a good hamburger now?  
  I am in a good mood despite the lack of it.  
  The meal before, it was chicken, was such that I would have liked very much to throw it into the latrine.  
  This morning we had eggs only.  
  Yes, but they were rotten.  
  No, we never ate any eggs here.  
  They have an awful taste here.  
  It was all cold there, but we got more just the same.  
  Where was that?  
  Downstairs.  
  In this room.  First I was in room 24.  Later they transferred me to 25.  
  Our pals are rather quiet.  
  I don't think, that we will remain together.  
  I can't understand the reasons for all these changes.  
  Maybe they just want us to stay together.  After all, it is all over now.  
 
 
 
 
     
     

 

     
 
10
 

 
 
  I was up there three times so far.  
  . . . . . . . . and the one opposite here asked me . . . . . . . .  
  I still can't understand it.  Apparently they are planning on getting all of us together now.  
  They will need the room later on.  Everybody will have his own. . . . . . . . .  
  No.  
  It is either or.  If one of us profits, then the other one has to get some kind of benefit also.  
  They don't pay so particularly much attention to it.  
  When I was together with the radio mate in the car he always addressed me with the polite form of the pronoun.  
  Yes?  
  Sometimes he left a kind of strange impression on me.  We talked in a very low voice all the time . . . . . . . . microphone . . . .  
  We also did so.  
  Then they separated us.  
  That had to be expected.  When I got here, all the walls were still white.  
  Everything was perfect, and in excellent shape.  They had three bunks in one room.  I wondered whether anybody had ever been here before us.  Everything seems to be new.  
  And what did you think when you got . . . . . . . . for the first time from Radtke?  
  That of course was . . . . . . . .  
  Sure from down below. - - - I did too.  
  Everything was still upstairs.  
  I was there for a half hour. - I wasn't there that long for interrogation.  
     
 
 
     
     

 

     
 
11
 

 
 
  He asked the same thing all the time.  
  And it took quite some time before he finished.  
  And then I went to my room upstairs and took a cigarette.  I looked outside.  It is so beautiful outside.  I was trying to get all my stuff together and orient myself a bit.  All of a sudden a fellow comes in.  I did like that and then saluted him.  I asked him "Where do you come from?"  He was a submarine fellow.  We got into talking and I asked him about his boat.  It was the Lemke he said.  
  U-Radtke. - Yes, U Radtke.  And soon after that the No. 1 came in.  They told us that they had been at Fort Bragg, etc. - We asked questions back and forth.  Afterwards he said "Flensburger boat", and in turn I said "Flendsburger boat"  [Code?]  
  Doesn't that require an answer for you? - - Then of course we were all oriented.  
  Another fellow came in.  A kind of super-man with such a beard.  He raised a beard here.  Neither of us said a word when our eyes met.  We just looked at each other.  Finally he said, "You are a PW, too?" - I remained thinking for a while on account of the Navy here and Radtke, you know.  
  I told him that I am a Westphalian and such things. . . . . . . .  
  We got into talking later on . . . . . . . . heard something about espionage in a P W camp?  
  No, I said.  - I would be shot, in case of espionage activities.  
  I can imagine so, I said to him.  
  He asked me about the Flensburger Hof and various other localities and about girls also.  
  I know Maria . . . . . . . . but no comparison. . . . .  
  I knew Erich from . . . . . . . . - "I know the comrade" was my answer . . . . . . . .  
  And again he talked with his low voice: " . . . . . . . espionage . . . . . . . . "  I had to laugh.  
     
 
 
     
     

 

     
 
12
 

 
 
  And furthermore there was the fellow - What's his name - . . . . . . . .  
  He asked me for some more names. - - Chief mate: Gustav.  
  . . . . . . . . and who else.  Who was Platoon Leader" I told him:  Senior machinist Steinecke (??) - - Yes, yes.  
  The officer? - 1st. Lt. Petruschka. - . . . . . . . .  
  Oh boy, did I laugh.  
  He even asked whether we had card-games and horse back riding. - . . . . . . . .  
  I have no breeches for horse back riding . . . . . . . .  
  And he stood there . . . . . . . .they sure made fun of him.  
  And the "Starben".  I know him from Germany, he really is a wild fellow.  
  . . . . . . . . I saw him when he left.  He looked like "circus manager". Have you seen him?  
  His uniform had white shoulder pieces on it on which were two red stars . . . . . . . .  
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
 
 
 
     
     

 

     
 
9/8/42
 

 
 
                                                                                      Kunert (U-701) - Subke (U-210)  
     
  They talk about the interrogation procedure "and in the new camp we will be separated according to rank.  EM, NCO, and officers.  That will take place very soon, because we are being taken over by the Army now."  
  they converse with great care. "Oh, he talked only about the situation in general."  
  Ackerman has a brother who has been in Canada since 1939.  
  They too have relatives here in America.  After they knew their address, he was able to write to them and he received packages from them at regular intervals.  
  The PW of the Radthke don't have anything to smoke yet. - Yes they have been too stubborn.  
  one PW teaches English to the other PW.  
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
 
 
 
     
     

 

     
 
 

 
 
                                                  Kunert (U-701) - Subke (U-210), #61, part 2  
     
  It is something different if they capture submarine crews instead of ordinary sailors.  
  They get mad whenever the discussion turns to the Japs.  But the Japs are good soldiers.  They don't give a shit if they get killed, because for them it is the highest possible honor.  That is part of their religion.  
     
  I said if the matter with the radio could not be arranged they ought to put a loud speaker into our room.  I know that from Canadian prison camps, where you can listed to the German shortwave radio which features programs for prisoners of war.  
  Did you hear that already?  
  No  
  We heard it around 10 o'clock American time near the coast.  
  (He imitates the radio announcers announcements of messages to prisoners.)  
  That lasts for an hour.  
     
  I must say though that the American officers are always very clean shaven.  And the enlisted men too.  (They are anticipating another "beer" evening)  
     
  I don't think it is proper that the men and officers an noncoms are being separated.  We ought to put some pressure on that.  The navy ought to stay together.  Then at least you have your men under control, at least the fellows from your boat.  
  Oh I am not so eager to get together with them.  (He continues to discuss the desirability of getting together with certain people.)  
  (They discuss the time sequence of their interrogations.)  
  Once and a while something has to happen.  When I get into the next war I'll get captured the first time.  
  I don't think that it will come to a final end with this war.  
  I don't think so myself.  I believe they will all come to terms.  I have quite the impression.  
  It is difficult for us in Germany nowadays.  They are right when they say that Germany is lacking her air force in the West.  
     
 
 
     
     

 

     
 
2
 

 
 
  That is true.  We have too many planes in the east.  There is also a lack of pilots and flying personnel.  They can produce airplanes all right, that should not present too much difficulty.  There is no doubt that the war presents many more difficulties to us through America's entry into the war.  I mean so far we have not endured any defeats in this war, none at all.  
     
  And then there is good old Rommel in Africa.  And did you hear of General Oberst von Bismark.  He is said to have been captured in Africa, after he fell on his ass.  They too say to themselves:  You can't do anything against those attacks.  
  (Another prisoner enters and they start the reiteration of the interrogation.  The prisoner says that he expressed his desire to thank the colonel for his courtesies.) (they continue discussing an interrogation by the Captain) (They attribute great importance to the fact that they are to be kept in the vicinity of this place for the purpose of "Gedankenaustausch" - exchange of thoughts and ideas).  (They discuss the increase in comforts which they face.)  
  He said that they would collect all the prisoners, who were not party members, in one camp.  Sotosay a "Highschool of Democracy".  He intimated that we might become citizens of this country.  It depends on our behavior but I can't play politics as a prisoner of war.  You'll see that they even go that far to mix the Protestants and Catholics.  
  They are liable to do anything.  He said "We like you."  
  (They discuss at length the part of the interrogation dealing with the Germans in Italian uniforms, and the story about the Italian divers cutting the protective U-boat nets.) (They reiterate the "Exchange of thoughts").  He said that it had been arranged that we three master sergeants (chief petty officers) stay together.  
  I asked him where Rathke was, but he stopped.  
  (They again discuss their removal from this place, due within a week.)  
  What they all want to know, about the government and so.  
  When they come to visit us we might get a few favors out of them, like athletic equipment.  
     
 
 
     
     

 

 

     
 
 

 
 
  (They discuss the possible fate of Rathke and several others)  
  (They anticipate greater freedom after having spent about 6 months in captivity.)  
  (Kunert relates how he was interrogated on several details of the submarine)  
  But to what depths can you dive?  I said I can't tell you.  I always shake him off by telling him that I don't know.  
  I told him the same thing about the aircraft carrier "Graf Zeppelin."  Wouldn't it be nice if she was already finished, with 50 or 60 airplanes on board, and then stationed around the West coast of France.  It would increase the security of U-boats.  
  Don't say that.  They have thousands of airplanes in England.  (They discuss the details of those airplanes).  
  (Kunert relates about the Lieutenant's knowledge of Berlin and surrounding localities.)  
  I would never have thought that things would be like this in captivity.  Did you?  
  No.  
  I wanted to look at a camp over there, even though there were only civilian prisoners in there.  
  Oh, there you could only see rubber truncheons fly around and things of that kind.  
  But there you can't make any headway otherwise.  As stubborn as they are.  Worse than animals.  You have never seen anything like that.  
  We'll have to see that we stay in this vicinity.  That would also be better as far as our mail is concerned.  The mail goes to Washington anyway.  
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
 
     
     

 

     
 
9/8/42
 

 
 
 
  Faust (U-701)
  Seldte (U-701)
  #41
 
     
  I told the interrogator we had enough to eat in Germany, but we are hungry here.  
  We were playing cards for cigarettes and he won them all.  
  One man receives cigarettes from a Lieutenant who visits him.  He brings him chocolate and cigarettes.  
  Anything they asked him he answered with "I do not know".  Though he pulled our comrades out of the water, was the first one in the rubber boat, and helped the commander into it.  
  This morning he, the Interrogator said, that we arrived on the 25th in Lorient.  
  Yes, on the 25th that is what he said to me too.  
  And the Captain made quite a fuss about it when he interrogated me.  I was interrogated twice before already.  He said if we will behave ourselves well, they will treat us better.  Later on he mentioned he will see me again before I leave.  And there was a dark man there, he looked like a Jew.  
  Was that in Norfolk?  
  Yes, in Norfolk.  He saw us coming ashore.  But he was not a Leutnant.  He had two stripes, that is a first Lieutenant.  He was very friendly, and he said how glad he is to get a chance of having some conversation in German.  
  Yes, yes, that is the way they always start.  
  He also said he wants to converse about the political situation.  
  The same with me.  We talked for two hours.  Whenever he asked an important question, I answered with "I can not say".  Then he went  
     
 
 
     
     

 

 

     
 
2.
 

 
 
  on quite sensible.  The third time I went downstairs to be interrogated he wanted to know something about our barracks.  He had photos of a destroyer and of a bunker.  Those were made from the air.  You could see the people on them, though only as small as dots.  Then he showed me on a map a little town.  (Sounds like Schaffeljung).  it is situated a little South of La Rochelle.  We even could see the houses on it.  I said I have never heard of that town.  He told me of hotels he had seen there, but I could only tell him that I have never been there at all.  
  When I arrived he told me my career was over.  He also said that he knows everything already but wants every one of us to confirm it.  
  He told me exactly the same thing.  
  He also threatened me with the Secret Police.  I kept on saying I did not know anything.  Then he showed me some pictures.  
  A guard in Ft. Devens told me that men came ashore on the American Coast from a Nazi U-boat.  
  Knock.  
  The commander of the other boat is in room 8.  That is on the other side.  Well, I just wanted to tell you.  
  I forgot to order soap, I have only a little piece.  
  I ate everything I had.  That is the safest thing to do, so nobody can take anything away.  
  How long do you think this war is going to last?  The commander said 2-3 years.  
  I think we will be home by next Christmas.  
  He said we will not be able to take Russia this winter.  Even Goebbels said so in one of his propaganda speeches.  
  But we penetrated quite deep into the Caucasus already.  
     
 
 
     
     

 

     
 
3.
 

 
 
  They keep on sending planes over from here.  More and more all the time.  They don't ship them any more, they just fly them over.  
  Via Iceland.  
  Where to?  
  To Ireland.  You know the Americans occupied Ireland.  They fly to Iceland, from there to Scotland, then to Ireland, and finally over Germany.  Thousand at a time they send them over.  
  Oh, that is just the way they talk.  
  That is exactly what he told me.  
  And their destroyers (he must mean bombers) are very good.  First class.  An so are their pursuit ships.  
  Well, I have seen one of them one of the first days here when I took a walk.  They don't seem to be very good.  
  They are good planes all-right, but no match to our "Aral"  
  But were not the English superior in the air lately?  
  The "Spitfires" were, yes.  
  They tell us the "Messerschmitts" are better than the "Spitfires", but that seems unlikely to me, because the English built the "Spitfires" after our "Messerschmitts".  And they not only copied them but also improved them.  
  Did you speak about the "Heinkel" pursuits?  
  No, I mean the "204's".  The "Aral".  
  I did not even hear anything about it.  
  Well, those "Arals" are still faster.  
  Today is the 8th of September and on the 3rd started the war.  
  Two month ago, it was on a Sunday, the 7th.  and already at 3.30. . . . . . . .  
  And exactly two month ago we were in Norfolk.  
     
 
 
     
     

 

     
 
4.
 

 
 
  That one large tanker had 14,000 tons.  It was the "William Rockefeller".  
  Yes, it had 14,800 tons  
  And the other one was the "British Empire", or something like it.  
  How large was she?  
  8,000 tons.  
  He always spoke of the nice commander, and what a fine fellow he was.  And the Obersteuermann was a very jolly fellow.  
  There was a black Tom cat painted on. Underneath it it said "Brei Mal" (three times).  Is that the sign of the "Third"?  
  No, that can not be.  The "Third" has a white circle with a black Tom cat in it.  It is the same cat.  
  Is that where Schulz was?  
  But why id Drei Mal written underneath?  
  That is possible.  He did not belong to the "Third" but he belongs to the "First".  
  The commander of the "Europa" was given a new ship.  It sunk close to Iceland on the 27th of July.  
  Has the commander been saved?  
  He does not know it for sure, but he thinks he drowned.  
  Do you know any other ones?  
  No, I just know . . . . . . . . from Hamburg.  He is in captivity in England.  He also wanted to know whether I have relatives in the service, In order to bring us together in case they get captured too.  
     
 
 
     
     

 

     
 
5.
 

 
 
  And whether I have relatives here, so they can notify them.   
  When a letter arrives in Germany from here, they will have to report it, and then they will know that we are in captivity.  
  Besides the "Red Cross" reports it too.  
  How easy it is to get away from here.  Did you see the guard with his gun leaning against the fence.  
  The fellows on the other side are getting more lively.  In the beginning they were so quiet.  
  I have some chess and checker games.  I made them by myself.  
  They think a lot of us Germans here, but not of our Fuehrer.  He wanted the Colonies, and they belong to us.  
  I am sure we will not lose this war.  We cannot lose it. We must not.  A 1918 must not occur again.  They  can make as many air raids over Germany as they want.  We can take it.  What they really want is to terrorize our civilian population.  
  If we lose this war we are done for.  And that is why we can not lose it,  
  IF the Russians should ever get into Germany, they will butcher us.  
  There are no more Jews but the Czechs.  
  But the Russians alone would do it.  Oh man, would they murder us.  
  And also our women and children.  As they did in Spain already.  
  They will say "Spain and hare".  And how they tortured those women in Spain.  They threw them into boiling water.  
  If we lose this war, do you think we can stay here?  
  Wes, and if you can do it with a clear conscience you can also join the United States Navy.  
  I wonder whether we will see Ruthke again.  He said "Macht es gut" when he left.  
     
 
 
     
     

 

     
 
6.
 

 
 
  They were shooting at the men of the Lembke while they were swimming in the water.  
  No, they were not in the water, they were in the boat.  
  But they also shot at them in the water.  
  Then I was asked how many shots we had to fire at the advanced boats.  He wanted to know whether we have armor-piercing ammunition.   
  I told him, that I did not know.  
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
 
     
     

 

     
 
 

 
 
 
P W CONVERSATION OF Grotheer, Schwendel and Faust (U-701)
 
     
  I hope that we can speak to the Commandant (whistling and humming)  
  I guess we are to be separated from Grotheer.  
  That is certain.  Yes Grotheer is bound to be shipped somewhere else.  
  Isn't is possible that we can speak to the commandant, before he is transferred.  After all we have been together all the time that we have been in America.  We'll have to see what can be done about it.  He said"If you behave well, we can do everything for you."  
  (They discuss certain necessities which they want to buy from the canteen.)  
  (They discuss the deficiencies of their breakfast.)  
  (A game of chess is going on)  
  (The topic is food again)  
  (They talk about the name "U-Etes," being inscribed somewhere in red ink)  
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
 
 
 
     
     

 

     
 
 

 
  Room No. 4
  Record No. 53
Conversation in Room
 
Kunert (U-701
9 / 11 / 42
Subke (U-210)
  Stiem (U-210)
   
  N. G., C. L.,
  9/30/42
     
  I think I can handle it when a man comes up with things like that.  When I run into one of the Captains, like Captain Gerlich, for example, I say "I'm not permitted to say."  And if he says that's ridiculous, I say, "When a german officer finds a prisoner unwilling to answer, he applauds him; says, 'That's the boy!'"  I can't do anything about it; I haven't done anything to the Americans, and they haven't done anything to me.  It's too bad that we have to be here.  
  Its very bad.  
  I say that I thought American prisoners were not in danger of being harmed by anybody.  I say that . . . . . . . .  
  . . . . I told everybody that.  . . . . . . . . You see, I was pretending,  And now my arm gets very stiff, and they can't move it, and they think . . . . . . . . and then it goes limp.  I had the greatest  . . . . . . . that the boat . . . . They didn't come out any more . . . . . . . Anyway, it's certain that the ones that got separated from each other . . . .  
  I was the next to the last out of the boat.  
   . . . . . . . The officer who interrogated them reproached them with it.  "You lost ten men."  . . . . . . . . The boat will rise again, or I don't know what.  I thought so, at any rate.  
  Didn't he say once that we would . . . . . . . . in Washington?  
  No he didn't.  
  Do you know what I weighed?  
  By German measure?  
     
 
 
 
 
     
     

 

     
 
2
 

 
 
  Then I weighed 118 pounds.  I figured that out into the English scale.  
  How long?  
  That . . . . . . . . ed ten hours . . . . . . . .  
  Ten hours?  
  I . . . . . . . . three hours here . . . .  
  . . . . . . . . twenty-seven, twenty-eight . . . . . . . .  
  You must have mixed up the seasons.  
  . . . . . . . . the same water temperature . . . .  
  when I was in the water then  
  . . . . . . . . there was the fog, the thick fog . . . .  
  But look here, the Gulf Stream has, up to Iceland . . . .  
  I know the region.  And then?  
  Approximately after a . . . . . . . .  
  . . . . . . . . Iceland  
  And if you try to go into the water at twelve degrees, you'll get still all over.  I tried that once.  
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
 
 
 
     
     

 

     
 
 

 
9/11/42
 
Kunert (U-701) - Subke (U-210)  Part 1.
 
     
  That fat officer told me that we will all stay together.  The place where we go is supposed to be in the vicinity of this place.  Of course they can't do that with everybody, but in our case they have selected three master sergeants, with whom they can talk, because they think that they can talk to us, and this camp is 30 or 40 kilometers away from here so that they can come over and visit us.  And then we talked about radio . . . . . . . . Later on we talked about airplanes???) . . . . . . . .         . . . . . . . . that ours could not do anything against them.  (They discuss details of an interrogation) (They discuss the origin of the alcoholic beverages, which they received)  
  If I knew something about the . . . . coast.  The Italian crews pt on their diving suits, get out of the submarine in front of the harbor and lift the anti-submarine nets and destroy them so that they can pass.  I would believe in such accomplishments, if they were executed by anybody but Italians.  
  (They continue discussing the interrogation.) He has no idea how a submarine functions.  He is interested, but he does not have the slightest idea.  FOr instance he wanted to know what the softest spot of a submarine was.  
  If we stay in this vicinity may be we could get a hold of a radio.  
  (They talk about the impending transfer and the Lieutenant's assurance that they would not share their new camp with other nationalities like Japanese and Italians.)  
  We don't want you too far so that we can reach you.  We shouldn't mind as long as he brings a bottle along. (They discuss interrogation on submarine details and the fact that they refused to give out information.)  
  (They are impressed by the fact that Mastersergeants are being promised better treatment.  They also discuss the distribution of the different U-boat crews and officers over the prospective prison camps)  Well anyway we can be satisfied that we stay together.  They say that the won't continue to do that, even with master sergeants. (Chief petty officers).  
  The captain told me that Goebbels had said that about 600,000 Italians were working in Germany.  He said to me:  Look here, the foreigners are coming to Germany and the Germans are being pressed into uniforms.  And then he said something about Italian  
     
 
 
 
 
     

 

     
 
 

 
 
  uniforms, which I don't believe, namely that Germans were being clad in Italian uniforms.  I told him, that if that were the case they would still be marked in a way, which would make them appear as German soldiers.  I told him that he could imagine that it would not be received with pleasant sentiments in Germany.  With that of course I do not mean the men, but the women.  
  That those other guys are coming in our country and our fellows have to go to the front, would cause bad feelings.  That is obvious, even though they can't speak up and have to take it because of the Gestapo.  
  (They discuss their future prospects in the new camp) Well that was a beam of hope again.  
  (Subke??? recounts the conversation which he had with the captain dealing with the future Germany's after the war, should she be the looser.)  
  (He also recounts how he told the captain that Germany had made tremendous social progress under the rule of National Socialism and had done away with her unemployed)  It seems to me though, that they don't want to have any Germans here after the war.  
  He took several notes.  
  (He concedes that it is reasonable that the Americans don't like the German salute executed by Germans, because the Germans would not like their Russian prisoners to say "Hail Moscow" either.)  Of course we have been so accustomed to the German salute.  
  __________________________________________________________________________  
  This record was very faulty.  In spite of the contraption, designed by Captain Morris to keep the record down, the needle jumped continuously out of the groove or remained in the groove.  
     
 
 
     
     

 

     
 
 

 
9/11/42
  Kunert (U-701) - Subke (U-210) - Steim (U-210)  
     
  Conversation  
  (The O.D. seems to be talking to prisoners.)  
     
 
P. We had plenty of whisky and beer and also cigars and cigarettes.  What an evening we had.
   
P. We have it good here.  The captain is alright too.
   
P. Then he said that the officers and NCO's will be kept separate from the rest of the men.
   
PP. Of course I knew that.
   
P. There I was sharing a room with a (Steuermann) seaman from the U-Rathke.  And he was telling me stories about what they had aboard and all that, he made me sick.  Then I asked him if he knew that Degen and Lemke were here, too.
P. I was down in the machine room when it all happened.  All of a sudden I heard some noise and the loudspeaker dropped from the wall on a fellow's head.  He was shocked pretty badly and he started to yell, and a minute later the commander started yelling out orders.  THen we were ordered out of the boat.  I was hanging between the air-tube and started counting the men as they came out.  In the meantime lots of them had left and I figured that most of them were out, since there were no more coming out.  Then I left the boat by way of the tower and as I got out, I saw many more coming out of the water.
P. I asked him if it were possible that we all be sent to the same camp, so he said he would try to have arrangements made.
P. He did not behave.  If I would enter a room and see an American officer inside, I would certainly not give the German salute (Deutsche Gruss) because the German salute is not recognized here.
PP. No, he should not have done that, that was bad.  When I enter, all I do is stand at attention.
P. That is what I do too.
 
     
 
 
     
     

 

     
 
 

 
Subke - Kunert - Steim
     
  Conversation.  
 
P. I was really surprised when he started talking about the "E" machine, I did not think that they knew anything about it.
   
PP. Sure, they know about that, undoubtedly.
   
P. I bet you, he is a German.
   
PP. Who?
   
P. The Hauptmann.
   
P. Then I told him that one of them lost a leg while being rescued and the Oberleutnant lost one arm.
 
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
PP. The Deutsche Gruss is no military salute and I know that.
   
P. He asked me for my rank and serial number.
   
PP. Me too.
   
  Prisoner states that when he was interrogated by an officer who, could not even speak German, he did not answer the various questions asked by the officer.  Prisoner told the officer that he did not know, to almost every question asked,
  Prisoner says that when the officer asked him if he knew anything about the Rosengarten, he told the officer that he did not even know what it is and that he asked the officer if the Rosengarten were an island.
   
P. These guards are very careless.  I would never leave a man alone in the bathroom, especially while taking a shave.
   
P. Sometimes I get nervous at night when I think that by the time I get back home after the war, I won't find anybody alive.  My wife might be dead and my mother may not live any more, who knows what is going on over there.
   
P. It is not bad here, but they don't know how to run a prison camp, yet.
   
PP. Why, I don't think it is too bad.
   
P. We had nothing at all at first.  No cigarettes nothing to read and nothing to do at all.
 
     
 
 
     
     

 

     
 
 

 
 
 
P. The captain told me that we are in care of the Army now.  First he asked me a few questions about home, whether I had any sisters and brothers and then he said that our well being would very much depend on our behavior.  He told me about Rathke, that when the captain called him a Nazi, he felt insulted.  He went on saying, that the answering of military questions is up to the prisoner and that our behavior during there conversations would determine our future camp.
   
PP. When you are brought here, they already know who and what you are, don't fool yourself.
   
P. He told me, the date on which we left port and then asked me if it was correct.  I said yes.  He had it all written down on a sheet of paper, in fact I saw it.  In other words, what he wanted was only a confirmation of information that he already had.
   
PP. Surely.
   
P. He had some other information for instance some of which was completely mixed up.  It was true information but apparently he got it from men of another boat and it was mixed up with other information.
   
P. I used to go to a nice little place in Brest, where they served beer and wine, and there I met a Frenchman who invited me to come up to his house.  It was a little too risky to go with him.
   
P. During a conversation, the prisoner mentions that he was in Bremen with the 4th Flotilla.
 
     
 
 
     
     

 

     
 
Part II
 

 
 
9/11/42
  Kunert (U-701
  Subke (U-210)
  Stiem (U-210)
  And they have to give us a dollar a day.  
  And just think what all an officer can buy here for his money.  
  (They discuss possible purchases, both here and abroad; purchases in Germany are not mentioned.  Belgium, Holland, and America are the countries in which they think of buying Radios, or suits, or other articles.  There is considerable whistling and drumming.)  
  He had been with the Obersteuermann again.  
  All that wouldn't have been necessary if they hadn't had the searchlight on.   
  What do we need a searchlight for, anyway?  
  That was irresponsible  
  Who was that?  
  The devil only knows.  
  (There is an attempt to fix the responsibility of the loss of their submarine on one of the crew.)  
  (THe conversation grows lighter in tone, turns to joking of sexual character.  THere is no laughter.)  
  I'm anxious to find out what privileges the Oberfeldwebel will get.  
  He was very much surprised that we came here.  
  We reported voluntarily for that.  He refused first, and then he asked for it and got it.  
  (There follows a discussion in detail of the Oberfeldwebel's privileges.  End of record)  
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
 
 
 
     
     

 

     
 
Part III
 

 
 
9/11/42
  Kunert (U-701
  Subke (U-210)
  Stiem (U-210)
     
  (They speak in a rather ironical way about other P/W who expect promotions or outrank them by this time.)  
  They cigarettes and everything to the Obersteuermann and he in turn tells them where they come from.  
  The other day, when we came back from the latrine, I noticed the Lt. in there with him.  He was writing.  
  I believe we should spend all the money we have here, right now and here.  
  I am afraid we will lose it for the time being, whenever we will be transferred.  
  Our account from here will not go along with us.  
  Maybe the officers will send us something once and a while, if they can't come to see us regularly.  
  (They ridicule some men (guards???) who smoke and read newspapers while on duty)  
  But those down below, they won't let you out at all.  
  We asked them for fire and this and that.  But then they asked the Captain (pronounced in English) and he told them "no."  
  (One reports of some detail work, which he seems to have done)  
  I bet they were outside with their boots smeared up with clay all over and then they drag it into the building.  It looks horrible down there.  
  Those boys here have no idea about cleanliness.  They should have been with us.  
  Do you remember the old Heinze, how he had us do it.  
  (They speak about girls etc.)  
  (The conversation has no bearing whatsoever on matters of military interest)  
  All activities here revolve around those three over there.  
  (singing, whistling)  
  If you have been under water about 4 weeks or so, then you don't feel like doing any thing anymore at all afterwards.  You simply don't feel like moving anymore.  
  United States Army: "Onkel Sam".  
     
 
 
 
 
     
     

 

     
 
 

 
 
  Kunert (U-701) - Subke (U-210) - Stiem (U-210)  
  (Beerparty)  
     
 
  If Degen knew about this party, he would not believe this.  I am sure that prisoners don't receive such treatment in Germany.
   
P. I am glad I told these army fellows the truth.
   
PP. I did not tell the navy anything either.
   
P. They knew most of it anyhow.
   
P. We sunk 60,000 tons of shipping, on our last trip.  THe commander received the oak-leaf for it.
   
P. Listen here, the American airplanes do quite a bit of damage to our U-boats.
   
P. The commander Ratke made himself a big name.  The first few weeks he operated around the Norwegian coast to attack convoys.
   
P. If Bernhard would still be here, we could have told him how to behave himself, so as to be able to be together with us.
   
P. There is a large Casino on the Island of Ruegen, Officers and NCO's are sent there to recuperate.
   
PP. Yes, I have been there, after my last trip on the Bluecher.  At the time I was there, it was filled up completely.
   
P. I can't understand why we sunk after all we always lie about 10 meters under water.
   
PP. We've been having some kind of trouble with the propellers.
   
P. Kunert aren't you the Diver.
   
PP. We were supposed to go there for repairs.
   
P. Listen my friends closely, they don't know this here but we were on our way back.
   
PP. If the knew how far south we'd really been.
   
P. I was all by myself here for a long time, just like solitary, then when the Army took us over, I thought it wasn't any use to be stubborn so they brought me up here with you fellows.
   
PP. It looks as if everything will be all right from now on, I bet we will always be together.
 
     
 
 
 
 
     
     

 


 

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