F.d.U./B.d.U.'S War Log

16 - 31 October 1942

PG30312b

     
     
 
16.October 1942.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
Op(BB)
U 179
-
Op(GR)
U 443
-
Op(AK 30)
U 602
-
Op(AK 30)
 
67
-
Op(EE 71)
181
-
FE 42
454
-
Op(AK 40)
604
-
BF 46
 
68
-
Op(GR)
183
-
AJ 22
455
-
BC 51
607
-
Op(AK)
 
69
-
Op(BB 58)
201
-
DF 73
459
-
DT 22
609
-
Op(AL 70)
 
71
-
Op(AL 90)
202
-
DF 92
461
-
BF 67
610
-
Op(AK 03)
 
84
-
Op(AL 40)
203
-
BF 50
463
-
BD 57
615
-
Op(AK)
 
87
-
Op(ET)
216
-
Op(AK)
504
-
Op(GR)
618
-
Op(AK)
 
89
-
Op(AL 40)
217
-
BF 55
505
-
CD 96
620
-
BD 25
 
106
-
Op(BB)
221
-
AK 91
506
-
DT 78
621
-
Op(AK 30)
 
107
-
Op(ET)
254
-
Op(AK)
509
-
BF 50
624
-
AE 69
 
116
-
BF 50
257
-
BF 73
510
-
BF 49
627
-
AO
 
118
-
BF 60
258
-
Op(AK)
513
-
BD 60
658
-
Op(AL 70)
 
125
-
Op(ET)
260
-
BD 28
514
-
Op(LP 24)
659
-
BF 47
 
126
-
FG 37
301
-
Op(AK 30)
516
-
Op(EO)
661
-
Op(AK 50)
 
128
-
Op(ET)
332
-
Op(EO)
517
-
BE 43
662
-
Op(AK)
 
129
-
DQ 14
333
-
DH 79
518
-
AJ 16
704
-
Op(AL 40)
 
132
-
Op(AL 70)
353
-
Op(AK)
520
-
AK 24
706
-
Op(AK 03)
 
134
-
BF 91
356
-
Op(AK)
521
-
AL 30
753
-
Op(AK 30)
 
154
-
BE 92
381
-
Op(AK 63)
522
-
AE 86
757
-
BD 60
 
156
-
FE 54
382
-
BD 27
552
-
Op(ET)
D 3
-
AL 92
 
159
-
Op(GR)
402
-
Op(AL 40)
558
-
BF 52
D 5
-
Op(ET)
 
160
-
Op(EE)
409
-
BF 47
563
-
Op(AK 30)      
 
161
-
FG 64
410
-
Op(AK)
571
-
Op(AL 40)      
 
172
-
Op(GR)
436
-
AL 23
572
-
BE 96      
 
174
-
CE 92
437
-
Op(AK)
575
-
Op(AK 30)      
 
175
-
DF 59
438
-
Op(AL 70)
590
-
Op(ET)      
 
177
-
DF 59
441
-
Op(AK 30)
597
-
Op(AK 50)      
 
178
-
FU 97
442
-
Op(AK)
599
-
Op(AK)      
 
  On Return Passage:  U 116 - 118 - 156 - 175 - 201 - 217 - 221 - 254 - 257 - 333 - 382 - 455 - 459 - 461 - 506 - 513 - 517 - 558 - 757 - D 3.
  Entered Port:  U 258 - 217 - Brest;  U 118 - Lorient.
  Sailed:  - . -
       
II. Air Reconnaissance:  None.
       
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a) 1) Convoys Nos. 59 and 60 see paragraph IVa.
    2) From patrol line of Group Panther U 602 - 563 - 610 - 301 and 575 report large numbers of aircraft.  Line seems to have been observed and will be shifted.
    3) U 160 sighted convoy of 14 ships at 2100 in ED 9954, course 900, speed 8 knots.  Sea and air patrol.  Boat attacked and scored one hit apiece on 4,000 and 6,000 tonner.  Sinking not confirmed on account of defence measures.  Hunt still in progress.
    4) U 333 sighted unknown submarine in DH 1392.  Italian according to dead reckoning.
    5) U 129 sank Norwegian ship "Trafalgar" (5,542 GRT) on 16.10. in DQ 1153, carrying mixed cargo from Buenos Aires to New York.
    6) U 69 sighted small convoy in BB 5686 with small escort, course
       
- 38 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
      3100, low speed.
    7) Position reports:
      U 107:  Since 12.10. from ET 4645 - 8251 - EU 7341 - ET 6641 nothing sighted.  Frequent bad visibility caused by rain.
      U 128:  Up to the present ET 56, now ET 70, no shipping sighted.
    8) U 441 leaving large oil tracks caused by leaking emergency end seals and slide valves of ventilators.  Boat ordered to blow starboard main ballast tank and report operational readiness.
  b) None.
  c) U-boat sightings:  AK 69 - ED 96 - EC 64 - EO 14.
    U-boat attacks:  ED 99 and BB 5511 on English steamer "Carbon".  
    English aircraft reported submarines in AK 3644 - AE 7774 - AK 5999 and 4 others in unknown positions, one depth charge attack.
  d) None.
       
IV. Current Operations:
  a) 1) Convoy No. 59:
      At 1000 U 258 sighted a part of convoy consisting of 5 steamers in AK 5999, course 900.  It was immediately forced to submerge by aircraft, and reported last position of convoy on hydrophones AK 9124 at 1300.  Contact finally lost on account of air patrol.  Towards 2200 U 571 came on convoy again in AK 6977.  Sighted 2 destroyers and 5 steamers on course 900, was damaged by bombs and depth charges and could not report sighting until 13 hours later.  Before U 258 sighted convoy again in the morning, another submarine sighted westbound convoy in AL 4799.  Groups "Wotan" and "Leopard" were ordered to break off operations on Convoy No. 59 and operate on fresh reports.  Reasons for this were as follows:
     
I. No contact for six hours and
II. entry of enemy into area of continuous air patrol.
      With this operation on Convoy No. 59 was over.  Boats making contact by accident should make the most of any opportunity that offered... for complete survey see paragraph VI.
    2) Convoy No. 60:
      At 1002 U 704 reported enemy in sight AL 4799 on westerly course, speed 12 knots.  Boat lay in southern half of Group "Panther" patrol line.  16 boats of Group "Panther" as well as boats of Group "Leopard" and "Wotan" were ordered to operate.  The rest of the "Panther" boats were formed into Group "Puma" and detailed to new patrol line.  (See IVb)  At 1043 U 609 sighted convoy in AL 7136.  Retained contact until 1345 in AL 7156.  General course of convoy 2200, with temporary alterations of course to the south.  Speed 8 - 10 knots according to dead reckoning.
      U 704 attacked at 1330 in AL 7129 and scored 2 hits on 5,000 ton ship.  Sinking certain.  Convoy consisted of about 20 steamers.  Visibility worsened during course of the morning
 
 
 
- 39 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
      south 2, and rain to the point of fog.  During submerged attack in fog U 609 was depth-charged at 13 meters.  Damage received forced boat to commence return passage.  Convoy remained uncontacted on account of continuous bad visibility.  Boats operating independently on convoy courses between 200 and 2500, speed 8 - 10 knots.  Operation continues.
  b) 1) Group "Puma" with U 621 - 436 - 602 - 753 - 575 - 301 - 563 - 443 took up patrol line between AK 6247 - 6977 at cruising speed.
    2) U 436 took up position in patrol line instead of U 441 which fell out, and thus has therefore joined Group "Puma".
    3) U 610 position BD 57 for refueling.
  c) None.
  d) 1) According to 1/Sk1 IK 2055/42 2 boats have been detailed to escort "M.S. Tannenfels".  U 105 position CD 95 at midday on 21.10. and U 382 after completing refueling in BD 57 to proceed on southerly course with 210 miles day's run to meet ship.
    2) U 216 was on return passage and last reported short weather signal on 6.10. from BD 8286.  Since then neither weather nor sighting report received.  Loss of boat must be reckoned with since boat is already 3 days overdue in port.
    3) U 597 operated with Group "Leopard" on Convoy No. 58.  Reported same at 1145/12/10 in AK 3999.  Last radio message stated boat had lost contact 1200.  Since then no reply has been received in spite of repeated calls.  Loss must be reckoned with.
       
V. Reports of Success:
 
U 160 2 ships
torpedoed
U 129 1 ship
5,542 GRT
U 704 1 ship
5,000 GRT.
       
VI. General:
  General Survey of Convoy No. 59:
    Operation on SC convoy was strongly effected by 2 factors,
  1) Scattered position of boats at time of first sighting,
  2)  Bad weather from the W during first 2 days.
  Contact at first was kept by U 221 above, which in 2 night attacks in bad weather sank a total of 8 ships.  In spite of the fact that calmer weather set in on the 3rd day, and all boats of the patrol line came within range of the convoy, no further success was scored during the operation.
    Radio messages from the boats show reasons for this:
  1) Increased escort, A/S units and single destroyers, probably transferred from ON-convoy which was hunted in vain.
  2)  Outstanding performance of radar apparatus probable.  It is striking that boats were not able to shadow for any length of
 
 
 
- 40 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
     time without being forced to submerge.  At times they were not even able to make first contact report.  Successes scored by U 221, 607 and 618 during 1st and 2nd night were made in heavy sea, and therefore under difficult conditions for successful operation of enemy radar apparatus.
  3)  Great differences in estimated positions from the various boats due to bad weather and visibility.
  4)  Early appearance of air escort already in AK 80 although this convoy passage must be a small catastrophe for the enemy (11 ships lost out of 19), the course of the operation was a disappointment for our boats also.  Here again is clearly shown how much more difficult convoy battles have become, and how immensely important and decisive is the development of our own weapons (combined radar and radar intercept equipment, heavier flak armament, improved torpedoes) for the future prosecution of submarine warfare.
    Results:  11 ships sunk, one submarine (U 661) probably lost, and one submarine (U 607) damaged.
       
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
       
17.October 1942.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
Op(BB)
U 179
-
Op(GR)
U 442
-
Op(AK 60)
U 599
-
Op(AK 60)
 
67
-
Op(EE)
181
-
FE 57
443
-
Op(AK 03)
602
-
Op(AK)
 
68
-
Op(GR)
183
-
AJ 16
454
-
Op(AK 90)
604
-
BF 47
 
69
-
Op(BB)
201
-
DF 55
455
-
BC 65
607
-
AK 98
 
71
-
Op(AK 90)
202
-
DF 69
459
-
DT 76
609
-
Op(AK 90)
 
84
-
Op(AK 90)
203
-
BF 46
461
-
BF 50
610
-
AK 68
 
87
-
Op(ET)
216
-
Op(AK 60)
504
-
Op(GR)
615
-
Op(AK 60)
 
89
-
Op(AK 90)
221
-
Op(AK 90)
505
-
DF 23
618
-
Op(AK 60)
 
106
-
Op(BB)
254
-
BD 32
506
-
DS 96
620
-
BD 54
 
107
-
Op(ET)
257
-
BF 91
509
-
BF 49
621
-
Op(AK 37)
 
125
-
Op(ET)
258
-
Op(AK 60)
510
-
BF 47
624
-
AE 91
 
126
-
FG 66
260
-
BD 57
513
-
BE 44
627
-
AN 36
 
128
-
Op(ET)
301
-
Op(AK)
514
-
Op(EP)
658
-
Op(AK 90)
 
129
-
DQ 42
332
-
Op(EE)
516
-
Op(EO)
659
-
BE 95
 
132
-
Op(AK 90)
333
-
CF 89
517
-
BE 56
661
-
Op(AK 60)
 
134
-
BF 82
353
-
Op(AK 60)
518
-
AJ 17
662
-
Op(AK 60)
 
154
-
CF 21
356
-
OP(AK 60)
520
-
AK 13
704
-
Op(AK 90)
 
156
-
FE 16
381
-
Op(AK 90)
521
-
AK 24
706
-
Op(AK 90)
 
159
-
Op(GR)
382
-
BD 57
522
-
AE 87
753
-
Op(AK 03)
 
160
-
Op(EE)
402
-
Op(AK 90)
552
-
Op(ET)
757
-
BE 44
 
161
-
FH 47
409
-
BE 83
563
-
Op(AK)
D 3
-
AL 99
 
172
-
Op(GR)
410
-
Op(AK)
571
-
Op(AK 90)
D 5
-
Op(ET)
 
174
-
DG 23
463
-
BD 57
572
-
BE 98      
 
175
-
DF 62
436
-
AL 17
575
-
Op(AK 39)      
 
177
-
FD 35
437
-
Op(AK 40)
590
-
Op(ET)      
 
178
-
GG 24
438
-
Op(AK 90)            
       
441
-
Op(AK)            
 
  On Return Passage:  U 156 - 175 - 201 - 202 - 221 - 254 - 257 - 333 - 382 - 455 - 459 - 461 - 506 - 513 - 517 - 757 - D 3.
  Entered Port:  U 461 - St Nazaire.
  Sailed:  U 163 - 508 - Lorient;  U 519 - 224 - 383 - 412 - Kiel;  U 606 - Bergen.
       
II. Air Reconnaissance:  None.
       
- 41 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a) 1) Convoy No. 60 see paragraph IVa.
    2) U 183 sighted nothing while proceeding through Iceland Passage and southern tip of Greenland as far as AJ 46.
    3) U 160 continued hunt for convoy reported on previous day.  At 1130 it lay in EE 7858, course 900, speed 8 knots.  U 67 continued to operate and for a time also U 332 but latter soon had to break off engagement on account of a temporary attack of giddiness of its Commander.  Boats were continually forced to submerge by strong air patrol and lost contact towards evening.  U 160 presumed convoy had broken up into single groups and at 1702 sighted 2 large steamers in EO 1236.  No successes were scored.
  b)  None.
  c) Submarine sightings:  EO 12 - EE 78 - ED 95 - ED 52 and 1 submarine in a convoy.
  d)  None.
       
IV. Current Operations:
  a) Convoy No. 60:
    In spite of the fact that a large number of boats must have been in the area where convoy was supposed to be, convoy itself remained uncontacted.  At 1512 U 258 sighted destroyer in BD 3258.  U 356 came upon corvette in AK 9769 and in the same area U 381 sighted a destroyer.  At 152- U 71 was contacted, crossed over by a destroyer, and heard east bound convoy.  Gave chase without success.  In course of the evening weather worsened to S.W. 10-11, variable visibility, fierce showers of rain and hail.  Boats reported they could only make slow speed in present sea.  At 0336 U 618 came upon single ship, type "Waroonga" (9,365 GRT) escorted by destroyer and on westerly course.  Boat attacked and torpedoed ship in roughly BD 3441.  Sinking was heard.  Command conjectured convoy would be between BD 21 - AK 89 - BD 29 and 34 by dawn.  Apart from a number of patrol vessels in BD 2330 at 0400 on S.W. course according to hydrophone bearings, boats sighted nothing further.  Operation continues.
     No further refueling is planned for former Group "Wotan" following boats therefore broke off engagement:  U 216 - 410 - 258 - 618 and 356.
  b) 1) U 441 blew main ballast tank and is again at full operational readiness.  Boat joined Group "Puma" and lengthened patrol line to AK 6139 on the N.
    2) Following attack areas occupied:
      U 518 squares AH 95 and 96 with focal points AH 9586 and 9594.
      U 183 square AH 98 and 99 with focal point AH 9830.
      Operation view for next new period in BB 10 and 40.
       
- 42 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
  c)  U 609 took over radar intercept escort for U 254.
  d)  None.
       
V. Reports of Success:
    
U 618 1 ship 9,365 GRT sunk.
       
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
       
18.October 1942.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
Op(BB)
U 179
-
Op(GR)
U 441
-
Op(AK)
U 590
-
Op(ET)
 
67
-
Op(EO)
181
-
FE 94
442
-
Op(BD)
599
-
BD-Op
 
68
-
Op(GR)
183
-
AJ 71
443
-
Op(AK 60)
602
-
Op(AK 60)
 
69
-
Op(BB)
201
-
DF 37
454
-
Op(BB 20)
604
-
BE 96
 
71
-
Op(AK)
202
-
DG 18
455
-
BD 47
606
-
AF 87
 
84
-
Op(BD 20)
203
-
BF 47
459
-
ET 72
607
-
BE 11
 
87
-
Op(ET)
216
-
AL 77
463
-
BD 57
609
-
BE 21
 
89
-
Op(BD 20)
221
-
BE 12
504
-
Op(GR)
610
-
AL 97
 
106
-
Op(BB)
224
-
AO
505
-
DF 27
615
-
Op(BD)
 
107
-
Op(ET)
254
-
BE 14
506
-
DS 93
618
-
BD 26
 
125
-
ET 41
257
-
BF 68
508
-
BF 55
620
-
BD 57
 
126
-
FH 73
258
-
Op(BD)
509
-
BF 71
621
-
Op(AK 60)
 
128
-
Op(ET)
260
-
BD 57
510
-
BE 92
624
-
AE 86
 
129
-
DP 69
301
-
Op(AK 60)
513
-
BE 54
627
-
AN 28
 
132
-
Op(BD)
332
-
Op(EE)
514
-
Op(EP)
658
-
Op(BD 20)
 
134
-
BF 73
333
-
CF 67
516
-
Op(EO)
659
-
CG 17
 
154
-
CE 39
353
-
Op(BD)
517
-
BE 66
661
-
Op(BD 20)
 
156
-
ET 79
356
-
BD 23
518
-
AJ 47
662
-
Op(BD)
 
159
-
Op(GR)
381
-
Op(BD)
519
-
AO
704
-
Op(BD 20)
 
160
-
Op(EO)
382
-
BD 57
520
-
AD 97
706
-
Op(BD 20)
 
161
-
FH 73
383
-
AO
521
-
AK 24
753
-
Op(AK 60)
 
163
-
BF 55
402
-
Op(BD)
522
-
AE 86
757
-
BE 46
 
172
-
Op(GR)
409
-
BE 87
552
-
AL 22
D 3
-
BE 37
 
174
-
DG 51
410
-
BD 32
563
-
Op(ET)
D 5
-
Op(ET)
 
175
-
DG 14
412
-
AO
571
-
Op(BD)      
 
177
-
FE 41
436
-
Op(AK 60)
572
-
CF 39      
 
178
-
GG 69
437
-
Op(BD)
575
-
Op(AK 60)      
       
438
-
Op(BD 20)            
 
  On Return Passage:  U 125 - 156 - 175 - 201 - 216 - 221 - 254 - 257 - 258 - 333 - 356 - 382 - 410 - 455 - 459 - 506 - 513 - 517 - 607 - 618 - 757 - D 3.
  Entered Port:  U 257 - La Pallice.
  Sailed:  U 462 - St. Nazaire.
       
II. Air Reconnaissance:  None.
       
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a) 1) Convoy No. 60 see paragraph IVa.
    2) U 160 and U 67 have broken off unsuccessful operation and during full moon period are operating apart in waters east of Trinidad.
    3) U 658 reported single ship in BD 2373 on course 2100.  Received orders to sink it unless it was recognized as Irish or Swedish.
       
- 43 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
    4) Further U 620 sighted ship sailing independently in BD 7791 course 700, speed 15 knots.  As ship was 15 miles inside Route A and one of our own ships was expected, boat was ordered not to attack.
    5) Situation report Capetown Area:
      U 68:  Worst weather possible since 10.10.  On penetrating to the east as far as KY 62 came upon heavy westbound traffic proceeding through own minefield on account of weather.  Heavy air activity.
      U 172:  Nothing sighted in GR 40-42 and 89, apart from one freighter.  2 shots missed.  Air patrol.  Boat presumed traffic stoppage.
      U 504:  Sank "Empire Jaguar" (5,186 GRT) in JJ 1313 on 17.10., course 2300, heavily armed.  Otherwise nothing sighted.
  b) None.
  c) U-boat sightings:  ED 75, GR 25 from British steamer "Bentinnes"
    U-boat attack in BD 2654.
    SOS report from American steamer "Ozark", 2689 GRT in AD 9232.
  d) None.
       
IV. Current Operations:
  a) Convoy No. 60:
    In continuous stormy weather boats continued search independently.  Organized search on sector system or the like pointless, as positions of boats too uncertain.  U 89 sighted smoke clouds at 1130 in BD 2221, probably hove to.  By morning no further contact with enemy was made.
  b)  New positions for U 509 and U 510 CF 84 southward passage and operation on "SL" convoy in view.
  c) - d) None.
       
V. Reports of Success:
    
U 504 1 ship 5,186 GRT.
       
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
       
19.October 1942.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
Op(BB)
U 179
-
Op(GR)
U 441
-
Op(AK 60)
U 575
-
Op(AK 60)
 
67
-
Op(EO)
181
-
FM 23
442
-
Op(AK)
590
-
Op(ET)
 
68
-
Op(GR)
183
-
Op(AH 90)
443
-
Op(AK 60)
599
-
Op(BD)
 
69
-
Op(BB 56)
201
-
DF 35
454
-
Op(AK)
602
-
Op(AK 60)
 
71
-
Op(BD 20)
202
-
DG 13
455
-
BD 57
604
-
BE 97
 
       
- 44 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
 
84
-
Op(BD)
203
-
BE 96
559
-
DT 47
606
-
AF 72
 
87
-
Op(ET)
216
-
BE 14
462
-
BF 67
607
-
BF 19
 
89
-
Op(AK)
221
-
BE 27
463
-
BD 57
609
-
BE 28
 
106
-
Op(BB)
224
-
AN 36
504
-
Op(KY)
610
-
BD 25
 
107
-
Op(ET)
254
-
BE 43
505
-
DF 44
615
-
Op(BD 20)
 
125
-
ES 36
258
-
BD 53
506
-
DS 69
618
-
BD 39
 
126
-
FH 88
260
-
BD 57
508
-
BF 46
620
-
BD 57
 
128
-
Op(ET)
301
-
Op(AK 60)
509
-
BE 92
621
-
Op(AK 60)
 
129
-
DP 94
332
-
Op(EE)
510
-
CF 26
624
-
AF 85
 
132
-
Op(BB 20)
333
-
CF 38
513
-
BF 56
627
-
AN 28
 
134
-
BF 74
353
-
Op(BD 20)
514
-
Op(EP)
658
-
Op(BD)
 
154
-
CE 53
356
-
BD 26
516
-
Op(EO)
659
-
CF 65
 
156
-
ET 75
381
-
Op(BD 20)
517
-
BF 58
661
-
Op(BD 20)
 
159
-
GQ 95-Op
382
-
BD 57
518
-
Op(AH 96)
662
-
Op(BD 20)
 
160
-
Op(EO)
383
-
AN 36
519
-
AN 36
704
-
Op(BD 20)
 
161
-
FH 89
402
-
Op(BD 20)
520
-
BD 57
706
-
Op(AK)
 
163
-
BF 46
409
-
CF 25
521
-
AK 13
753
-
Op(AK 60)
 
172
-
Op(GR)
410
-
BE 17
522
-
AF 87
757
-
BE 56
 
174
-
DG 83
412
-
AN 36
552
-
Op(ET)
D 3
-
BE 66
 
175
-
CE 79
436
-
Op(AK 60)
563
-
Op(AK 60)
D 5
-
Op(ET)
 
177
-
FE 73
437
-
Op(BD 20)
571
-
AK 86      
 
178
-
GH 76
438
-
Op(AK)
572
-
CF 61      
 
  On Return Passage:  U 125 - 156 - 175 - 201 - 202 - 216 - 221 - 254 - 258 - 333 - 356 - 382 - 410 - 454 - 459 - 506 - 513 - 517 - 607 - 609 - 618 - 757 - D 3.
  Entered Port:  U 517 - Lorient.
  Sailed:  U 440 - Brest.
       
II. Air Reconnaissance:  None.
       
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a) 1) Convoy No. 60 see paragraph IVa.
    2) U 332 sank English ship "Rothley" in EE 6702, general course 2900.
    3) U 409 was attacked by "Catalina" without identification marks in CF 2794.  Machine-guns defence; no damage.
    4) U 258 sighted steamer with black and white camouflage in BD 3986, course east and later S.W. boat had to break off chase on account of fuel supply.
    5) U 610, en route for refuel in BD 2862, sank American ship "Steel Navigator" (5,719 GRT) course 2600, speed 11 knots.
  b) None.
  c) 1) U-boat sightings:  GR 53, from steamer "Nester".
    2) English aircraft attacked submarine in CF 2796.
    3) U-boat attacks:  "Steel Navigator" in BD 2562 (SOS).  American ship "Stephan A. Douglas" 6,800 GRT in GR 7530
  d)  None.
       
- 45 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
IV. Current Operations:
  a) Convoy No. 60:
     Boats received orders to continue search on S.W. course and economic speed.  Boats short of fuel to make for refueling point (U 437 - 662 - 442 - U 353).  At 1405 U 381 sighted fast single ship in BD 2556 on S.W. course.  As convoy had not been contacted by dusk Command decided to break off operation.  U 661 and U 705 were refueled, U 599 and U 615 commence return passage as soon as fuel supply made this necessary.  Until then they have freedom of action.
    The rest of the boats were formed into Group "Veilchen" and took up new patrol line from AJ 8181 to BC 2279 order of succession as follows:  U 71 - 438 - 84 - 89 - 704 - 381 - 658 - 402 - 571 - 454 and U 132.  Boats expected to be in position early on 24.10.  See paragraph IV for general survey.
  b) 1) U 520 and 521 received orders to go close inshore while passing south tip of Greenland, as traffic was to be expected there.
    2) New position for U 522 BB 63 (St. Johns).
    3) For clearing up of traffic situation off Freetown boats detailed to take up attack positions in following sector with apex ET 20:  U 87 and U 552 sector 80 - 300, U 128 and 107 the sector to the south and U 590 sector to the north of it, up to the coast from time to time.
      U D 5 freedom of action.
  c)  U 154 in position CD 9255 at 1400/21/10 for rendezvous with returning "Tannenfels".  Note to follow.
  d)  Boat's attention is drawn to the fact that enemy is using submarines with surface silhouette similar to that of a German as decoy.
       
V. Reports of Success:
    
U 332 1 ship
4,996 GRT
U 610 1 ship
5,719 GRT.
       
VI. General:
  General Survey of Convoy No. 60:
  1) Operation on ON-convoy turned out total failure on account of bad weather.  The fog which gathered 3 hours after first sighting lead to loss of contact and bad damage to U 609 which was engaged on submerged attack when fog came down.
    Continuous fog and heavy westerly storm with wind up to strength 11 made organized search impossible and hindered a successful operation on the part of 25 boats.
     U 353 was probably lost in this action.  It is probable that on the night of 17.10 boat suddenly found itself among the convoy in the fog (radio intercept report: submarine in convoy) and was destroyed.  
    With unusually bad visibility conditions in the Atlantic and the extensive equipping if enemy escort with (F.U.M.C.) equipment of our own boats with combined radar and radar intercept is more urgent than ever.
     Results:  1 ship sunk
               1 boat (U 353) lost.
  2)  Situation Survey to German Naval Staff, see Appendix.
 
 
 
- 46 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
20.October 1942.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
Op(BB)
U 179
-
Op(GR)
U 440
-
BF 55
U 575
-
Op(AK 60)
 
67
-
Op(EO)
181
-
FM 62
441
-
Op(AK 60)
590
-
Op(ET)
 
68
-
Op(GP)
183
-
Op(AH)
442
-
BD 52
599
-
BD 24
 
69
-
Op(BB)
201
-
CE 76
443
-
Op(AK 69)
602
-
Op(AK 60)
 
71
-
BD 13
202
-
CE 85
454
-
BD 16
604
-
CF 53
 
84
-
BD 16
203
-
CF 34
455
-
BD 59
606
-
AF 47
 
87
-
Op(ET)
216
-
BE 27
459
-
DS 66
607
-
BE 51
 
89
-
BD 16
221
-
BE 29
462
-
BF 57
609
-
BE 61
 
106
-
Op(BB)
224
-
AN 31
463
-
BD 57
610
-
BD 52
 
107
-
Op(ET)
254
-
BE 51
504
-
Op(GR)
615
-
BD 16
 
125
-
EJ 95
258
-
BD 66
505
-
DE 92
618
-
BE 42
 
126
-
FP 20
260
-
BD 57
506
-
DS 66
620
-
BD 57
 
128
-
Op(ET)
301
-
Op(AK 60)
508
-
BF 47
621
-
Op(AK 60)
 
129
-
EE 22
332
-
Op(EE)
509
-
CF 32
624
-
AE 79
 
132
-
BD 16
333
-
BE 99
510
-
CF 52
627
-
AF 79
 
134
-
CG 14
353
-
BD 20
513
-
Op(EP 31)
658
-
BD 24
 
154
-
CF 49
356
-
BD 55
514
-
Op(EP)
659
-
CF 58
 
156
-
ET 41
381
-
BD 24
516
-
Op(EO)
661
-
BD 20
 
159
-
Op(GQ)
382
-
BD 57
518
-
Op(AH)
662
-
BD 57
 
160
-
Op(EO)
383
-
AN 31
519
-
AN 31
704
-
BD 16
 
161
-
FP 20
402
-
BD 27
520
-
AD 90
706
-
BD 27
 
163
-
BF 47
409
-
CF 54
521
-
AD 97
753
-
Op(AK 60)
 
172
-
Op(GR)
410
-
BE 17
522
-
AL 21
757
-
BE 65
 
174
-
DS 36
412
-
AN 37
552
-
Op(ET)
D 3
-
BF 54
 
175
-
CE 96
436
-
Op(AK 60)
563
-
Op(AK 60)
D 5
-
Op(ET)
 
177
-
FE 88
437
-
BD 54
571
-
BD 13      
 
178
-
GQ 32
438
-
BD 16
572
-
CF 58      
 
  On Return Passage:  U 125 - 156 - 175 - 201 - 202 - 216 - 221 - 254 - 258 - 333 - 356 - 410 - 455 - 459 - 506 - 513 - 607 - 609 - 618 - 757 - D 3 - 382.
  Entered Port:  - . -
  Sailed:  U 608 - St. Nazaire;  U 664 - Kiel.
       
II. Air Reconnaissance:  None.
       
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a) 1) U 514 shot missed a freighter, course 2900, in EF 9452.  Gun fight broken off on account of defence and bright moonlight.
    2) U 658 made submerged attacks on ship reported on 18.10. which proved fruitless on account of seaway, and lost contact in fog during night.
    3) U 69 fired stern shot which missed, at English ship "Rose Castle" in BB 6497, course 950.  Strong suspicion of pistol failure.  Boat reported further experiences of aircraft radar.  Return passage on account of fuel supply.
    4) U 618 reported slight stationary patrol in BE 5491.
    5) At 1046 U 437 reported a destroyer on southerly course in BD 4395.  As it was possible that messages from Supply Group "Wolfbauer" had been D/F'd and destroyer was operating on same, U 463 received orders to refuel only boats with shortest supply, and to suggest new rendezvous 100 miles to the west.
       
- 47 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
  b) None.
  c) U-boat sightings:  EE 85, BB 8587.
    SSS reports from steamer "Rose Castle" in BB 6730.  
    English aircraft reported submarines in BE 8398, BE 6476.  Further aircraft attacked submarines in BE 2797 and probably scored 6 hits.  Aircraft's own tail plane ripped away by depth charge explosion.  According to dead reckoning this could have been U 216.  Boat was asked for position report.
  d) None.
       
IV. Current Operations:
  a) None.
  b) 1) New position for U 508 and U 163 is EU 99.
    2) It is planned to commence southerly passage with following boats first in deep, then in wide formation in order to cut off north-bound SL convoy.  Refuel and employment in the south planned later.
      U 409 will therefore take up patrol line from CF 8885 - 8985 with U 659 and 572:  U 510 - CF 8831, U 604 - 8913, U 203, 134 and 509 - CF 8528 to 8625.  From 23.10. 0800, course 1800, 170 miles.  It is planned to replace U 510 and U 509 by 440 and U 752 on arrival.
    3) U 178 received freedom of action in whole area mentioned under IV d).  Search for shipping off the important ports.
  c) 1) U 154 received more details concerning rendezvous with "Tannenfels".  According to this boat was to be in following positions 1400, 21.10 - CD 9255, 22.10. - CD 9755, 23.10. - DF 2555.  Transmitter of important radio messages to be made about 300 miles west of rendezvous.
    2) U 609 took over radar intercept escort for U 254.
  d)  Eastwards boundary now running from point 400 South and 400 East across southern tip of Madagascar to the west as far as African coast.
       
V. Reports of Success:  None.
       
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
       
21.October 1942.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
Op(BB)
U 179
-
Op(GR)
U 440
-
BF 46
U 575
-
AK 60
 
67
-
Op(EO)
181
-
FN 48
441
-
Op(AK 60)
590
-
Op(ET)
 
68
-
Op(GR)
183
-
Op(AH)
442
-
BD 57
599
-
Op(BD 53)
 
69
-
BB 69
201
-
CE 83
443
-
Op(AK 60)
602
-
Op(AK 60)
 
71
-
BD 11
202
-
CE 92
454
-
BD 14
604
-
CF 59
 
84
-
BD 11
203
-
CF 56
455
-
BE 42
606
-
AE 68
 
87
-
Op(ET)
216
-
BE 53
459
-
DS 66
607
-
BE 64
 
89
-
BD 11
221
-
BF 91
462
-
BF 48
609
-
BF 58
 
106
-
Op(BB)
224
-
AF 87
463
-
BD 57
610
-
BD 57
 
107
-
Op(ET)
254
-
BE 64
504
-
Op(GR)
615
-
Op(BD
 
125
-
EJ 65
258
-
BE 45
505
-
DQ 93
618
-
BE 55
 
       
- 48 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
 
126
-
Op(FP)
260
-
BD 57
506
-
DS 66
620
-
BD 57
 
128
-
Op(ET)
301
-
Op(AK 60)
508
-
BE 88
621
-
Op(AK 60)
 
129
-
EE 43
332
-
Op(EE)
509
-
CF 38
624
-
AL 31
 
132
-
BD 18
333
-
BF 75
510
-
CF 82
627
-
AF 72
 
134
-
CF 65
353
-
BD
513
-
BF 44
658
-
BD 19
 
154
-
CD 92
356
-
BD 57
514
-
EF 67
659
-
BE 80
 
156
-
ES 36
381
-
BD 15
516
-
Op(EO)
661
-
BD
 
159
-
GQ 92-Op
382
-
BD 57
518
-
Op(AH)
662
-
BD 57
 
160
-
Op(EO)
383
-
AN 23
519
-
AF 87
664
-
AO
 
161
-
Op(FP)
402
-
BD 15
520
-
AD 90
704
-
BD 14
 
163
-
BE 96
409
-
CF 85
521
-
AD 90
706
-
BD 54
 
172
-
Op(GR)
410
-
BE 66
522
-
AL 18
753
-
Op(AK 60)
 
174
-
DS 66
412
-
AF 87
552
-
Op(ET 81)
757
-
BF 47
 
175
-
CF 49
436
-
Op(AK 60)
563
-
Op(AK 60)
D 3
-
BF 61
 
177
-
FM 25
437
-
BD 57
571
-
BD 11
D 5
-
Op(ET)
 
178
-
GQ 38
438
-
BD 11
572
-
CF 80
608
-
BF 91
 
  On Return Passage:  U 125 - 156 - 175 - 201 - 216 - 221 - 254 - 258 - 333 - 356 - 382 - 410 - 459 - 506 - 513 - 514 - 607 - 609 - 618 - 757 - D 3.
  Entered Port:  - . -
  Sailed:  U 103 - Lorient.
       
II. Air Reconnaissance:  None.
       
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a) 1) UD 3 reported destroyer in BF 5551.  Boat in position entering Route "Kernleder".
    2) U 333 avoided spread in BF 8438 at 1809.
  b) None.
  c) 1) U-boat sightings:  BB 1647, BC 48.
    2) American steamer "Mathew Lukenbach" 5,848 GRT sent SOS from BB 7643.
    3) English aircraft reported submarines in AL 1824 and AF 7561.  Latter attacked with depth charges.
  d) None.
       
IV. Current Operations:
  a) None.
  b) 1) In order to control ON-convoy Group "Puma" received orders to take up new patrol line from AK 9261 - 9975 at cruising speed in previous order of succession.  Line must be established by 23.10. 0800 hours.
    2) New position for U 624 is AK 93.
    3) During full moon period U 129 operating apart, was off Trinidad.  U 505 proceeding southwards to EF 90 and then making long legs, to waters off Trinidad.
    4) U 175 southward passage after meeting with U 506 and 559.
    5) After return of U 517 following experiences were communicated to boats:  special convoy assembly point BB 1730.  Escort still very
       
- 49 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
      inexperienced.  Listening and Asdic conditions made very bad by heavy density of layering.  From time to time heavy continuous air activity.
    6) Boats on return passage are warned of increased danger from submarines in Bay of Biscay.
  c) 1) U 410 reports radar intercept escort taken over for U 258.
    2) U 174 supplied U 506 on return passage with 15 cbm, fuel oil, and U 459 with spare parts for radar intercept equipment.
  d) 1) U 352 operated with Group "Leopard" on Convoy No. 58 and finally Group "Wotan" on Convoy No. 59.   Boat reported this at 0500/16 in AK 9112.  After breaking off engagement boat was detailed to westbound Convoy (No. 60).
      No further position reports were received.  According to a radio intercept report at 1851/17/10 a unit sent SSS, and sighted submarine in convoy.  It is possible that this was U 353 and was destroyed.  Loss must be reckoned with.
    2) U 661 operated with Group "Wotan" on Convoy No. 59.  According to last radio message it was fired on with machine guns by a corvette and destroyed in AK 4975.  According to radio intercept report of 15.10. a further ship in the convoy was torpedoed, as yet unclaimed by any of our boats.  Possibly this was U 661, which was finally destroyed.  Loss is probable.
       
V. Reports of Success:  None.
       
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
       
22.October 1942.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
Op(BB)
U 179
-
Op(GR)
U 442
-
BD 57
U 602
-
Op(AK 60)
 
67
-
Op(EO)
181
-
FN 79
443
-
Op(AK 60)
604
-
Op(CF 80)
 
68
-
Op(GR)
183
-
Op(AH 90)
454
-
BC 32
606
-
AE 83
 
69
-
BC 48
201
-
CE 65
455
-
BE 54
607
-
BE 66
 
71
-
AJ 98
202
-
CF 37
459
-
DS 66
608
-
BF 82
 
84
-
BC 32
203
-
CF 80
462
-
BE 97
609
-
BF 64
 
87
-
Op(ET)
216
-
BE 66
463
-
BD 57
610
-
BD 57
 
89
-
AJ 98
221
-
BF 64
504
-
Op(GR)
615
-
Op(BD)
 
103
-
BF 55
224
-
AF 76
505
-
BF 32
618
-
BE 64
 
106
-
Op(BB)
254
-
BF 66
506
-
DT 41
620
-
BD 57
 
107
-
Op(ET)
258
-
BE 46
508
-
CF 24
621
-
Op(AK 60)
 
125
-
DJ 35
260
-
BD 57
509
-
CF 59
624
-
AL 18
 
126
-
Op(FP)
301
-
Op(AK 60)
510
-
CF 80
627
-
AF 47
 
128
-
Op(ET)
332
-
Op(EE)
513
-
BF 61
658
-
BC 36
 
129
-
Op(BE)
333
-
BF 85
514
-
BF 38
659
-
CF 80
 
132
-
BC 36
356
-
BD 57
516
-
Op(EO)
662
-
BD 57
 
134
-
CF 80
381
-
BC 32
518
-
Op(AH 90)
664
-
AN 36
 
154
-
CD 97
382
-
BD 57
519
-
AF 73
704
-
BC 32
 
156
-
BJ 96
383
-
AF 76
520
-
AD 95
706
-
BD 57
 
159
-
GQ 68
402
-
BC 32
521
-
AD 95
753
-
Op(AK 60)
 
160
-
Op(EO)
409
-
CF 80
522
-
AL 41
757
-
BF 49
 
161
-
Op(EP)
410
-
BE 54
552
-
Op(ET)
D 3
-
BF 61
 
163
-
CF 25
412
-
AF 76
563
-
Op(AK 60)
D 5
-
Op(ET)
 
172
-
Op(GR)
436
-
Op(AK 60)
571
-
AJ 31      
 
174
-
DS 66
437
-
BD 57
572
-
CF 80      
 
175
-
CF 52
438
-
AJ 98
575
-
Op(AK 60)      
 
       
- 50 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
 
177
-
FM 61
440
-
BF 47
590
-
Op(ET)      
 
178
-
GQ 68
441
-
Op(AK 60)
599
-
BD 65      
 
  On Return Passage:  U 69 - 125 - 156 - 175 - 201 - 202 - 216 - 221 - 254 - 258 - 333 - 356 - 382 - 410 - 455 - 459 - 506 - 514 - 599 - 607 - 610 - 618 - 757 - D 3.
  Entered Port:  U 254 - Brest;  D 3 - 513 - Lorient;  U 609 - 221 - St. Nazaire.
  Sailed:  U 98 - St. Nazaire;  U 752 - La Pallice;  U 184 - 413 - 613 - Kiel.
       
II. Air Reconnaissance:  None.
       
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a) 1) Convoy No. 61 see paragraph IVa.
    2) Position reports:
      U 516:  from 16. 18.10. operated on Convoy U 160.  No contact made.  On 21. and 22.10. patrolled between EF 83 and 85, sighting nothing.
      U 87: since 12.10. no shipping in ET 55, 56 and 84.  No air, slight sea patrol.  Much bad visibility on account of rain.
      U 552:  nothing sighted since 24.9.  Boat making long legs in allocated sector en route for Freetown.
      U 106 set apart from BA 35 and 38 on account of bright moon, in BB 50.  Nothing sighted in BA.  Heavy defence since 16.10.  On 11.10. sank one steamer of 5,000 GRT in S.W. bound convoy in BB 5438.
    3) U 462 reported single ship in CF 3312 on S.W. course in CF 3312, speed 12 - 15 knots.
    4) U 410 sighted darkened ship in BE 6735.
    5) U 621 sank single ship of 5,600 GRT course 900, 8 knots.  Ship of "Empire" class.
  b) None.
  c) U-boat attack:  SOS and sinking report from unknown steamer in EE 6444.  Further attack in BB 3371.  Torpedo report from unknown steamer, probably in Convoy No 61 (U 443).
  d) None.
       
IV. Current Operations:
  a) Convoy No. 61:
     U 443 reported convoy in BD 3255 at 1630 on course 2200.  Group "Puma" and U 615 received orders to operate on it.  U 443 only to attack when another had made contact.  3 single funnel steamers were sighted and later 5 - 10 steamers with weak escort, course 2000.
    As no refuel was possible for Group "Puma" U 575 and U 753 could not carry out order to operate.  Therefore remaining in previous Op. area.  Towards 1830 U 443 reported intention to attack in BD 3274.  As command
       
- 51 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
    was not clear as to speed of convoy, although it was apparently very high, boat received order only to attack if speed was over 11 knots.  Reasons for this were as follows:
    1) If convoy speed was high then chances were, no second boat would be able to get in an attack and
    2) The possibility of prolonged shadowing by a single boat extremely small.
    Finally boat reported convoy's speed as 12 knots.  After that no report from U 443.  It was planned to continue operation until daylight and then to detail boats which had been refueled in time to U 463, and thereby in a favorable position, to operate on convoy.
    U 443 reported at 0800 that it had attacked convoy at 2200 in BD 3544 and scored hit on ship, class "Clan Mac Arthur" (10,500 GRT), and observed explosion and fire break out on 8,000 ton tanker.  Was finally depth charged for a number of hours.  Convoy last seen steering course 2100, speed 12 knots.  Boat pressed after.  Operation continues.
  b) New position for U 440 - CF 86.
  c) U 514 took over engineer officer from U 505.
  d) U 154 received order stating if no meeting with "Tannenfels" by morning of 24.10. to report "No" by short signal.
       
V. Reports of Success:
    
U 106 1 ship
5,000 GRT
U 621 1 ship
5,600 GRT
U 443 2 ships
18,500 GRT.
       
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
       
23.October 1942.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
Op(BB)
U 178
-
Op(GQ 68)
U 440
-
BE 59
U 590
-
Op(ET)
 
67
-
Op(EO)
179
-
Op(GR)
441
-
Op(BD 30)
599
-
BE 46
 
68
-
Op(GR)
181
-
FU 26
442
-
BD 57
602
-
Op(BD 30)
 
69
-
BC 59
183
-
Op(AH 90)
443
-
Op(BD 35)
604
-
Op(CF 89)
 
71
-
AJ 83
184
-
AO
454
-
BC 22
606
-
AE 84
 
84
-
AJ 97
201
-
CF 39
455
-
BF 64
607
-
BF 65
 
87
-
ET 53
202
-
CF 33
459
-
DT 12
608
-
BE 72
 
89
-
AJ 89
203
-
Op(CF 85)
462
-
CF 37
610
-
BD 57
 
98
-
BF 67
216
-
BF 45
463
-
BD 57
613
-
AO
 
103
-
BF 49
224
-
AF 47
504
-
Op(GR)
615
-
Op(BD)
 
106
-
Op(BB)
258
-
BE 64
505
-
EF 35
618
-
Op(BE 69)
 
107
-
Op(ET)
260
-
BD 57
506
-
DT 12
620
-
BD 57
 
125
-
DT 89
301
-
Op(BD)
508
-
CF 42
621
-
Op(AK)
 
126
-
Op(EP)
332
-
Op(EE)
509
-
Op(CF 85)
624
-
AL 41
 
128
-
Op(ET)
333
-
BF 93
510
-
Op(CF 88)
627
-
AE 68
 
129
-
Op(EE)
356
-
BD 57
514
-
EF 35
658
-
BC 31
 
132
-
BC 34
381
-
AJ 97
516
-
Op(EF)
659
-
Op(CF 89)
 
134
-
Op(CF 86)
382
-
BD 57
518
-
Op(AH 90)
662
-
BD 57
 
154
-
CF 25
383
-
AF 48
519
-
AF 47
664
-
AN 31
 
156
-
EJ 68
402
-
AJ 97
520
-
AJ 24
704
-
AJ 97
 
159
-
GQ 69
409
-
Op(CF 88)
521
-
AJ 22
706
-
BD 57
 
160
-
Op(EO)
410
-
BE 65
522
-
AK 68
752
-
BF 92
 
161
-
Op(FP)
412
-
AF 47
552
-
Op(ET)
753
-
Op(BD 30)
 
163
-
CF 43
413
-
AO
563
-
Op(AL)
757
-
BF 91
 
172
-
Op(GR)
436
-
Op(AK 97)
571
-
BC 22
D 5
-
Op(ET)
 
       
- 52 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
 
174
-
DS 96
437
-
BD 57
572
-
Op(CF 89)      
 
175
-
CF 36
438
-
AJ 86
575
-
Op(AK)      
 
177
-
FN 71                  
 
  On Return Passage:  U 69 - 125 - 156 - 175 - 201 - 202 - 216 - 258 - 333 - 356 - 382 - 410 - 455 - 459 - 506 - 514 - 599 - 607 - 610 - 618 - 757.
  Entered Port:  U 607 - St. Nazaire;  U 333 - La Pallice.
  Sailed:  - . -
       
II. Air Reconnaissance:  None.
       
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a) 1) Convoy No. 61 see paragraph IVa.
    2) U 87 fired 3 spread which missed at unknown 4,000 tonner in ET 5241, possibly dummy warship, course 1000, low speed.  Probable pistol failure.
    3) U D 5 sighted no traffic in western sector of ET, commenced return passage on account of fuel supply.
    4) U D 5 reported heavy air patrol by sea planes and land-based aircraft in CF 6181.
    5) U 615 sank English ship "Empire Star (12,656 GRT) in BD 3984, on S course, speed 14 knots.
    6) U 441 sighted independent ship in AK 6577 on 22.10.  By attack at dusk (Trans. note: or dawn, not indicated) 2 spread fired, which missed also 2 single shots.  Another submarine in the vicinity, behaving very suspiciously.  
    7) U 129 sank American ship "Reuben Tipton" in EE 5627, carrying mixed cargo from Capetown to Trinidad, course 2900 degrees.  In FE 5654 2 shots missed at ballaster on W. course.
    8) U 332 lay in the same area as U 129 and also operated on "Reuben Tipton".
    9) Situation U 161:  On 20.10. in FP 2362 nothing sighted.  U 126 also operating there.  On morning of 23.10. torpedoed destroyer of "Balch" class, hit below bridge.  Nothing further observed on account of defence.  Cabinda harbor greatly enlarged.  At present 5 steamers along jetty.  Probable formation of enemy convoy since arrival of 2 destroyers.
  b) None.
  c) U-boat sightings:  ED 94 - CF 61 - and another in unknown position.
    SOS sent by "Reuben Tipton" (6,870 GRT) in EE 6440 and "Empire Star" (12,656 GRT in BD 6311).
    Submarine warning for EH 3895.
  d) None.
       
IV. Current Operations:
  a) Convoy No. 61:
     Boats of Group "Puma" which lay in favorable position for operation on convoy received orders to report position.  Other boats being supplied at the time in the vicinity should, if possible, also attack
       
- 53 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
    convoy by day, and those not yet supplied if they had enough fuel.  According to reports following boats were operating on convoy:  U 443, 620, 260, 662, 706 and 301.  At 1735 U 706 sighted a number of smoke clouds in BD 5885 and a short time later, convoy in BD 5879 on course 2400 and speed 12 knots.  Weather:  NW 3 - 4, medium swell, visibility over 10 miles.  At 2215 U 706 attacked unsuccessfully in BD 8244.  Convoy consisted of 21 steamers and 4 - 6 escort vessels.  At 0456 U 260 made contact in BD 8458, U 301 towards 0800.  At this time convoy lay in BD 8712, general course steered up to date was 2100.  It was not out of the question that the convoy had separated into one fast group with speed of 15 knots and a slower one with speed of 10 - 11 knots.  At the time we were in contact with the slower group.  Operation continues.
  b) 1) Patrol line of Group "Puma" had to be moved 50 miles to the west on account of the boat's belated arrival and now lay in order of succession as follows:  U 624 - 441 - 621 - 436 - 602 - 575 - 753 - 563 and 443.  U 624 was a fresh arrival.  With exception of U 443 patrol line should be established by evening of 24.10.  For lengthening of same U 606 and 627 to take up position in AK 67.
    2) New position for U 752 and U 103 is CF 86.  Southward passage and operations on SL-convoys in view.
    3) U 516 on passage through DS 30 for refueling from U 462.
    4) U 163 and U 508 received orders to operate in waters off Porto Delgada with focal point off that port, on account of frequent use made of it by enemy merchant ships:  Period of about 3 days, though if traffic situation proves favorable for longer.  Attention drawn to presence of neutral shipping.
  c)  None.
  d) U 154 picked up returning "Tannenfels" according to plan at arranged meeting place CD 9755 at 1400 on 22.10 and sent message from DF 1229 as ordered by German Naval Staff.
       
V. Reports of Success:
    
U 615 1 ship
12,696 GRT
  sunk
U 129 1 ship
6,870
  sunk
U 161 1 destroyer
torpedoed
  sinking probable.
       
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
       
24.October 1942.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
Op(BB)
U 175
-
BE 99
U 437
-
DD 63
U 571
-
Op(BC 20)
 
67
-
Op(EO)
177
-
FN 79
438
-
Op(AJ 80)
572
-
Op(DH 51)
 
68
-
Op(GR)
178
-
Op(GQ)
440
-
BE 85
575
-
Op(AK 90)
 
69
-
BC 68
179
-
Op(GR)
441
-
Op(AK)
590
-
Op(ET)
 
71
-
Op(AJ 80)
181
-
FU 65
442
-
BD 57
599
-
BE 55
 
84
-
Op(AJ 80)
183
-
Op(AH 90)
443
-
BD 50
602
-
AK 95
 
87
-
Op(ET)
184
-
AN 36
454
-
Op(BC 20)
604
-
Op(DH 27)
 
89
-
Op(AJ 80)
201
-
BE 99
455
-
BE 66
606
-
AE 79
 
98
-
BF 81
202
-
BE 99
459
-
DG 91
608
-
BE 93
 
103
-
BF 47
203
-
Op(DH 16)
462
-
CF 55
610
-
BD 57
 
106
-
Op(BB)
216
-
BF 54
463
-
BD 57
613
-
AN 36
 
107
-
Op(ET)
224
-
AE 68
504
-
Op(GR)
615
-
BD 30
 
125
-
DT 57
258
-
BF 47
505
-
EF 90
618
-
BF 48
 
126
-
Op(FP)
260
-
BD 87
506
-
DG 91
620
-
BD 88
 
128
-
Op(ET)
301
-
Op(BD)
508
-
Op(CE 60)
621
-
Op(AL 90)
 
       
- 54 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
 
129
-
Op(EE)
332
-
EE-Op
509
-
Op(DH)
624
-
AK 69
 
132
-
Op(BC 20)
356
-
BD 57
510
-
Op(DH 19)
627
-
AE 83
 
134
-
Op(DH 24)
381
-
Op(AJ 80)
514
-
DR 75
658
-
Op(AJ 80)
 
154
-
DF 20
382
-
BD 68
516
-
BF 68
659
-
DH 43
 
156
-
EJ 38
383
-
AE 68
518
-
Op(AH 99)
662
-
BD 88
 
159
-
Op(GQ)
402
-
Op(AJ 80)
519
-
AE 68
664
-
AF 87
 
160
-
Op(EO)
409
-
DH 43
520
-
AJ 18
704
-
Op(AJ 80)
 
161
-
Op(FP)
410
-
BF 47
521
-
AJ 28
706
-
BD 87
 
163
-
Op(CE 60)
412
-
AE 68
522
-
AK 58
752
-
BF 82
 
172
-
Op(GR)
413
-
AN 33
552
-
ET-Op
753
-
Op(AK 90)
 
174
-
EH 36
436
-
AK 98
563
-
Op(AK 99)
757
-
BF 64
                   
D 5
-
ES 63
 
  On Return Passage:  U 69 - 156 - 175 - 201 - 202 - 216 - 258 - 356 - 382 - 410 - 459 - 506 - 514 - 516 - 599 - 610 - 615 - 618 - 757 - D 5 - 125 - 455.
  Entered Port:  U 757 - St. Nazaire.
  Sailed:  U 92 - Brest;  U 511 - Lorient.
       
II. Air Reconnaissance:  None.
       
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a) 1) Convoy No. 61 see paragraph IVa.
    2) Situation U 67:  No shipping sighted in EE 80.  Boat operated on traffic between EF 82 and EE 65 since 22.10.
    3) U 518 fired 4 spread miss on destroyer, which was probably picked up on hydrophones and out maneuvered.
    4) U 606 sighted 2 single destroyer masts in AK 0377, and presumed an A/S patrol.
    5) U 516 sank steamer "Holmpark" 5,780 GRT in EF 8331, bound from Capetown to Trinidad in ballast, course 3000, speed 10 knots.
    6) U 161 during night attack on vessels on course 320 in FH 9593 on 24.10. was forced off by destroyer.  Destroyer was apparently operating on 200 meter line, and boat presumed traffic to be proceeding close inshore.
    7) U 132 in patrol line of Group "Veilchen" reported bearing increasing in signal strength in BC 2275, and later a number of bearings over whole scale.  Boat heard pistons and turbines passing overhead on two occasions.  Retired in S.E. direction.  As no convoy lay in the vicinity according to own dead reckoning estimations Group "Veilchen" received orders to continue patrol.  U 132 was left free to pursue.
  b)  None.
  c) U-boat sightings:  BD 7872, EE 89, BB 52, and one unknown position.
    Sightings by aircraft:  BF 5965 (depth charge attack, probably 2 hits) and AF 72.
  d)  None.
       
- 55 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
IV. Current Operations:
  a) Convoy No. 61:
     Contact was maintained with short interruptions.  3 further boats joined operations, U 508, 163 from CE 69 and U 154 from DF 20.  According to dead reckoning boats ought to establish contact in 30- 36 hours.  In course of day following boats made contact with convoy:  U 260 - 662 - 620 - 706.  U 433 lay far astern and commended patrol.  Convoy proceeding in extended formation, speed 3 - 4 knots, 2 destroyers ahead and stern.  U 260 while avoiding a ship proceeding independently in BD 59 (possibly one of our own) was forced to submerge by destroyer.  U 620 attempted to attack in BD 8982 but was contacted by long-range escort ahead and heavily depth charged.  Convoy steered course of roughly 2250 sharply zigzagging, speed 10 - 11 knots.  At 1600 position CE 1123 and at 0130 CD 3397.  One after another submarines were forced off, and towards 0200 contact was finally lost and not regained by morning.  No successes were scored.  Operation continues.  Boats operating on this convoy were formed into Group "Südwärts".
  b) 1) New attack areas for U 520 and U 521 - BB 30 and 60 and BC 10 and 40, left third.  Focal point for U 521 Conception Bay and U 520 off coast BB 6620.
    2) Group "Streitaxt" at 1600 on 25.10. lay in order of succession as follows:  U 510 - 203 - 409 - 509 - 659 - 134 - 604 and 572.  Reconnaissance line from DH 4714 to 5726, course 1800, day's run 170 miles.
  c)  Following completed refueling from U 463:  U 620 - 382 - 260 and 662.
  d)  None.
       
V. Reports of Success:
    
U 516 1 ship 5,780 GRT.
       
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
       
25.October 1942.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
Op(BB)
U 175
-
BF 75
U 438
-
Op(AJ 80)
U 572
-
DH 81
 
67
-
Op(EE)
177
-
FU 28
440
-
CF 34
575
-
Op(AK 90)
 
68
-
Op(GR)
178
-
Op(GQ)
441
-
Op(AK 90)
590
-
Op(ET)
 
69
-
BD 48
179
-
Op(GR)
442
-
BD 57
599
-
BF 64
 
71
-
Op(AJ 80)
181
-
FV 74
443
-
BD 34
602
-
Op(AK 90)
 
84
-
Op(AJ 80)
183
-
Op(AH 90)
454
-
Op(BC 20)
604
-
DH 57
 
87
-
Op(ET)
184
-
AN 31
455
-
BF 45
606
-
AK 62
 
89
-
Op(AJ 80)
201
-
BF 72
459
-
DG 61
608
-
BF 91
 
92
-
BF 15
202
-
BF 52
462
-
CF 73
610
-
BD 66
 
98
-
BF 72
203
-
DH 49
463
-
BD 57
613
-
AN 31
 
103
-
BE 92
216
-
BF
504
-
Op(GR)
615
-
BE 43
 
106
-
Op(BB)
224
-
AE 86
505
-
EF 86
618
-
BF 57
 
107
-
Op(ET)
258
-
BF 49
506
-
DG 62
620
-
CD 38
 
125
-
DT 19
260
-
CD 38
508
-
CE 81
621
-
Op(AK 90)
 
126
-
Op(FP)
301
-
CD 31
509
-
DH 57
624
-
Op(AK 59)
 
128
-
Op(ET)
332
-
Op(EE)
510
-
DH 49
627
-
AF 85
 
129
-
Op(EE)
356
-
BD 57
511
-
BF 55
658
-
Op(AJ 80)
 
132
-
Op(BC)
381
-
Op(AJ 80)
514
-
DR 57
659
-
DH 81
 
       
- 56 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
 
134
-
DH 58
382
-
BE 47
516
-
EF 66
662
-
CD 39
 
154
-
CB 86
383
-
AE 83
518
-
Op(AH 90)
664
-
AF 76
 
156
-
DT 97
402
-
Op(AJ 80)
519
-
AE 83
704
-
Op(AJ 80)
 
159
-
Op(GQ)
409
-
DH 73
520
-
AJ 47
706
-
BD 78
 
160
-
Op(EO)
410
-
BF 57
521
-
AJ 54
752
-
BF 73
 
161
-
Op(FP)
412
-
AE 83
522
-
AK 73
753
-
Op(AK 90)
 
163
-
CE 49
413
-
Kristiansand
552
-
Op(ET)
D 5
-
ES 32
 
172
-
Op(GR)
436
-
Op(AK 90)
563
-
Op(AK 90)      
 
174
-
EH 66
437
-
BD 57
571
-
Op(BC 21)      
 
  On Return Passage:  U 69 - 125 - 175 - 201 - 202 - 216 - 258 - 356 - 382 - 410 - 455 - 459 - 506 - 514 - 516 - 599 - 610 - 615 - 618 - D 5.
  Entered Port:  U 202 - Brest.
  Sailed:  U 218 - Brest;  U 108 - Lorient.
       
II. Air Reconnaissance:  None.
       
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a) 1) Situation reports:
      U 590 in ET 2187 - no shipping.
      U 156 on look out for E.W.-bound traffic in ES 26.
      U 172 nothing sighted from GR 27 via 81, 42, 12 to GJ 81 - 88.  Port Nolloth empty.
      U 68 fired 2 spread which missed for reason not apparent on freighter of 5,000 GRT on course of 55.  In very good visibility west of Capetown to GJ 72 nothing sighted.
      U 174 plans operating in FE 11 and finally ET 73.
    2) Convoy No. 61 see paragraph IVa.
    3) U 383 sank Icelander of 1,500 GRT in AE 8449 on 24.10.
  b)  None.
  c) U-boat sightings:  BB 34 - BA 36 - EO 51 - EO 1147 - EO 8410.
    Aircraft reported submarine in BF 5534.
  d)  None.
       
IV. Current Operations:
  a) Convoy No. 61:
    As up to date no contact had been made with enemy, boats were asked for reports of last position of convoy.  According to this U 662 had contact at 0130 in CD 3397 and U 301 at 0200 in CD 3379.  Working on this last position boats received orders to steer on searching courses between 180 and 2200 in following sequence:  U 620 - 662 - 260 - 301 - 154.  Presumed speed of convoy 8 - 11 knots.  Convoy remained uncontacted however.  Plan to continue operation until daylight and if no contact made by then, to break off.
       
- 57 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
  b) 1) Group "Veilchen" was warned of expected passage of east bound convoy.  U 704 sighted sea plane inside patrol area in AJ 8811.  U 132 reported destroyer in BC 2239, which later turned out to be ship sailing independently on general course 200.
    2) According to Radio Intercept report on ON(S) convoy should be in position AL 2814 at 2100 on 22.10 course 2400, speed 6 knots.  It is possible that destroyer masts sighted on previous day belonged to this convoy.  For the purpose of contacting same, Group "Puma" including the two boats short of fuel U 575 and U 753 received orders to take up patrol line between AK 5517 and 8379 with all speed.  U 606 to operate independently.  Plan was to pick up convoy by this patrol line.  As however, 2 of the boats U 436 and 563 were not able to take up position immediately, Group proceeded on reconnaissance line at 2400 and took up patrol line between AK 4687 and 8459 as from 1100/26/10.  U 436 and 563 were also able to reach this line.  Convoy was expected to pass shortly after dawn.  U 606 joined patrol line to the north.
    3) Group "Streitaxt":
      U 510 sighted passenger steamer in DH 4573 on northerly course, speed 16 knots ("California" class).  Boat pursued steamer as far as DH 1181 without success and then returned to patrol line.  U 659 was forced to submerge by two destroyers and was depth charged.
      At 2115 U 203 reported 3 steamers on easterly course in DH 4788.  As the sighting was exactly on a level with patrol line the whole of Group "Streitaxt" was put on to it.  U 203 attacked enemy in DH 4791, consisting of one tanker and 2 destroyers, and was forced to submerge by destroyer.  Broke off pursuit later on account of damaged diesels.  Group was ordered to continue operations as long as possibility of success existed.  Boats which broke off pursuit were for the time being to take up 0800 position of reconnaissance line as patrol line.
  c)  Following refueled from U 463:  U 610 - 442 - 437 and 356.
  d)  None.
       
V. Reports of Success:
    
U 383 1 ship 1,500 GRT.
       
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
       
26.October 1942.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
Op(BA)
U 174
-
ER 33
U 437
-
BD 57
U 571
-
Op(BC 20)
 
67
-
Op(EE)
175
-
BF 82
438
-
Op(AJ 80)
572
-
DH 81
 
68
-
Op(GH)
177
-
FU 92
440
-
CF 56
575
-
Op(AK 50)
 
69
-
BD 57
178
-
Op(GQ)
441
-
Op(AK 50)
590
-
Op(ET)
 
71
-
Op(AJ)
179
-
Op(GR)
442
-
BD 57
599
-
BE 66
 
84
-
Op(AJ 80)
181
-
GG 34
443
-
Op(AK 80)
602
-
Op(AK 80)
 
87
-
Op(ET)
183
-
Op(AH 90)
454
-
Op(BC 20)
604
-
DH 81
 
89
-
Op(AJ 80)
184
-
AN 24
455
-
BF 57
606
-
Op(AK)
 
92
-
BF 49
201
-
BF 52
459
-
DG 32
608
-
BE 56
 
98
-
BF 68
203
-
DH 71
462
-
DG 32
610
-
BE 45
 
103
-
CF 61
216
-
BF
463
-
BD 57
613
-
AN 23
 
106
-
Op(BB)
218
-
BF 54
504
-
Op(GR)
615
-
BE 55
 
107
-
Op(ET)
224
-
AE 85
505
-
Op(EF)
618
-
BF 64
 
108
-
BF 55
258
-
BF 91
506
-
DG 32
620
-
Op(CD 90)
 
125
-
DT 12
260
-
Op(CD)
508
-
Op(CD)
621
-
Op(AK 50)
 
126
-
Op(FP)
301
-
Op(CD)
509
-
DH 72
624
-
Op(AK 50)
 
       
- 58 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
 
128
-
Op(ET)
332
-
Op(EE)
510
-
DH 11
627
-
AE 79
 
129
-
Op(EE)
356
-
BD 67
511
-
BF 46
658
-
Op(AJ 80)
 
132
-
Op(BC)
381
-
Op(AJ)
514
-
DR 37
659
-
DH 73
 
134
-
DH 74
382
-
BE 49
516
-
EG 42
662
-
Op(CD)
 
154
-
Op(CD)
383
-
AE 85
518
-
Op(AH 90)
664
-
AF 48
 
156
-
ES 26
402
-
Op(AJ 80)
519
-
AE 84
704
-
Op(AJ 80)
 
159
-
Op(GQ)
409
-
DH 72
520
-
AJ 74
706
-
BD 81
 
160
-
Op(EE)
410
-
BF 58
521
-
AJ 73
752
-
BF 74
 
161
-
Op(FP)
412
-
AE 85
522
-
AK 74
753
-
Op(AK 80)
 
163
-
Op(CD)
413
-
AN 36
552
-
Op(ET)
D 5
-
EJ 94
 
172
-
Op(GR)
436
-
Op(AK)
563
-
Op(AK)      
 
  On Return Passage:  U 125 - 156 - 175 - 201 - 216 - 258 - 301 - 356 - 382 - 410 - 455 - 459 - 506 - 514 - 516 - 599 - 610 - 615 - 618 - 753 - D 5.
  Entered Port:  U 201 - Brest
  Sailed:  - . -
       
II. Air Reconnaissance:  None.
       
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a) 1) Convoy No. 61 see final survey paragraph VI.
    2) Convoy No. 62 see paragraph IVa.
    3) U 260 reported armed 2-funneller on course 700 and speed 13 knots in CD 6857 Route A.  As some of our own ships lay in the vicinity and there was a possibility of 2-funnel camouflage, order was given to break off pursuit.
    4) In BE 4929 U 608 sighted American battleship with destroyer escort course 2400, medium speed.  Contact was almost immediately lost apparently.
    5) U 606 reports English periscope in AK 4664 (boat operating on Convoy No. 61).
    6) With short signal U 224 reported enemy in sight in AK 3622 was probably forced to submerge at once since no further message was received.
    7) In BB 6396 U 520 came on brightly illuminated ship sailing independently, course 800, speed 8 knots.  As it could only have been Irish ship boat ordered not to attack if ship could be distinguished as enemy in spite illumination.
    8) On 23.10. U 504 sank City of Johannesburg" 5,662 GRT in KZ 1972, course 2800.
      On 26.10. 3 mast passenger freighter 12,000 GRT course 2300, speed 14 knots.
    9) Situation U 167:  Sighted patrol vessel in EU 4832 on 23.10. and Spanish ship in 4720 on course 300.
      On 24.10. dummy warship in ET 6920 on course 1100, speed 12 knots was observed during attack.  
      In middle and southern third of ET 60 as well as EU 4748 nothing sighted.  Return passage.
  b)  None.
  c) U-boat sightings:  Submarine sighted in GA 36 (not one of our own)
     Aircraft reported submarines in BF 5530 and BF 7211.
       
- 59 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
  d) None.
       
IV. Current Operations:
  a) Convoy No. 62:
     U 436 reported convoy in AK 8116 at 2100 on N.E. course.  Boat was roughly in center position of Group "Puma" patrol line.  With wind N.W. 7 and medium swell, it was possible that all boats of the group would have come up by daylight.  Contact was maintained with interruptions at irregular intervals.  At 0252 convoy was in AK 5849 and at 0752 in AK 5942.  Convoy was proceeding in double line abreast with 5 destroyers in semi-circle ahead.  16 vessels sighted, speed 8 - 9 knots according to D/R.  U 443 and U 575 asked for bearings.  U 621 was only boat to maintain contact.  No attack was made.  Operation continues.  U 224 and 384 also to operate on convoy providing they had no enemy contact of their own.
  b) 1) U 103 and 440 commenced southward passage via DT 60 and ET.
    2) Group "Streitaxt" proceeded in former sequence at 0800/27/10 from narrow patrol line between DH 7428 to 8419, S. course, day's run 170 miles.
    3) New position for U 383 - 627 - 224 and 412 - AK 64.  Join up with Group "Puma" in view.
    4) Op. area for U 174 a 400 mile wide strip along Brazilian coast.  Western boundary 390 W., southern 100 S.  Attention drawn to convergence of Capetown - Trinidad traffic in FE 50.
    5) Group "Südwärts" broke off operations against Convoy No. 61.  U 301 commenced return passage without refueling. Position for U 508 - 163 and 154 ED 98.  U 620 in waters of Huelva.  (See War Diary of 27.10)  U 260 and 662 operating off Ponta Delgada, (Trans. note:  Horta Delgada?)  U 260 in the west and U 662 in the east.
  c) 1) U 506 and U 69 completed refueling from U 462 and 463.
    2) Refueling arranged for in DS for U 504 and U 159 operating in Capetown area (about 30 - 40 cbm).
  d)  In order to provide wing protection for 3 returning ships, which are due to cross line of longitude 220 W. early on the 29th at one day's distance following positions to be temporarily occupied:  U 92 - BE 55, U 218 - BE 65, U 752 - BE 87; U 356 and 664 return passage on 440 N.
       
V. Reports of Success:
    
U 504 2 ships 17,669 GRT.
       
VI. General:
  Final survey of Convoy No. 61:
    Convoy was sighted at 1630/22/10 by U 443 in BD 3255.  Contact was lost at 2200 after attack had been made.  Convoy was sighted by U 706 (refueling from sub. tanker U 462) on 23.10. in BD 5879 on same course as convoy sighted and reported on previous day.  Could not have been identical one, as to get to second position convoy must have traveled at a speed of 15 knots.  It must therefore be presumed they were two different convoys i.e.
 
 
 
- 60 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
  a)  Convoy sighted by U 443 ON 139
  b)  Convoy     "        "    U 706 convoy with unknown destiny.
  This conclusion was confirmed by Radio Intercept report of 25.10. according to which position of ON 139 should have been BD 5633 at 1600/23/10.  Comparison of two positions BD 3255 and BD 5633 gives estimated speed of 9 knots, which ties up with speed reported by U 443 and speed of an ON convoy.
  Comparison between positions of convoy under b) and that of an OS convoy (reliable statement made by navigation officer of "Laconia" sunk by U 156) on OS convoy route shows striking conformity of an American-bound convoy diverging so far to the south (apart from 2 very fast TA convoys) and on the other, conformed so closely to route of OS convoy, one was forced to conclude this to be an OS convoy (route AM 4437, BD 8159, DF 6927).  According to this, on loss of contact, searching operations should have been ordered on southerly direction.  As only 4 boats were available for this total sector of search was 180 - 2200 and precluded and search in westerly direction.
  That the convoy was not found was no proof that this was not an OS convoy. A small evasive action to east or west, a decrease of speed for just a few hours would have sufficed to bring about total loss of contact with the number of submarines so small.  It is concluded as before that this was a south-bound convoy.
  Results of the operation were unsatisfactory.  In spite of favorable weather conditions and clear visibility no hit was scored.  The very calm sea made it more difficult and it was to be concluded that the 4 boats, all of them on their first war cruise, were not equal to a submerged attack under a smooth surface and the attendant good locating conditions.
  Loss of contact is all the more regrettable since neither air nor sea patrol had to be reckoned with, and a further 3 other boats U 508, U 154 and U 163 were expected to make contact on the 26th.
       
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
       
27.October 1942.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
Op(BA)
U 174
-
ER 39
U 438
-
Op(AJ 80)
U 572
-
DH 84-Op
 
67
-
Op(EE)
175
-
BF 55
440
-
CF 86
575
-
Op(AK 80)
 
68
-
Op(GR)
177
-
FV 77
441
-
Op(AK 40)
590
-
Op(ET)
 
69
-
BD 68
178
-
Op(JJ)
442
-
BC 38
599
-
BF 48
 
71
-
Op(AJ 80)
179
-
Op(GR)
443
-
Op(AK 80)
602
-
Op(AK 80
 
84
-
Op(AJ 80)
181
-
CG 63
454
-
BC 20
604
-
Op(DM 70)
 
87
-
Op(ET)
183
-
Op(AH 90)
455
-
BF 58
606
-
Op(AK 55)
 
89
-
Op(AK 80)
184
-
AN 24
459
-
DG 33
608
-
BE 72
 
92
-
BF 47
203
-
Op(DH 70)
462
-
DG 35
610
-
BE 54
 
98
-
BE 59
216
-
BF
463
-
BD 57
613
-
AF 76
 
103
-
CF 83
218
-
BF 46
564
-
Op(KZ)
615
-
BE 64
 
106
-
Op(BD)
224
-
AK 36
505
-
Op(EE)
618
-
BF 64
 
107
-
Op(ET)
258
-
BF 68
506
-
DG 33
620
-
CE 71
 
108
-
BF 48
260
-
CD 47
508
-
DF 21
621
-
Op(AK)
 
125
-
DG 38
301
-
CD 66
509
-
Op(DH 70)
624
-
Op(AK 40)
 
126
-
Op(FP)
332
-
Op(EE)
510
-
Op(DH)
627
-
AL 14
 
128
-
Op(ET)
356
-
BE 47
511
-
BF 47
658
-
Op(AJ 80)
 
129
-
Op(EE)
381
-
Op(AJ 80)
514
-
DR 33
659
-
Op(DH 70)
 
132
-
Op(BC 20)
382
-
BE 59
516
-
EG 25
662
-
Op(CD)
 
134
-
Op(DH 70)
383
-
AK 30
518
-
Op(AH 90)
664
-
AE 59
 
154
-
DF 88
402
-
Op(AJ 80)
519
-
AL 22
704
-
Op(AJ 80)
 
156
-
Op(ES)
409
-
Op(DH 70)
520
-
Op(BB)
706
-
BD 57
 
159
-
Op(GQ)
410
-
BF 64
521
-
AJ 78
752
-
BE 98
 
       
- 61 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
 
160
-
Op(EE)
412
-
AL 22
522
-
AJ 97
753
-
Op(AK 80)
 
161
-
Op(FH)
413
-
AN 36
552
-
Op(ET)
D 5
-
EJ 57
 
163
-
CD 79
436
-
Op(AK 56)
563
-
Op(AK 86)      
 
172
-
Op(GR)
437
-
BC 39
571
-
Op(BC 20)      
 
  On Return Passage:  U 69 - 107 - 125 - 156 - 175 - 216 - 258 - 301 - 382 - 410 - 455 - 459 - 506 - 514 - 516 - 599 - 610 - 615 - 618 - 706 - 753 - D 5.
  Entered Port:  U 175 - Lorient;  U 258 - La Pallice;  U 618 - St. Nazaire.
  Sailed:  U 653 - 564 - Brest;  U 185 - 263 - Kiel;  U 184 - Bergen.
       
II. Air Reconnaissance:  None.
       
III. Reports on the Enemy:
  a) 1) Convoy Nos. 62 and 63 see paragraph IVa.
    2) At 0325/27 U 627 sighted convoy in AL 2559 on E. course and low speed.  By comparison with enemy report from U 224 on 26.7. and an earlier intercept radio report this would seem to be an SC-convoy, one part bound for Reykjavik (compare report from U 224 on 27.10.  Boat pursued same as far as AK 3467 and was then forced off).
    3) U 134 chased single ship on general N.E. course in DH 7650, which was later reported as sunk in DH 8574 by U 604 (7,705 ton tanker).
    4) During attack on freighter of 5,000 GRT course 3000, speed 10 knots, U 67 was rammed.  Beforehand boat scored two hits and sank the ship entirely during the night.  One pistol failure and one electric torpedo explosion while underway.  One sailor killed by explosion caused while opening upper deck container.  Moved off in order to repair damage.
    5) U 154 sighted probable enemy submarine in DF 1374 on westerly course (could have been friendly).
    6) U 128 sighted nothing in EO 70 and in 73 - 81 over period of several days.
      Also no traffic sighted by U 160 from EO 25 via EE 68, 59, 55 and 72, and U 590 in sector off Freetown. On return passage on account of fuel supply.
      27.7 active air patrol in ET 29 upper half.
    7) U 183 reported on emergency transmitter:  for 10 days stationed off northern exit to Belle-Isle-Straits - completely dead area.  Straits presumably mined.
  b)  None.
  c) U-boat sightings:  AK 65, DC 1198, EH 9560, AK 6728, DD 4597.
     English aircraft reported submarine in AL 1499 and AL 2527.
    SSS report from British tanker "Anglo Maersk" (7,705 GRT) in DH 8443 (U 604).
    2 further torpedoing reports from unknown positions, probably Convoy No. 62.
  d)  None.
       
- 62 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
IV. Current Operations:
  a) 1) Convoy No. 62:
      U 224 and 383 reported also operating on convoy.  Total number of boats was therefore 11, 2 of which had to commence return passage during the day on account of fuel shortage (U 575 and U 753).  Contact was maintained by U 436.  Convoy steering on general easterly course.  The bearings which were continuously transmitted by boat were unfortunately not heard by others lying in the vicinity, probably on account of the bad weather (N.W. 7).  The following boats requested bearings:  U 443 - 441 - 624 - 563 - 602.  Only U 602 and U 383 made contact, in AK 5695 and AK 5960 respectively.  In spite of bad weather 2 boats made successful attacks.  The first submerged attack made by U 436 in AK 5952 was foiled by a sharp zigzag.  In a second attack boat fired 5 single shots and observed 4 hits.  2 steamers sank at once, on an ammunition ship.  Position AK 6725.  U 621 reported 2 probable hits in AK 6733.  A number of other boats were observed by destroyers first and forced off.  Convoy steered AK 5838 - 5928 - 6724 - 6499 and at 0800 according to D/R lay in AK 6582.  Large differences in D/R estimations among the boats were unavoidable on account of bad weather.  Operation continues.
    2) Convoy No. 63:
      At 0928 U 409 reported mastheads in DH 7530 and shortly afterwards convoy on N.E. course with low to medium speed.  Weather:  N.N.W. 2, good visibility, brief showers of rain.  Group "Streitaxt" on reconnaissance line to southward was ordered to operate.  U 409 shadowed until 1708 and was then relieved by U 203, which continued to report convoy positions with short irregular interruptions.  Apart from this U 659 made contact at 2305 and U 509 at 0750.  3 other boats were operating on tanker reported by U 134 and sunk by U 604, and would not arrive until day of 28.10.  U 409 intended to attack in DH 7269, but was apparently forced to retire.  In DH 4987 U 203 fired 4 spread miss on 3 steamers overlapping one another.  On account of bright moonlight he decided not to renew attack until daylight.  Convoy was probably SL, proceeding close inshore on general course of 300, and embraced a number of ships possibly destined for Gibraltar.  Positions were:  1440 : DH 7294, 2302 : 4987 and 0700 : 7694.  Pursuit of convoy continues.
  b) 1) U 442 and 437 joined Group "Veilchen" and occupy positions BC 2528 and 2567 in order to lengthen patrol line.
    2) Position for U 98 : AK 92, for U 108 : ED 99.
    3) U 511 commenced southward passage via D 770.  Operation off Brazilian coast in view.
    4) U 462 en route for DS 58 as next refueling place.
    5) U 67 detailed to EE 68 as attack area.
    6) Contrary to previous order U 620 to operate in new operations area off Lisbon and southwards.  Attention drawn to special focal points of traffic.
  c)  U 462 supplied following boats with fuel:  U 459 : 26 cbm; U 506 : 30 cbm; U 125 : 37 cbm.  Own reserves 610 cbm fuel oil and 184 days' provisions.
 
 
 
- 63 -
 
 
     

 

     
     
 
  d)  U 216 has not reported in spite of repeated calls.  According to D/R and last position report it should have entered port 2 days ago.  According to Radio Intercept report of 20.10. an English aircraft attacked a submarine in BE 2797 and scored 6 probable hits.  This could only have been U 216 as there was no other boat in the vicinity.  Loss must be reckoned with.
       
V. Reports of Success:
    
U 67 1 ship
5,000 GRT
  sunk
U 621 2 hits
probable
   
U 436 4 ships
25,000 GRT
  sunk
U 604 1 ship
7,705 GRT
  sunk.
       
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
       
28.October 1942.
 
 
 
I.
U 43
-
Op(BA)
U 177
-
GG 34
U 442
-
Op(BC 20)
U 599
-
BF 54
 
67
-
Op(EE 66)
178
-
Op(JJ)
443
-
Op(AK 62)
602
-
Op(AK 68)
 
68
-
Op(GH)
179
-
Op(GR)
454
-
Op(BC 20)
604
-
Op(DH 58)
 
69
-
BE 48
181
-
GH 49
455
-
BF 64
606
-
Op(AK 60)
 
71
-
Op(AJ 80)
183
-
Op(AH 99)
459
-
CF 81
608
-
BD 92
 
84
-
Op(AJ 80)
185
-
AO
462
-
DG 62
610
-
BE 64
 
87
-
Op(ET)
203
-
Op(DH 45)
463
-
BD 57
613
-
AF 47
 
89
-
Op(AJ 80)
218
-
BF 44
504
-
Op
615
-
BF 47
 
92
-
BE 68
224
-
Op(AK 63)
505
-
Op(EE)
620
-
CE 57
 
98
-
BE 42
260
-
CE 57
506
-
CF 58
621
-
Op(AK 63)
 
103
-
CF 88
263
-
AO
508
-
DF 18
624
-
Op(AK 60)
 
106
-
Op(BB)
301
-
CE 42
509
-
Op(DH 54)
627
-
AL 20
 
107
-
ET 19
332
-
Op(EE)
510
-
Op(DH 40)
653
-
BF 55
 
108
-
BF 93
356
-
BE 49
511
-
BE 92
658
-
Op(AJ 80)
 
125
-
DG 38
381
-
Op(AJ 80)
514
-
DR 96
659
-
Op(DH 40)
 
126
-
Op(EP)
382
-
BE 68
516
-
DR 98
662
-
CE 71
 
128
-
Op(EU 81)
383
-
Op(AK 65)
518
-
Op(AH 90)
664
-
AE 67