F.d.U./B.d.U.'S War Log

16 - 31 August 1943

PG30330

     
     
 
16.August 1943.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
EU 88
U 188
-
GQ 11
U 373
-
BF 67
U 532
-
GG 78
 
66
-
CE 26
190
-
BF 80
382
-
EJ 65
533
-
GF 52
 
84
-
DE 35
196
-
Op(KE 59)
403
-
Op(EK 40)
566
-
CD 14
 
86
-
Op(EU 70)
197
-
Op(KQ 72)
406
-
EF 13
571
-
DG 44
 
107
-
CC 58
198
-
GG 59
415
-
DF 59
600
-
DS 18
 
129
-
DG 44
230
-
DF 59
422
-
AN 20
615
-
Op(ED 40)
 
134
-
BE 79
238
-
AN 20
445
-
Op(EU 70)
618
-
DS 82
 
161
-
CF 27
257
-
EH 61
466
-
BF 68
634
-
DP 84
 
168
-
GP 33
262
-
CD 24
468
-
Op(ET 60)
653
-
DF 59
 
172
-
ES 76
274
-
AN 20
508
-
EH 38
664
-
CD 24
 
177
-
KZ 78
275
-
AN 20
510
-
CE 67
732
-
DE 25
 
178
-
KH 88
333
-
DG 44
516
-
CG 14
757
-
EJ 36
 
181
-
KQ 67
340
-
DH 73
525
-
DF 59
760
-
CD 72
 
183
-
CQ 16
358
-
EH 37      
847
-
CE 26
 
185
-
ES 84                  
 
  On Return Passage:  U 66 - 84 - 134 - 172 - 177 - 178 - 181 - 185 - 190 - 198 - 230 - 257 - 333 - 340 - 358 - 373 - 382 - 406 - 415 - 466 - 508 - 510 - 516 - 566 - 571 - 600 - 618 - 634 - 653 - 732 - 757 - 760.
  Entered Port:  U 373 - 466 - La Pallice.
  Sailed:  U 123 - 523 - Lorient.
       
II. Air Reconnaissance:
    Fighter penetration of outer Biscay area.
       
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a) U 406 reported Swedish tanker"Kalmia" proceeding from Lisbon to Aruba.  This ship is declared as neutral traffic and is therefore not to be sunk.
  b)  None.
  c) 1) English units were located in BE 6610, CG 2490.
    2) U-boat sightings: in CA 8753, BF 8570 (U 190), EC 1138, DN 4947, CA 8228.
    3) U-boat attack in DN 7569.
  d)  None.
       
IV. Current Operations:
  a) - b) None.
  c) 1) U 129 has replenished U 333 and U 571 with supplies and proceeded to the new supply assembly point = DG 7535 with 95 cubic meters of fuel and provisions for four weeks.
    2) U 66 has taken on supplies from U 847 and continues the return passage.
       
- 132 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
    3) U 172 has taken half the crew of U 604 (Höltring) on board as ordered, and both boats are continuing the return passage.
  d)  None.
       
V. Reports of Success:  None.
       
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
       
17.August 1943.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
EU 95
U 181
-
KQ 58
U 358
-
EH 22
U 533
-
GF 64
 
66
-
CE 26
183
-
CQ 52
382
-
EJ 35
566
-
CD 16
 
84
-
DE 33
188
-
CQ 19
403
-
Op(EK 40)
571
-
DG 44
 
86
-
Op(EU 70)
185
-
ES 49
406
-
DQ 84
600
-
DS 11
 
107
-
CC 72
190
-
BF 80
415
-
DF 59
615
-
Op(ED 40)
 
123
-
BF 55
196
-
Op(KQ 22)
445
-
Op(EU 70)
618
-
DS 52
 
129
-
DG 44
197
-
KQ 58
468
-
Op(ET 60)
634
-
DF 59
 
134
-
BE 88
198
-
GG 49
508
-
EH 31
653
-
DF 59
 
161
-
CF 42
230
-
DF 59
510
-
CE 66
664
-
CD 24
 
168
-
CQ 17
257
-
EH 26
516
-
CG 13
732
-
DE 31
 
172
-
ES 14
262
-
CD 24
523
-
BF 55
757
-
DT 96
 
177
-
KY 98
333
-
DG 44
525
-
DF 59
760
-
CD 76
 
178
-
KJ 45
340
-
DH 51
532
-
GP 16
847
-
CE 26
 
  On Return Passage:  U 66 - 84 - 134 - 172 - 177 - 178 - 181 - 185 - 190 - 198 - 230 - 257 - 262 - 333 - 340 - 358 - 382 - 406 - 415 - 508 - 510 - 516 - 566 - 571 - 600 - 618 - 634 - 653 - 732 - 757 - 760.
  Entered Port:  - . -
  Sailed:  U 963 - Kiel.
       
II. Air Reconnaissance:  Fighter penetration in outer Biscay area.
       
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a) U 197 reported the sinking of the "Empire Stanley" of 6,900 GRT, course 50, in KQ 6676.
     The large tanker "Pegasus", 9,583 GRT reported as torpedoed on 25.7. was also sunk.
  b)  Our own aircraft sighted a convoy consisting of 34 ships, 6 escort vessels, one anti-aircraft cruiser, at 2050.  Speed 8 knots, course 3600, in CG 4149.
  c) 1) Enemy units were located in AM 1290, AM 2510.
    2) U-boat sightings:  in EK 45 (U 403?).
  d)  None.
       
IV. Current Operations:
  a) - b) None.
  c) 1) A new meeting point in KQ 6725 has been ordered for U 197 and 181 for 1600 on 18.8.
       
- 133 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
    2) U 653 reported having been at supply meeting place for 3 days, U 525 has not yet arrived. U 525 was requested to send position report.
    3) U 760 reported depth-charge attack by 2 destroyers at meeting place with U 84.  Meeting point is transferred to CD 4516 for 1600 on 19.8.
    4) U 600 and 618 are ordered to replenish supplies from U 129 on 19.8. in DG 7882.
  d) None.
       
V. Reports of Success:
    
U 197 1 ship 6,900 GRT  
  1 ship 9,583 GRT. (Added)
       
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
       
18.August 1943.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
EV 74
U 183
-
GQ 59
U 382
-
DT 95
U 566
-
CD 22
 
66
-
CF 12
185
-
EJ 74
403
-
Op(EK 40)
571
-
DG 27
 
84
-
CD 79
188
-
GQ 54
406
-
DQ 67
600
-
DG 77
 
86
-
Op(EU 70)
190
-
BF 80
415
-
DF 59
615
-
Op(ED 40)
 
107
-
CB 95
196
-
Op(KQ 58)
445
-
Op(EU 70)
618
-
DS 22
 
123
-
BF 58
197
-
Op(KQ 88)
463
-
Op(ET 60)
634
-
DF 59
 
129
-
DG 78
198
-
GG 44
508
-
DS 82
653
-
DF 67
 
134
-
BE 97
230
-
DF 59
510
-
CF 27
664
-
CD 24
 
161
-
CE 61
257
-
DS 85
516
-
BF 78
732
-
CD 77
 
168
-
GQ 46
262
-
CD 24
523
-
BF 58
757
-
DT 69
 
172
-
EH 96
333
-
DG 22
525
-
DF 59
760
-
CD 49
 
177
-
JJ 24
340
-
DH 24
532
-
GQ 41
847
-
CE 46
 
178
-
KJ 27
358
-
DS 81
533
-
GG 44
963
-
AO 71
 
181
-
KQ 58                  
 
  On Return Passage:  U 66 - 84 - 134 - 172 - 177 - 178 - 181 - 185 - 190 - 198 - 230 - 257 - 262 - 333 - 340 - 358 - 382 - 406 - 415 - 508 - 510 - 516 - 571 - 600 - 618 - 634 - 653 - 732 - 757 - 760.
  Entered Port:  - . -
  Sailed:  U 518 - Bordeaux.
       
II. Air Reconnaissance:  Fighter penetration in outer Biscay area.  Reconnaissance against north bound Gibraltar-England convoy.
       
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a) U 196 reports:  from 3 - 5.8. heavy air activity in LT 85, 88 and KE 25.  From 14 - 16.8. continuous aerial pursuit in KP 83 and 91.
  b) 1) At 1730, a light cruiser, 2 destroyers, course 300, medium speed, in BF 4766.
    2) Aerial reconnaissance without success.
  c) 1) Enemy units were located in BE 6320, BF 1867, BF 1880.
    2) U-boat sightings:  In BE 9613, CG 1491 (U 134?).
       
- 134 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
  d) None.
       
IV. Current Operations:
  a)  None.
  b) 1) U 847 receives position DG 8635.  Owing to the presumed loss of U 525 this boat must take over the supplying of 9 boats on the return passage.
    2) U 43 receives permission to operate freely in the entire coastal area between Freetown and "Spanish Guinea" (Ink note: still no report).
    3) U 262 and 664 are to move together in the direction of CE 70.  U 664 is to receive the operations area off Lisbon after taking on supplies and equipment from U 161.
  c) U 634, 230, 653, 415 are to take on supplies from U 847 in DG 8635 on 23.8. owing to the loss of U 525. U 508, 257, 358, 172, 185 receive the assembly point given as the position for later supplying.
  d)  None.
       
V. Reports of Success:  None.
       
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
       
19.August 1943.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
EV 76
U 183
-
GQ 95
U 403
-
Op(EK 40)
U 566
-
CD 32
 
66
-
CF 21
185
-
EH 68
406
-
DQ 66
571
-
DG 34
 
84
-
CD 45
188
-
GQ 83
415
-
DF 59
600
-
DG 78
 
86
-
Op(EU 70)
190
-
BF 50
445
-
Op(EU 70)
615
-
Op(ED 40)
 
107
-
CB 89
196
-
KZ 35
468
-
Op(ET 60)
618
-
DG 78
 
123
-
BF 85
197
-
Op(KQ 67)
508
-
DS 55
634
-
DF 59
 
129
-
DG 78
198
-
GG 44
510
-
CF 26
653
-
DF 59
 
134
-
CG 13
230
-
DF 59
516
-
BF 79
664
-
CD 53
 
161
-
CE 54
257
-
DS 58
518
-
BF 92
732
-
CD 76
 
168
-
GQ 82
262
-
CD 53
523
-
BF 85
757
-
DT 39
 
172
-
EH 68
333
-
DG 23
525
-
DF 59
760
-
CD 45
 
177
-
JJ 12
340
-
CF 97
532
-
GQ 49
847
-
CE 75
 
178
-
KJ 31
358
-
DS 54
533
-
GG 44
963
-
AO 44
 
181
-
KQ 67
382
-
DT 65            
 
  On Return Passage:  U 66 - 84 - 134 - 172 - 177 - 178 - 181 - 185 - 190 - 196 - 198 - 230 - 257 - 262 - 333 - 340 - 358 - 382 - 406 - 415 - 508 - 510 - 516 - 566 - 571 - 600 - 618 - 634 - 653 - 732 - 757 - 760.
  Entered Port:  U 190 - Lorient.
  Sailed:  - . -
       
II. Air Reconnaissance
  Fighter penetration in the outer Biscay area and reconnaissance against England - Gibraltar convoy.
       
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a) 1) U 181 sighted 4 steamers on westerly and easterly courses in the area of GQ 58 and 67.  U 197 intends to operate in this area after meeting with "Belatrixt".
       
- 135 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
    2) U 177 sighted a freighter on a course of 1900, in JB 1654 on 8.8. by "Bachstelze" (observation kite).
  b)  Aircraft sighted: 6 destroyers in BF 7528 at 1735, course 1800;  convoy consisting of 20 merchant ships, 5 escort vessels, medium speed, course 1700 at 2012, in BE 8349.  One cruiser medium speed, course 1600, at 0945 in BE 9259.   3 destroyers, course 1800 at 1810 in BF 7423.
  c) 1) English units were located in:  BE 3830, BF 7880, BE 6140, BE 9910.
    2) U-boat sighting: in BB 9685.
  d)  None.
       
IV. Current Operations:
  a) - b) None.
  c) 1) All boats are ordered, until further notice, to proceed (on the return passage in the Biscay area) on the "Piening" route, i.e. hard under the Spanish coast.
    2) U 181 transferred meeting point with U 196 40 sea miles to the north.
    3) U 183 is requested to suggest a meeting point with U 177 for the purpose of handing over cipher material for October.
  d) 1) Directions for "Flieder" to U 161:  Remain unobserved from CF 20 until picked up by destroyers, principally submerged by day.  Make for Spanish coast by about CG 2260, then proceed along the 100 meter line as far as BF 87.  Assembly point with 3 or 4 destroyers at 0745 in BF 8468.  "Flieder" is to make for assembly point from BF 8459 on a course of 900 and will proceed 10 sea miles further on a course of 900 if there is no encounter.  The destroyers make for the assembly point from grid 8549 on a course of 2700 in wide formation.  8 Ju 88's are to lead the destroyers to "Flieder" and to fire 20 red star shells as recognition signal on sighting and approaching "Flieder" as arranged.  "Flieder" will report 3 days previously, the date of her arrival at the assembly point.  The destroyers will then take up position at 0745 on the date given by "Flieder".  Proceed with destroyers via point "Liebe" to Brest.  Ground mine escort will be ordered by the destroyers.  See also Mining Officer Directive 17 and 22.  According to Directive 173 and 177 of 14.8. and Current Order No. 13, "Flieder" also received this W/T message via the Japanese Attache.  
    2) U 262 reported not having been able to contact U 664 again.  U 664 and U 262 were both attacked by carrier-borne aircraft on 9.8., and lost one another.  U 664 was requested to report without results.  The loss of the boat must therefore be presumed to have taken place on 9.8.
    3) U 525 did not arrive at the position DF 5935 on 14.8., and requests for a position report on 18.8. were unanswered.  The last message was a report of passage with U 129 at 3.8.  The loss of U 525 must be presumed.
 
 
 
- 136 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
    4) U 615 who in the meantime was forced to begin the return passage owing to fuel shortage has not answered three requests for a message made since 11.8.  The last message was from operations area EC 9626 on 29.7.
      There are several sighting reports from this operations area, and the loss of the boat must be presumed.
       
V. Reports of Success:  None.
       
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
       
20.August 1943.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
Op(EV 80)
U 181
-
KQ 68
U 403
-
Op(EK 40)
U 571
-
DG 33
 
66
-
CF 31
183
-
GH 77
406
-
DR 18
600
-
DG 78
 
84
-
CD 45
185
-
EH 37
415
-
DF 86
618
-
DG 78
 
86
-
EJ 92
188
-
GQ 98
445
-
Op(EU 70)
634
-
DF 65
 
107
-
DD 12
196
-
JA 32
468
-
Op(ET 60)
653
-
DF 86
 
123
-
BF 88
197
-
Op(KQ 60)
508
-
DS 19
664
-
CD 64
 
129
-
DG 78
198
-
GF 31
510
-
CF 35
732
-
CD 82
 
134
-
CG 22
230
-
DF 88
516
-
BF 88
757
-
DH 79
 
161
-
CE 46
257
-
DS 43
518
-
BF 80
760
-
CD 45
 
168
-
GQ 94
333
-
CE 99
523
-
BF 88
847
-
DF 33
 
172
-
EH 29
340
-
CF 67
532
-
CQ 82
963
-
AO 36
 
177
-
GZ 32
358
-
CF 88
533
-
GG 87      
 
178
-
LY 71
382
-
DT 38
566
-
CE 12      
 
  On Return Passage:  U 66 - 84 - 86 - 134 - 172 - 177 - 178 - 181 - 185 - 196 - 198 - 230 - 257 - 262 - 333 - 340 - 358 - 382 - 406 - 415 - 508 - 510 - 516 - 566 - 571 - 600 - 618 - 634 - 653 - 732 - 757 - 760.
  Entered Port:  U 963 - Bergen.
  Sailed:  - . -
       
II. Air Reconnaissance:  Fighter penetration of the outer Biscay area.
       
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a)  None.
  b)  During the forenoon on 20.8., aircraft sighted a destroyer on a course of 1500 in BE 9512, a heavy cruiser on a course of 1500 in BE 9512, an heavy cruiser on a course of 1600 in BE 9259, a destroyer on a course of 1700 in BE 9631, 2 light cruisers in BF 7624 and 4 escort vessels on a course of 3000, high speed in BF 7624.
  c)  English unit was located in AL 6327, AL 7180.
  d)  None.
       
IV. Current Operations:
  a) - b) None.
  c) 1) U 129 received orders to return.
       
- 137 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
    2) U 183 suggested assembly point JJ 4655 for 1200 on 23.8., for the handing over of cipher material to U 177.
    3) U 262 has waited for U 664 since 12.8. in CD 2455.  As the boat did not appear, U 262 began the return passage.
    4) U 178 received sailing instructions for Penang according to "Marco Polo".
  d)  U 190 reported intercept of corrupt short message from U 197.  Contents:  Boat bombed in KQ 8252.  Unable to submerge.  The Command presumes that U 196 and U 181 in JA can proceed at high speed to U 197.  Boats have received the appropriate orders.
       
V. Reports of Success:  None.
       
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
       
21.August 1943.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
Op(EV 60)
U 181
-
KQ 88
U 358
-
CF 94
U 532
-
GQ 95
 
66
-
CF 33
183
-
GZ 32
382
-
DH 79
533
-
GQ 11
 
84
-
CD 45
185
-
EH 23
403
-
Op(EK 40)
566
-
CE 22
 
86
-
EJ 62
188
-
GZ 23
406
-
DR 21
571
-
CF 87
 
107
-
DC 33
196
-
JA 12
415
-
DF 86
600
-
DG 57
 
123
-
BF 87
197
-
Op(KQ 82)
445
-
Op(EU 70)
618
-
DG 58
 
129
-
DG 54
198
-
FU 72
468
-
Op(ET 60)
634
-
DF 86
 
134
-
BF 79
230
-
DF 86
508
-
DS 11
653
-
DF 86
 
161
-
CE 46
257
-
DS 14
510
-
CD 14
732
-
CD 67
 
168
-
GQ 99
262
-
CD 34
516
-
BF 86
757
-
DH 73
 
172
-
EH 22
333
-
CF 76
518
-
BF 86
760
-
CD 45
 
177
-
KY 98
340
-
CF 66
523
-
BF 87
847
-
DF 38
 
178
-
LY 46                  
 
  On Return Passage:  U 66 - 84 - 86 - 129 - 134 - 172 - 177 - 178 - 181 - 185 - 196 - 198 - 230 - 257 - 262 - 333 - 340 - 358 - 382 - 406 - 415 - 508 - 510 - 516 - 566 - 571 - 600 - 618 - 634 - 653 - 732 - 757 - 760.
  Entered Port:  - . -
  Sailed:  - . -
       
II. Air Reconnaissance:  Penetration of outer Biscay area.
       
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a) U 134 reported being attacked by aircraft in CF 1284.
  b)  Aircraft reported:  1 cruiser and 2 destroyers on a course of 1800, medium speed in BF 4165 at 0720.
     A destroyer course 900, in BF 4248 at 0750.
     A destroyer course 600, medium speed, in BF 4454 at 1952.
  c) 1) English units were located in AM 7570/80, BF 4780, CG 5880, BF 7310, BE 5628, BE 2370, BF 7260, AM 7910, BF 4320/30, AK 4640/60.
    2) U-boat sighting:  410 55' North, longitude unspecified.
  d) None.
       
- 138 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
IV. Current Operations:
  a) - b) None.
  c) 1) U 508 and 257 received orders to replenish supplies from U 847 in DF 8635 for an economical return passage.
    2) If U 172 and 185 are unable to reach U 847's supply grid owing to fuel shortage, U 185 is to suggest new assembly point as far north as possible, and take up position there to await the arrival of U 847.
    3) U 196 was repeatedly ordered to search for U 197 which withdrew to the south after being damaged by bombs and unable to submerge. Reference to order already received on 20.8.
    4) U 161 reported execution of task "Flieder".  The boat has orders to steer a southerly course. Meeting with U 664 included. (See KTB of 19.8. paragraph IVd 2)).
       
V. Reports of Success:  None.
       
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
       
22.August 1943.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
Op(EV)
U 181
-
KQ 80
U 358
-
CF 69
U 532
-
GZ 21
 
66
-
CG 12
183
-
GZ 39
382
-
DH 73
533
-
GQ 19
 
84
-
CD 45
185
-
DS 81
403
-
Op(EK 40)
566
-
CE 31
 
86
-
EJ 35
188
-
CZ 38
406
-
DF 89
571
-
CF 83
 
107
-
DC 26
196
-
JA 22
415
-
DF 86
600
-
DG 56
 
123
-
BF 79
197
-
Op(KQ 80)
445
-
Op(EU 70)
618
-
DG 61
 
129
-
DG 52
198
-
FU 41
468
-
Op(ET 60)
634
-
DF 86
 
134
-
CF 13
230
-
DF 86
508
-
DF 86
653
-
DF 86
 
161
-
CE 46
257
-
DR 32
510
-
CG 13
732
-
CE 47
 
168
-
GZ 26
262
-
CD 36
516
-
BF 83
757
-
DH 43
 
172
-
DS 73
333
-
CF 83
518
-
BF 88
760
-
CD 45
 
177
-
JJ 29
340
-
CG 18
523
-
BF 78
847
-
DF 68
 
178
-
LY 26                  
 
  On Return Passage:  U 66 - 84 - 86 - 129 - 134 - 172 - 177 - 178 - 181 - 185 - 196 - 198 - 230 - 257 - 262 - 333 - 340 - 358 - 382 - 406 - 415 - 508 - 510 - 516 - 566 - 571 - 600 - 618 - 634 - 653 - 732 - 757 - 760.
  Entered Port:  - . -
  Sailed:  U 214 - 621 - Brest.
       
II. Air Reconnaissance:  Penetration in the outer Biscay area.
       
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a)  None.
  b)  Aircraft reported one destroyer on a course of 1800, high speed in BF 7436 at 1730.
  c)  English units were located in BE 6190, BF 1870, BF 1826, BF 1740, BF 1540, BE 36, BF 14, BF 19, BE 6990, BF 8410, BF 4910/20, LE 6330, BC 37, AM 4210, AK 5580, AL 5860.
       
- 139 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
  d) None.
       
IV. Current Operations:
  a) - b) None.
  c)  The search for U 197, who is unable to submerge, by U 181 and U 196 has so far been without success according to messages from both boats.  U 181 and 196 have received orders to search KQ 8252 again and then begin the return passage.  U 187 is requested to send a report.
  d)  U 214 has put out today for mining operations off the Panama Canal.  (See Appendix).
       
V. Reports of Success:  None.
       
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
       
23.August 1943.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
Op(EV 80)
U 181
-
JA 22
U 358
-
CG 45
U 533
-
GQ 58
 
66
-
CG 21
183
-
JJ 46
382
-
DH 43
566
-
CF 33
 
84
-
CD 40
185
-
DS 46
403
-
Op(EK 40)
571
-
CF 68
 
86
-
DT 95
188
-
JJ 41
406
-
DF 92
600
-
DG 62
 
107
-
DC 27
196
-
KQ 87
415
-
DF 86
618
-
DG 36
 
123
-
CG 22
197
-
Op(AF 20)
445
-
EJ 65
621
-
BF 43
 
129
-
DC 34
198
-
FT 35
468
-
Op(ET 60)
634
-
DF 86
 
134
-
CG 21
214
-
BF 43
508
-
DF 86
653
-
DF 86
 
161
-
DG 12
230
-
DF 86
510
-
CG 22
732
-
CE 46
 
168
-
GZ 38
257
-
DF 86
516
-
BF 50
757
-
DH 16
 
172
-
DS 45
262
-
CE 16
518
-
BF 79
760
-
CD 40
 
177
-
JJ 46
333
-
CF 65
523
-
CG 22
847
-
DF 86
 
178
-
LO 93
340
-
CG 24
532
-
GZ 29      
 
  On Return Passage:  U 66 - 84 - 86 - 129 - 134 - 172 - 177 - 178 - 181 - 185 - 196 - 198 - 230 - 257 - 262 - 333 - 340 - 358 - 382 - 406 - 415 - 445 - 508 - 510 - 516 - 566 - 571 - 600 - 618 - 634 - 653 - 732 - 757 - 760.
  Entered Port:  U 516 - Lorient.
  Sailed:  U 305 - 645 - Brest.
       
II. Air Reconnaissance:  Fighter penetration of outer Biscay area.
       
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a)  None.
  b) Aircraft sighted 4 English torpedo-boats on a course of 600 in BF 7926 at 1635.
  c) 1) English units were located in AM 4390, BF 5740, BF 4860, BF 7382, BF 7290, DJ 16, BF 7660, BE 3710.
    2) U-boat sightings: in AE 8576.
  d)  None.
       
- 140 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
IV. Current operations:
  a) - b) None.
  c) U 196 reported:  U 197 not yet found, searching to the east and to the south.
  d) None.
       
V. Reports of Success:  None.
       
VI. General:
  I. The new situation in U-boat warfare arising from the confirmation of Metox radiation, is brought to the notice of all U-boat Commanders in the following summary.
    U-boat warfare has experienced grave set backs in the last few months.  U-boats were inexplicably lost in passage and in their waiting position.  U-boat dispositions were by-passed by enemy convoys.  There were fewer successes.
    The reason for this was presumed to be a new undetectable method of location by the enemy.  It has now been established by means of research and confirmed by P.O.W. statements that the former Fu. M.B. (Metox) enabled the enemy to locate U-boats by reason of its strong radiation.
    This apparatus is to be superceded by the non-radiating "Hagenuk" which will also be used for locating short location transmission on all primary wave area frequencies.
    The question of location is thereby decisively altered.  At the same time the boats are to be equipped with new torpedoes and strengthened anti-aircraft armament.  On this new basis the fight is to be resumed with renewed intensity and determination.
    This is to be communicated immediately to all Commanders and through them to the crews.  Information on new torpedoes or "Metox" radiation which is highly confidential is not to be given to the crews.
  II. U-boat situation:
     On the termination of U-boat operations in the Mediterranean, the situation in the various operations areas, were according to the U-boats as follows:
    1) Coast of North America, Florida Straits, Gulf of Mexico:
     
Deployed:
U 66
  Lost: None in operations area.
 
190
     
 
527
     
 
84
     
 
566
     
 
230
     
 
 
 
- 141 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
     
Successes:
U 84
  1 ship
6,000 GRT
 
66
  2 ships
15,000 GRT
 
566
  1 destroyer
      In addition:  U 566 and 230 each laid a mine barrier off Chesapeake Bay.
      In the entire North American coastal area from CA 50 via the Straits of Florida to the Gulf of Mexico daylight air activity, after being observed night air activity with radar.  Convoys sailing along the coast have continuous aircraft and airship protection.  For the most part only a few fast isolated vessels outside the 100 meter line.  Chances of attack on the whole slight, owing to strong air defence.
    2) Caribbean:
     
Deployed:
U 84
  Lost:
-
 
732
   
-
 
415
   
-
 
615
   
615
 
634
   
-
 
572
   
572
 
759
   
759
 
359
   
359
     
Successes:
U 732
  1 freighter
7,000 GRT
 
  2 ships
torpedoed
 
615
   
6,000 GRT
 
759
   
13,000 GRT.
      Situation:  The entire Caribbean area, especially in the isolated passages (Windward, Mona Anegada) strong to very strong air patrol, changing to continuous air activity on U-boat being observed.  Convoy traffic as formerly via Trinidad - Curacao - Windward Passage.  Isolated traffic protected by air and surface escort.  Several small convoys in Trinidad area.  Tanker groups sighted west and northwest of Curacao.  Day and night location everywhere, especially strong radar in Trinidad area.  Slight chances of success owing to continuous air patrol and bad visibility, also strength of crew taxed to utmost by heat and moist atmosphere.  On the other hand enemy conditions for defence are favorable.  This apparent from the losses.  4 boats = 50%.
    3) North Brazilian coast:
     
Deployed:
U 653
  Lost:
-
 
510
   
-
 
406
   
-
 
590
   
590
 
662
   
662
 
185
   
-
     
Successes:
U 590
  1 ship
4,000 GRT
 
510
  4 ships
22,000 GRT
 
185
  6 ships
40,000 GRT.
      Situation:  There is considerable air patrol with large land and sea based aircraft from Trinidad to Natal.  After observation strong air activity with and without Radar.  Traffic only in convoys with the exception of small numbers of fast isolated vessels.
 
 
 
- 142 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
      Opportunity for attack is therefore proportionally slight.  Opportunities for attacking a convoy however, are very good as the convoy protection is inexperienced and easily overcome.  On both occasions in which boats encountered convoys very good results were achieved i.e. U 510 in EP 40 on 8.7. sank 3 ships of altogether 21.000 GRT, U 185 in FC 70 on 7.7., 5 ships of altogether 35,000 GRT.  The intensifying of enemy air activity in the last few weeks has forced the boats to withdraw from the coast and leave the coastal convoy route area.  No further successes were achieved after this.
    4) Coast of Brazil from Natal to Rio:
     
Deployed:
U 513
  Lost:
513
 
199
   
199
 
172
   
-
 
598
   
598
 
591
   
591
 
604
   
604
     
Successes:
U 513
  4 ships
16,000 GRT
 
199
  2 ships
17,000 GRT
 
172
  4 ships
26,000 GRT.
      Situation:  As it is apparent from the losses the Brazilian coast has shown itself to be a difficult and dangerous operations area.  With one exception, an attack by surface forces (depth charge attack on U 604), the defence took the form of fast daylight bombing attacks off the coast or heavy land and sea based aircraft to 400 sea miles off the coast.  Apart from U 604 which had to be abandoned and sunk as a result of damage sustained in air and depth charge attacks, the boats remaining were most certainly lost in aircraft attacks.
      As regards the density of enemy traffic chances of action were considered good.  Off Rio de Janeiro and Bahia medium traffic, in general, however, on the appearance of boats sails close to the coast.  The appearance of the boats necessitated the transference of the traffic routes of fast isolated freighters far to the south in the Atlantic.  U 172 showed special sense of detection here - the boat sank not less than 4 ships on the line FD 50, FK 60, FR 10, GC 10 (4 to 500 sea miles offshore).
    5) Dakar - Freetown - coast of Guinea:
     
Deployed:
U 306
  Lost:
-
 
333
   
-
 
571
   
-
 
600
   
-
 
618
   
-
 
757
   
-
 
468
   
468?
 
257
   
-
 
358
   
-
 
382
   
-
 
508
   
-
     
Successes:
U 618
  1 freighter
17,000 GRT
) Freetown
 
757
  1 freighter
5,000 GRT
)
 
508
  3 ships
25,000 GRT
) Coast of Guinea
 
306
  4 ships
27,000 GRT
) Dakar
 
 
 
- 143 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
      Situation:  Traffic consisted of medium sized convoys sailing near the coast between Freetown and Dakar in both directions.  It was not possible to intercept the starting point of the Freetown Capetown convoys on the coast of Liberia or the routes of the convoys from Capetown already in open sea south of the coast of Nigeria.  A deployment in patrol channels in EU 90 to intercept the Freetown - Lagos traffic also miscarried.  It is possible that there has been a decrease of traffic in this area since 30.5., which could be an effect of the freeing of the Mediterranean for the England - India traffic.  The defence situation was in accordance with the small amount of traffic - of slight effect.  Medium air activity with and without radar in the coastal area and up to 200 sea miles off shore - no surface patrol, however.
      The large amount of boats deployed in the areas mentioned was not according to the original plan, but resulted from the necessity of allocating areas accessible to boats with a small amount of fuel, after the break-down of tankers.  For the time being a further occupation of this area appears pointless - an eventual occupation will be necessary to link up the defence forces there.
    6) Capetown - Madagascar area:
     
Deployed:
U 177
  Lost:
-
 
178
   
-
 
181
   
-
 
196
   
-
 
197
   
197
 
198
   
-
     
Successes:
U 177
  7 ships
45,000 GRT
 
178
  6 ships
30,000 GRT
 
181
  10 ships
44,500 GRT
 
196
  3 ships
26,000 GRT
 
198
  7 ships
42,500 GRT
 
197
  3 ships
25,000 GRT
      Situation:  The South African coast and the Madagascar area as far as Mauritius have proved the most successful operations areas recently.  Apart from coastal convoy traffic, isolated traffic in open sea was encountered on the following route:  KP 80, KQ 80, 60, KR 10, KF 90 and KG 50.
      While there has been absolutely no defence in open waters, medium to heavy aircraft activity was experienced everywhere in South African coastal waters.
      The boat reported particularly heavy continuous air activity in the area from Lourenco Marques to Durban.  Strong air activity was also reported on the Portuguese - East African coast off, and north of Mozambique.
      All boats are at present on the return passage.  Another occupation will follow as soon as possible.
    Final summary:
    I. a)  U-boat operations in Mid-Atlantic area had to be abandoned considerably earlier than anticipated owing to lack of supply facilities.
      It was intended to adequately supply the boats on the outward passage, far to the south.  This plan was frustrated however, by
 
 
 
- 144 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
/
      the loss of the U-boat tanker U 463 in May, of U 487 in July and by the premature return of U 462 from the Biscay area owing to bomb damage.
      The deployment of several type IXc boats for the purposes of supply made possible the replenishment of a few boats.
      An adequate supplying on the return passage, and at supply points in the vicinity of the various operations areas, was intended as substitute for lack of replenishment on the outward passage.
      To be supplied: by U 459, all boats in Caribbean in DE 50,
                                  by U 462, all boats between Trinidad and Natal in EH 20.
                                        U 461 is reserve boat.
      This plan also failed as a result of the falling out of the tankers U 459, U 461, U 462 and later U 489.  All operational boats therefore, received instructions to begin the return passage according to the state of fuel and provisions as no replenishment could be expected.
      b)  The restricting of our "operational time" showed very unsatisfactory results:  Experience of the last few years has shown that in the southern operational areas almost every boat has only one chance of attack and success - i.e. when it intercepts a convoy.  The traffic conditions experienced and the extent of the operations areas allocated to the boats, make the chances slight and it is often not provided until after a 4 to 5 week wait and search.  The limiting of the operational time to under 3 weeks means then that many boats will lose their only chance of success.
      c)  Attempts by several boats to intercept traffic close to the main harbors and in the various passages of the Caribbean, had, for the most part to be abandoned after a few days, owing to the numerous enemy aircraft well equipped with radar.  Confirmation of the boats led to intense and continuous enemy air activity, also probably to the by-passing of the traffic round the given U-boat positions.
      A typical example of this was the unsuccessful attempt to intercept the Freetown - Lagos coastal traffic.
      It is presumed that the "Metox" radiation was extensively exploited by the enemy for discovery and surprise attack on boats and this contributed largely to the high losses. (The reports of several boats of the approach of enemy aircraft at night without previous confirmation by radar).
      The cause of losses having been ascertained and temporarily overcome by the introduction of the new radar interception gear it will be possible to resume warfare under these conditions - only with VIIc boats in as far as supply facilities are available.
    II. As already stated in KTB of 5.8., the deployment of U-boats in the southern operational area has on the whole not produced the expected results, however, unexpectedly high losses.  The planning of this deployment left the command no other alternative but to occupy the area. Events during the month of May showed that it was not possible to continue the fight in the North Atlantic, owing to the excessive losses.
 
 
 
- 145 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
      If U-boat warfare was to be continued at all until the introduction of new weapons and apparatus, deployment of all outward bound VIIc and IXc boats could only take place in the areas mentioned.  Warfare in this area had to be abandoned  sooner than anticipated.  Even if the success achieved appears proportionally slight compared with the losses it must be stressed that U-boat deployment lead to strong combination of the defence forces in the entire mid-Atlantic area and greatly taxed the strength of the enemy air forces.  In this way the operational objective - the momentary use of U-boat forces for defence purposes - was achieved, even if the sacrifice was great.
      All boats arriving in this area in future are to be equipped with new Fu.M.B. (Hagenuk) and anti-aircraft armament reinforcements (quadruple and twin-mounted guns).  The use of the Hagenuk anti-radar device will complicate the location of U-boats by the enemy, lessen the danger of surprise air attacks and facilitate more mobile night operations.
       
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
       
24.August 1943.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
Op(EV 80)
U 183
-
JJ 46
U 358
-
CG 27
U 533
-
GQ 94
 
66
-
CG 22
185
-
DS 17
382
-
DH 21
566
-
CF 21
 
84
-
CD 40
188
-
JJ 51
403
-
Op(EK 40)
571
-
CG 42
 
86
-
DT 65
196
-
KQ 95
406
-
DG 44
600
-
DC 36
 
107
-
DC 18
197
-
Op(KQ 80)
415
-
DF 86
618
-
CF 87
 
123
-
CG 24
198
-
FM 94
445
-
EJ 38
621
-
BF 41
 
129
-
CF 77
214
-
BF 45
468
-
Op(ET 60)
645
-
BF 50
 
134
-
CG 22
230
-
DP 86
508
-
DF 86
653
-
DF 86
 
161
-
DG 18
257
-
DF 86
510
-
BF 79
732
-
CE 52
 
168
-
JJ 41
262
-
CE 62
518
-
BF 78
757
-
CF 94
 
172
-
DS 17
305
-
BF 50
523
-
CG 24
760
-
CD 40
 
177
-
JJ 46
333
-
CG 44
532
-
GZ 62
847
-
DF 86
 
178
-
LP 46
340
-
CG 25      
634
-
DF 86
 
181
-
KQ 88                  
 
  On Return Passage:  U 66 - 84 - 86 - 129 - 134 - 172 - 177 - 178 - 181 - 185 - 196 - 198 - 230 - 257 - 262 - 333 - 340 - 358 - 382 - 406 - 415 - 445 - 508 - 510 - 566 - 571 - 600 - 618 - 634 - 653 - 732 - 757 - 760.
  Entered Port:  - . -
  Sailed:  - . -
       
II. Air Reconnaissance:  Fighter penetration of outer Biscay area.
       
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a)  None.
  b)  Own aircraft sighted 2 destroyers on a course of 1800, low speed at 1224 in BF 7873.
    A light cruiser, in BF 7924 at 1900 and 5 destroyers on a course of 2400, medium speed, in BF 7924.
  c) 1) English units were located in AE 8750, BF 8490, BE 9520, BF 1440.
       
- 146 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
    2) U-boat sightings: AE 8573, DN 7568, CG 2195, BE 9989.
  d)  None.
       
IV. Current Operations:
  a) - b) None.
  c) 1) U 177 announced transfer of meeting point with U 183 to 150 sea miles to the north by W/T.  Boat was intercepted there by 2 aircraft and requests permission to withdraw.  Boat received orders to cancel meeting and proceed on course. New meeting with other boat planned for U 177.
    2) U 847 received orders to replenish the boats U 172 and 185 arriving on 26.8. for economical return passage, and to distribute a section of the "Höltring" crew on board both boats between the two boats last to be supplied.
    3) The returning boats approaching the "Piening" route are given permission to alter the passage route at their own discretion if the surface patrol in the vicinity of the coast appears too strong.
  d) A message from U 197 was received via a W/T link, reporting having been bombed and unable to submerge.  Two boats operating in the same area were detailed to search and render assistance - without result.  U 197 did not reply to repeated requests for a report, and the loss of this boat must be presumed.
       
V. Reports of Success:  None.
       
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
       
25.August 1943.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
Op(EV 80)
U 181
-
KQ 85
U 333
-
CG 43
U 523
-
CG 14
 
66
-
BF 79
183
-
JJ 46
340
-
BF 78
532
-
JJ 41
 
84
-
CD 40
185
-
DR 33
358
-
CG 25
533
-
GZ 21
 
86
-
DT 38
188
-
JJ 53
382
-
CF 98
566
-
CF 31
 
107
-
DB 39
196
-
KQ 84
403
-
Op(EK 40)
571
-
CG 19
 
123
-
CG 15
197
-
Op(KQ 50)
406
-
DG 43
600
-
CF 88
 
129
-
CF 84
198
-
FM 59
415
-
DF 86
618
-
CF 83
 
134
-
BF 79
214
-
BE 63
445
-
DT 98
621
-
CF 83
 
168
-
JJ 51
230
-
DF 86
468
-
Op(ET 60)
634
-
DF 86
 
172
-
DR 33
257
-
DF 86
508
-
DF 86
645
-
BF 49
 
177
-
JJ 46
262
-
CE 33
510
-
BF 88
653
-
DF 86
 
178
-
KE 89
305
-
BF 49
518
-
CG 25
732
-
CE 39
 
161
-
DG 48
757
-
CF 69
760
-
CD 40
847
-
DF 86
 
  On Return Passage:  U 66 - 84 - 86 - 129 - 134 - 172 - 177 - 178 - 181 - 185 - 196 - 198 - 230 - 257 - 262 - 333 - 340 - 358 - 382 - 406 - 415 - 445 - 508 - 510 - 566 - 571 - 600 - 618 - 634 - 653 - 732 - 757 - 760.
  Entered Port:  - . -
  Sailed:  U 260 - 338 - St. Nazaire.
       
- 147 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
II. Air Reconnaissance:  Fighter penetration of outer Biscay area.
       
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a) U 123 sent passage report from CF 3413.  The boat also reported hearing 2 destroyers and several "terror" depth charges in CG 1356.
  b) Our own aircraft sighted 3 destroyers on a course of 1800, medium speed, in DF 7269.  The U-boat chaser group reported yesterday in BF 7921 consisted of one cruiser, 3 destroyers and one U-boat chaser lying stopped.  One light cruiser, course 3200, high speed in BE 9326.
  c) 1) English units were located in BF 7590, BF 7491, BF 7480, BF 7680, BF 7953, BF 7822, AE 8970, BF 8417.
    2) U-boat sightings: EO 4382.
    3) A U-boat was attacked in CA 8312.
  d) None.
       
IV. Current Operations:
  a) - b) None.
  c) 1) U 760 reported on request that U 84 did not arrive in CD 4516 on 19.8. have been on return passage since evening of 23.8.  Short in aerials, and glands.
    2) Boats have received directions to proceed principally submerged also on the "Piening" route and only surface at night to recharge the batteries.
  d) The ordered meeting between U 84 and U 760 for 19.8. in CD 4516 as reported by U 760, did not take place.
     U 760 encountered enemy destroyers at the meeting point ordered for 18.8. in CD 7925, and was attacked with depth charges.  It must be presumed that U 84 was either sunk on 7.8. during an aircraft attack in DC 9558 (according to Radio Intelligence report, U-boat had been or was being attacked) or destroyed by the enemy unit reported by U 760.  The last message was from DC 8596 on 7.8.
       
V. Reports of Success:  None.
       
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
       
26.August 1943.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
Op(EV 80)
U 183
-
JJ 52
U 340
-
BF 84
U 533
-
GZ 26
 
66
-
BF 54
185
-
DJ 86
358
-
BF 78
566
-
CG 14
 
86
-
DH 79
188
-
JJ 26
382
-
CG 47
571
-
CG 22
 
107
-
Op(DB)
196
-
JA 12
403
-
Op(EK 40)
600
-
CF 94
 
123
-
CF 26
198
-
FM 27
406
-
DG 28
618
-
CF 68
 
129
-
CF 91
214
-
BE 62
415
-
DF 86
621
-
BE 65
 
134
-
BF 85
230
-
DF 86
445
-
DT 86
634
-
DF 86
 
161
-
DG 75
257
-
DF 86
468
-
Op(ET 60)
645
-
BF 75
 
168
-
JJ 19
260
-
BF 67
508
-
DF 86
653
-
DF 86
 
       
- 148 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
I.
U 172
-
DF 86
U 262
-
CF 13
U 510
-
BF 83
U 732
-
CF 27
 
177
-
CG 39
305
-
BF 75
518
-
CG 16
757
-
CG 42
 
178
-
LE 41
333
-
DG 24
523
-
CF 34
760
-
CD 39
 
181
-
JA 13
338
-
BF 67
532
-
JJ 51
847
-
DF 86
 
  On Return Passage:  U 66 - 84 - 86 - 129 - 134 - 172 - 177 - 178 - 181 - 185 - 196 - 198 - 230 - 257 - 262 - 333 - 340 - 358 - 382 - 406 - 415 - 445 - 508 - 510 - 566 - 571 - 600 - 618 - 634 - 653 - 732 - 757 - 760.
  Entered Port:  - . -
  Sailed:  U 220 - 309 - 643 - 841 - Kiel.
       
II. Air Reconnaissance:  Fighter penetration in the outer Biscay area.
       
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a) None.
  b) Our own aircraft sighted 6 enemy destroyers on a course of 3300, medium speed in BF 7831 on 1815.
  c) 1) English units were located in BE 1630, CG 8990, BF 8120.
    2) U-boat sighting:  In CA 8236 (U 107).
  d) None.
       
IV. Current Operations:
  a)  None.
  b)  U 523 and 123 receive position DG 47.
  c) - d) None.
       
V. Reports of Success: None.
       
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
       
27.August 1943.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
Op(EV 80)
U 185
-
DF 86
U 340
-
BF 80
U 566
-
CG 13
 
66
-
BF 80
188
-
JK 32
358
-
BF 76
571
-
BF 79
 
86
-
DH 49
196
-
JA 41
382
-
CG 45
600
-
CF 93
 
107
-
Op(DB)
198
-
FM 31
403
-
Op(EK 40)
618
-
CG 44
 
123
-
CF 24
214
-
BE 53
406
-
DG 31
621
-
BE 56
 
129
-
CF 69
220
-
AO 44
415
-
DF 86
634
-
DF 86
 
134
-
BF 80
230
-
DF 86
445
-
DT 38
643
-
AO 44
 
161
-
DS 16
257
-
DF 86
468
-
Op(ET 60)
645
-
BF 77
 
168
-
JK 31
260
-
BF 54
508
-
DF 86
653
-
DF 86
 
172
-
DF 86
262
-
CF 23
510
-
BF 80
732
-
CF 29
 
177
-
GZ 28
305
-
BF 74
518
-
CF 26
757
-
CG 27
 
178
-
LF 41
309
-
AO 44
523
-
CF 25
760
-
CE 19
 
181
-
JA 42
333
-
CG 22
532
-
JJ 53
841
-
AO 44
 
183
-
JK 26
338
-
BF 57
533
-
GZ 38
847
-
DF 86
 
       
- 149 -
 
 
     

 

 

     
     
 
  On Return Passage:  U 66 - 86 - 129 - 134 - 172 - 177 - 178 - 181 - 185 - 196 - 198 - 230 - 257 - 262 - 333 - 340 - 358 - 382 - 406 - 415 - 445 - 508 - 510 - 566 - 571 - 600 - 618 - 634 - 653 - 732 - 757 - 760.
  Entered Port:  - . -
  Sailed:  - . -
       
II. Air Reconnaissance:  
  Fighter penetration in the outer Biscay.  Bomber activity against group according to III b).  One direct hit on cruiser, one destroyer sunk.
       
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a)  None.
  b)  Our own aircraft reported 5 destroyers on varying courses, low speed, at 0840 on BF 7556; one light cruiser, 4 destroyers, southerly course, medium speed at 1400 in CG 2261.
  c) 1) English units were located in: BF 8480, CG 2555, CG 1660, BD 2690.
    2) U-boat sightings:  In CG 2256 (U 757 or 566?), ED 9484.
    3) U-boat attacked by aircraft in DN 7325?
  d)  None.
       
IV. Current Operations:
  a)  None.
  b) New position for U 161 = FK 40, U 123 = ED 90, U 518 = DB 90.
  c) - d) None.
       
V. Reports of Success:  None.
       
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
       
28.August 1943.
 
 
   
I.
U 43
-
Op(EV 80)
U 185
-
DF 86
U 340
-
BF 89
U 566
-
CG 21
 
66
-
BF 89
188
-
KZ 89
358
-
BF 87
571
-
BF 84
 
86
-
DH 19
196
-
KZ 69
382
-
CG 27
600
-
CG 45
 
107
-
Op(DB)
198
-
FD 97
403
-
Op(EK 40)
618
-
CG 43
 
123
-
CF 43
214
-
BE 52
406
-
CF 78
621
-
BE 58
 
129
-
CG 45
220
-
AN 34
415
-
DF 86
634
-
DF 86
 
134
-
BF 91
230
-
DF 86
445
-
DT 32
643
-
AN 34
 
161
-
DS 46
257
-
DF 86
468
-
Op(ET 60)
645
-
BE 99
 
168
-
JK 32
260
-
BF 46
508
-
DF 86
653
-
DF 86
 
172
-
DF 86
262
-
CF 32
510
-
BF 54
732
-
CF 38
 
177
-
GQ 99
305
-
BE 95
518
-
CF 52
757
-
CG 22
 
178
-
LF 41
309
-
AN 34
523
-
CF 43
760
-
CE 28
 
181
-
JA 71
333
-
BF 79
532
-
JK 26
841
-
AN 34
 
183
-
JK 35
338
-
BF 46
533
-
JJ 42
857
-
DF 86
     
 
- 150 -
 
     
     

 

     
     
 
  On Return Passage:  U 66 - 86 - 129 - 134 - 172 - 177 - 178 - 181 - 185 - 196 - 198 - 230 - 257 - 262 - 333 - 340 - 358 - 382 - 406 - 415 - 445 - 508 - 510 - 566 - 571 - 600 - 618 - 634 - 653 - 732 - 757 - 760.
  Entered Port:  - . -
  Sailed:  - . -
       
II. Air Reconnaissance:  Fighter penetration of outer Biscay area.
       
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a) U 198 sighted steamer, course 1700, in FD 6455.  No other boats in the vicinity.
  b)  Aircraft sighted a light cruiser, course 3400, high speed at 0800 in CG 1331.
  c) 1) English units were located in CG 1840.
    2) U-boat sighting:  in CA 5832.
    3) U-boat was attacked in DB 6371 (U 107).
  d)  None.
       
IV. Current Operations:
  a)  None.
  b)  U 107 received orders to report state of fuel after carrying out mining operations off Charleston and to withdraw out to sea.  Subsequently, the boat will be allocated an operational area.
  c)  After giving position report, U 198 received orders to return.  Remaining fuel to be handed over.
  d) 1) U 486 put out with U 373 on 7.7. and sent a passage report through U 373 from BE 91 on 13.7.  No reports have been requested since then on the grounds of security. The boat has not now replied to 4 requests and must be presumed lost.
    2) U 523 put out on 16.8. and up to now, in spite of request, it has not sent a passage report.  The loss of this boat must be presumed.   No details.
       
V. Reports of Success:  None.
       
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
       
29.August 1943.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
Op(EV 80)
U 183
-
JK 17
U 333
-
BF 84
U 566
-
BF 79
 
66
-
BF 83
185
-
DF 86
338
-
BF 45
571
-
BF 88
 
86
-
DH 21
188
-
KZ 98
340
-
BF 83
600
-
CG 43
 
107
-
Op(DB 30)
196
-
KZ 94
358
-
BF 89
618
-
CG 27
 
123
-
CE 68
198
-
FD 61
382
-
CG 25
621
-
BE 55
 
129
-
CG 51
214
-
BE 46
403
-
Op(EK 40)
634
-
DF 86
 
134
-
BF 91
220
-
AN 29
406
-
CF 81
643
-
AN 29
 
161
-
DS 76
230
-
DF 86
415
-
DF 86
645
-
CG 11
 
168
-
JL 11
257
-
DF 86
445
-
DH 73
653
-
DF 86
 
172
-
DF 86
260
-
BF 41
508
-
DF 86
732
-
CF 14
 
       
- 151 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
 
177
-
GQ 95
262
-
CG 11
510
-
BF 54
757
-
BF 78
 
178
-
LF
305
-
BE 94
518
-
CF 42
760
-
CE 38
 
181
-
KZ 98
309
-
AN 29
532
-
JK 35
841
-
AN 24
             
533
-
JJ 51
847
-
DF 86
 
  On Return Passage:  U 66 - 86 - 129 - 134 - 172 - 177 - 178 - 181 - 185 - 196 - 198 - 230 - 257 - 262 - 333 - 340 - 358 - 382 - 406 - 415 - 445 - 508 - 510 - 566 - 571 - 600 - 618 - 634 - 653 - 732 - 757 - 760.
  Entered Port:  U 178 - Penang;  U 510 - Lorient; U 220 - 643 - Bergen.
  Sailed:  U 731 - Brest; U 170 - 515 - 536 - Lorient;  U 386 - 669 - St. Nazaire.
       
II. Air Reconnaissance:  Fighter penetration in the outer Biscay area.
       
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a) 1) U 634 sighted several smoke trails in CF 5316, course 300, and was chased by a corvette to the N.W.  This probably refers to the MKF 20 convoy in there waters.
    2) U 333 reported a strange U-boat in BF 8911.  Japanese U-boat "Flieder" making for W. France is at the moment in the area mentioned.  Boats are again given the appropriate directions.
  b) Aircraft sighted a light cruiser, course W. medium speed at 1710 in BE 9647.
  c) 1) English units were located in BE 8870, BF 7660, BF 8440, BD 3240, BD 3250.
    2) U-boat sightings:  390 08', longitude unknown (U 634?).
  d)  None.
       
IV. Current Operations:
  a)  None.
  b) 1) U 214 received course according to special task assigned (mining operations).
    2) Anti-aircraft boat U 621 received the area between the longitudes and latitudes of the grids BE 4377 and BE 9799 as operations area, and is to slowly extend the operational area independently to the E. according to the defence situation.  The boat received orders to send a dummy short signal every second day and likewise to report experiences for the benefit of outward and homeward bound boats.
    3) All boats are reminded that anti-aircraft boat 621 can be requested to act as Biscay escort for boats in need of assistance.
    4) The behavior of enemy surface forces in the Biscay area makes it appear likely the the "Piening" route is known to the enemy.  Boats have received the following directions:
       
- 152 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
      Strong U-boat chaser activity at the moment in the area CG 20, BF 74 to 79.  Chaser groups sail in very broad line abreast.  Boats already on the "Piening" route are to be especially careful and proceed as near the coast as possible.  Other returning boats are to by-pass the mentioned area.
    5) U 305, 260, 338, 645 received orders to wait in BD 60 and to maintain wireless silence after giving the passage report.  In the area mentioned the handing over in the N. Atlantic of reference points still lacking is intended.
  c) U 508 reported U 257, 172, 653, 230 and 415 supplied from U 847, U 185 not arrived.  Air defence on 27.8.  Heavy explosions later; possibly U 847.  U 847 and 185 are requested to report.
  d)  None.
       
V. Reports of Success:  None.
       
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
       
30.August 1943.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
Op(EV 80)
U 185
-
DF 86
U 358
-
BF 80
U 571
-
BF 80
 
66
-
BF 80
188
-
JA 75
382
-
BF 78
600
-
CG 27
 
86
-
CF 83
196
-
KZ 88
386
-
BF 91
618
-
CG 25
 
107
-
Op(DB 30)
198
-
FD 26
403
-
Op(EK 40)
621
-
BE 82
 
123
-
CE 94
214
-
BE 54
406
-
CF 54
634
-
CF 53
 
129
-
CG 27
230
-
DF 86
415
-
DF 86
645
-
CF 32
 
134
-
BF 80
257
-
DF 86
445
-
DH 43
653
-
DF 86
 
161
-
EH 16
260
-
BE 63
508
-
DF 86
669
-
BF 91
 
168
-
KZ 98
262
-
CG 13
515
-
BF 54
731
-
BF 54
 
170
-
BF 54
305
-
BE 85
518
-
CF 72
732
-
CG 13
 
172
-
DF 86
309
-
AN 31
532
-
JL 14
757
-
BF 87
 
177
-
CQ 82
333
-
BF 83
533
-
JK 20
760
-
CF 15
 
181
-
JL 12
338
-
BE 66
536
-
BF 54
841
-
AN 31
 
183
-
JL 16
340
-
BF 80
566
-
BF 87
847
-
DF 86
 
  On Return Passage:  U 66 - 86 - 129 - 134 - 172 - 177 - 181 - 185 - 196 - 198 - 230 - 257 - 262 - 333 - 340 - 358 - 382 - 406 - 415 - 445 - 508 - 566 - 571 - 600 - 618 - 634 - 653 - 732 - 757 - 760.
  Entered Port:  - . -
  Sailed:  U 460 - Bordeaux.
       
II. Air Reconnaissance:  Fighter penetration in the outer Biscay area.
       
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a) - b) None
  c) 1) English units were located in: BE 88, BE 9260, BF 9190.
    2) U-boat sightings:  DN 4267, AE 8661, BF 8262, DP 33, DB 6383 (U 107).
  d)  None.
       
IV. Current Operations:
  a) - d) None.
       
- 153 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
V. Reports of Success:  None.
       
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
       
31.August 1943.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
Op(EV 80)
U 188
-
JA 84
U 382
-
BF 76
U 571
-
BF 80
 
66
-
BF 80
196
-
JK 35
386
-
BF 82
600
-
CG 25
 
86
-
CF 64
198
-
ES 88
403
-
Op(EK 40)
618
-
BF 78
 
107
-
Op(DB 30)
214
-
BE 52
406
-
CF 29
621
-
Op(BE 49)
 
123
-
CE 88
230
-
CE 96
415
-
DG 31
634
-
CF 35
 
129
-
CG 22
257
-
DG 21
445
-
DH 16
645
-
BE 87
 
134
-
BF 80
260
-
BE 61
460
-
BF 91
653
-
CF 73
 
161
-
EH 54
262
-
BE 96
508
-
DG 27
669
-
BF 82
 
168
-
JA 78
305
-
BE 81
515
-
BF 49
731
-
BF 46
 
170
-
BF 46
309
-
AN 31
518
-
CE 95
732
-
BF 52
 
172
-
DG 28
333
-
BF 68
532
-
JL 13
757
-
BF 85
 
177
-
CQ 46
338
-
BE 64
533
-
JK 34
760
-
CF 22
 
181
-
JK 39
340
-
BF 80
536
-
BF 49
841
-
AN 31
 
183
-
JL 22
358
-
BF 91
566
-
BF 85
847
-
DF 86
 
185
-
DF 86                  
 
  On Return Passage:  U 66 - 86 - 129 - 134 - 172 - 177 - 181 - 185 - 196 - 198 - 230 - 257 - 262 - 333 - 340 - 358 - 382 - 406 - 415 - 445 - 566 - 571 - 600 - 618 - 634 - 653 - 732 - 757 - 760.
  Entered Port:  U 732 - Brest;  U 333 - La Pallice.
  Sailed:  U 229 - 341 - La Pallice;  U 666 - St. Nazaire;  U 389 - 419 - Kiel.
       
II. Air Reconnaissance:  Fighter penetration of outer Biscay area.
       
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a) U 621 sighted aircraft in BE 5846, no attack.
  b)  None.
  c) 1) English unit located in BE 5860.
    2) U-boat sightings:  BF 8262, CA 8224, AT 8422 and 3 sightings in unknown positions.
  d)  None.
       
IV. Current Operations:
  a) - b) None.
  c) 1) U 161 proposes EK 3755 as meeting place for the handing over of remaining fuel supplies from U 198, for 1000 on 3.9.
    2) According to aircraft and radar observations the "Piening" route is again free of enemy U-boat chaser forces.  This route is again free for returning boats.
       
- 154 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
  d) 1) According to U 508's report of 30.8. supplies were taken on board from U 847 on 27.8.  U 185 did not arrive until then.  Apart from this U 508 heard heavy explosions on arrival.  U 847 and U 185 were requested to send a position report without results, and the loss of these boats must be presumed.
      The explosions heard by U 508 probably tie up with the destruction of U 847, possibly though, only with the loss of U 185.  Since the meeting of U 185 with U 172 in FD 2763 on 12.8. there has been no information as to the fate of U 185.  U 185 had a section of U 604's crew on board.
    2) U 403 had the operations area off Dakar.  The boat did not report in spite of repeated requests. Last W/T message was passage report from BE 8416 on 23.7.  According to Radio Intelligence report a steamer was chased and attacked by a U-boat in EK 4346 on 17.8.  Shortly afterwards an aircraft sighted a periscope in EK 4640.
      As there was no other U-boat in this area, this can only refer to U 403.  Otherwise no details.  Loss must be presumed.
       
V. Reports of Success:  None.
       
       
                                                                       (Signed):  GODT.
       
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
 
 
 
- 155 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
Operational Order "Panama Canal" for U 214.
       
I. Task:  Mining operations are to take place off the Panama Canal.
       
II. Enemy Situation:  According to information received, the monthly total of traffic to and from the Panama Canal amounts to 140 ships.  This is partly isolated traffic, after the appearance of U-boats, however, mainly escorted convoys.
  The directions are:
    Colon - Windward Passage
    Colon - Mona Passage
    Colon - Aruba - Curacao - Trinidad (about 10 sea miles North of the Islands)
    and reversed.
       
III. Defence situation:  Colon the naval and air base - strong air patrol is to be expected day and night also shore and air radar.  Coco-Solo (East of Colon) is an American U-boat base.  U 159 and U 161 reported the following in June and July 1942 from the area off the Panama Canal:
  1) Put out and general course north south from Colon irregular deviating courses to the west.
  2) Daylight traffic with air escort, single vessels and small destroyer escorts.
  3)  All kinds of air activity over the sea area, aircraft inexperienced.
  4) Surface escort had good Asdic, not persistent, quickly lost, good water layers.  In general 1 - 2 MTBs among the patrol craft off the entrance.  
  5)  Colon lights burning, recognition probably altered, at night strong search lights every half hour.
  6)  Good hydrophone conditions.
       
IV. Mining Gear:
  1) 15 SMA (shaft mines A) with 400 meters of anchor rope, time setting = 80 days, safety device time setting 3 hours, clockwork setting = 24 hours.  Depth setting minus 15 meters, mine fitting tally 1.  Mines may only be laid at a depth of 50 to 350 meters.  Distance apart at least 400 meters.
  2)  6 EMS (periscope mine) setting for self sinking - after 72 hours.
       
V. Geographical boundary:  None.  The mines are to be laid as near as possible to Colon, considering the 50 meter limit.
       
VI. Execution:
  1) Putting out according to Operations Order.
  2)  The mines are to be laid singly - if possible during the new moon period, in the section drawn on the diagram.  The sketch
 
 
 
- 156 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
    provided is to be taken as an indication of the scheme for the operation.
  3) The Commander may dispose the mines differently, according to the enemy situation observed.  The time of mine laying is also left to the discretion of the Commander after a sizing up of the area.
  4) Of the 6 EMS, 2 are to be laid to the west, and 2 to the east of the mined area.  In this connection it must be remembered that:
    a) The current in this area runs mainly to the east to northeast, with a speed of 1 - 1.5 knots.
    b) The mine is active 10 minutes after being laid.
    c) Mines ready for laying are to be handled with extreme caution, rubber horns are very sensitive.
    The laying of the remaining mines are to be carried out according to W/T orders.
       
VII. Report:  is to be made in a short signal as soon as possible after the execution of the operation - from a distance of not less than 150 sea miles, however, AFKP = have carried out minelaying off the Panama Canal.
       
VIII.   No restrictions in torpedo warfare.
       
IX.   If the operation cannot  be carried out owing to enemy activity, withdraw and report by W/T to obtain directions for another minelaying area.
       
X.   After the mines have been laid, further orders for deployment will be sent by W/T.
       
       
                                                             (Signed):  GODT.
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
 
 
 
- 157 -
 
 
     

 


 

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